city Mila in Mila Privince
city Mila in Mila Privince
|Coordinates: 36°27′00″N 6°16′00″E / 36.45°N 6.266667°E|
|• Total||50.15 sq mi (129.89 km2)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
Mila (Arabic: ميلة) is a city in the northeast of Algeria and the capital of Mila Province. In antiquity, it was known as Milevum (in Latin; as such still a Latin Catholic titular see) or Miraeon, Μιραίον (in Ancient Greek) and was situated in the Roman province of Numidia.
In Ptolemy's Geography, IV, iii, 7, the city is mentioned under the name of Mileum or Mireon. During the Roman era it was called Colonia Sarnensis Milevitana, after the River Sarnus in Campania, whence the colonists had emigrated. This name is often found in the inscriptions of the city. Together with Cirta, Collo and Rusicade, Milevum formed the confederation known as the Four Colonies, the territory of which was very extensive. In the 6th century the Byzantine Emperor Justinian had Milevum enclosed by a fortified wall, which still stands and forms a rampart for the Muslim city of Mila. It has yielded quite a number of Latin inscriptions from this city and a colossal statue of Saturn.
Under Arab Islamic rule
In multiple book mentioned precisely City Mila conquered by Abu Muhajer General Umayyad Dinar in 675 AD in it, says in "The Berbers: study on the conquest of Africa by the Arabs, according to the printed Arabic texts. "Volume 1 by Henri Fournel on page The Mosque Sidi Ghanem of Mila was built around 675 by Abu Muhajer Dnar Dinar In the tenth century AH, historian and geographer Abu Ubayd-Allah Abd Al-Bakri quoted the mosque of Sidi Ghanem as "the first Mila mosque adjoining Dar El Imara" (House of Command)
As multiple significant evidence was found of Mila in the Arab period, as standard weight of 745 Umayyad registered with: "'Translation: "In the name of Allah. Among the steps ordered / Emir Abd al-Rahman ibn Habib / Masal ibn Hammad, Wali Mila / twenty ûkîya (once) in the year 127-745)/" The name of the governor mentioned on the standard is well known: ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn Habīb, the grandson of ‘Uqba ibn al-Nāfī’, who governed the Maghreb between 744 and 754 after returning from Spain, where he had taken refuge following the disastrous battle of Tangiers.
French colonial era
According to the scientist and military E.Carette (1808–1890), author of the tribal map of Algeria, and studies "inquiry into the origin and migration of the main tribes of North Africa, particularly of Algeria '"on page 453 there was a Mila 19th century about 800 ethnic Arabs and 800 ethnic Berbers in the city Milevum, modern Arabic name Mila, was under French colonial rule a city in the department of Constantine in Algeria, with in the early 20th century 8000 inhabitants, 400 of whom are Europeans.
Constantine department later became Constantine Province after the independence of Algeria, of which Mila was dependent till the creation of Mila Province in 1984. At the 1998 census the city had a population of 59,959.
The historically recorded bishops of this episcopal see were
- Pollianus, present at the Council of Carthage (255) called by saint Cyprianus of carthage on the lapsi, Christians who accepted forced pagan sacrificing to avoid martyrdom, himself martyred two years later
- St. Optatus, noted for his work De schismate Donatistarum (circa 375) against the Donatist heresy; he died in about 385 and is commemorated on 4 June
- Honorius, deposed for incompetence according to Church Father Augustine of Hippo
- Severus, fellow-countryman and correspondent of the above St. Augustine; attended, with his schismatical Donatist counterpart Adeodato, the Council of Carthage of 411, with other African bishops of both sides
- Morcelli next list Optatus II, who was probably in fact bishop of Vescera
- Bennatus participated in the Council of Carthage of 484, called by king Huneric of the Vandal Kingdom, after which he was exiled, like most Catholic bishops
- Restitutus, who attended the Fifth Œcumenical Council in Constantinople in 553.
The diocese was nominally restored, no later than the 17th century, as Latin titular bishopric of Milevum (Latin) / Milevi (Curiate Italian) / Milevitan(us) (Latin adjective).
It has had the following incumbents, mostly of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank, with two archiepiscopal exceptions :
- BIOS TO ELABORATE
- Joseph Ignace Randrianasolo (1997.10.24 – 1999.06.03)
- José Manuel Piña Torres (1958.05.12 – 1997.07.07)
- Jean-Félix de Hemptinne, O.S.B. (1932.03.22 – 1958.02.06)
- Anton Gisler (1928.04.20 – 1932.01.04)
- Titular Archbishop: Acacio Chacón Guerra (1926.05.10 – 1927.08.01)
- Giovanni Borzatti de Löwenstern (1907.03.11 – 1926.02.17)
- James Bellord (1899.02.05 – 1905.06.11)
- Charles Lavigne, Jesuit Order ( S.J.) (1887.09.13 – 1898.08.27)
- Jean-Marie Tissot, Fransalians (M.S.F.S.) (1863.08.11 – 1886.09.01)
- William Bernard Allen Collier, Benedictine Confederation (O.S.B.) (1840.02.14 – 1847.12.07)
- Thomas Coen (1816.01.26 – 1831.10.09)
- Wilhelm Joseph Leopold Willibald von Baden (1779.07.12 – 1798.07.09)
- Anton Révay (1754.05.20 – 1776.09.16)
- Caius Asterius Toppi (1728.11.15 – 1754)
- Johann Ignaz Dlouhovesky (1679.04.10 – 1701.01.10)
- Hyacinthus de Saldanha, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1675.01.28 – ?)
- Emmanuel a S. Ludovico, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1672.02.08 – ?)
- Titular Archbishop Joseph Chennoth (車納德) (born India) (1999.08.24 – ...) as papal diplomat : Chargé d’affaires in PR China (1995.04.26 – 1999.08.24), Apostolic Nuncio (ambassador) to Chad (1999.08.24 – 2005.06.15), Apostolic Nuncio to Central African Republic (1999.08.24 – 2005.06.15), Apostolic Nuncio to Tanzania (2005.06.15 – 2011.08.15), Apostolic Nuncio to Japan (2011.08.15 – ...)
- Ch. Diehl, Afrique Byzantine, Paris, 1896, 603 sq.
- Fournel, Henri (1799-1876) (1875–1881). Les Berbers : étude sur la conquête de l'Afrique par les Arabes, d'après les textes arabes imprimés. Tome 1 / par Henri Fournel,... Paris: Impr. nationale.
- Jijel, Karim Hadji. "Focus : sidi_ghanem". www.jijel-archeo.123.fr. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
- Umayyad Standard weight of Mila
- Le géographe et Historien arabe andalous al-Bakri (1014–1094) dans sa Description de l'Afrique septentrionale; traduite par Mac Guckin de Slane à la pages 152 et 153
- friqiya Al-Idrissi, The description of Africa pages 246-7
- Les tribus privilégiées en Algérie dans la première moitié du XIXe siècle Page 48
- Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie. 3, Recherches sur l'origine et les migrations des principales tribus de l'Afrique septentrionale et particulièrement de l'Algérie / par E. Carette
Sources and external links
- [ GCatholic - (former and) titular bishopric]
Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Milevum". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- A. Benabbès: "Les premiers raids arabes en Numidie Byzantine: questions toponymiques." In Identités et Cultures dans l'Algérie Antique, University of Rouen, 2005 (ISBN 2-87775-391-3)
- P. Trousset (2002). Les limites sud de la réoccupation Byzantine. Antiquité Tardive v. 10, p. 143-150.
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 467
- Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 228–229
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 5, p. 268; vol. 6, p. 289
- J. Mesnage, L'Afrique chrétienne, Paris 1912, pp. 335–336
- H. Jaubert, Anciens évêchés et ruines chrétiennes de la Numidie et de la Sitifienne, in Recueil des Notices et Mémoires de la Société archéologique de Constantine, vol. 46, 1913, pp. 63–64
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