Mlechchha dynasty

For the ancient pejorative term for foreign people in India, see Mleccha

Kamarupa Kingdom
Mlechchha dynasty
650 CE–900 CE
Capital Hadapeshvar (present-day Tezpur)
Religion Polytheism
Government Monarchy
Maharajadhiraja  
 c. 650 - c. 670
Salasthamba
 c. 815 – c. 832
Harjjaravarman
 c. 890 – c. 900
Tyagasimha
Historical era Classical India
 Established
650 CE
 Disestablished
900 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Varman dynasty
Pala dynasty (Kamarupa)

The Mlechchha dynasty[1] (c. 650 - 900) ruled Kamarupa from their capital at Hadapeshvar in the present-day Tezpur, Assam, after the fall of the Varman dynasty. The rulers were aboriginals (local clan, genetically non-diverse), and like all other claimed lineages, their lineage from Narakasura was constructed to accord legitimacy to their rule. According to historical records, there were twenty one rulers in this dynasty but the line is obscure and the names of some intervening rulers are not known. The Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa was followed by the Pala kings.

According to some historians, the remnant of the Mlechchha kingdom formed the later Kachari kingdom [2] based in Dimapur after being driven south and east by Brahmapala of the Pala dynasty.

Rulers

  • Salasthamba (650-670)
  • Vijaya alias Vigrahastambha
  • Palaka
  • Kumara
  • Vajradeva
  • Harshadeva alias Harshavarman (725-745)
  • Balavarman II
  • Salambha[3]
  • Harjjaravarman (815-832)
  • Vanamalavarmadeva (832-855)
  • Jayamala alias Virabahu (855-860)
  • Balavarman III (860-880)
  • Tyagasimha (890-900)

Notes

  1. Though mlechchha is a derogatory word, Harjaravarman, a king of this dynasty explains the term (though illegible) in the Hayunthal copper plates (Sharma 1978:91).
  2. (Bhattacharjee 1992, p. 393)
  3. Pralambha, read from the Tezpur plates, can be corrected to Salambha, in light of the Parbatiya plates, (Sarma 1978, p. 105)

References

  • Bhattacharjee, J. B. (1992), "The Kachari (Dimasa) state formation", in Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam, 2, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board, pp. 391–397 
  • Sharma, M M (1978), Inscriptions of Ancient Assam, Guwahati: Gauhati University 
  • Sircar, D. C. (1990), "The Mlechchha Dynasty of Salasthambha", in Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam, 1, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board 
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