Lower Trenton Bridge

Lower Trenton Bridge
The south side of the bridge
Coordinates 40°12′38″N 74°46′06″W / 40.2105°N 74.7683°W / 40.2105; -74.7683Coordinates: 40°12′38″N 74°46′06″W / 40.2105°N 74.7683°W / 40.2105; -74.7683
Carries 2 lanes of

US 1 Bus. 5 Ton Weight Limit
Crosses Delaware River
Locale Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey
Official name Lower Trenton Toll Supported Bridge
Other name(s) Trenton Makes Bridge
Maintained by Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission
Design Pennsylvania (Petit) truss bridge
Total length 1,022 feet (312 m)
Opened January 30, 1806 (original span)
1928 (current bridge)
(load limit: 5 tons)
Toll None

The Lower Trenton Toll Supported Bridge, commonly called the Lower Free Bridge, Warren Street Bridge or Trenton Makes Bridge, is a two-lane Pennsylvania (Petit) through truss bridge over the Delaware River between Trenton, New Jersey and Morrisville, Pennsylvania, owned and operated by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission (DRJTBC). It is known as the Trenton Makes Bridge because of large lettering on the south side reading "TRENTON MAKES   THE WORLD TAKES", installed in 1935. In addition to being an important bridge from Pennsylvania to New Jersey, it is a major landmark in the city of Trenton. It is signed as US 1 Business, though does not officially carry that route.

This bridge is the southernmost free road crossing of the Delaware; no toll is collected. All road crossings downstream are tolled in the westbound direction (leaving New Jersey).


The bridge was originally a toll bridge operated by the Trenton Delaware Bridge Company. It opened on January 30, 1806, and was the first bridge across the Delaware.

In 1835, the Camden and Amboy Rail Road bought the bridge and the competing Philadelphia and Trenton Railroad to end the rivalry and the attempts by the P&T to put tracks over the bridge. The extension over the bridge was built soon after, and it was later connected to the C&A. At the time, the Lower Trenton Bridge was the first railroad bridge in the United States to be used for interstate rail traffic. The bridge was rebuilt in 1875, 1876, 1892, and 1898 to keep up with the growing demands of rail traffic. A new alignment for the railroad was completed in 1903, crossing the river on the Morrisville-Trenton Railroad Bridge.[1] At this point, roadway trusses dating to 1876 were left in place while railroad girders built in 1892 and 1898 were relocated to the Long Bridge in Washington, D.C.[2]

On March 31, 1918 the bridge, then owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad, was sold to the state governments and tolls were removed. The company was dissolved September 15, 1919 in New Jersey and June 9, 1920 in Pennsylvania. With the removal of tolls, the Lincoln Highway was moved to the bridge from the tolled Calhoun Street Bridge in 1920. The bridge was then designated US 1 in 1927; it was replaced by the current bridge in 1928. In 1952 US 1 was moved to the new Trenton-Morrisville Toll Bridge, and for a time the old bridge was designated Alternate US 1. It is now marked as Business US 1, but only on the New Jersey side.

The "TRENTON MAKES   THE WORLD TAKES" sign on the south side of the bridge was installed in 1935 and first replaced in 1981. In 2005, the sign was replaced with one featuring higher-efficiency neon lighting, with better waterproofing than the old sign, to help reduce maintenance costs.[3] The slogan was originally "The World Takes, Trenton Makes" and came from a contest sponsored by the Trenton Chamber of Commerce in 1910. S. Roy Heath, the former Heath Lumber founder and New Jersey State Senator, coined the phrase.[3]

The "TRENTON MAKES   THE WORLD TAKES" sign can be seen in

See also

  • Pennsylvania portal
  • New Jersey portal
  • Bridges portal


  1. "Pennsylvania Railroad, Delaware River Bridge," Historic American Engineering Record No. PA-512, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
  2. "Ingenuity Marks Bridge Renewal," Railway Age, vol. 118, No. 3 (20 Jan. 1945): 187-90.
  3. 1 2 "DRJTBC - Rehabilitation of the Lower Trenton Toll Supported Bridge". New Jersey: Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. 2010. Archived from the original (Web) on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-03-14.
  4. Koelb, Tadzio. Trenton Makes. Doubleday, 2018.
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