Metropolitan areas in Romania

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politics and government of
Romania

There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Legislative status

The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 – Bucharest, the capital of Romania - municipality of European importance
  • Rank I – municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II – municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III – cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones

Constituted metropolitan areas in Romania
NamePopulation (2011[4])AreaDensityEstablishedNotes
Constanța Metropolitan Area425,9161,013.5 km²420/km²December 2007[5][6]
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area411,3791,537.54 km²268/km²2008[7] (since)[8]
Iași Metropolitan Area382,484832 km²473/km²8 April 2004[9]
Brașov Metropolitan Area369,8961,368.58 km²270/km²2007includes Codlea, Săcele, Ghimbav, Predeal, and Râşnov[10]
Craiova Metropolitan Area356,5441498.62 km²238/km²11 February 2009[11]
Oradea Metropolitan Area235,462773 km²305/km²9 May 2005[12]
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area233,3062,251.09 km²104/km²2013includes 3 cities and 22 communes
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area215,9321,395.38 km²154/km²200619 localities
Târgu Mureș metropolitan area209,532656.29 km²315/km²2005[13]
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area[14]133,249--20132 cities and 7 communes[15]

Planned metropolitan zones

NamePopulation (2011)AreaDensity
Bucharest Metropolitan Area2,272,1631,811 km²1,254/km²
Galați-Brăila Metropolitan Area496,8441,702.17 km²292/km²
Timișoara Metropolitan Area*466,7342,439.19 km²192/km²
Ploiești Metropolitan Area276,279478 km²577/km²
Bacău Metropolitan Area216,649848.32 km²255/km²
Pitești Metropolitan Area[14]215,700--
Arad Metropolitan Area[14]*206,536--
Botoșani Metropolitan Area[14]**145,961--
Suceava Metropolitan Area[14]**143,713--
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area[14]136,787--
Deva-Hunedoara (Corvina) Conurbationn/a--

*Timișoara and Arad intend to form the Arad–Timișoara Conurbation.[26] **Suceava and Botoșani might form a conurbation

Functional Urban Areas

In the EU, as defined by Eurostat, a functional urban area (FUA) - formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) - consists of a city and its commuting zone.

Largest Functional Urban Areas of Romania[14]
Rank Name County Development region FUA Population (2015)
1 Bucharest - Bucharest-Ilfov 2,412,530
2 Iași Iași Nord-Est 474,035
3 Constanța Constanța Sud-Est 420,241
4 Brașov Brașov Centru 398,953
5 Cluj-Napoca Cluj Nord-Vest 379,733
6 Timișoara Timiș Vest 359,433
7 Craiova Dolj Sud-Vest 325,499
8 Galați Galați Sud-Est 322,501
9 Ploiești Prahova Sud 294,468
10 Oradea Bihor Nord-Vest 239,390

References

  1. (in Romanian)
  2. (in Romanian) "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas - in maroon"
  3. "Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş". Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  4. INS INS 1.01.2009(in Romanian) Archived July 26, 2009, at WebCite
  5. Zona Metropolitana Constanta
  6. "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  7. Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca
  8. "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  9. Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  10. Microsoft Word - Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc Archived April 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. Eroare > EVZ.ro
  12. Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  13. Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Population at 1 January 2015". Eurostat. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  15. Proiect - Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  16. (in Romanian) Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare
  17. NewsReport - Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar Archived 2008-01-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. Zona Metropolitană Timişoara | Primaria Timisoara | Secţiuni | Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii
  19. Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana
  20. Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani - Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street
  21. ADL BACAU - Totul despre Zona metropolitana Bacau Archived 2008-04-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU « Ziarul Observator de Bacau
  23. Administratia locala - Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur Archived 2008-01-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro.
  25. "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). ADR Vest (in Romanian).

See also

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