Liu was born in Xinzheng County, Henan. He attended Kaifeng High School. He worked for Second Mechanic Works (第二机械工业部). In 1980, he became the party chief of Nanyang, Henan. Then he was promoted to deputy provincial party chief of Henan. In 1987, he was named deputy party chief of Guizhou; the next year, he became party chief of Guizhou, succeeding Hu Jintao. He was also Chairman of the Guizhou People's Congress. In 1993, he became the deputy secretary of the Working Committee of State Organs.
Liu was a member of the 12th, 13th, and 14th Central Committees of the Communist Party of China.
|Party political offices|
| Communist Party Secretary of Guizhou Province