List of universities in the Netherlands

A listing of universities in the Kingdom of the Netherlands:

Research universities

Research universities in the Netherlands are institutions of tertiary education that in Dutch are called universiteit. Their focus is towards academic education and scientific research. They are accredited to confer bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, the universities granted drs. (doctorandus), mr. (for law studies) and ir. (for engineering studies) degrees, which are equivalent to current MBA, MA, LLM or MSc degrees. The term universiteit is reserved to doctorate granting institutes in the Dutch context, and the additional qualifier "research" is hardly ever used in practice.

Nameest.CityOrganisationTypeNumber of staffNumber of students
Government Supported Universities (by type)
University of Amsterdam[1]1632AmsterdamPublicUniversity4,06232,739
Academic Medical CenterAmsterdam
Amsterdam University CollegeAmsterdam
VU University Amsterdam1880AmsterdamSpecial: ChristianUniversity2,20018,000
VU University Medical CenterAmsterdam
Amsterdam University CollegeAmsterdam
University of Groningen1614GroningenPublicUniversity5,00026,500
University Medical Center Groningen1797Groningen
Leiden University1575LeidenPublicUniversity3,97319,328
Leiden University Medical Center Leiden
Leiden University College The HagueThe Hague
Maastricht University1976MaastrichtPublicUniversity3,00011,463
Academic Hospital Maastricht1974Maastricht
University College Maastricht2002Maastricht
Radboud University Nijmegen1923NijmegenSpecial: CatholicUniversity4,309*17,650*
University Medical Center St RadboudNijmegen
Erasmus University Rotterdam1913RotterdamPublicUniversity3,70026,212[2]
Erasmus MC1950Rotterdam 3,361
Erasmus University College2013Rotterdam 270
Tilburg University1927TilburgSpecial: CatholicUniversity1,062*11,399*
University College Tilburg2008Tilburg
TIAS School for Business and Society1982Tilburg
Utrecht University1636UtrechtPublicUniversity8,22426,787
University Medical Center Utrecht1999Utrecht
University College Utrecht1998Utrecht
University College Roosevelt2004Middelburg Public University College
Delft University of Technology1842DelftPublicUniversity of Technology2,633‡13,383‡
Eindhoven University of Technology1956EindhovenPublicUniversity of Technology2,2007,100
University of Twente1961EnschedePublicUniversity of Technology and Social Sciences3,0008,500
Wageningen University and Research Centre2000Wageningen6,500##
Wageningen University1918WageningenPublicUniversity for life sciences10,380
Agricultural Research Institutesthroughout the NetherlandsResearch Institute
Open University1984Nationwide; main office in HeerlenPublicUniversity for distance learning67316,888[3]
University of Curaçao1979CuraçaoPublicUniversity of the Nation of NA
Privately Funded Universities (accredited as Universiteit by Dutch law) (by type)
Nyenrode Business Universiteit1946BreukelenPrivateUniversity for Business Studies
Kampen Theological University1854KampenPrivateUniversity for Protestant Theology
Kampen Theological University of the Reformed Churches (Liberated)1944KampenPrivateUniversity for Protestant Theology
Apeldoorn Theological University of the Christian Reformed Churches1894ApeldoornPrivateUniversity for Protestant Theology
University of Humanistic Studies1989UtrechtPrivateUniversity of Humanistic Studies
Universities that no longer exist
Catholic University of Utrecht1991–2007UtrechtPrivate: merged into University of TilburgUniversity for Catholic Theology
University of Harderwijk1648–1811Harderwijkdisbanded by Napoleon
University of Franeker1585–1811Franekerdisbanded by Napoleon
University of Nijmegen1655–±1680Nijmegenclosed in the aftermath of the 1672 rampjaar
University of Theology and Pastorate1966-1999[4]HeerlenPrivate: merged into University of Nijmegen in 1993, Heerlen location closed 1999University for Catholic Theology

† 2003-2004; ‡ 2004-2005; # 2005-2006; * 2006-2007; ##including research staff at the associated institutes. All figures without signs are estimates or from undated sources. According to Dutch law, it is illegal to use protected titles which can only be given by universities that are accredited. Protected titles are ing. bc. mr. ir. drs. and dr.[5] English variants (MSc BSc MA BA LLB LLM BEng PhD) are not (yet)[6] protected by Dutch law[7] (but using the title "dr." based on a PhD degree, without permission from DUO, is a violation of Dutch law as the title "doctor" is protected). One may bear in the Netherlands foreign titles according to the laws of the country wherein they were granted, but without translating them in Dutch.

Universities of applied sciences

Universities of applied sciences (Dutch: hogeschool) in the Netherlands are focused on professional education rather than scientific research. While the literal translation of hogeschool is "high school", these are institutes of higher education, and can be compared with colleges, polytechnics, and vocational universities in other countries. They are accredited to confer bachelor's and master's degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, they also conferred professional engineer's (abbreviated ing.) degrees. Dutch universities of applied sciences are not accredited to confer doctoral (PhD) degrees; PhD studies can sometimes be conducted in the context of a university of applied sciences, however, the title will be granted by one of the research universities, and a full professor of that university will be appointed as principal supervisor (promotor). In international contexts, the phrase University of Applied Sciences is used for the majority of these schools, as suggested by the Dutch Minister of Education.[8] Some specific exceptions have been made. For example, tertiary art schools and schools of education use an internationally recognisable name of choice. The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences include the following:

Private For-Profit Medical Schools

Although there are none of these schools in the mainland, many exist in the Dutch Caribbean either in the special municipalities of the Netherlands or constituents countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Only one in particular (Saba University) has direct accreditation from Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders which accredits universities in the Netherlands and Flanders.

Webster University: The American University in the Netherlands

Webster University Leiden is a university outside the Dutch system, offering Bachelor and Master programs in the Netherlands. Webster University is a private, non-profit American university, accredited in the United States by the Higher Learning Commission's North Central Association. The International Business and Management program, as well as the Applied Behavioral and Social Sciences program are accredited in the Netherlands by the NVAO at the hbo (professional master) level.

International rankings


Ranking list according to the THE–QS World University Rankings (indicated in purple are high and low scores):[9]

Institution20042005200620072008200920102011 (QS)2011 (THE)2012 (QS)2012 (THE)2013 (QS)2013 (THE)2015 (QS)2015 (THE)[10]2016 (QS)[11]
University of Amsterdam98586948534956639262835883555857
Leiden University13113890846460828879756474679567102
Utrecht University12012095896770838068856781749462104
Delft University of Technology7853866378831081041041037795696465 62
Erasmus University Rotterdam645792163126108991031579972927312671 144
Maastricht University1231571721111111161111091971071151219816988 173
Eindhoven University of Technology837067130128120126146115158114157106117176 121
University of GroningenNRNRNR19314413812011513410989979810074 113
Wageningen UniversityNR1089714814215517817575161701507713547 119
Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamNR186183NR155165171179159177140181144176154 199
University of TwenteNRNR115185200200199226200224187228170188149 177
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen191177137195NRNR149138159136127143131177125 190


In relation to their population size, Switzerland (first), Sweden (second) and the Netherlands (third) are the three countries with the highest number of universities among the 100 best of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (2014-2015).[12]

Netherlands Universities Ranking in 2016 according to the ARWU (Academic Ranking of World Universities):[13]

University of Amsterdam101-150
Leiden University93
Utrecht University65
Delft University of Technology151-200
Erasmus University Rotterdam101-150
Maastricht University201-300
Eindhoven University of Technology201-300
University of Groningen72
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam101-150
Tilburg Universitynot in top 500
Wageningen University101-150
University of Twente301-400
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen101-150

See also


  1. "Facts and figures". University of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  2. "Annual Report 2015" (PDF). Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  3. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  5. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  6. "Uitvoering motie bescherming naam universiteit | Kamerstuk". Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
  8. "Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap | Organisatie |" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  9. "Search | Times Higher Education (THE)". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  10. "Top universities in Netherlands 2015". 2015-01-20. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  11. "QS World University Rankings 2016-2017". Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  12. "Top of the class". The Economist. 2015-03-28. Retrieved 2016-08-01.
  13. "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 (Netherlands)". Retrieved 2017-01-04.
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