Mauritius (1968–1992)

Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem: Motherland
Capital Port Louis
Common languages Mauritian Creole
Rodriguan Creole
Government Constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
 1968 (first)
John Shaw Rennie
 1986–1992 (last)
Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister  
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Anerood Jugnauth
12 March 1968
 Republic proclaimed
12 March 1992
1972 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)
Currency Mauritian rupee
Calling code 230
ISO 3166 code MU
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius
Today part of  Mauritius

Between independence in 1968 and becoming a republic in 1992, Mauritius was an independent sovereign state that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Elizabeth II.

In 1968, the United Kingdom's Mauritius Independence Act 1968 granted independence to the British Crown Colony of Mauritius. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as Queen of Mauritius, as well as being Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles in Mauritius were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Mauritius. The Governors-General were:

Seewoosagur Ramgoolam and then Sir Anerood Jugnauth held office as Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Elizabeth II visited Mauritius 24–26 March 1972.[1]

The Republic of Mauritius was proclaimed on 12 March 1992. Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of Mauritius.


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