Maham

Meham
महम
Meham
Town, small city
Meham
Location in Haryana, India
Meham
Meham (India)
Coordinates: 28°59′N 76°18′E / 28.98°N 76.3°E / 28.98; 76.3Coordinates: 28°59′N 76°18′E / 28.98°N 76.3°E / 28.98; 76.3
Country  India
State Haryana
District Rohtak
Elevation 214 m (702 ft)
Population (2001)
  Total 18,166
Languages
  Official Hindi, Regional Haryanvi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR 15
Website haryana.gov.in

Meham is a small city, sub-division, tehsil and a municipal committee in Rohtak district in the Indian state of Haryana. The Haryana govt has shown interest in building a Greenfield Cargo Airport at this city to serve the city of Rohtak. AAI has given in-principle consent to this plan in Jan 2014. Meham is one of the two sub-divisions in Rohtak district. Meham tehsil is further divided into two community development blocks, Meham and Lakhan-Majra.

Geography

Maham is located at 28°59′N 76°18′E / 28.98°N 76.3°E / 28.98; 76.3.[1] It has an average elevation of 214 metres (702 feet). It is situated on National Highway 9. It is a major stop between two cities Delhi and Sirsa in Haryana State of India.

Demographics

Meham town is situated in the Rohtak district of Haryana. It is a main subdivision in the Rohtak district. It has its own municipality and a constituency for Haryana Vidhan Sabha. There are about 30 villages in Meham. It is in the west of the Rohtak District, 30 km from the city of Rohtak. Meham City has its own Mini Secretariat, situated on Rohtak Road, in the eastern part of the city.

As of 2001 India census,[2] Maham had a population of 18,166. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Maham has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 59%. In Maham, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. There is a Govt. PG College and many govt. and private schools in the town.

As of 2011 India census,[3] Maham urban area had a population of 20,483. Males constitute 10817, female 9661 and others 5.

Indus Valley Civilization Sites

There are huge sand dunes about 5 kilometers away on its western fringe. In ancient times, about two big ponds and a dozen smaller ones were created by the people to trap runoff rainwater in them that could last for a full year until the next rains when it were replenished due to the existence of large catchments. There are few myths about it. Archaeological excavations in the region comprising about a dozen village estate have yielded significant finds that are well documented. The finds have thrown light on the pre-harappan settlements, particularly at Madina and Farmana Khas. Dr Vasant Shinde (Deccan College, Pune), Dr Manmohan Singh (Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak) and the Japanese combined their skills to explore these archaeological finds. In ancient times its name was Mahahattam.

Meham during the time of Mahmud Ghazni

Meham suffered a setback during the invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni (971-1030 AD) and later also when his son Mas'ud I of Ghazni (998-1040 AD) sacked the town. Sakha singh Ror son Gami singh Ror migrated in islam in 1192. Sakha singh come from fatehabad uttarpradesh hold of Ror Rakhta. His son mr.dhuman khan son of subhan khan s/o ladia khan s/o ummi khan. Now muhammad iqabal live in pakistan after 1947 iqbal son shahzad iqabal. They are [([Ror mulle]].

Meham during Tuglaq rule

During the reign of the Turkic Muslim ruler Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1309 - 1388 AD) the town was resettled and the agricultural operations resumed.

Meham during Mughal rule

It was a thriving town during the Mughal Empire.

Meham Fort

Mughal Emperors had posted a garrison commander at Meham and built a small fort that is now in complete ruins except ramparts as vestige.

Shahjahan ki Baoli

Shahjahan ki Baoli, and more popularly Choro ki Baoli (thieves' stepwell) and Jyani Chor ki Surang (Jayani the thief's tunnel), built in 1558-59 CE by mughal courtier "Saidu Kalal" during the reign of Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658 CE), is an old Baoli (Stepwell) made of lakhori bricks with 101 steps and several rooms in the subterranean pavilion flanking the either sides of steps of the well, currently lies in partial ruins and faces neglect.[4][5][6]

Meham Masjid

In Maham the Jama masjid and Pirzada masjid are of some consequence. Mosques are in ruins, parts of those have been demolished by the villagers and some villagers use the ruins and walls as Bitoda (बिटौड़ा) for making, drying and storing hand-made dried cow dung cakes (called Uple उपले in Hindi and Gosse गोस्से in Haryanvi) used as fuel in Chulha (stove) for cooking.

Tomb of Shah Muhammad Ramzan Mahami

The town has tombs of Shah Muhammad Ramzan Mahami and Shah Ghulam Hussain Mahami (Takht Walay). This tomb is in partial ruins.

Shah Ghulam Hussain Mahami (Takht Walay)

Shah Ghulam Hussain Mahami (Takht Walay) was a Muslim saint. Now these tombs are in partial ruins but important landmarks. The local people have restored the tomb of Hussain Saheb. In the premises adjacent to these tombs, local religious structures have been erected.

Meham during British Raj

Meham had considerable Muslim population before partition of India. All Muslims that belonged to Pathan, Baloch and Moola Jats of Sewach gotra migrated to Pakistan in 1947. Now, Meham is mostly a Hindu town.

Meham's Hindu Heritage

There are a few Hindu Temples and traditional mansions -called havelis owned by Namberdar family (Rais.Lala Mai Dayal)

Transport

The small city is well connected to all nearby cities through bus transport though there is no connectivity for railways but the bus connectivity is very good. There is good service of Haryana Roadways buses, private buses and cabs. In Railway Budget of 2012–13, the government of India has approved railway lines connection between Rohtak and Hansi, This rail line will connect Maham to other cities. There is a proposal to establish a cargo airport at Maham, and the proposal was approved by Aviation Minister Mr. Ajit Singh, because Maham is located at National Highway 9 and very close to Delhi, it is becoming a popular place for businesses.

Parks

There is a spacious park in a city named 'Huda Park' where a huge crowd can be found in mornings and evenings. There is also a stadium for playing games. Govt. High School, New Anaj Mandi, Sisar/Bhiwani Road, Kheri/Gohana Road, Hissar Road are quite popular among morning walkers.

Temples

There is a famous ancient temple situated just besides of old bus stand; the name of the temple is 'Radha Krishan Temple', It is situated in Chintala Mohalla, ward No. 6 & 8, Meham. This temple has a very rare statue of Lord Krishna made of rare black stone. In the northeast at half a km away from city there is an old temple named 'Sati Dadi Mandir'. People from Aggarwal(Garg Gotra) community from different cities of India come here to get the blessings of Sati Dadi. Very often Mundan ceremonies are organised by families. Sati Dadi Mandir for Aggarwal community is located at Maham - Behalba road after passing the village kishangarh. There is also a temple named 'Sheetalpuri Mandir' near about 500 years old, which is in centre of Maham. DarbariMal Mandir, Geeta Bhawan, Radha Krishna Mandir(Sant ka Mandir) located at Kaglon ka Mohalla, Khari Kui Mandir, Khangah Mandir are few more famous temple. Nowadays, people has also started visiting recently established Shani Mandir and Kali Devi Mandir. There is also a Goga Jaahar Veer Ji's temple in Bharan village near Meham town. Every year, on occasion of Goga Navmi, religious festival is celebrated in the Goga ji temple and wrestling(kushti)/kabbadi tournaments are organized near the Goga Ji temple by the Bharan villagers/panchayat.

References

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