Motsoko Pheko (born 13 November 1933) is a South African lawyer, author, historian, theologian, academic, and politician.
Born to a wealthy rural family in Lesotho on 13 November 1933, Pheko and his brother went to live in South Africa in the 1930s upon the sudden death of their parents. They were raised by E. M. Moerane, their late mother's sister. Since 1960 Motsoko Pheko has been a member of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC), and served in several different capacities including Organiser, Branch Chairperson, Country Representative and Member of Parliament (MP). Pheko served as a representative of the PAC to the United Nations in New York and Geneva, in addition to working in the UK, Zambia and Tanzania. Pheko was the president of the PAC in South Africa until he was fired and expelled from the party for alleged financial irregularities involving party funds in 2006. Previously he was the Deputy President in three cabinets from 1995 to 2003. This is the longest presidential term in PAC history. Sobukwe served from 1959 to 1978, Leballo from 1978 to 1986.
Pheko is the founder of Daystar University in Kenya, the largest liberal arts college in Africa. Pheko is also founder and Chair of Tokoloho Development Association in South Africa, a trust which promotes research of indigenous knowledge of the African people prior to European colonisation, and publishes the results. Tokoloho is Sotho and translates as "Freedom".
Pheko holds a B.A. from the University of South Africa (UNISA), where he majored in Political Science and Systematic Theology, also reading Sociology and History. UNISA has honoured Pheko with an archive that holds many of his own works. Pheko also holds a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Zambia and a Master of Law degree in International Law from the University of London.
Pheko is author of several books on topics such as history, law, political science and theology, including:
- African Renaissance Saved Christianity
- Apartheid: The Story of the Dispossessed people
- Betrayal of a Colonised People
- The Rise of Azania, the Fall of South Africa
- The Early Church in Africa
- Hidden Side of South African Politics
- The History of Robben Island Must Be Preserved
- The Land Is Ours: The Political Legacy of Mangaliso Sobukwe
- Who Are The Africans? - Indigenous Names and Identity
- The True History of Sharpeville Must Be Told
- "Pared-down PAC meets for congress", Independent Online (South Africa), 3 July 2008.
- Oanda, Ibrahim Ogachi; Chege, Fatuma N.; Wesonga, Daniel M. (2008). Privatisation and Private Higher Education in Kenya: Implications for access, equity and knowledge production. Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa. p. 43. ISBN 978-2-86978-218-1.
- "Daystar University". Kenyapages.com. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Profile of Dr Motsoko Pheko". PAC of Anzania. Pan Africanist Congress. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "New Book Published Entitled The Hidden Side of SA Politics" (Press release). Media Pack. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
Dr, Pheko is a Founder of Daystar University in Kenya (Nairobi) and of Tokoloho Development Association in South Africa. The latter promotes and researches indigenous knowledge of the African people before they were colonized and publishes this knowledge in print, audio and videotapes.