Military ranks of Estonia

Present Estonian system of rank insignia is a direct descendant of various systems used in the past in the Estonian Defence Forces. Some of the grades trace their name back to the period of World Wars, for instance, the rank of aspirant literally means an officer in training in military academies or voluntaries, serving as temporary officers.

Most of the Estonian Army ranks were in most cases established during the Estonian War of Independence and in 1920s. These include the rank of kapral, which is a derivate of Italian caporale - much like the English equivalent of corporal. After the Soviet occupation ended in 1991, a new rank was established, creating for the first time a Brigadier General rank in the armed forces of Estonia. In Estonia rank insignia is worn on the chest. Estonian Junior NCOs are considered as a rank of a conscript NCO or NCO in reserve. In full-time service Junior Sergeants and Petty Officers 3rd Class are filling in various Soldier positions and naval ratings and are not taken as NCOs.

Estonian Land Forces ranks and insignia

NATO codeOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D)Student officer
Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
Estonian:
Lühend
kin kin-ltn kin-mjr brig-kin kol kol-ltn mjr kpt ltn n-ltn lpn
English:
Ranks
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Ensign
NATO CodeOR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Estonia
(Edit)
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemseersant Seersant Nooremseersant Kapral Reamees
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-srs srs n-srs kpr rms
English:
Ranks
Sergeant Major of the Land Forces Sergeant Major First Sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Junior Sergeant Corporal Private

Officer candidates

Pagunid
Auaste 3. õppeaasta kadett-veebel 2. õppeaasta kadett-veebel 3. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 2. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 1. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 3. õppeaasta kadett 2. õppeaasta kadett 1. õppeaasta kadett 1. semestri noorkadett
Rank 3rd year Cadet Sergeant 2nd year Cadet Sergeant 3rd year Cadet Junior Sergeant 2nd year Cadet Junior Sergeant 1st year Cadet Junior Sergeant 3rd year Cadet 2nd year Cadet 1st year Cadet 1st semester Junior Cadet
NATO No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent

Aspirants

Pagunid
Auaste Ajateenijate reservrühmaülema kursuse lõpetanu Ajateenijate reservrühmaülema kursusel õppija
Rank Reserve platoon leader course Graduate Reserve platoon leader course Student
NATO No equivalent No equivalent

Estonian Navy ranks and insignia

NATO codeOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D)Student officer
 Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
Admiral Viitseadmiral Kontradmiral Kommodoor Mereväe kapten Kaptenleitnant Kaptenmajor Vanemleitnant Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
Estonian:
Lühend
adm v-adm k-adm komd m-kpt kpt-ltn kpt-mjr v-ltn ltn n-ltn lpn
English:
Ranks
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Senior Grade Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade Ensign
NATO CodeOR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemmaat Maat Nooremmaat Vanemmadrus Madrus
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-maat maat n-maat v-mdr mdr
English:
Ranks
Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer 1st Class Chief Petty Officer 2nd Class Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Petty Officer 3rd class Leading Seaman Seaman
Conscript junior non-commissioned officersConscript sailors[1][2]
NATO CodeOR-5OR-4BOR-4AOR-2OR-1
Estonian:
Auastmed
VanemmaatMaatNooremmaat VanemmadrusMadrus
Estonian:
Lühend
v-maat maatn-maatv-mdr

mdr

English:
Ranks
Petty Officer 1st classPetty Officer 2nd classPetty Officer 3rd classLeading SeamanSeaman

Estonian Air Force ranks and insignia

NATO codeOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D)Student officer
Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent No equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Junior Lieutenant Ensign
Estonian:
Lühend
kinkin-ltnkin-mjrbrig-kinkolkol-ltnmjrkptltnn-ltnlpn
NATO CodeOR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemseersant Seersant Nooremseersant Kapral Reamees
English:
Ranks
Chief Master Sergeant of Air Force Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Junior Sergeant Senior Airman Airman
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-srs srs n-srs kpr rms

Kaitseliit staff positions and insignia

Higher and staff positionsSenior field positionsJunior field positions
NATO CodeOF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1COF-1BOF-1AOR-8OR-6OR-4OR-3
Estonian:
Ametikohad
Kaitseliidu ülemKaitseliidu Peastaabi ülemKaitseliidu maleva pealikMaleva vaneminstruktor Malevkonna pealikKompanii pealikRühma pealikRühmapealik eriüksustesRühmapealiku abiJaopealikJaopealiku abi
English:
Positions
CommanderChief of StaffChief of MalevSenior instructorChief of MalevkondChief of CompanyPlatoon commanderPlatoon commander
in special forces
Assistant platoon commanderSection commanderAssistant section commander

See also

References

  1. "Mereväe auastmed" (in Estonian). Estonian Defence Forces. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  2. "Navy Insignia". Estonian Defence Forces. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
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