Mass gathering medicine

Mass gathering medicine, also known as event medicine, crowd medicine or mass gathering health,[1] is a field of medicine that explores the health effects/risks of mass gatherings and the strategies that contribute positively to effective health services delivery during these events.[2][3][4] The reason for the development of the field of medicine gives the fact that mass gatherings generate a higher incidence of injury and illness, may be the subject to a catastrophic accident or attack with large numbers of injured or dead persons.[5][6]

Mass Gathering Medicine is viewed as a niche field of prehospital care in emergency medicine at the University of British Columbia.[7]

Among factors influencing on the demand for the health care at mass gatherings [8] are:

  • the weather,
  • duration of the event,
  • if the crowd moves,
  • containment of the event (fenced/contained or not),
  • availability of alcohol/drugs,
  • the density of the crowd et al.,
  • possibility for spreading of communicable diseases [9]

Key purposes of Mass Gathering Medical Services at an event[10] are:

  • rapid access to the injured or ill patients,
  • effective stabilizing and transporting injured or ill patients,
  • on-site care for minor injuries and illnesses.

The Department of Global Alert and Response of the World Health Organization supports Member States hosting mass gatherings .[11] As the acknowledgement of growth in the area of Mass Gathering Medicine, there is a need for consistency in the research and evaluation of mass gathering events.[12] This is important because mass gatheirngs may impact on health services and having a collective understanding of the impact of mass gatherings on health services may mitigate any poor outcomes for patients.[13]

Mass gathering medicine support requires planning in advance.[14]

Medical journal The Lancet held a conference on Mass Gathering Medicine in October 2010 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia .[15]

In 2015, This Is Life with Lisa Ling filmed an episode featuring mass-gathering medicine with event medical specialists Dr. Andrew Bazos and Connor Fitzpatrick of CrowdRx, Inc.[16]

The inaugural Mass Gathering Medicine Summit was held in New York City on April 21–22, 2016.[17] The second annual Mass Gathering Medical Summit will be held in Las Vegas on February 10–11, 2017 [17]


  1. Lund, Adam; Turris, Sheila A.; Bowles, Ron; Steenkamp, Malinda; Hutton, Alison; Ranse, Jamie; Arbon, Paul (December 2014). "Mass-gathering Health Research Foundational Theory: Part 1 - Population Models for Mass Gatherings". Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 29 (6): 648–654. doi:10.1017/S1049023X14001216. ISSN 1049-023X.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  3. Arbon P: Mass gathering medicine: A review of the evidence and future directions for research. Prehosp Didast Med 2007;22(2):131-135
  4. "Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings". Retrieved 2010-11-04.
  5. Franaszek J:Medical care at mass gatherings. Ann Emerg Med 1986;15:60-61
  6. Thompson JM et al.:Level of medical care required for mass gatherings: The XV Winter Olympic Games in Calgary, Canada. Ann Emerg Med 1991;20(4):385-390
  7. Home | (archive) Mass Gathering Medicine Interest Group
  8. Milsten AM et al.: Mass gathering medical care: A review of the literature. Prehosp Disaster Med 2002;17(3):151-162
  9. "Communicable disease alert and response for mass gatherings" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-11-04.
  10. De Lorenzo RA:Mass gathering medicine: A review. Prehosp Disaster Med 1997;12(1):68-72
  11. "Mass Gatherings and Public Health" (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
  12. Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison (December 2012). "Minimum Data Set for Mass-Gathering Health Research and Evaluation: A Discussion Paper". Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 27 (6): 543–550. doi:10.1017/s1049023x12001288. ISSN 1049-023X.
  13. Ranse, Jamie; Hutton, Alison; Keene, Toby; Lenson, Shane; Luther, Matt; Bost, Nerolie; Johnston, Amy N. B.; Crilly, Julia; Cannon, Matt (February 2017). "Health Service Impact from Mass Gatherings: A Systematic Literature Review". Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 32 (1): 71–77. doi:10.1017/S1049023X16001199. ISSN 1049-023X.
  14. Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings
  16. Home - CrowdRx: Event Medical Services
  17. 1 2 eventmedicinesummit
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