Mexican League

Mexican Baseball League
Sport Baseball
Founded June 28, 1925 (1925-06-28)
Director Javier Salinas Hernández
No. of teams 16
Country Mexico
Headquarters Mexico City, Mexico
Continent North America
Most recent
champion(s)
Leones de Yucatán
(4th title)
Most titles Diablos Rojos del México (16 titles)
TV partner(s) AYM Sports
iTV Deportes
Latin American Sports
Megacable[1]
Multimedios[2]
Televisa[3]
TV Azteca[4]
TVC Deportes[5]
Official website www.lmb.com.mx

The Mexican Baseball League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana de Béisbol or LMB) is a professional baseball league based in Mexico. It is the oldest running professional league in Mexico. It is a class Triple-A league in organized Minor League Baseball (MiLB), one grade below Major League Baseball (MLB).[6] Unlike the other two Triple-A circuits, the International League and the Pacific Coast League, Mexican League teams are not affiliated with major league teams.

The league has a total of 16 teams organized in two divisions, North and South. Teams play 114 games each season. Five teams in each division advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the Serie del Rey, a best-of-seven championship series between the two division champions. The Mexican League has two minor leagues of its own, the Liga Norte de México and Mexican Academy League.

Though founded in 1925, the league didn't join the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (Minor League Baseball) until the 1950s, when it was designated a Double-A league. Some member teams entered player development contracts with teams in the National League at that time. Triple-A classification was granted in 1967.

History

The Mexican League was founded in 1925 by sportswriter Alejandro Aguilar Reyes and former baseball player Ernesto Carmona.[7] The league included six teams (74 Regimiento, México, Agrario, Nacional, Guanajuato and Águila). Puebla's 74 Regimiento won the initial league championship. Since then, the league has expanded to 16 teams, divided equally into a north and a south zone, the champions of which meet to contest a best-of-seven game playoff series. The season begins in mid-March with the playoffs running through mid-August.

1949: Landmark ruling of Gardella v. Chandler

Judges, under the doctrine of stare decisis, use the case Federal Baseball Club of Baltimore v. National League of Professional Baseball Clubs to maintain that the baseball leagues and commissioner are not violating anti-trust laws because they are not doing anything different from what was done when the previous holding was handed down. Included in the previous ruling was the fact that the baseball leagues at the time of the ruling could transmit information about their games via telegraph wires; radio and television are merely extensions of the type of coverage provided by the older medium. Further, because the leagues are only negotiating as agents for their member clubs, their actions in negotiating the television and radio broadcasts are essentially no different from their actions with telegraphs. Therefore, the previous decision can be maintained. Judges also have asserted that this the previous decision has not ever been objected to by Congress, in that no corrective legislation which would have overturned the ruling has ever been enacted, so it must also be of the opinion of Congress that baseball does not fall under the rules of the Sherman Antitrust Act (some judges have found differently, but final rulings have always overall held in favor of Organized Baseball).

The ruling went untested until the Mexican League was formed. Players who went to play in the Mexican League were blacklisted from Major League Baseball. One such player, Danny Gardella, was blacklisted because he had violated his contract and gone to play professional baseball in Mexico.

During 1948, Gardella brought a claim against Commissioner of Baseball Happy Chandler, the National League and American League, as well as their presidents (Ford Frick and Will Harridge, respectively). Gardella charged that they were engaged in interstate commerce because the defendants had made contracts with radio broadcasting and television companies that sent narratives or moving pictures of the games across state lines. MLB then settled with Gardella and offered all Mexican League jumpers amnesty, protecting the ambiguity of the antitrust protection.[8]

In 1949, Gardella won a major appeal against baseball's reserve clause in the federal courts. This successful appeal is recognized as the first major step towards baseball free agency, even though it was decades in the making.

Expansion

In 1979, the Mexican Central League was absorbed into the expanded Liga Mexicana de Beisbol (Mexican Baseball League). The newly expanded league featured a 20-team circuit with four divisions. However, after a series of team bankruptcies, the Mexican League was reduced to 14 teams in two divisions.

Teams

Division Team City Stadium Capacity Founded
North Acereros de Monclova Monclova, Coahuila Monclova 8,500 1974
Algodoneros de Unión Laguna Torreón, Coahuila Revolución 9,500 1940
Generales de Durango Durango, Durango Francisco Villa 4,983 2016
Rieleros de Aguascalientes Aguascalientes City, Aguascalientes Alberto Romo Chávez 6,494 1975
Saraperos de Saltillo Saltillo, Coahuila Francisco I. Madero 16,000 1970
Sultanes de Monterrey Monterrey, Nuevo León Monterrey 22,061 1939
Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
Laredo, Texas
Nuevo Laredo
Uni-Trade
7,555
6,000
1940
Toros de Tijuana Tijuana, Baja California Gasmart 17,000 2004
South Bravos de León León, Guanajuato Domingo Santana 6,500 1978
Diablos Rojos del México Iztacalco, Mexico City Estadio Fray Nano 5,000 1940
Guerreros de Oaxaca Oaxaca City, Oaxaca Eduardo Vasconselos 7,200 1996
Leones de Yucatán Mérida, Yucatán Parque Kukulcán Alamo 14,917 1954
Olmecas de Tabasco Villahermosa, Tabasco Centenario 27 de Febrero 8,500 1975
Pericos de Puebla Puebla City, Puebla Hermanos Serdán 12,112 1938
Piratas de Campeche Campeche City, Campeche Nelson Barrera 6,000 1980
Tigres de Quintana Roo Cancún, Quintana Roo Beto Ávila 9,500 1955

Champions

SeasonChampionSeriesRunner Up
192574 Regimiento de San Luis3–1Club México
1926Ocampo de JalapaCarmona de México
1927Gendarmería de MéxicoClub México
1928Policía del DF2–0Bravo Izquierdo de Puebla
1929Chiclet's Adams de México2–1Delta de México
1930Tigres de ComintraObras Públicas de México
1931Obras Públicas de MéxicoComunicaciones de México
1932Tráfico de MéxicoPachuca de Hidalgo
1933Tigres de Comintra3–2Pachuca de Hidalgo
1934Monte de Piedad de MéxicoTuneros de San Luis Potosí
1935Agrario de MéxicoTigres de Comintra
1936Agrario de MéxicoLomas de México
1937Águila de Veracruz3–0Agrario de México
1938Águila de VeracruzAgrario de México
1939Cafeteros de CórdobaÁguila de Veracruz
1940Azules de VeracruzDiablos Rojos del México
1941Azules de VeracruzDiablos Rojos del México
1942Algodoneros de Unión LagunaIndustriales de Monterrey
1943Industriales de MonterreyAlgodoneros de Unión Laguna
1944Azules de VeracruzIndustriales de Monterrey
1945Alijadores de TampicoTecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1946Alijadores de TampicoDiablos Rojos del México
1947Industriales de MonterreyDiablos Rojos del México
1948Sultanes de MonterreyPericos de Puebla
1949Sultanes de Monterrey4–0Algodoneros de Unión Laguna
1950Algodoneros de Unión Laguna4–2Charros de Jalisco
1951Azules de Veracruz4–1Tuneros de San Luis Potosí
1952Águila de VeracruzAlgodoneros de Unión Laguna
1953Tecolotes de Nvo. LaredoSultanes de Monterrey
1954Tecolotes de Nvo. LaredoLeones de Yucatán
1955Tigres del México2–0Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1956Diablos Rojos del MéxicoTigres Capitalinos
1957Leones de YucatánDiablos Rojos del México
1958Tecolotes de Nvo. LaredoDiablos Rojos del México
1959Petroleros de Poza RicaTecolotes de Nvo. Laredo
1960Tigres del MéxicoÁguila de Veracruz
1961Águila de VeracruzPericos de Puebla
1962Sultanes de MonterreyÁguila de Veracruz
1963Pericos de PueblaDiablos Rojos del México
1964Diablos Rojos del MéxicoPericos de Puebla
1965Tigres del MéxicoPericos de Puebla
1966Tigres del México4–2Diablos Rojos del México
1967Charros de JaliscoBroncos de Reynosa
1968Diablos Rojos del MéxicoÁguila de Veracruz
1969Broncos de ReynosaSultanes de Monterrey
1970Águila de Veracruz4–2Diablos Rojos del México
1971Charros de Jalisco4–3Saraperos de Saltillo
1972Cafeteros de Córdoba4–2Alacranes de Durango
1973Diablos Rojos del México4–3Saraperos de Saltillo
1974Diablos Rojos del México4–0Algodoneros de Gómez Palacio
1975Alijadores de Tampico4–1Cafeteros de Córdoba
1976Diablos Rojos del México4–2Algodoneros de Unión Laguna
1977Tecolotes de Nvo. Laredo4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1978Rieleros de Aguascalientes4–2Algodoneros de Unión Laguna
1979Ángeles de Puebla4–3Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1980Saraperos de SaltilloIndios de Ciudad Juárez
1981Diablos Rojos del México4–3Broncos de Reynosa
1982Indios de Ciudad Juárez4–0Tigres Capitalinos
1983Piratas de Campeche4–3Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1984Leones de Yucatán4–2Indios de Ciudad Juárez
1985Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1986Ángeles Negros de Puebla4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
1987Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1988Diablos Rojos del México4–1Saraperos de Saltillo
1989Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos4–2Leones de Yucatán
1990Bravos de León4–1Algodoneros de Unión Laguna
1991Sultanes de Monterrey4–3Diablos Rojos del México
1992Tigres del México4–2Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1993Olmecas de Tabasco4–1Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos
1994Diablos Rojos del México4–3Sultanes de Monterrey
1995Sultanes de Monterrey4–0Diablos Rojos del México
1996Sultanes de Monterrey4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1997Tigres del México4–1Diablos Rojos del México
1998Guerreros de Oaxaca4–0Acereros de Monclova
1999Diablos Rojos del México4–2Tigres Capitalinos
2000Tigres del México4–1Diablos Rojos del México
2001Tigres del México4–2Diablos Rojos del México
2002Diablos Rojos del México4–3Tigres de la Angelopolis
2003Diablos Rojos del México4–1Tigres de la Angelopolis
2004Piratas de Campeche4–1Saraperos de Saltillo
2005Tigres del Puebla4–2Saraperos de Saltillo
2006Leones de Yucatán4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
2007Sultanes de Monterrey4–3Leones de Yucatán
2008Diablos Rojos del México4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
2009Saraperos de Saltillo4–2Tigres de Quintana Roo
2010Saraperos de Saltillo4–1Pericos de Puebla
2011Tigres de Quintana Roo4–0Diablos Rojos del México
2012Rojos del Águila de Veracruz4–3Rieleros de Aguascalientes
2013Tigres de Quintana Roo4–1Sultanes de Monterrey
2014Diablos Rojos del México4–0Pericos de Puebla
2015Tigres de Quintana Roo4–1Acereros del Norte
2016Pericos de Puebla4–2Toros de Tijuana
2017Toros de Tijuana4–1Pericos de Puebla
2018Leones de Yucatan4–3Sultanes de Monterrey

Champions and runners-up (current teams)

TeamTitlesRunner UpYears WonYears Runner Up
Diablos 16 17 1956, 1964, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1994, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2008, 2014 1940, 1941, 1946, 1947, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1966, 1970, 1977, 1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2011
Tigres 12 6 1955, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2011, 2013, 2015 1956, 1982, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2009
Sultanes 9 9 1943, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1962, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2007 1942, 1944, 1953, 1969, 1986, 1994, 2006, 2008, 2013, 2018
Rojos del Águila 6 4 1937, 1938, 1952, 1961, 1970, 2012 1939, 1960, 1962, 1968
Pericos 5 6 1925, 1963, 1979, 1986, 2016 1948, 1961, 1964, 1965, 2010, 2014, 2017
Leones 4 3 1957, 1984, 2006, 2018 1954, 1989, 2007
Saraperos 3 6 1980, 2009, 2010 1971, 1972, 1973, 1988, 2004, 2005
Piratas 2 0 1983, 2004
Algodoneros 2 0 1942, 1950
Broncos 1 2 1969 1967, 1981
Olmecas 1 0 1993
Guerreros 1 0 1998
Rieleros 1 1 1978 2012
Toros 1 1 2017 2016
Acereros 0 2 1998, 2015

Championships by franchise (all-time)

TeamTitles
Diablos 16
Tigres 12
Sultanes 9
Rojos del Águila 6
Tecolotes 5
Pericos 5
Azules 4
Leones 4
Alijadores 3
Saraperos 3
Agrario 2
Algodoneros 2
Cafeteros 2
Charros 2
Piratas 2
Tigres (Comintra) 2
Bravos 1
Broncos 1
Chiclet's Adams 1
Gendarmería 1
Guerreros 1
Indios 1
Monte de Piedad 1
Obras Públicas 1
Ocampo 1
Olmecas 1
Petroleros (Poza Rica) 1
Policía 1
Rieleros 1
Toros 1
Tráfico 1

See also

References

  1. includes Megasports
  2. includes Multimedios Televisión and Milenio Televisión
  3. includes SKY México, TDN and Univisión TDN
  4. includes a+
  5. includes TVC Deportes 2
  6. "Mexican Baseball Is Finally Eliminating One of the Worst Unwritten Rules In Sports". VICE Sports. 1 December 2015.
  7. Virtue, John (10 October 2007). South of the Color Barrier: How Jorge Pasquel and the Mexican League Pushed Baseball Toward Racial Integration. McFarland. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7864-3293-6.
  8. "Gardella v. Chandler". Justia. 13 July 1948.
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