Mariam bint Abu Ya'qub Ashshilbi (Arabic: مريم بنت أبي يعقوب الشَّلْبي) was an 8th-century Arabic-language poet of al-Andalus. She was born in Shilb (modern Silves, Portugal) and settled in Seville, where she became a tutor of noblewomen.
Living during the time of the Moors, she has been referred to as the Arabian Sappho. During her time, many women of the Andalusian area cultivated the arts. Some well-preserved examples of her work survive in the library of the Escorial.
- al-Udhari, Abdullah (2017-01-16). Classical Poems by Arab Women: A Bilingual Anthology. Saqi Books. p. 158. ISBN 9780863569302.
- Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell (1855). Woman's record, or, Sketches of all distinguished women : from the creation to A.D. 1854 : arranged in four eras : with selections from female writers of every age. New York: Harper & Bros. p. 70.