Mainland Affairs Council
August 1988 (as Inter-Agency Mainland Affairs Committee)|
28 January 1991 (as MAC)
|Parent agency||Executive Yuan|
|Mainland Affairs Council|
|Literal meaning||Mainland Committee|
The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) is a cabinet-level administrative agency under the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China. The MAC is responsible for the planning, development, and implementation of policies between the Republic of China on Taiwan and the People's Republic of China which administers mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau. The MAC's counterpart body in the PRC is the Taiwan Affairs Office. Both states officially claim each other's territory, however the Republic of China controls only Taiwan and surrounding islands, and therefore is usually known as "Taiwan", sometimes referred to as the "Free Area" of the Republic of China by the Constitution of the Republic of China. The People's Republic of China controls mainland China as well as Hong Kong, Macau, Hainan, and other islands and is therefore usually known simply as "China".
The council plays an important role in setting policy and development of relations with mainland China and advising the central government. The agency funds and indirectly administers the Straits Exchange Foundation which is the official intermediary with the PRC.
In November 1987, relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait have improved considerably after ROC government began to allow family-related visits to Mainland China. The Executive Yuan therefore established the Inter-Agency Mainland Affairs Committee in August 1988 as a taskforce to handle mainland-related affairs among the authorities. In April 1990, the ROC government drafted the Organization Act for the Mainland Affairs Council to strengthen Mainland China policy making and to enhance policy making efficiency. The third reading of the act was passed by the Legislative Yuan on 18 January 1991. On 28 January 1991, the act was promulgated by President Lee Teng-hui thus officially authorized the Mainland Affairs Council to be the agency for the overall planning and handling of affairs towards Mainland China.
- Personnel Office
- Accounting Office
- Civil Servant Ethics Office
List of MAC heads
|№||Name||Term of Office||Days||Political Party||Premier|
|1||Shih Chi-yang (施啟揚)||7 February 1991||31 May 1991||113||Kuomintang||Hau Pei-tsun|
|2||Huang Kun-huei (黃昆輝)||1 June 1991||14 December 1994||1292||Kuomintang||Hau Pei-tsun|
|3||Vincent Siew (蕭萬長)||15 December 1994||3 December 1995||353||Kuomintang||Lien Chan|
|—||Kao Koong-lian (高孔廉)||3 December 1995||27 February 1996||86||Kuomintang||Lien Chan|
|4||Chang King-yuh (張京育)||28 February 1996||31 January 1999||1068||Kuomintang||Lien Chan|
|5||Su Chi (蘇起)||1 February 1999||19 May 2000||473||Kuomintang||Vincent Siew|
|6||Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文)||20 May 2000||19 May 2004||1460||Independent||Tang Fei|
|7||Joseph Wu (吳釗燮)||20 May 2004||10 April 2007||1055||Democratic Progressive Party||Yu Shyi-kun|
|8||Chen Ming-tong (陳明通)||10 April 2007||19 May 2008||405||Democratic Progressive Party||Su Tseng-chang|
|9||Lai Shin-yuan (賴幸媛)||20 May 2008||28 September 2012||1592||Taiwan Solidarity Union||Liu Chao-shiuan
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|28 September 2012||16 February 2015||871||Kuomintang||Sean Chen|
|11||Andrew Hsia (夏立言)||16 February 2015||19 May 2016||458||Mao Chi-kuo|
|12||Katharine Chang (張小月)||20 May 2016||26 February 2018||647||Independent||Lin Chuan|
|—||Lin Cheng-yi (林正義) as acting||26 February 2018||19 March 2018||21||Independent||William Lai|
|(8)||Chen Ming-tong (陳明通)||19 March 2018||Incumbent||171||Democratic Progressive Party||William Lai|
- Chi, Su (2009). "Conciliation in cross-strait relations". Taiwan's relations with Mainland China. London and New York: Routledge. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-415-46454-3. Retrieved August 28, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mainland Affairs Council.|
- Official website (in Taiwanese Mandarin)