Ministry of Economy and Finance (South Korea)
Emblem of the Ministry of Economy and Finance
|Formed||February 29, 2008|
|Headquarters||Government Complex-Sejong, 477, Galmae-ro, Sejong-si 30109, South Korea|
|Parent agency||Government of South Korea|
The Ministry of Economy & Finance (abbreviated to MOEF) oversees the financial policies of the South Korean government. It publishes a monthly report on the national economy, known as the "Green Book." The current minister is Kim Dong-yeon. The headquarters is in the Sejong Government Complex in Sejong City.
MOEF has enforcement functions as well. It oversees the National Tax Tribunal and the Financial Intelligence Unit.
The ministry was formed in 1994 through the merger of the old Economic Planning Board (est. 1961) and Ministry of Finance (est. 1948).
Three years after gaining independence from Japan, the Korean government was set up and it established the Ministry of Finance and the Economic Planning Board. The Ministry of Finance took charge of designing tax, financial and monetary policies as well as managing state-owned property and exchange rates. On the other hand, the Economic Planning Board was empowered in 1961 and assumed an important mandate of designing 5 year economic development plans in addition to its usual functions such as managing the government's budget and securing foreign loans.
As the need arose for an integrated approach to implement the government's functions on economic affairs in an efficient and coherent way, the Economic Planning Board and the Ministry of Finance was merged into the Ministry of Finance and Economy (MOFE).
In a response to the financial crisis, the MOFE's functions were separated and transferred to other Ministries so as to mitigate the overconcentration of decision-making authority by MOFE. Its budgetary authority was transferred to the National Budget Administration, its financial supervision authority to the Financial Supervisory Commission, and its trade negotiating authority to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
The Planning and Budget Commission and the National Budget Administration was merged into the Ministry of Planning and Budget (MPB).
The Ministry of Finance and Economy (MOFE) and the Ministry of Planning and Budget (MPB) was again merged into the Ministry of Strategy and Finance (MOSF) in order to put under one roof fiscal policy functions and inter-ministerial policy coordination. On the other hand, the MOFE's authority on financial policies regarding the financial market was transferred to the Financial Services Commission. In 2018, the ministry changed its official English name to the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
1. Planning and coordination of the mid- to long-term socio-economic development goals and setting economic policy direction on an annual basis
2. Distributing resources effectively and assessing the effectiveness of budget execution
3. Planning/reforming Korea's tax policy and system
4. Planning and management of policies for treasury, government properties, government accounting and the national debt
5. Coordination of policies for foreign currency transactions and international finance
6. Enhancement of international cooperation and promotion of inter-Korean economic exchanges and cooperation
7. Management and monitoring of public institutions' operation
The Ministry of Economy and Finance was accused of releasing a comprehensive review on welfare-related campaign promises of each political parties before the 2012 election.
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Strategy and Finance. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Government Complex-Sejong, 477, Galmae-ro, Sejong Special Self-Governing City 339-012, Korea"
- "Location" (English) (). Ministry of Strategy and Finance. April 9, 2011. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Government Complex II, 49 Gwanmoonro, Gwacheon City, Gyeonggi Province, 427-725, Korea"
- "Finance Ministry Accused of Violating Election Rules". KBS. 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-05-06.