Mark Thompson (media executive)
Mark Thompson at SXSW in 2016
|President and CEO of The New York Times Company|
Assumed office |
November 12, 2012
|Preceded by||Janet L. Robinson|
|14th Director-General of the BBC|
22 June 2004 – 17 September 2012
|Preceded by||Mark Byford (acting)|
|Succeeded by||George Entwistle|
Mark John Thompson|
31 July 1957
|Alma mater||Merton College, Oxford|
Thompson was born in London, England, and brought up in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, by his mother, Sydney Corduff, his sister, Katherine, and father, Duncan John Thompson. Thompson was educated by Jesuits at the independent school, Stonyhurst College, and then went up to Merton College, Oxford, where he took a first in English. Thompson edited the university magazine, Isis.
Appointment as Director-General
Thompson was appointed Director-General on 21 May 2004. He succeeded Greg Dyke, who resigned on 29 January 2004 in the aftermath of the Hutton Inquiry. Although he had originally stated he was not interested in the role of Director-General and would turn down any approach from the BBC, he changed his mind, saying the job was a "one-of-a-kind opportunity". The decision to appoint Thompson Director-General was made unanimously by the BBC Board of Governors, headed by the then new Chairman Michael Grade (another former chief executive of Channel 4). His appointment was widely praised: Culture Secretary Tessa Jowell, Shadow Culture Secretary Julie Kirkbride and Greg Dyke were amongst those who supported his selection. He took up the role of Director-General on 22 June 2004 (Mark Byford had been Acting Director-General since Dyke's resignation). On his first day he announced several management changes, including the replacement of the BBC's sixteen-person executive committee with a slimmed-down executive board of nine top managers.
Editorial guideline breaches
In 2007 it emerged that the BBC had been involved in a number of editorial guideline breaches. Mark Thompson, as BBC editor-in-chief investigated these breaches, and presented his interim report to the BBC Trust on 18 July 2007. The Trust felt that the BBC’s values of accuracy and honesty had been compromised, and Thompson outlined to the Trust the actions he would take to restore confidence.
Later that day he told BBC staff, via an internal televised message, that deception of the public was never acceptable. He said that he, himself, had never deceived the public – it would never have occurred to him to do so, and that he was sure that the same applied to the "overwhelming majority" of BBC staff. He also spoke on BBC News 24 and was interviewed by Gavin Esler for Newsnight. He stated that "from now on, if it [deceiving the public] happens we will show people the door." Staff were emailed on 19 July 2007 and later in the year all staff, including the Director-General, undertook a Safeguarding Trust course.
In October 2008, Thompson had to cut short a family holiday to return to Britain to deal with The Russell Brand Show prank telephone calls row. Thompson took the executive decision to suspend the BBC’s highest paid presenter, Jonathan Ross, from all his BBC work for three months without pay. He also said it was the controversial star's last warning. Nevertheless, Thompson reiterated the BBC's commitment to Ross's style of edgy comedy, claiming that "BBC audiences accept that, in comedy, performers attempt to push the line of taste". Thompson had previously defended the star’s conduct and salary in 2006, when he described Ross as “outstanding” and claimed that "the very best people" deserved appropriately high salaries.
In September 2010 Thompson acknowledged some of the BBC's previous political bias he had witnessed early in his career. He stated: "In the BBC I joined 30 years ago there was, in much of current affairs, in terms of people's personal politics, which were quite vocal, a massive bias to the left". He added: "the organisation did struggle then with impartiality", though also suggested that there was now "much less overt tribalism".
In late 2007, Thompson's directorship at the BBC was criticised. Sir Richard Eyre, former artistic director of the National Theatre, accused the BBC under Thompson's leadership of failing to produce programmes "that inspired viewers to visit galleries, museums or theatres". He was also criticised by Tony Palmer, a multi-award-winning filmmaker. Of the BBC, Palmer stated that it "has a worldwide reputation which it has abrogated and that's shameful. In the end, the buck stops with Mark Thompson. He is a catastrophe."
Jerry Springer: The Opera
He was criticised by religious groups in relation to the broadcast of Jerry Springer: The Opera, with a private prosecution brought against the BBC for blasphemy. David Pannick QC appeared and won the case. The High Court ruled that the cult musical was not blasphemous, and Pannick stated that Judge Tubbs had "acted within her powers and made the only decision she could lawfully have made; while religious beliefs were integral to British society, so is freedom of expression, especially to matters of social and moral importance."
Accusations of pro-Israeli editorial stance
A number of commentators have suggested that Thompson has a pro-Israeli editorial stance, particularly since he supported the controversial decision by the BBC not to broadcast the DEC Gaza appeal in January 2009. Complaints to the BBC about the decision, numbering nearly 16,000, were directed to a statement by Thompson. In May 2011, Thompson ordered the lyrics 'free Palestine' in a rap on BBC 1 Extra to be censored. During a meeting of the British Parliament's Culture and Media Committee in June 2012, Thompson also issued an apology for not devoting more coverage to the murders of an Israeli settler family in the West Bank, saying the "network got it wrong" – despite the fact that the incident occurred on the same day as the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.
Tam Dean Burn wrote in The Herald: "I would argue that this bias has moved on apace since Thompson went to Israel in 2005 and signed a deal with prime minister Ariel Sharon on the BBC's coverage of the conflict."
In October 2009, Thompson defended the decision by the BBC to invite British National Party leader Nick Griffin to appear on the Question Time programme following criticism by Labour politicians including Home Secretary Alan Johnson and Secretary of State for Wales Peter Hain. The decision also led to protests outside BBC Television Centre by UAF campaigners. Thompson said: "It is a straightforward matter of fact that … the BNP has demonstrated a level of support which would normally lead to an occasional invitation to join the panel on Question Time. It is for that reason alone … that the invitation has been extended. The case against inviting the BNP to appear on Question Time is a case for censorship … Democratic societies sometimes do decide that some parties and organisations are beyond the pale. As a result they proscribe them and/or ban them from the airwaves. My point is simply that the drastic steps of proscription and censorship can only be taken by government and parliament … It is unreasonable and inconsistent to take the position that a party like the BNP is acceptable enough for the public to vote for, but not acceptable enough to appear on democratic platforms like Question Time. If there is a case for censorship, it should be debated and decided in parliament. Political censorship cannot be outsourced to the BBC or anyone else."
Formula One broadcast rights
Thompson was Director General of the BBC when on 29 July 2011 it was announced that the Corporation would no longer televise all Formula One Grand Prix live, instead agreeing to split the broadcast between the BBC and Sky Sports. This prompted an outcry from several thousand fans and a motion on the UK Government e-petition site. On 2 September 2011, Thompson and several "senior BBC figures" were called upon by the House of Commons to answer questions over the exact nature of the broadcast arrangement.
In January 2010, Thompson was criticised over his £834,000 salary. The BBC presenter Stephen Sackur told him "there are huge numbers of people in the organisation who think your salary is plain wrong and corrosive."
Criticism by Robert Winston
In October 2012, the fertility expert Robert Winston, who presented the BAFTA award-winning series The Human Body, said: "I don't think Mark Thompson has led well from the top. It's not just my perception. Many of the scientific community feel very, very uneasy, and the news people clearly do." Winston had previously accused Mark Thompson of "cowardice" and a lack of "spine" in its leadership, over a controversial trailer which included misleading footage of the Queen.
Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal
Though Thompson departed the BBC before public exposure of the Savile scandal and is not noted in the BBC chronology of the unfolding coverage, Thompson faced questions about his role in the events around Savile's actions and BBC coverage of them. Per a New York Times review, Thompson has denied knowing of a BBC Newsnight program on accusations against Sir Jimmy Savile before the program was dropped soon after Savile's death in October, 2011.
The New York Times Company
On 14 August 2012, he was named CEO of The New York Times Company, effective November 2012.
In 2016, Thompson published Enough Said: What's Gone Wrong with the Language of Politics? Thompson condemns political discourse that is "just a fight to the political death, a fight in which every linguistic weapon is fair game" and is critical of the rejection of science and expertise, writing that this has disastrous policymaking consequences. Thompson also criticized false balance in news reporting. The book was favorably reviewed by Andrew Rawnsley, who called it an "important study" that "identifies many culprits for the destructiveness of political debate." John Lloyd, writing in the Financial Times, praised the work as reflective and an "intricately but also urgently argued book."
He first joined the BBC as a production trainee in 1979. His subsequent career within the organisation has been varied, including:
- 1981 – assisted launching long-running consumer programme Watchdog
- 1983 – assisted launching Breakfast Time
- 1985 – Output Editor, Newsnight
- 1988 – Editor, Nine O'Clock News (at the age of 30)
- 1990 – Editor, Panorama
- 1992 – Head of Features
- 1994 – Head of Factual Programmes
- 1996 – Controller, BBC Two
- 1999 – Director, National and Regional Broadcasting
- 2000 – became BBC Director of Television, but left the corporation in March 2002 to become Chief Executive of Channel 4.
- 2002 – Thompson joined the board of trustees of Media Trust, the UK's leading communications charity.
- 2004 – 2012 Director General of the BBC
Thompson is a Roman Catholic, and attends the Oratory Church of St Aloysius Gonzaga. In 2010, The Tablet named him as one of Britain’s most influential Roman Catholics. Thompson lives in Oxford with his wife Jane Blumberg (daughter of Baruch Samuel Blumberg) whom he married in 1987. They have two sons and one daughter.
In 2011, Thompson was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by Edge Hill University.
He is a member of the Reform Club and a patron of the Art Room charity in Oxford.
In 2012, Thompson served as the first Humanitas Visiting Professor in Rhetoric and the Art of Public Persuasion at the University of Oxford.
- "Mark Thompson, Esq Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today, Mark Thompson, Esq Profile". Debretts.co.uk. 31 July 1957. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- “THOMPSON, Mark John Thompson,” in Who's Who 2009 (London: A & C Black, 2008); online ed., (Oxford: OUP, 2008), . Retrieved 25 January 2009.
- Arlidge, John (16 December 2001). "The Observer Profile". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "NS Profile – Mark Thompson". New Statesman. 3 May 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
- "BBC Press Office: Biographies – Mark Thompson". Retrieved 12 October 2007.
- "Minutes of Trust meeting 18 July 2007" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Key points: Thompson speech to staff on editorial breaches". BBC News. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "News 24 interview on editorial guideline breaches (video)". BBC News. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Transcript of Newsnight interview on editorial breaches and staff honesty". Newsarchive.awardspace.com. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- "Email from Mark Thompson to BBC staff on integrity". BBC. 19 July 2007. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- BBC to teach its stars honesty The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 March 2008
- "Ross suspended for three months". BBC News. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Russell Brand programme, BBC Radio 2, 18 October 2008 Archived 4 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "BBC defends Ross pay and conduct". BBC News. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Singh, Anita (2 September 2010). "BBC was biased against Thatcher, admits Mark Thompson". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Revoir, Paul (2 September 2010). "Yes, BBC was biased: Director General Mark Thompson admits a 'massive' lean to Left". Daily Mail. London.
- Public Sector pay: The numbers BBC News, 20 September 2010
- Asthana, Anushka. "The Guardian: Arts chief warns of cultural 'apartheid'". London. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
- Smith, David. "The Guardian: Director blasts 'BBC ignorance'". London. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
- Paris, Natalie (5 December 2007). "Jerry Springer play ruled not blasphemous". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- "Mark Thompson's Blog". BBC.
- "BBC and the Gaza appeal". BBC.
- "BBC under fire for 'censoring' Palestine lyric". The Guardian.
- "BBC apologises for minimal coverage of Fogel murders". Haaretz.
- "To my mind and, it appears, to millions of others, the BBC is increasingly biased towards Israel in this conflict, Heraldscotland staff". The Herald. Glasgow. 1 February 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Booth, Robert (22 October 2009). "BBC is right to allow BNP on Question Time, says Mark Thompson". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "BBC to face questioning from MPs over switch to shared F1 coverage". Autosport. 2 September 2011.
- Wardrop, Murray (15 January 2010). "'Your salary is wrong and corrosive', Mark Thompson , BBC director general, told". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- Collins, Nick (30 October 2012). "Robert Winston: BBC is dumbing down science". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Jimmy Savile abuse allegations: Timeline", BBC, 15 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Nocera, Joe, "The Right Man for the Job?", The New York Times, October 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- "Mark Thompson named CEO of New York Times Co". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Andrew Rawnsley, Enough Said: What’s Gone Wrong With the Language of Politics? by Mark Thompson – review, Guardian (September 4, 2016).
- John Lloyd, What happened to the language of politics? Rational political speech is under attack and failing to convince a sceptical public. Should we blame the media?, Financial Times (August 26, 2016).
- "The World's Most Powerful People". Forbes. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- "Media Trust website".
- "The Tablet's Top 100". Archived from the original on 13 March 2016.
- "The Art Room". The Art Room. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Daily Mail 5 June 2012 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2154875/Diamond-Jubilee-Concert-Who-sat-Queen-Royal-Box.html
- Plunkett, John (5 November 2012). "Mark Thompson (Media),Oxford University,Media,BBC,Jimmy Savile (Media),UK news,New York Times (Media)". The Guardian. London.
- Channel 4 boss lands BBC top job (BBC)
- New BBC boss announces shake-up (BBC)
- Thompson "to transform BBC" (BBC)
- Will Thompson be toast over the day he bit a BBC colleague? (Guardian)
- BBC boss sank teeth into his newsroom colleague (Telegraph)
- Biting comment over job cuts at the BBC (Times)
- Thompson welcomes strike suspension (BBC)
- BBC Resources sell-off delayed (Press Gazette)
- Thompson sells BBC Broadcast – which becomes Red Bee Media (BBC)
- Thompson flogs Books – to Random House (BBC)
- BBC changes mark a digital future (BBC)
- Creative Future and Looney Tunes (Guardian)
- Media Trust
- About the BBC: Mark Thompson (BBC biography – includes salary and expenses data)
- Mark Thompson's blog (BBC)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr.
| CEO of The New York Times Company
| Director-General of the BBC
| Chief Executive of Channel 4
| Controller of BBC Two