Type Dumpling
Course dessert
Place of origin India
Region or state South and Western India
Main ingredients Rice flour, or wheat and maida flour, coconut, jaggery
Variations Kangidan (歓喜団)
Cookbook: Modak  Media: Modak

Modak is an Indian sweet popular in many parts of India. The sweet filling on the inside of a modak consists of freshly grated coconut and jaggery while the outer soft shell is made from rice flour or wheat flour mixed with khava or maida flour.

The modak can be fried or steamed. The steamed version (called ukdiche modak)[1] India is often eaten hot with ghee.

Impress your kids with this chocolaty variation of the popular Indian Sweet Dish. The Chocolate Modak has a chocolate flavoured coating made using rice flour mixed with Hershey’s Chocolate Syrup. The inner filling is same as the regular modaks. This distinctive recipe is a sure favourite among all kids.


It is called modak (मोदक) in Marathi, Konkani and in Gujarati language. modhaka or kadubu in Kannada. modhakam or kozhakkattai in Tamil and kudumu in Telugu.

Religious significance

The modak is the favourite sweet of the Hindu deity, Ganesha[2] . It begets him the moniker modakapriya (one who likes modak) in Sanskrit.

During Ganesh Chaturthi, The puja always concludes with an offering of 21 modaks to Ganesha as prasadam. Modaks made with rice flour shells are often preferred for this purpose, although wheat shell versions are also used. Local businesses outside Ganesh Temples across India usually sell pre-packed/readymade versions of Modaks.

In Japan, modak is known as Kangidan (歓喜団), which is offered to the god Kangiten, the Japanese version of Ganesha. Kangidan are made from curds, honey, and red bean paste. They are wrapped in kneaded dough made from parched flour and shaped like a bun before they are deep fried.

Varieties of modak

Classic Modak

Ukadiche Modak: These modaks are made of Coconuts and Sugar/Jaggery. This variation is especially prepared during the time of Ganesh Festival. They are hand made and cooked in a steamer. They are perishable and need to be consumed immediately.[3][4][5]

Fried Modak: This modak is deep fried in oil instead of steaming. Frying makes the modak last longer and have different taste.[6]

Modern Modak

Innovative recipes for modaks have also been created. These include banana nachni modak, motichoor modak and chocolate modak[7].

  • Mava Modak: These Modak are made of Mava or milk solids.
  • Kesari Modak: The modak of made adding a flavor of Kesar (Saffron).
  • Mug Dal Modak: The outer layer of modak is made of mug dal.
  • Dark Chocolate Modak: These are made by adding Chocolate flavor
  • Dry Fruit Modak: Dry fruits are added in the ingredients to get different taste.
  • Coconut Rose Modak: The additional flavor of rose can be tasted in this modak.[8]
  • Paneer Modak: The main ingredient is paneer which gives a different taste.
  • Motichoor Modak: These are made up with motichoor.
  • Baklava Modak: Steamed rice flour modak, stuffed with a baklava filling mixture of nuts, sugar, cinnamon and orange zest.[9]
  • Gulkand and Mawa Modak: These are made by dumplings stuffed with gulkamd and mava, steamed and served with rabdi, turning modak into a dessert.
  • Chocolate Modak : The Chocolate Modak has a chocolate flavoured coating made using rice flour mixed with Hershey’s Chocolate Syrup.[10] The inner filling is same as the regular modaks.[11]

See also


  1. "Jatra gets its flavour from Maharashtra for authentic taste". The Times of India. Indore. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  2. Chef Mandaar Sukhtankar (24 August 2017). "A modak by any other name". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  3. Khanna, Vikas (2013). SAVOUR MUMBAI: A CULINARY JOURNEY THROUGH INDIA's MELTING POT. New Delhi: Westland Limited.
  4. Reejhsinghani 1975, p. x .
  5. Reejhsinghani, Aroona (1975). Delights from Maharashtra. New Delhi. ISBN 9788172245184.
  6. Modak
  7. Innovative yet delicious modak recipes
  8. 10 Different Types Of Modaks On This Ganesh Chaturthi
  9. Ganesh Chaturthi Special: Make 7 Types of Modaks
  10. Martha Stone. Indian Pressure Cooker Cookbook. p. 19. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  11. Gurdip Kohli Punj. "Chocolate Modak". Retrieved 27 August 2018.
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