Type Dessert
Region or state Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and throughout the Arab world
Main ingredients Semolina, dates, pistachios or walnuts
Cookbook: Ma'amoul  Media: Ma'amoul

Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول [mɑʕmuːl] ( listen), also spelled m'aamoul, m'amul, m'aamul) is an ancient Arab filled pastry or cookie made with dates, nuts such as pistachios or walnuts and occasionally almonds, or figs.[1][2][3] They may be in the shape of balls, domed or flattened cookies.[4] They can either be decorated by hand or be made in special wooden moulds. Ma'amoul with date fillings are often known as menenas, and are sometimes made in the form of date rolls rather than balls or cookies.[5]

Ma'amoul are usually made a few days before Eid, then stored to be served with Arabic coffee and chocolate to guests who come during the holiday.[1][6] It is popular throughout the Arab world,[7] especially in Levant.[8]


The Arabic word Ma'amoul (Arabic: معمول) is derived from the Arabic verb Arabic: 'amala, meaning to “to do”.[9]


Many households keep a stock of them all year round, but they are notably consumed during religious festivals.


A more elaborate version known as Karabij (Kerebiç in Turkish) is used on special occasions. For this, nut-filled ma'amoul balls are stacked in a pyramid and served with a white cream called Naatiffe made from egg whites, sugar syrup and soapwort (Saponaria officinalis). It is popular in Syria, Lebanon, and other Levantine countries.

See also


  1. 1 2 "Maamoul: An Ancient Cookie That Ushers In Easter And Eid In The Middle East". Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  2. "Maamoul Is Date Filled Arabian Cookies - Munaty Cooking". Munaty Cooking. 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  3. "Maamoul: Middle Eastern pistachio filled pastries". May I Have That Recipe. 8 May 2013.
  4. "Maamoul (ma'-mul) Dates". Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  5. Rahayel, Anthony (2014-02-02). "Safsouf's Maamoul Madd bi Ashta: Back to Authenticity... :: NoGarlicNoOnions: Restaurant, Food, and Travel Stories/Reviews - Lebanon". NoGarlicNoOnions. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  6. "Maamoul: The Sweet Tradition of Eid". The Irresistible Magazine by Al Rifai. 7 September 2016.
  7. Obayda, Gloria. Sweets And Desserts Of The Middle East. 101 Middle Eastern Delights.
  8. "At the Immigrant's Table: Jewish ma'amoul pie". At the Immigrant's Table. 3 February 2014.
  9. Team, Almaany. "Definition and meaning of the verb in Arabic language - Arabic dictionary - Page 1".
  • Maamoul Mold,
  • Farah, Madelain, Lebanese Cuisine: More than 200 Simple, Delicious, Authentic Recipes: London: 2001 ISBN 978-1-56858-179-8
  • Smouha, Patricia, Middle Eastern Cooking, London 1955 ASIN: B0000CJAHX
  • Roden, Claudia, A New Book of Middle Eastern Food: London 1986 ISBN 0-14-046588-X
  • Roden, Claudia, The Book of Jewish Food: New York 1997, London 1999 ISBN 0-14-046609-6
  • Uvezian, Sonia, Recipes and Remembrances from an Eastern Mediterranean Kitchen: A Culinary Journey Through Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan: 2004 ISBN 0-9709716-8-0, ISBN 978-0-9709716-8-5
  • Joan Nathan, The Jewish Holiday Kitchen: New York 1988 ISBN 0-8052-0900-X
  • Joan Nathan's Jewish Holiday Cookbook: 2004 ISBN 0-8052-4217-1, ISBN 978-0-8052-4217-1
  • "Maamoul – Traditional Middle Eastern Cookies". Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
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