MIAT Mongolian Airlines

MIAT Mongolian Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1956 (1956)
Hubs Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Frequent-flyer program Blue Sky Mongolia
Fleet size 6
Destinations 11
Headquarters Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Key people Davaakhuugiin Battur (CEO) & Chairman
Website miat.com

MIAT Mongolian Airlines (pronounced me-at, Mongolian: Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.[1] The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport near Ulaanbaatar.[2]


Communist era

MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956. It began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline also used Soviet-built Ilyushin Il-14s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-24 and An-26 twin turboprops. A Tupolev Tu-154 jet on lease from Aeroflot was introduced in the late 1980s.

Post-communist era

In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, and a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2002 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was gradually retired. In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace.[3] In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft.[4]

In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the CEO and Technical Director.

In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013. The first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011.[5] In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong. The company also ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively.[6][7] The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them.


Codeshare agreements

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has the following codeshares (as of June 2017):


Current fleet

As of August 2017, MIAT Mongolian Airlines operates an all-Boeing fleet consisting of the following aircraft:[10][11]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-700 1 12 102 114
Boeing 737-800 3 12 150 162
12 162 174
Boeing 737 MAX 8 4[12][13] TBA To be delivered from 2019
Boeing 767-300ER 2 18 245 263
25 195 220
Total 6 4

Former fleet

MIAT has previously operated a variety of aircraft types, including:[14]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines former fleet
Aircraft Retired Notes
Airbus A310-300 2011
Antonov An-2 1995 a.k.a. Tsartsaa Nogoon Ongots or "green grasshopper plane" in Mongolian
Antonov An-24 2003 a.k.a. Tsagaan Ongots or "white plane" in Mongolian
Antonov An-26 2008
Antonov An-30 1995
Boeing 727-200 2003
Harbin Y-12 2002
Ilyushin Il-14 1974
Kamov Ka-26 1990s
Mil Mi-4 1980s
Mil Mi-8 2000
Polikarpov Po-2 1950s
Tupolev Tu-154 1995
Yakovlev Yak-12

Accidents and incidents

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations:[15]

  • 4 August 1963: Avia 14 Super MT-105 crashed into the side of Otgontenger Mountain.[16]
  • 17 September 1973: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-4206 crashed into the side of a mountain in the Hovd Province of Mongolia during approach.[17]
  • 1 May 1979: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-1202 ran off the runway on landing at Erdenet Airport.[18]
  • 26 January 1990: Antonov 24RV BNMAU-10208 crashed into terrain near Ulaangom Airport at night, killing all 30 on board.[19]
  • 23 April 1993: Antonov An-26 BNMAU-14102 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Tosontsengel Airport, Mongolia. All 32 passengers and crew died.[20]
  • 21 September 1995: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-10103 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulaanbaatar crashed into a mountain near Choho Geologoh Uul during approach into Mörön Airport, after the crew descended too soon, killing 42 of 43 on board in Mongolia's worst air disaster.[21]
  • 10 June 1997: Harbin Y-12 JU-1020 crashed after encountering windshear whilst landing at Mandalgobi Airport, killing seven of 12 on board.[22]
  • 26 May 1998: Harbin Y-12 JU-1017 crashed into a mountain near Erdenet due to possible overloading, killing all 28 passengers and crew on board.

See also


  1. "Contact Us Archived 2013-01-12 at the Wayback Machine.." MIAT Mongolian Airlines. Retrieved on June 27, 2010. "MIAT building, Buyant-Ukhaa 45 Ulaanbaatar 210134, Mongolia"
  2. "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 50.
  3. "History". Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  4. UB Post: MIAT Company Expands Domestic and International Flights, accessed May 29th, 2009.
  5. "МИАТ ХК-ийн түрээслэн авч буй Боинг 767 онгоцны танилцуулга". 2011-06-10. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  6. "Boeing Celebrates 8,888th Order for the 737 Family". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  7. "Боинг компаниас онгоц худалдан авах гэрээнд гарын үсэг зурлаа". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  8. "Datamonitor Healthcare - Pharma intelligence". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  9. "Cathay Pacific announces new codeshare agreement with MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  10. "Global Airline Guide 2017 (Part One)". Airliner World (October 2017): 21.
  11. https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/55926-miat-sub-leases-oman-airs-only-b737-700
  12. "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  13. "MIAT Mongolian Airlines to lease two more B737 MAX 8s". Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  14. "MIAT Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  15. Harro Ranter. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Operator index > Mongolia > MIAT - Mongolian Airlines". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  16. Accident description for MT-105 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  17. Accident description for BNMAU-4206 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  18. Accident description for BNMAU-1202 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  19. Accident description for BNMAU-10208 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  20. Accident description for BNMAU-14102 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  21. Accident description for BNMAU-10103 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
  22. Accident description for JU-1020 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.

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