Ljig

Ljig
Љиг
Town and municipality
Monument to the Partisans

Flag

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Ljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°13′N 20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183Coordinates: 44°13′N 20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Kolubara
Settlements 27
Government
  Mayor Miroslav Maksimović (independent)
Area[1]
  Town 5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)
  Municipality 279 km2 (108 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Town 5,000
  Town density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
  Municipality 12,730
  Municipality density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 14240
Area code +381(0)14
Car plates VA
Website www.ljig.rs

Ljig (Serbian Cyrillic: Љиг) is a town and municipality located in the Kolubara District of western Serbia. It has a population of 3,219 inhabitants, while the municipality has a total of 12,730 inhabitants.

It is surrounded by Mount Rajac and Mount Rudnik.

History

The recorded history of the Ljig settlement itself begins in 1911, when a railroad was built between Lajkovac and Gornji Milanovac. The area, however, has a long history. The Dići church was founded by Serbian nobleman Vlgdrag, who was buried here in 1327.[3] The ruins of the medieval Vavedenje Monastery include impressive sarcophagi dating from the 15th century, believed to belong to the Serbian despots Stefan Branković and Đurađ Branković. According to legend, Djuradj's wife, Jerina, was buried there as well.

An early reference to "Ljig" can be found in the 17th century records of Evliya Çelebi, which describe "LIGmehri" (the Ljig River) rising from Kara Dag in the village Baht (today's Ba) and flowing into the Kolubara River near Valjevo. No settlement in the area was known to the Austrians when they occupied Serbia from 1717 to 1739. By 1818, however, the nearby settlement Gukosi had grown to 50 homes.

A railway station was built in 1917 near the present-day center of Ljig. This lower area under the Gukoši hill includes a small settlement with a municipal court, school, inn, two stores, two textile mills, three tailors and several houses, and when still part of Gukoši had been referred to as the area "on the Ljig River."

During World War I, the Battle of Kolubara was fought nearby, making this area significant in history of Serbia and of war, and in military science. A monument memorializing the battle has been erected on Rajac Mountain.

Ljig separated from Gukoši in 1922, and by 1930 a school, health center and church were built. Prior to that time, Ljig residents had worshipped in Moravci.

Settlements

The town of Ljig is the economic and cultural center of the municipality with a primary school founded in 1907, a high school, a public library with a cinema, a health center and a post office.

Aside from the town of Ljig, the following settlements are part of municipality of Ljig:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194820,190    
195320,697+0.50%
196119,662−0.64%
197118,549−0.58%
198117,620−0.51%
199115,912−1.01%
200214,629−0.76%
201112,754−1.51%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Ljig has 12,754 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[5]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs12,145
Roma160
Montenegrins17
Yugoslavs11
Macedonians8
Croats7
Others406
Total12,754

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ "Plum brandy, the Internet and the world", European Agency for Reconstruction press release on Ljig
  2. ^ 2002 Serbian National Census
References
  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. Stamenković, Srboljub Đ. (2002). Geografska enciklopedija: naselja Srbije. Geografski fakultet. p. 499.
  4. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  5. "Population by ethnicity and sex, by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
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