Mohács

Mohács
Town
Aerial view

Coat of arms
Mohács
Location of Mohács
Coordinates: 45°59′45″N 18°40′47″E / 45.99593°N 18.67985°E / 45.99593; 18.67985Coordinates: 45°59′45″N 18°40′47″E / 45.99593°N 18.67985°E / 45.99593; 18.67985
Country  Hungary
County Baranya
District Mohács
Area
  Total 112.23 km2 (43.33 sq mi)
Population (2011)
  Total 17,808
  Density 158.67/km2 (411.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7700
Area code (+36) 69
Website www.mohacs.hu

Mohács (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈmohaːt͡ʃ]; Croatian and Bunjevac: Mohač; German: Mohatsch; Serbian: Мохач; Turkish: Mohaç) is a town in Baranya county, Hungary on the right bank of the Danube.

Etymology

The name probably comes from the Slavic *Mъchačь,*Mocháč: mъchъ (moss, Hungarian moha is a loanword from Slavic/) + the Slavic suffix -ačь, like Slovak Mochnáč or Czech Macháč.[1][2] See 1093/1190/1388 Mohach.[2]

History

Two famous battles took place there:

  1. Battle of Mohács, 1526
  2. Battle of Mohács, 1687

These battles represented the beginning and end, respectively, of the Ottoman domination of Hungary.

In Roman times there was a camp on the banks of the Danube near Mohács.

In the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, Mohács was part of the historical Baranya county, and during Ottoman rule it was the administrative seat of the Sanjak of Mohács, an Ottoman administrative unit. After the Habsburgs took the area from the Ottomans, Mohács was included in the restored Baranya county.

In 1910, the population of the Mohács district numbered 56,909 people, of whom 21,951 spoke German, 20,699 Hungarian, 4,312 Serbian, and 421 Croatian. Another 9,600 inhabitants were listed as speaking "other languages" (presumably Bunjevac and Šokac).[3]

Events

Every spring, the town hosts the annual Busójárás carnival.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census the total population of Mohács was 17,808, of whom there were 15,842 (84.2%) Hungarians, 1,723 (9.7%) Germans, 700 (3.9%) Croats and 537 (3%) Romani. 14% of the total population did not declare their ethnicity. In Hungary people can declare more than one ethnicity (dual identity), so the sum exceeds the total population.[4][5]

Twin towns — sister cities

Mohács is twinned with:

Notable citizens

References

  1. Stanislav, Ján (2004). Slovenský juh v stredoveku II (in Slovak). Slovenské literárne centrum. p. 298. ISBN 80-88878-89-6.
  2. 1 2 Kiss, Lajos (1978). Földrajzi nevek etimológiai szótára (in Hungarian). Budapest: Akadémiai. p. 429.
  3. http://www.talmamedia.com/php/district/district.php?county=Baranya
  4. Hungarian census 2011, Baranya County
  5. Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology
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