Skoglund was the son of Karl Jonas Skoglund and his wife Stina Lisa Olofsdotter. Between 1911 and 1912 he studied at a folkhögskola and lantmannaskola and at an early age got to work and lived at a farm in Doverstorp. In 1917 he married the farmers daughter Elsa Andersson with whom she got two children.
In 1919 Skoglund was elected into the Risinge municipal council and was soon one of the leading men of the council. In 1923 to 1928 he was the chairman of the fattigvårdssstyrelsen. In 1928 he was a candidate for the second chamber election and was elected thanks to Moderate Partys Arvid Lindmans victorious election in late 1928.
In Riksdagen Skoglund profiled himself as a right socialpolitician expert and was hired as responsible for socialpolitics decisions. Other questions that interested him was farming, defence and taxes.
He retired in 1960 from the Riksdagen.
- "Riktigt jordnära om slagfärdig politiker". Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- "Talmanslegenden Martin Skoglund - Nättidningen Svensk Historia". Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Martin Skoglund Books Retrieved 26 September 2015
- "Svensk politik". Retrieved 26 September 2015.