Manastir Vilayet

ولايت مناستر
Vilâyet-i Manastır
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1874–1877
1879–1912

 

 

Manastir Vilayet in 1900
Capital Manastir[1]
History
  Established 1874
  Disestablished 1912
Population
  1911[2] 1,069,789 
Today part of  Albania
 Republic of Macedonia
 Greece

The Vilayet of Manastir[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت مناستر, Vilâyet-i Manastır)[4] was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, created in 1874, dissolved in 1877 and re-established in 1879.[5] The vilayet was occupied during the First Balkan War in 1912 and divided between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Serbia,[5] with some parts later becoming part of the newly established Principality of Albania.

Administrative divisions

Initially the Manastir Vilayet had the following sanjaks:[6]

After administrative reforms in 1867 and 1877 some parts of the Manastir Vilayet were ceded to newly established Scutari Vilayet (1867) and Kosovo Vilayet (1877).

Administrative divisions of Manastir Vilayet until 1912:[7]

Demographics

1897

According to Russian consul in the Manastir Vilayet, A. Rostkovski, finishing the statistical article in 1897, the total population was 803,340, with Rostkovski grouping the population into the following groups:[8]

  • Turks, Ottomans: 78,867
  • Albanians, Ghegs: 144,918
  • Albanians, Tosks: 81,518
  • Albanians, Christians: 35,525
  • Slavs, Exarchists: 186,656
  • Slavs, Patriarchists: 93,694
  • Slavs, Muslims: 11,542
  • Greeks, Christians: 97,439
  • Greeks, Muslims: 10,584
  • Vlachs (Aromanians): 53,227
  • Jews: 5,270

1912

According to an estimation published in a Belgian magazine, the ethnic composition in 1912 when the vilayet was dissolved during the First Balkan War was:[9]

References

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica 1911 Edition, Monastir. Archived 2010-09-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Teaching Modern Southeast European History Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine.. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  3.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macedonia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Manastır ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Monastir"), Manastır vilâyet matbaası, Manastır [Macedonia], 1292 [1875]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Library.
  5. 1 2 Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German). 13. Reichert. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9783920153568.
  6. Gjurmime albanologjike (in Serbian). Pristina: Albanološki institut u Prištini. 1968. p. 177. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  7. http://tarihvemedeniyet.org/documents/makaleler/20.%20yy%20Osmanli%20Vilayetleri.pdf Ottoman Provinces before 1908
  8. "Jedna statistika iz srednje Maćedonije". Nova Iskra (15–16): 251. 26 July 1899.
  9. Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Manastir: Skynet GodsdBalkan

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