Malta–Serbia relations

Maltese-Serbian relations

Malta

Serbia

Maltese-Serbian relations are foreign relations between Malta and Serbia. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1964. Malta is represented in Serbia through a non-resident ambassador based in Valletta (in the Foreign Ministry).[1] Serbia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary consulate in Valletta.[2]

History

Relations between Maltese and Serbians took place in early history in the framework of the relations between their masters, the British and the Ottoman empire.

In 1918, a group of cadets and personnel of the Serbian army, on board of the SS Polynesien, was rescued to Malta and healed at Cottonera Hospital after the ship was sank by a German torpedo. [3]

During the second world war, as during the first, Malta provided a rest and recuperation setting for British allies - in this case, Tito's Yugoslav partisans, led by Major Jerko Juricic, who set up a camp at Bingemma. While in Malta, the partisans (both male and female) could be trained by British experts in the use of both Ally as well as Axis weapons.[4][5] At least one Yugoslav partisan died of his wounds in Malta, and was buried at the Military Cemetery.[6][7]

In the late 1940s, Maltese emigrants left to Australia on board of the Yugoslav steamers S.S. Partizanka and S.S. Radnik.[8]

Relations between newly-independent Malta and socialist Yugoslavia during the Cold War were shaped by the Cold War context. Malta under socialist PM Dom Mintoff joined the Non-Aligned Movement, which had been launched by Tito. Economic cooperation was marked by the construction of a small factory on the island with Yugoslav capitals. In the early 1980s, Yugoslavia donated a ship to Malta, upon request of Mintoff.[9]

During Mintoff's rule, marked by relations with Qaddafi's Libya, Yugoslavia was a rather warm ally of Malta, probably the main one in Europe. Future foreign minister Michael Frendo wrote his graduate thesis in 1977 on "Workers' self-management: A new concept of the legal structure of the enterprise in Malta and Yugoslavia".[10]

Cooperation

Malta signed its 12th bilateral double taxation agreement with Serbia on Wednesday 9 September 2009.[11] Foreign Affairs Minister of Malta, Tonio Borg signed two agreements with Serbia during a two-day visit in 2010 about readmission of people residing without authorisation.[12]

Diasporas

The Serbian community is one of the fastest-growing diasporas in Malta. Their number has steadily grown throughout the 2010s, and in 2017 - with 2,757 workers - Serbians were the second biggest foreign community on the islands after the Filipinos[13] and just ahead of Libyans. Though the actual number is probably bigger. Serbian citizens in Malta work in the tourist industry and often follow a seasonal migration pattern. Crime rates, hooliganism[14] and integration matters of the Serbian community has also come to the attention of Maltese society.[15]

See also

References

  1. Direction of the Maltese representation in Serbia
  2. Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Malta
  3. Pics by Maltese nurse Mary Muscat may be seen here: http://agiusww1.com/page-57/
  4. Yugoslav partisans landing in Malta, Getty images, 1940
  5. pinterest - 1944 picture
  6. Yugoslav Partisans In Malta], Malta Independent, 2012
  7. Movie "Yugoslav Partisans in Malta"
  8. Report from the Department of Emigration for the year 1948-49.
  9. Tvrtko Jakovina, 'Yugoslavia on the International Scene: The Active Coexistence of Non-Aligned Yugoslavia, YUhistorija.com. See also JV, Predsedništvo SFRJ (Presidency of the SFRY), 25 November 1981, Presentation by Federal Secretary J. Vrhovec at the session of the Presidency of the SFRY, held on 25 November 1981 and devoted to the first item on the agenda
  10. University of Malta
  11. Malta-Serbia sign double taxation agreement
  12. Malta, Serbia sign agreements
  13. Times of Malta
  14. TVM
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