Miguel, Duke of Braganza

Miguel Januário
Duke of Braganza
Pretence 14 November 1866 – 31 July 1920
Predecessor Miguel
Successor Duarte Nuno
Born (1853-09-19)19 September 1853
Kleinheubach, Bavaria
Died 11 October 1927(1927-10-11) (aged 74)
Seebenstein, Austria
Spouse Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Issue Miguel, Duke of Viseu
Prince Francisco José
Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn and Taxis
Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Benedita
Infanta Mafalda
Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Antónia
Infanta Filipa
Infante Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Infanta Maria Adelaide
House Braganza
Father Miguel I of Portugal
Mother Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Miguel of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈɣɛɫ]; full name Miguel Maria Carlos Egídio Constantino Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga Francisco de Paula e de Assis Januário de Bragança; 19 September 1853 – 11 October 1927) was the Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920. He used the title Duke of Braganza.


Miguel was born in Kleinheubach Castle near Miltenberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, during the exile in Germany of his father, former King Miguel I of Portugal and the Algarves. His mother was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He was a grandson of King John VI of Portugal and the Algarves and his wife, Queen Carlota Joaquina.

By the Portuguese law of banishment of 1834 and the constitution of 1838, King Miguel was forbidden to enter Portugal. Therefore, he was educated in Germany and Austria. He was a member of the staff of Kaiser Franz Joseph of Austria and took part in the occupation of Bosnia. It is said that the Emperor Franz Joseph liked Miguel immensely and granted him the privilege of extraterritoriality that allowed him to remain Portuguese, despite the rejection of Portugal. His second son, Prince Francisco José of Braganza, was named after the Austrian Emperor, who was his godfather.

Miguel held the rank of a colonel in the 7th Austrian Regiment of Hussars. During World War I, he held the rank of Lieutenant General (Feldmarschalleutnant) in the Austrian army. He resigned in 1917 when Portugal entered the conflict on the opposite side, and spent the rest of the war as a civilian in the Order of Malta. After the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Miguel and his family were thrown into relative poverty.

On 31 July 1920, after quarrels with his eldest son (who contracted a controversial marriage to an American heiress), Miguel renounced his claims as King of Portugal in favour of his third son, Duarte Nuno, who was 13 years old at the time.

Miguel died in Seebenstein, on October 11, 1927. He is buried at Kloster Maria Himmelfahrt in Bronnbach.

Marriages and children

Miguel was first married to Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis (May 28, 1860 – February 7, 1881), the niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, on 17 October, 1877 in Regensburg. They had three children:

After the death of his first wife, he married for a second time to his first cousin Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1870–1935), on 8 November 1893 at Kleinheubach. They had eight children:


See also


Miguel, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 19 September 1853 Died: 11 October 1927
Portuguese nobility
Title last held by
John VI of Portugal
Duke of Braganza
Succeeded by
Duarte Nuno
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Miguel I of Portugal
King of Portugal
Miguelist line

Succeeded by
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
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