Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
The Most Valuable Player award
Given for Major League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
Country United States
Presented by Baseball Writers' Association of America
History
First award 1931
Most recent

The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The winners receive the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which became the official name of the award in 1944,[1] in honor of the first MLB commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.[1][2]

MVP voting takes place before the postseason, but the results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three writers in each league city in 1938, reducing that number to two per league city in 1961.[3] The BBWAA does not offer a clear-cut definition of what "most valuable" means, instead leaving the judgment to the individual voters.[4][5]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the 25 pitchers who have won the award, 15 are right-handed while 10 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers who have won multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.[6][7]

Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions,[6] while Rodriguez is the only player who has won the award with two different teams at two different positions.[8] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (four: 2001–04).[9] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple times;[10] 9 players have won three times, and 19 have won twice.[11] Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both the American and National Leagues.

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received an equal number of points.[6][12] There have been 18 unanimous winners, who received all the first-place votes.[3] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award has never been presented to a member of the following three teams: Arizona Diamondbacks, New York Mets, and Tampa Bay Rays. The most recent recipients are José Altuve in the American League and Giancarlo Stanton in the National League.

In recent decades, pitchers have rarely won the award. When Justin Verlander won the AL award in 2011, he became the first pitcher in either league to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens accomplished the feat in 1986.[13] The National League went even longer without an MVP award to a pitcher. After Bob Gibson won in 1968, no pitcher in that league was named MVP until Clayton Kershaw in 2014.[14]

Chalmers Award (1911–1914)

Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average in Major League Baseball at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[3][15][16] Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits against the St. Louis Browns. American League President Ban Johnson said a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway, and Chalmers ended up awarding cars to both players.[3]

The following season, Chalmers created the Chalmers Award. A committee of baseball writers were to convene after the season to determine the "most important and useful player to the club and to the league". Since the award was not as effective at advertising as Chalmers had hoped, it was discontinued after 1914.[3]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1911 Ty Cobb§ Detroit TigersOF Frank Schulte Chicago CubsOF[17]
1912 Tris Speaker Boston Red SoxOF Larry Doyle New York Giants2B[18]
1913 Walter Johnson Washington SenatorsRHP Jake Daubert Brooklyn Dodgers1B[19]
1914 Eddie Collins Philadelphia Athletics2B Johnny Evers Boston Braves2B[20]

League Awards (1922–1929)

In 1922 the American League created a new award to honor "the baseball player who is of the greatest all-around service to his club".[21] Winners, voted on by a committee of eight baseball writers chaired by James Crusinberry,[22] received a bronze medal and a cash prize.[23] Voters were required to select one player from each team and player-coaches and prior award winners were ineligible. Famously, these criteria resulted in Babe Ruth winning only a single MVP award before it was dropped after 1928. The National League award, without these restrictions, lasted from 1924 to 1929.[3]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1922 George Sisler St. Louis Browns1B [24]
1923 Babe Ruth§ New York YankeesOF [25]
1924 Walter Johnson (2) Washington SenatorsRHP Dazzy Vance Brooklyn RobinsRHP[26]
1925 Roger Peckinpaugh Washington SenatorsSS Rogers Hornsby St. Louis Cardinals2B[27]
1926 George Burns Cleveland Indians1B Bob O'Farrell St. Louis CardinalsC[28]
1927 Lou Gehrig New York Yankees1B Paul Waner Pittsburgh PiratesOF[29]
1928 Mickey Cochrane Philadelphia AthleticsC Jim Bottomley St. Louis Cardinals1B[30]
1929 Rogers Hornsby (2) Chicago Cubs2B[31]

Baseball Writers' Association of America's Most Valuable Player (1931–present)

The BBWAA first awarded the modern MVP after the 1931 season, adopting the format the National League used to distribute its league award. One writer in each city with a team filled out a ten-place ballot, with ten points for the recipient of a first-place vote, nine for a second-place vote, and so on. In 1938, the BBWAA raised the number of voters to three per city and gave 14 points for a first-place vote. The only significant change since then occurred in 1961, when the number of voters was reduced to two per league city.[3]

YearAmerican League winnerTeamPositionNational League winnerTeamPositionRef
1931Lefty GrovePhiladelphia Athletics*LHPFrankie FrischSt. Louis Cardinals*2B[32]
1932Jimmie FoxxPhiladelphia Athletics1BChuck KleinPhiladelphia PhilliesOF[33]
1933Jimmie Foxx (2)Philadelphia Athletics1BCarl HubbellNew York Giants*LHP[34]
1934Mickey Cochrane (2)Detroit Tigers*CDizzy DeanSt. Louis Cardinals*RHP[35]
1935Hank Greenberg†§Detroit Tigers*1BGabby HartnettChicago Cubs*C[36]
1936Lou Gehrig (2)New York Yankees*1BCarl Hubbell†§ (2)New York Giants*LHP[37]
1937Charlie GehringerDetroit Tigers2BJoe MedwickSt. Louis CardinalsOF[38]
1938Jimmie Foxx (3)Boston Red Sox1BErnie LombardiCincinnati RedsC[39]
1939Joe DiMaggioNew York Yankees*OFBucky WaltersCincinnati Reds*RHP[40]
1940Hank Greenberg (2)Detroit Tigers*OFFrank McCormickCincinnati Reds*1B[41]
1941Joe DiMaggio (2)New York Yankees*OFDolph CamilliBrooklyn Dodgers*1B[42]
1942Joe GordonNew York Yankees*2BMort CooperSt. Louis Cardinals*RHP[43]
1943Spud ChandlerNew York Yankees*RHPStan MusialSt. Louis Cardinals*OF[44]
1944Hal NewhouserDetroit TigersLHPMarty MarionSt. Louis Cardinals*SS[45]
1945Hal Newhouser (2)Detroit Tigers*LHPPhil CavarrettaChicago Cubs*1B[46]
1946Ted WilliamsBoston Red Sox*OFStan Musial (2)St. Louis Cardinals*1B[47]
1947Joe DiMaggio (3)New York Yankees*OFBob ElliottBoston Braves3B[48]
1948Lou BoudreauCleveland Indians*SSStan Musial (3)St. Louis CardinalsOF[49]
1949Ted Williams (2)Boston Red SoxOFJackie RobinsonBrooklyn Dodgers*2B[50]
1950Phil RizzutoNew York Yankees*SSJim KonstantyPhiladelphia Phillies*RHP[51]
1951Yogi BerraNew York Yankees*CRoy CampanellaBrooklyn DodgersC[52]
1952Bobby ShantzPhiladelphia AthleticsLHPHank SauerChicago CubsOF[53]
1953Al Rosen§Cleveland Indians3BRoy Campanella (2)Brooklyn Dodgers*C[54]
1954Yogi Berra (2)New York YankeesCWillie MaysNew York Giants*OF[55]
1955Yogi Berra (3)New York Yankees*CRoy Campanella (3)Brooklyn Dodgers*C[56]
1956Mickey Mantle†§New York Yankees*OFDon NewcombeBrooklyn Dodgers*RHP[57]
1957Mickey Mantle (2)New York Yankees*OFHank AaronMilwaukee Braves*OF[58]
1958Jackie JensenBoston Red SoxOFErnie BanksChicago CubsSS[59]
1959Nellie FoxChicago White Sox*2BErnie Banks (2)Chicago CubsSS[60]
1960Roger MarisNew York Yankees*OFDick GroatPittsburgh Pirates*SS[61]
1961Roger Maris (2)New York Yankees*OFFrank RobinsonCincinnati Reds*OF[62]
1962Mickey Mantle (3)New York Yankees*OFMaury WillsLos Angeles DodgersSS[63]
1963Elston HowardNew York Yankees*CSandy KoufaxLos Angeles Dodgers*LHP[64]
1964Brooks RobinsonBaltimore Orioles3BKen BoyerSt. Louis Cardinals*3B[65]
1965Zoilo VersallesMinnesota Twins*SSWillie Mays (2)San Francisco GiantsOF[66]
1966Frank Robinson†§ (2)Baltimore Orioles*OFRoberto ClementePittsburgh PiratesOF[67]
1967Carl YastrzemskiBoston Red Sox*OFOrlando Cepeda†§St. Louis Cardinals*1B[68]
1968Denny McLain§Detroit Tigers*RHPBob GibsonSt. Louis Cardinals*RHP[69]
1969Harmon KillebrewMinnesota Twins3BWillie McCoveySan Francisco Giants1B[70]
1970Boog PowellBaltimore Orioles*1BJohnny BenchCincinnati Reds*C[71]
1971Vida BlueOakland AthleticsLHPJoe Torre[c]St. Louis Cardinals3B[72]
1972Dick AllenChicago White Sox1BJohnny Bench (2)Cincinnati Reds*C[73]
1973Reggie Jackson†§Oakland Athletics*OFPete RoseCincinnati RedsOF[74]
1974Jeff BurroughsTexas RangersOFSteve GarveyLos Angeles Dodgers*1B[75]
1975Fred LynnBoston Red Sox*OFJoe MorganCincinnati Reds*2B[76]
1976Thurman MunsonNew York Yankees*CJoe Morgan (2)Cincinnati Reds*2B[77]
1977Rod CarewMinnesota Twins1BGeorge FosterCincinnati RedsOF[78]
1978Jim RiceBoston Red SoxOFDave ParkerPittsburgh PiratesOF[79]
1979Don BaylorCalifornia AngelsLF/DH [80]Keith Hernandez[d]St. Louis Cardinals1B[12]
Willie Stargell[d]Pittsburgh Pirates*1B
1980George BrettKansas City Royals*3BMike Schmidt†§Philadelphia Phillies*3B[81]
1981Rollie FingersMilwaukee BrewersRHPMike Schmidt (2)Philadelphia Phillies3B[82]
1982Robin YountMilwaukee Brewers*SSDale MurphyAtlanta BravesOF[83]
1983Cal Ripken, Jr.Baltimore Orioles*SSDale Murphy (2)Atlanta BravesOF[84]
1984Willie HernándezDetroit Tigers*LHPRyne SandbergChicago Cubs2B[85]
1985Don MattinglyNew York Yankees1BWillie McGeeSt. Louis Cardinals*OF[86]
1986Roger ClemensBoston Red Sox*RHPMike Schmidt (3)Philadelphia Phillies3B[87]
1987George BellToronto Blue JaysOFAndre DawsonChicago CubsOF[88]
1988Jose Canseco§Oakland Athletics*OFKirk GibsonLos Angeles Dodgers*OF[89]
1989Robin Yount (2)Milwaukee BrewersOFKevin MitchellSan Francisco Giants*OF[90]
1990Rickey HendersonOakland Athletics*OFBarry BondsPittsburgh PiratesOF[91]
1991Cal Ripken, Jr. (2)Baltimore OriolesSSTerry PendletonAtlanta Braves*3B[92]
1992Dennis EckersleyOakland AthleticsRHPBarry Bonds (2)Pittsburgh PiratesOF[93]
1993Frank Thomas†§Chicago White Sox1BBarry Bonds (3)San Francisco GiantsOF[94]
1994Frank Thomas (2)Chicago White Sox1BJeff Bagwell†§Houston Astros1B[95]
1995Mo VaughnBoston Red Sox1BBarry LarkinCincinnati RedsSS[96]
1996Juan GonzálezTexas RangersOFKen Caminiti§San Diego Padres3B[97]
1997Ken Griffey, Jr.†§Seattle MarinersOFLarry WalkerColorado RockiesOF[98]
1998Juan González (2)Texas RangersOFSammy SosaChicago CubsOF[99]
1999Iván RodríguezTexas RangersCChipper JonesAtlanta Braves*3B[100]
2000Jason GiambiOakland Athletics1BJeff KentSan Francisco Giants2B[101]
2001Ichiro SuzukiSeattle MarinersOFBarry Bonds (4)San Francisco GiantsOF[102][103]
2002Miguel TejadaOakland AthleticsSSBarry Bonds§ (5)San Francisco Giants*OF[104]
2003Alex RodriguezTexas RangersSSBarry Bonds (6)San Francisco GiantsOF[105]
2004Vladimir GuerreroAnaheim AngelsOFBarry Bonds (7)San Francisco GiantsOF[106]
2005Alex Rodriguez (2)New York Yankees3BAlbert Pujols^St. Louis Cardinals1B[107]
2006Justin MorneauMinnesota Twins1BRyan Howard^Philadelphia Phillies1B[108]
2007Alex Rodriguez (3)New York Yankees3BJimmy RollinsPhiladelphia PhilliesSS[109]
2008Dustin Pedroia^Boston Red Sox2BAlbert Pujols^ (2)St. Louis Cardinals1B[110]
2009Joe Mauer^Minnesota TwinsCAlbert Pujols (3)St. Louis Cardinals1B[103][111]
2010Josh Hamilton^Texas Rangers*OFJoey Votto^Cincinnati Reds1B[112][113]
2011Justin Verlander^Detroit TigersRHPRyan Braun^Milwaukee BrewersOF[114][115]
2012Miguel Cabrera^Detroit Tigers*3BBuster Posey^San Francisco Giants*C[116][117]
2013Miguel Cabrera^ (2)Detroit Tigers3BAndrew McCutchen^Pittsburgh PiratesOF[118][119]
2014Mike TroutLos Angeles Angels of AnaheimOFClayton Kershaw^Los Angeles DodgersLHP[14][120]
2015Josh Donaldson^Toronto Blue Jays3BBryce HarperWashington NationalsOF[121][122]
2016Mike Trout^ (2)Los Angeles Angels of AnaheimOFKris Bryant^Chicago Cubs*3B/OF[123]
2017José Altuve^Houston Astros*2BGiancarlo Stanton^Miami MarlinsOF[123]

Key

Year Links to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a player[124][125]
^ Denotes player who is still active[a]
§ Unanimous selection[b][3]
Player (X) Denotes winning player and number of times they had won the award at that point
* Team won League Pennant
P Pitcher (RHP indicates right-handed; LHP indicates left-handed)
C Catcher
1B First baseman
2B Second baseman
3B Third baseman
SS Shortstop
OF Outfielder
DH Designated hitter

See also

Notes

  • a A player is considered inactive if he has announced his retirement or not played for a full season.
  • b A unanimous victory indicates that the player received all possible first-place votes.
  • c Torre is a member of the Hall of Fame, but not as a player. He was inducted in 2014 as a manager.[126]
  • d Hernandez and Stargell both received 216 points in the 1979 voting.[12]

References

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