Miguel, Duke of Braganza
|Duke of Braganza |
|Pretence||14 November 1866 – 31 July 1920|
19 September 1853|
11 October 1927 74) (aged|
Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis|
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Miguel, Duke of Viseu|
Prince Francisco José
Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn and Taxis
Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Benedita
Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Antónia
Infante Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Infanta Maria Adelaide
|Father||Miguel I of Portugal|
|Mother||Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg|
Miguel of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈɣɛɫ]; full name Miguel Maria Carlos Egídio Constantino Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga Francisco de Paula e de Assis Januário de Bragança; 19 September 1853 – 11 October 1927) was the Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920. He used the title Duke of Braganza.
Miguel was born in Kleinheubach Castle near Miltenberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, during the exile in Germany of his father, former King Miguel I of Portugal and the Algarves. His mother was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He was a grandson of King John VI of Portugal and the Algarves and his wife, Queen Carlota Joaquina.
By the Portuguese law of banishment of 1834 and the constitution of 1838, King Miguel was forbidden to enter Portugal. Therefore, he was educated in Germany and Austria. He was a member of the staff of Kaiser Franz Joseph of Austria and took part in the occupation of Bosnia. It is said that the Emperor Franz Joseph liked Miguel immensely and granted him the privilege of extraterritoriality that allowed him to remain Portuguese, despite the rejection of Portugal. His second son, Prince Francisco José of Braganza, was named after the Austrian Emperor, who was his godfather.
Miguel held the rank of a colonel in the 7th Austrian Regiment of Hussars. During World War I, he held the rank of Lieutenant General (Feldmarschalleutnant) in the Austrian army. He resigned in 1917 when Portugal entered the conflict on the opposite side, and spent the rest of the war as a civilian in the Order of Malta. After the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Miguel and his family were thrown into relative poverty.
On 31 July 1920, after quarrels with his eldest son (who contracted a controversial marriage to an American heiress), Miguel renounced his claims as King of Portugal in favour of his third son, Duarte Nuno, who was 13 years old at the time.
Miguel died in Seebenstein, on October 11, 1927. He is buried at Kloster Maria Himmelfahrt in Bronnbach.
Marriages and children
Miguel was first married to Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis (May 28, 1860 – February 7, 1881), the niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, on 17 October, 1877 in Regensburg. They had three children:
- Dom Miguel, Duke of Viseu (1878–1923), married Anita Stewart and had issue
- Dom Francisco José of Braganza (1879–1919), died unmarried and without issue
- Dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (1881–1945), married Prince Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis and had issue
After the death of his first wife, he married for a second time to his first cousin Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1870–1935), on 8 November 1893 at Kleinheubach. They had eight children:
- Dona Isabel Maria of Braganza (1894–1970), married Franz Joseph, 9th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
- Dona Maria Benedita of Braganza (1896–1971), died unmarried and without issue
- Dona Mafalda of Braganza (1898–1918), died unmarried and without issue
- Dona Maria Ana of Braganza (1899–1971), married the future Karl August, 10th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
- Dona Maria Antónia of Braganza (1903–1973), married Sidney Ashley Chanler (son of William Astor Chanler) and had issue
- Dona Filipa of Braganza (1905–1990), died unmarried and without issue
- Dom Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (1907–1976), married Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza and had issue
- Dona Maria Adelaide of Braganza (1912–2012), married Nicolaas van Uden and had issue
Miguel, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 19 September 1853 Died: 11 October 1927
Title last held byJohn VI of Portugal
| Duke of Braganza
|Titles in pretence|
Miguel I of Portugal
|— TITULAR —
King of Portugal
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza