List of top-division football clubs in UEFA countries

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football. It consists of 55 member associations, each of which is responsible for governing football in their respective countries.[1]

All widely recognised sovereign states located entirely within Europe are members, with the exceptions of the United Kingdom, Monaco and Vatican City. Eight states partially or entirely outside Europe are also members: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Israel, Cyprus and Turkey.[1] The United Kingdom is divided into the four separate football associations of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales; each association has a separate UEFA membership. The Faroe Islands, an autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, also has its own football association which is a member of UEFA.[1] The football association of Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory, was approved as a member by UEFA in 2013.[2] Kosovo was approved as a member in 2016, even though it is claimed by Serbia and is not recognised by several other UEFA member states.

Each UEFA member has its own football league system, except Liechtenstein.[3] Clubs playing in each top-level league compete for the title as the country's club champions. Clubs also compete in the league and national cup competitions for places in the following season's UEFA club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. Due to promotion and relegation, the clubs playing in the top-level league are different every season, except in San Marino where there is only one level.[4]

Some clubs play in a national football league other than their own country's. Where this is the case the club is noted as such.

Real MadridClub finished the previous season as league champions.

UEFA coefficients

The UEFA league coefficients, also known as the UEFA rankings, are used to rank the leagues of Europe, and thus determine the number of clubs from a league that will participate in UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. A country's ranking determines the number of teams competing in the season after the next; the 2009 rankings determined qualification for European competitions in the 2010–11 season.[5]

A country's ranking is calculated based on the results of its clubs in UEFA competitions over the past five seasons. Two points are awarded for each win by a club, and one for a draw. If a game goes to extra time, the result at the end of time is used to calculate ranking points; if the match goes to a penalty shootout, it is considered to be a draw for the purposes of the coefficient system. The number of points awarded to a country's clubs are added together, and then divided by the number of clubs that participated in European competitions that season. This number is then rounded to three decimal places; two and two-thirds would become 2.667.[5]

For the league coefficient the season's league coefficients for the last five seasons must be added up. In the preliminary rounds of both the Champions League and Europa League, the awarded points are halved. Bonus points for certain achievements are added to the number of points scored in a season. Bonus points are allocated for:

  • Qualifying for the Champions League group phase. (4 bonus points)
  • Reaching the second round of the Champions League. (5 bonus points)
  • Reaching the quarter, semi and final of both Champions League and Europa League. (1 bonus point)[5]

Albania

The top division of Albanian football was formed in 1930, and the inaugural title was won by SK Tirana (now known as KF Tirana). Tirana are the most successful team in the league's history, having won the competition on 24 occasions, followed by KS Dinamo Tirana (now playing in the second division) with 18 championships, and Partizani Tirana with 15.[7] The league became affiliated with UEFA in 1954.[8] Since the 2014–15 season, 10 teams compete in the division. The teams finishing in the bottom two places are relegated to the Albanian First Division and are replaced by the champions of each of that league's two groups.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Skënderbeu 3 7
2 Flamurtari 3 7
3 Partizani 3 6
4 Laçi 3 5
5 Teuta 3 5
6 Kukësi 3 4
7 Kamza 3 3
8 Kastrioti 3 3
9 Tirana 3 1
10 Luftëtari 3 0
Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Albanian Football Association, Soccerway

Andorra

Andorra's national league system was formed in 1993, and the Andorran Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1996.[9] Records from the league's first three seasons are incomplete, but FC Santa Coloma have won more First Division titles than any other team.[10] Another Andorran football club, FC Andorra, play in the Spanish football league system. In recent years, eight teams have competed in the First Division. Each team plays two matches against the other seven clubs. After fourteen games, the league splits into two groups, with teams carrying their previous points totals forward. The top four teams play each other a further two times in the championship round to decide 1st–4th places, while the bottom four teams do likewise in the relegation round, to determine the 5th–8th positions. At the end of the season, the bottom-placed team is relegated, while the seventh-placed team plays a two-legged play-off against the second-placed team in the Second Division to decide which team plays in which division for the following season.

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Escaldes-Engordany
Escaldes-Engordany teams:
Engordany
Inter d'Escaldes
Santa Coloma
Location of teams in the 2018–19 Primera Divisió
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Encamp 0 0
2 Engordany 0 0
3 FC Santa Coloma 0 0
4 Inter Club d'Escaldes 0 0
5 Lusitanos 0 0
6 Ordino 0 0
7 UE Sant Julià 0 0
8 UE Santa Coloma 0 0
First match(es) will be played on 16 September 2018. Source: FAF Soccerway

Armenia

Armenia gained independence in 1991, following the break-up of the Soviet Union. Organised football had been played in Armenia since 1936, as part of the Soviet football system. The Football Federation of Armenia gained UEFA affiliation in 1992, and the league ran as the national championship for the first time in the same year.[11][12] Since independence, the country's most successful team are FC Pyunik, who have won ten league titles.[11]

Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

Locations of the 2018–19 Armenian Premier League teams
Pos Team Pld Pts
1 Lori 6 13
2 Ararat-Armenia 6 10
3 Alashkert 5 10
4 Banants 6 10
5 Pyunik 5 9
6 Ararat Yerevan 6 5
7 Artsakh 6 5
8 Shirak 7 5
9 Gandzasar 5 3
Updated to match(es) played on 1 September 2018. Source: Soccerway

    Austria

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Location of teams in the 2018–19 Austrian Football Bundesliga
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Red Bull Salzburg 6 18
    2 St. Pölten 6 14
    3 LASK Linz 6 13
    4 Austria Wien 6 10
    5 Rapid Wien 6 9
    6 Sturm Graz 6 9
    7 Wolfsberger AC 6 8
    8 Wacker Innsbruck 6 6
    9 Admira Wacker Mödling 6 4
    10 Mattersburg 6 4
    11 Hartberg 6 3
    12 Rheindorf Altach 6 2
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Austrian Football Bundesliga

    Azerbaijan

    Although the country was part of the Soviet Union, the first Azerbaijan-wide football competition took place in 1928, and became an annual occurrence from 1934. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, the first independent Azeri championship took place in 1992, and the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan gained UEFA affiliation in 1994[13][14] Since independence, the country's most successful team are PFC Neftchi Baku, with eight league titles. In recent years, 10 teams had competed in the Azerbaijan Premier League, but two teams that otherwise would have competed in the 2016–17 season were denied professional licenses, making it an eight-team league at present.

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Locations of the 2018–19 Azerbaijan Premier League teams.
    Team in italics is from a zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and is playing its home games in Baku.
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Neftçi Baku 3 7
    2 Sabah 3 6
    3 Sumgayit 3 4
    4 Gabala 3 4
    5 Qarabağ 2 4
    6 Sabail 3 3
    7 Keşla 3 1
    8 Zira 2 1
    Updated to match(es) played on 26 August 2018. Source: , Soccerway

    Belarus

    Belarus declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Its independence was widely recognised within Europe in 1991, an independent national championship began in 1992, and UEFA membership followed in 1993.[15] Through the 2017 season, the most successful team is FC BATE, with 14 league championships, including an ongoing streak of 12 titles.[16] The 2016 season saw the league expand from 14 teams to 16, accomplished by promoting three clubs from the Belarusian First League and relegating only the last-place team in the 2015 Premier League. At the end of the season, the bottom two teams are relegated to the First League and replaced by that league's top two finishers.

    Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 BATE Borisov 19 48
    2 Vitebsk 19 41
    3 Shakhtyor Soligorsk 19 41
    4 Dinamo Minsk 19 41
    5 Slutsk 20 33
    6 Torpedo-BelAZ Zhodino 19 31
    7 Dinamo Brest 19 29
    8 Neman Grodno 20 29
    9 Gomel 20 23
    10 Gorodeya 20 21
    11 Smolevichi 20 18
    12 Minsk 20 17
    13 Isloch Minsk Raion 20 17
    14 Dnepr Mogilev 20 13
    15 Luch Minsk 20 12
    16 Torpedo Minsk 20 12
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source:

    Belgium

    Organised football reached Belgium in the 19th century; the Royal Belgian Football Association was founded in 1895, and FC Liégeois became the country's first champions the following year. Belgium joined European football's governing body, UEFA, upon its formation in 1954.[17] Historically the country's most successful team are R.S.C. Anderlecht, with 33 league titles as of 2016.[18] The Belgian First Division A, historically known as the First Division and also known as the Pro League from 2008–09 through 2015–16, currently consists of 16 teams. Initially, each team plays the other clubs twice for a total of 30 matches. At this point, the league proceeds as follows (as of the current 2016–17 season):[19]

    • The top six teams take half of their points (rounded up) into a championship play-off, playing each other two further times to determine the national champion.
    • The teams finishing the regular season between 7th and 15th enter one of two six-team groups. The remaining teams in this competition are the top three teams from the Belgian First Division B (historically known as the Second Division), excluding that division's champion (which earns automatic promotion to First Division A). Each team plays the other five teams in its group home and away, and the winners of each group play one another in a two-legged play-off. The winner of that match advances to a two-legged play-off against the fourth- or fifth-place team (depending on results) from the championship play-off for the country's final UEFA Europa League place for the following season.
    • The bottom team on the regular-season table is automatically relegated to First Division B.

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Club Brugge 6 16
    2 Genk 6 14
    3 Anderlecht 6 13
    4 Gent 6 13
    5 Antwerp 6 12
    6 Standard Liège 6 11
    7 Oostende 6 9
    8 Cercle Brugge 6 8
    9 Sint-Truiden 6 7
    10 Charleroi 6 6
    11 Eupen 6 6
    12 Zulte Waregem 6 5
    13 Kortrijk 6 5
    14 Lokeren 6 4
    15 Waasland-Beveren 6 3
    16 Excel Mouscron 6 0
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Belgian First Division A (in Dutch), Soccerway

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Prior to gaining independence from Yugoslavia, clubs from Bosnia and Herzegovina were eligible to compete in the Yugoslav First League, which they won three times. The country gained independence in 1992, and its Football Association gained UEFA membership in 1998.[20] Due to political tensions between Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, the country did not have a single national top division until the 2002–03 season, but rather two or three. Since then, Zrinjski have won five titles, Željezničar have won three, Sarajevo and Široki Brijeg have each won twice, and three other teams have won it once each.[21]

    Since the 2016–17 season, the Premier League has consisted of 12 clubs, reduced from 16 in previous seasons. The 2016–17 season was the first for a two-stage season. In the first stage, each team plays all others home and away, after which the league splits into two six-team groups that also play home and away. The top six teams play for the championship and European qualifying places; the bottom six play to avoid relegation. At the end of the second stage, the bottom two clubs of the relegation group drop to either the First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the First League of the Republika Srpska.[22]

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Željezničar 8 17
    2 Sarajevo 8 15
    3 Zrinjski Mostar 8 15
    4 Široki Brijeg 8 13
    5 Radnik Bijeljina 8 13
    6 Čelik Zenica 8 12
    7 Sloboda Tuzla 8 11
    8 Krupa 8 10
    9 Tuzla City 8 7
    10 GOŠK Gabela 8 6
    11 Mladost Doboj Kakanj 8 6
    12 Zvijezda 09 8 3
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Soccerway, UEFA

    Bulgaria

    A national Bulgarian championship has been held in every year since 1924, although the 1924, 1927 and 1944 seasons were not completed. The country gained UEFA membership in 1954.[23] Historically, the most successful teams in Bulgarian football have been PFC CSKA Sofia and PFC Levski Sofia; no other team has won more than seven league titles. In recent years, PFC Ludogorets Razgrad has dominated the league; although the team did not make its first appearance in the top flight until 2011–12, it has won the championship in each of its first six seasons at that level.[24] The 2015–16 season was intended to have 12 teams, but was reduced to 10 after four clubs (the two clubs that would otherwise have been promoted to what was then known as the A Group, plus two from the previous season's A Group) were denied professional licenses. Following that season, the Bulgarian Football Union revamped the country's professional league structure, expanding the top flight to 14 teams and changing that league's name from "A Group" to "First League".

    Under the current structure that began in 2016–17, each team plays the others twice, once at each club's stadium. At the end of the season the league splits into separate playoffs, with table points and statistics carrying over in full. The top six teams enter a championship playoff, with each team playing the others home and away. The top finisher is league champion and enters the UEFA Champions League; the second-place team earns a place in the UEFA Europa League; and the third-place team (or fourth-place team, should the winner of that season's Bulgarian Cup finish in the top three) advances to a playoff for the country's final Europa League place. The bottom eight split into two four-team groups, playing home and away within each group. The top two teams from each group enter a knockout playoff consisting of two-legged matches (note, however, that if one of these four teams is the Bulgarian Cup winner, it is withdrawn from the playoff and its opponent receives a bye into the final). The winner of this playoff then plays the third-place team in a one-off match for the final Europa League place. The bottom two clubs from each group enter an identical knockout playoff. The winner remains in the First League; the other three teams face a series of relegation playoffs that also include the second- and third-place clubs from the Second League, with places for only two of these five teams in the next season's First League.[25]

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Location of teams in the 2018–19 Parva Liga
    Sofia 2018–19 First League football clubs
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Levski Sofia 7 19
    2 CSKA Sofia 7 16
    3 Ludogorets Razgrad 7 14
    4 Beroe 7 12
    5 Cherno More 7 12
    6 Lokomotiv Plovdiv 7 10
    7 Botev Plovdiv 7 10
    8 Vitosha Bistritsa 7 9
    9 Slavia Sofia 7 9
    10 Botev Vratsa 7 7
    11 Etar 7 7
    12 Dunav Ruse 7 6
    13 Septemvri Sofia 7 4
    14 Vereya 7 2
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Soccerway

    Croatia

    National Croatian leagues were organised in 1914 and during the Second World War, but during peacetime Croatia's biggest clubs competed in the Yugoslav First League. After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, a national football league was formed in 1992, and the Croatian Football Federation gained UEFA membership in 1993.[26] Since its formation, the Croatian First League has been dominated by NK Dinamo Zagreb and HNK Hajduk Split; as of the end of the 2015–16 season, one of these teams has won the title in all but one of the league's 25 seasons.[27] Since the 2013–14 season, the First League has consisted of 10 teams. At the end of the season, the 10th-placed team is relegated directly to the second division, while the 9th-placed team enters a relegation play-off.

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Dinamo Zagreb 6 14
    2 Osijek 6 13
    3 Rijeka 6 12
    4 Lokomotiva 6 10
    5 Gorica 6 10
    6 Inter Zaprešić 5 7
    7 Slaven Belupo 5 4
    8 Hajduk Split 6 4
    9 Istra 1961 6 2
    10 Rudeš 6 1
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: PrvaHNL.hr

    Cyprus

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Locations of the 2018–19 Cypriot First Division teams.
    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 AEL Limassol 2 6
    2 Anorthosis Famagusta 2 4
    3 Nea Salamis Famagusta 1 3
    4 Ermis Aradippou 2 3
    5 Omonia 1 3
    6 Pafos FC 1 1
    7 AEK Larnaca 0 0
    8 APOEL 0 0
    9 Apollon Limassol 0 0
    10 Enosis Neon Paralimni 1 0
    11 Alki Oroklini 2 0
    12 Doxa Katokopias 2 0
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: CFA (in Greek), Soccerway

    Czech Republic

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Slavia Prague 7 18
    2 Viktoria Plzeň 7 18
    3 Sparta Prague 7 17
    4 Fastav Zlín 7 16
    5 Baník Ostrava 7 16
    6 Bohemians 1905 7 11
    7 Jablonec 7 10
    8 Slovan Liberec 7 10
    9 Slovácko 7 9
    10 Příbram 7 8
    11 Mladá Boleslav 7 7
    12 Karviná 7 6
    13 Teplice 7 6
    14 Opava 7 4
    15 Sigma Olomouc 7 3
    16 Dukla Prague 7 0
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Soccerway

    Denmark

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Copenhagen 8 19
    2 Midtjylland 8 15
    3 Brøndby 8 14
    4 AaB 8 14
    5 AGF 8 12
    6 Esbjerg 8 11
    7 Randers 8 10
    8 Horsens 8 10
    9 Nordsjælland 8 9
    10 SønderjyskE 8 8
    11 Vendsyssel 8 8
    12 Vejle 8 7
    13 OB 8 6
    14 Hobro 8 5
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Danish Football Association (in Danish), Soccerway

    England

    Founded in 1888, the Football League was the world's first national football league.[28] The inaugural competition was won by Preston North End, who remained unbeaten throughout the entire season. It was the top level football league in England from its foundation until 1992, when the 22 clubs comprising the First Division resigned from the Football League to form the new FA Premier League.[28] As of the 2017–18 season the Premier League comprises 20 clubs;[29] each team plays every other team twice, with the bottom 3 clubs at the end of the season relegated to the EFL Championship. The most successful domestic club is Manchester United, who have won the league 20 times, while the most successful English club in Europe is Liverpool FC, who have won 5 European Cups, 3 UEFA Cups and 3 UEFA Super Cups, more than any other English team.[30]

    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

    Pos Team Pld Pts
    1 Liverpool 4 12
    2 Chelsea 4 12
    3 Watford 4 12
    4 Manchester City 4 10
    5 Tottenham Hotspur 4 9
    6 Bournemouth 4 7
    7 Everton 4 6
    8 Leicester City 4 6
    9 Arsenal 4 6
    10 Manchester United 4 6
    11 Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 5
    12 Southampton 4 4
    13 Fulham 4 4
    14 Brighton & Hove Albion 4 4
    15 Crystal Palace 4 3
    16 Cardiff City 4 2
    17 Huddersfield Town 4 2
    18 Newcastle United 4 1
    19 Burnley 4 1
    20 West Ham United 4 0
    Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Premier League

      Estonia

      An independent Estonian league took place between 1921 and 1940. However, after the Second World War it became part of the Soviet Union, and became a regional system. Estonia regained independence after the dissolution of the USSR, organising the first national championship in 52 years in 1992, the same year that the Estonian Football Association joined UEFA.[31][32] FC Flora Tallinn is the most successful team in the modern era, with 10 league titles as of the end of the 2016 season.[31] Since 2005, the Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams, which play one another four times. At the end of the season the bottom team is relegated to the second level of Estonian football, while the ninth-placed team enters into a relegation playoff.[33]

      Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

      Pos Team Pld Pts
      1 Nõmme Kalju 26 64
      2 Flora 25 59
      3 FCI Levadia 26 56
      4 Narva Trans 26 45
      5 Tammeka 26 38
      6 Paide Linnameeskond 26 36
      7 Tallinna Kalev 26 22
      8 Tulevik 26 17
      9 Kuressaare 26 14
      10 Vaprus 25 10
      Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Estonian Football Association (in Estonian), UEFA, Soccerway

      Faroe Islands

      The Faroe Islands are a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, which also comprises Greenland and Denmark itself. The league was formed in 1942, and has been contested annually since, with the exception of 1944 due to a lack of available balls.[34] The Faroe Islands gained UEFA recognition in 1992.[35] The most successful teams are Havnar Bóltfelag and KÍ Klaksvík, with 22 and 17 Premier League titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016 season. Since the 1988 season, the Premier League has consisted of 10 teams.[36] They play each other three times, with the bottom two teams relegated to the First Division.

      Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

      Pos Team Pld Pts
      1 Havnar Bóltfelag 21 55
      2 KÍ Klaksvík 21 45
      3 NSÍ Runavík 21 42
      4 B36 Tórshavn 20 37
      5 Víkingur Gøta 21 36
      6 Skála ÍF 21 22
      7 TB/FC Suðuroy/Royn 21 21
      8 EB/Streymur 21 19
      9 07 Vestur 20 10
      10 Argja Bóltfelag 21 9
      Updated to match(es) played on 03 September 2018. Source: Faroe Soccer (in Faroese), Soccerway

        Finland

        Finland's current league has been contested annually since 1898, with the exceptions of 1914 and 1943.[37] The most successful team are HJK Helsinki with 22 titles; as of 2010, no other team has won 10 or more. However, between 1920 and 1948 a rival championship operated, organised by the Finnish Workers' Sports Federation. Frequent champions in that competition before it came under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Finland included Kullervo Helsinki, Vesa Helsinki and Tampereen Pallo-Veikot.[38] The Premier League consists of 12 teams, which play one another three times each for a total of 33 matches. At the end of the season the bottom club is relegated to the First Division.

        Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

        Pos Team Pld Pts
        1 HJK 25 56
        2 RoPS 26 49
        3 KuPS 26 41
        4 Honka 26 41
        5 Ilves 25 40
        6 VPS 26 37
        7 Lahti 25 36
        8 Inter Turku 25 31
        9 SJK 26 24
        10 IFK Mariehamn 26 23
        11 TPS 26 22
        12 PS Kemi Kings 26 18
        Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Veikkausliiga (in Finnish), Soccerway

        France

        France's first football team—Le Havre AC—formed in 1872. The first French championship was first held in 1894, but only featured teams from the capital, Paris. Between 1896 and 1912, national championships were organised by several competing federations; the first universally recognised national championship took place in the 1912–13 season. However, it only lasted two seasons; from the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, French football operated on a regional basis until 1932. A national league resumed between 1932 and 1939, and has operated annually since the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945.[39] Ligue 1 and its predecessors have featured 20 teams since the 1946–47 season. Each team plays the other nineteen sides home and away, and at the end of the season the bottom three teams are relegated to Ligue 2.[40] So far, Olympique de Marseille are the only French club to have won the UEFA Champions League, in 1993.

        Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

        Pos Team Pld Pts
        1 Paris Saint-Germain 4 12
        2 Dijon 4 9
        3 Toulouse 4 9
        4 Lille 4 7
        5 Marseille 4 7
        6 Rennes 4 7
        7 Montpellier 4 7
        8 Lyon 4 6
        9 Saint-Étienne 4 6
        10 Nîmes 4 6
        11 Reims 4 6
        12 Caen 4 5
        13 Monaco 4 4
        14 Amiens 4 4
        15 Strasbourg 4 4
        16 Nantes 4 4
        17 Nice 4 4
        18 Angers 4 3
        19 Bordeaux 4 3
        20 Guingamp 4 0
        Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Ligue 1 and Soccerway

          Georgia

          A Georgian football championship first took place in 1926, as part of the Soviet football system. The first independent championship took place in 1990, despite the fact that Georgia remained a Soviet state until 1991. Upon independence, Georgia subsequently joined UEFA and FIFA in 1992.[41]

          When Georgia organised its first independent championship, it operated with a spring-to-autumn season contained entirely within a calendar year. After the 1991 championship, the country transitioned to an autumn-to-spring season spanning two calendar years. This format continued through the 2015–16 season, after which it returned to a spring-to-autumn format. This was accomplished by holding an abbreviated 2016 season in autumn; the transition was completed for the 2017 season. Before the most recent transition, 16 teams had competed in the top flight, but the league was reduced to 14 teams for the 2016 season, and was reduced further to 10 for 2017 and beyond.

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Saburtalo Tbilisi 23 56
          2 Dinamo Tbilisi 22 48
          3 Dila Gori 22 39
          4 Chikhura Sachkhere 23 38
          5 Torpedo Kutaisi 19 30
          6 Rustavi 22 25
          7 Locomotive Tbilisi 22 25
          8 Sioni Bolnisi 23 20
          9 Samtredia 23 13
          10 Kolkheti Poti 23 8
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Erovnuli Liga (in Georgian), Soccerway

          Germany

          The Bundesliga consists of 18 teams, who play each other twice, for a total of 34 matches. The teams finishing in 17th and 18th places are relegated directly to the 2. Bundesliga, while the team finishing in 16th place enters into a two-legged play-off with the team finishing 3rd in the lower division.

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Bayern Munich 2 6
          2 VfL Wolfsburg 2 6
          3 Hertha BSC 2 6
          4 Borussia Dortmund 2 4
          5 Borussia Mönchengladbach 2 4
          6 FC Augsburg 2 4
          6 Werder Bremen 2 4
          8 Mainz 05 2 4
          9 Eintracht Frankfurt 2 3
          10 1899 Hoffenheim 2 3
          11 Hannover 96 2 2
          12 Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 1
          13 1. FC Nürnberg 2 1
          14 RB Leipzig 2 1
          15 Schalke 04 2 0
          16 SC Freiburg 2 0
          16 Bayer Leverkusen 2 0
          18 VfB Stuttgart 2 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: DFB

          Gibraltar

          The Gibraltar Football Association was founded in 1895, making it one of the ten oldest active football associations in the world. League football has been organized by the GFA since 1905. The first league season after Gibraltar were accepted as full members of UEFA was 2013–14, making qualification to the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League possible since the 2014–15 season, provided the relevant club has received a UEFA licence.[2] The Premier Division has consisted of 10 teams since the 2015–16 season. All league matches are held at Victoria Stadium.

          Clubs as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Lincoln Red Imps 3 9
          2 St Joseph's 3 7
          3 Gibraltar United 3 7
          4 Europa FC 3 7
          5 Lynx 3 4
          6 Glacis United 3 4
          7 Mons Calpe 3 3
          8 Gibraltar Phoenix 3 1
          9 Boca Gibraltar 3 0
          10 Lions Gibraltar 3 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 25 August 2018. Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Greece

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Olympiacos 2 6
          2 Aris Thessaloniki 2 6
          3 AEK Athens 2 6
          4 PAOK 2 4
          5 Atromitos 2 4
          6 Panetolikos 2 3
          7 Levadiakos 2 3
          8 AEL 2 3
          9 OFI 2 1
          10 Panionios 2 1
          11 Xanthi 2 1
          12 Panathinaikos 2 0
          13 Apollon Smyrnis 2 0
          14 Asteras Tripolis 2 0
          15 Lamia 2 0
          16 PAS Giannina 2 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 3 September 2018. Source: Superleague Greece, Soccerway

          Hungary

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Location of teams in 2018–19 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
          Location of Budapest teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Ferencváros 4 12
          2 Budapest Honvéd 4 12
          3 MTK Budapest 5 10
          4 Debrecen 5 9
          5 MOL Vidi 3 5
          6 Újpest 4 5
          7 Mezőkövesd 3 4
          8 Szombathelyi Haladás 4 4
          9 Paks 4 2
          10 Puskás Akadémia 4 1
          11 Diósgyőr 4 1
          12 Kisvárda 4 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 17 August 2018. Source: Hungarian Football Federation (in Hungarian), Soccerway

          Iceland

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Valur 19 40
          2 Stjarnan 19 39
          3 Breiðablik 19 35
          4 KR 19 30
          5 FH 19 30
          6 Grindavík 19 25
          7 KA 19 24
          8 ÍBV 19 23
          9 Fylkir 19 22
          10 Víkingur R. 19 21
          11 Fjölnir 19 16
          12 Keflavík (R) 19 4
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: KSÍ (in Icelandic), Soccerway
          (R) Relegated.

          Israel

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Hapoel Hadera 2 6
          2 Maccabi Petah Tikva 2 4
          3 Maccabi Tel Aviv 2 4
          4 Hapoel Ra'anana 2 4
          5 Hapoel Haifa 2 3
          6 Maccabi Haifa 2 3
          7 Hapoel Tel Aviv 2 3
          8 F.C. Ashdod 2 3
          9 Hapoel Be'er Sheva 2 2
          10 Bnei Sakhnin 2 2
          11 Ironi Kiryat Shmona 2 1
          12 Bnei Yehuda 2 1
          13 Maccabi Netanya 2 1
          14 Beitar Jerusalem 2 0
          First match(es) will be played on 25 August 2018. Source: Soccerway

          Italy

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Juventus 3 9
          2 Sassuolo 3 7
          3 Fiorentina 2 6
          4 SPAL 3 6
          5 Napoli 3 6
          6 Atalanta 3 4
          7 Internazionale 3 4
          8 Empoli 3 4
          9 Roma 3 4
          10 Torino 3 4
          11 Udinese 3 4
          12 Cagliari 3 4
          13 Sampdoria 2 3
          14 Milan 2 3
          15 Genoa 2 3
          16 Lazio 3 3
          17 Parma 3 1
          18 Bologna 3 1
          19 Frosinone 3 1
          20 Chievo 3 1
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Serie A, Soccerway

          Kazakhstan

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Locations of teams in the 2018 Kazakhstan Premier League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Astana 23 57
          2 Kairat 23 54
          3 Tobol 24 39
          4 Ordabasy 24 33
          5 Zhetysu 24 32
          6 Aktobe 24 29
          7 Kaisar 24 28
          8 Akzhayik 24 26
          9 Atyrau 24 25
          10 Shakhter Karagandy 23 21
          11 Kyzylzhar 25 21
          12 Irtysh Pavlodar 24 20
          Updated to match(es) played on 26 August 2018. Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Kosovo

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Flamurtari 3 9
          2 Llapi 3 6
          3 Prishtina 2 6
          4 Gjilani 2 6
          5 Feronikeli 3 5
          6 Drenica 3 4
          7 Drita 3 3
          8 Liria 3 3
          9 Ballkani 3 3
          10 Ferizaj 3 3
          11 Trepça'89 3 1
          12 KEK 3 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Football Federation of Kosovo (in Albanian), Soccerway

          Latvia

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Locations of the 2018 Latvian Higher League teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Riga 20 46
          2 RFS 19 43
          3 Ventspils 20 40
          4 Spartaks Jūrmala 19 33
          5 Liepāja 19 32
          6 Jelgava 20 14
          7 METTA/LU 20 13
          8 Valmiera Glass ViA 19 2
          Updated to match(es) played on 1 September 2018. Source: Soccerway

          Lithuania

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Sūduva (Q) 20 48
          2 Žalgiris (Q) 21 46
          3 Stumbras 23 35
          4 Trakai 23 34
          5 Kauno Žalgiris 24 30
          6 Atlantas 23 22
          7 Palanga 23 19
          8 Jonava 23 18
          Updated to match(es) played on 29 August 2018. Source: A Lyga (in Lithuanian), UEFA, Soccerway
          (Q) Qualified to the phase indicated.

          Luxembourg

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Jeunesse Esch 4 12
          2 Differdange 03 5 12
          3 Racing FC 5 8
          4 UNA Strassen 5 7
          5 Etzella Ettelbruck 5 7
          6 Mondorf-les-Bains 5 7
          7 Progrès Niederkorn 5 7
          8 Union Titus Pétange 5 7
          9 Fola Esch 4 6
          10 Rumelange 5 6
          11 RM Hamm Benfica 5 4
          12 Victoria Rosport 5 4
          13 Hostert 5 4
          14 F91 Dudelange 3 3
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Macedonia

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Location of teams in 2018–19 Macedonian First League
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Rabotnichki 4 9
          2 Akademija Pandev 4 9
          3 Shkëndija 4 8
          4 Vardar 4 8
          5 Sileks 4 5
          6 Pobeda 4 5
          7 Renova 4 4
          8 Makedonija GP 4 2
          9 Shkupi 4 2
          10 Belasica 4 1
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: MacedonianFootball.com

          Malta

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Sliema Wanderers 2 6
          2 Hibernians 2 6
          3 Birkirkara 2 6
          4 Gżira United 2 4
          5 Ħamrun Spartans 2 4
          6 Tarxien Rainbows 2 3
          7 Balzan 2 3
          8 St. Andrews 2 3
          9 Mosta 2 3
          10 Qormi 2 3
          11 Pietà Hotspurs 2 0
          12 Floriana 2 0
          13 Senglea Athletic 2 0
          14 Valletta 2 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 25 August 2018. Source: Malta Football Association

          Moldova

          Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

          Location of teams in 2018 Moldovan National Division
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Sheriff Tiraspol 19 45
          2 Milsami Orhei 19 38
          3 Petrocub-Hîncești 19 30
          4 Zimbru Chișinău 19 24
          5 Speranța Nisporeni 19 19
          6 Sfântul Gheorghe 19 18
          7 Zaria Bălți 19 14
          8 Dinamo-Auto 19 13
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: FMF, UEFA, Soccerway

          Montenegro

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Location of the 2018–19 Montenegrin First League teams
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 OFK Titograd 6 14
          2 Budućnost Podgorica 6 11
          3 Iskra Danilovgrad 6 10
          4 Lovćen 6 9
          5 Sutjeska Nikšić 6 9
          6 Petrovac 6 8
          7 Rudar Pljevlja 6 7
          8 Grbalj 6 5
          9 Zeta 6 3
          10 Mornar 6 2
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: UEFA, Soccerway

          Netherlands

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 PSV Eindhoven 4 12
          2 Ajax 4 10
          3 Feyenoord 4 9
          4 AZ 4 7
          5 Heracles Almelo 4 7
          6 ADO Den Haag 4 6
          7 Willem II 4 6
          8 Vitesse 4 5
          9 VVV-Venlo 4 5
          10 Heerenveen 4 5
          11 Utrecht 4 5
          12 De Graafschap 4 4
          13 Excelsior 4 4
          14 Emmen 4 4
          15 PEC Zwolle 4 3
          16 Groningen 4 3
          17 NAC Breda 4 3
          18 Fortuna Sittard 4 2
          Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: NUsport (in Dutch), Soccerway

          Northern Ireland

          Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

          Location of the Belfast-based teams in the 2018–19 NIFL Premiership
          Pos Team Pld Pts
          1 Coleraine 5 11
          2 Linfield 5 11
          3 Glenavon 5 10
          4 Ballymena United 5 10
          5 Glentoran 5 8
          6 Institute 5 8
          7 Crusaders 5 7
          8 Newry City 5 6
          9 Cliftonville 5 5
          10 Ards 5 4
          11 Dungannon Swifts 5 2
          12 Warrenpoint Town 5 0
          Updated to match(es) played on 3 September 2018. Source: NIFL Premiership, Soccerway
          Notes:
            • Derry City, a club from Northern Ireland, has competed in the Republic of Ireland's football league system, the League of Ireland, since 1985.

            Norway

            Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Rosenborg 21 46
            2 Brann 21 44
            3 Haugesund 21 38
            4 Molde 21 34
            5 Ranheim 21 34
            6 Vålerenga 21 33
            7 Sarpsborg 08 21 32
            8 Tromsø 21 29
            9 Kristiansund 21 28
            10 Odd 21 27
            11 Bodø/Glimt 21 26
            12 Strømsgodset 21 22
            13 Lillestrøm 21 19
            14 Stabæk 21 19
            15 Start 21 17
            16 Sandefjord 21 12
            Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Football Association of Norway (in Norwegian), Soccerway

            Poland

            Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Lechia Gdańsk 7 17
            2 Wisła Kraków 7 14
            3 Jagiellonia Białystok 7 13
            4 Piast Gliwice 7 13
            5 Lech Poznań 7 13
            6 Zagłębie Lubin 7 12
            7 Legia Warsaw 7 11
            8 Korona Kielce 7 11
            9 Miedź Legnica 7 10
            10 Górnik Zabrze 7 7
            11 Arka Gdynia 7 7
            12 Wisła Płock 7 6
            13 Śląsk Wrocław 7 6
            14 Zagłębie Sosnowiec 7 5
            15 Cracovia 7 3
            15 Pogoń Szczecin 7 3
            Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Ekstraklasa, 90minut

            Portugal

            Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

            Location of teams in 2018–19 Primeira Liga (Madeira)
            Location of teams in 2018–19 Primeira Liga (Azores)
            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Benfica 4 10
            2 Braga 4 10
            3 Sporting CP 4 10
            4 Porto 4 9
            5 Marítimo 4 9
            6 Feirense 4 7
            7 Rio Ave 4 7
            8 Vitória de Guimarães 4 6
            9 Santa Clara 4 5
            10 Belenenses 4 5
            11 Vitória de Setúbal 4 4
            12 Boavista 4 4
            13 Moreirense 4 4
            14 Chaves 4 3
            15 Nacional 4 3
            16 Tondela 4 2
            17 Desportivo das Aves 4 1
            18 Portimonense 4 1
            Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Liga Portugal

            Republic of Ireland

            Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

            Locations of Dublin Premier Division teams
            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Dundalk (X) 30 73
            2 Cork City (X) 30 67
            3 Shamrock Rovers 30 49
            4 Waterford 30 47
            5 St Patrick's Athletic 30 40
            6 Derry City 30 39
            7 Bohemians 30 37
            8 Sligo Rovers 30 35
            9 Limerick 30 24
            10 Bray Wanderers (Y) 30 15
            Updated to match(es) played on 31 August 2018. Source: SSE Airtricity League, Soccerway
            (X) Assured of at least Europa League, but may still qualify for Champions League; (Y) May at best reach relegation play-offs.

            Romania

            Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 FCSB 7 14
            2 CFR Cluj 7 12
            3 Universitatea Craiova 7 11
            4 Astra Giurgiu 7 11
            5 Sepsi Sfântu Gheorghe 7 11
            6 Gaz Metan Mediaș 7 11
            7 Viitorul Constanța 7 10
            8 Dinamo București 7 10
            9 Dunărea Călărași 7 9
            10 Botoșani 7 8
            11 Politehnica Iași 7 8
            12 Hermannstadt 7 7
            13 Concordia Chiajna 7 7
            14 Voluntari 7 2
            Updated to match(es) played on 3 September 2018. Source: LPF (in Romanian), Soccerway

            Russia

            Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

            Locations of teams in 2018–19 Russian Premier League
            Moscow
            Locations of teams in 2018–19 Russian Premier League
            Pos Team Pld Pts
            1 Zenit Saint Petersburg 6 16
            2 Spartak Moscow 6 14
            3 Rostov 6 13
            4 Orenburg 6 10
            5 Krasnodar 6 10
            6 CSKA Moscow 6 9
            7 Dynamo Moscow 6 9
            8 Lokomotiv Moscow 6 8
            9 Akhmat Grozny 6 7
            10 Krylia Sovetov Samara 6 7
            11 Rubin Kazan 6 7
            12 Arsenal Tula 6 5
            13 Yenisey Krasnoyarsk 6 5
            14 Ufa 6 4
            15 Ural Yekaterinburg 6 4
            16 Anzhi Makhachkala 6 3
            Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Russian Premier League, Soccerway

              San Marino

              This is a complete list of football clubs in San Marino (as San Marino has only one level domestic amateur league), apart from San Marino Calcio, the only professional Sammarinese club, which as of 2016–17 competes in Serie D, the fourth level of the Italian football league system.

              Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:[42]

              Because there is no promotion or relegation in the league, the same 15 teams competed in the league.

              Scotland

              Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

              Pos Team Pld Pts
              1 Heart of Midlothian 4 12
              2 Celtic 4 9
              3 Kilmarnock 4 7
              4 Livingston 4 7
              5 St Johnstone 4 7
              6 Hibernian 4 5
              7 Rangers 4 5
              8 Aberdeen 4 5
              9 Motherwell 4 4
              10 Hamilton Academical 4 3
              11 St Mirren 4 3
              12 Dundee 4 0
              Updated to match(es) played on 1 September 2018. Source:
              Notes:

                Serbia

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Locations of the 2018–19 Serbian SuperLiga teams
                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Red Star Belgrade 6 18
                2 Radnički Niš 7 14
                3 Partizan 6 13
                4 Čukarički 7 12
                5 Mladost Lučani 7 12
                6 Mačva Šabac 7 10
                7 Vojvodina 7 9
                8 Proleter Novi Sad 7 8
                9 Voždovac 7 8
                10 Bačka Bačka Palanka 7 8
                11 Napredak Kruševac 6 7
                12 Rad 6 7
                13 Radnik Surdulica 7 7
                14 Spartak Subotica 7 7
                15 Zemun 7 5
                16 Dinamo Vranje 7 3
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: SuperLiga (in Serbian), Soccerway

                Slovakia

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Slovan Bratislava 7 17
                2 DAC Dunajská Streda 7 15
                3 Ružomberok 7 12
                4 Trenčín 6 11
                5 Železiarne Podbrezová 7 10
                6 Žilina 7 10
                7 Spartak Trnava 7 8
                8 Sereď 7 7
                9 Nitra 6 6
                10 Zlaté Moravce 7 6
                11 Senica 7 6
                12 Zemplín Michalovce 7 4
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Soccerway

                Slovenia

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Location of teams in the 2018–19 Slovenian PrvaLiga
                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Maribor 7 17
                2 Aluminij 7 12
                3 Gorica 7 12
                4 Olimpija Ljubljana 7 11
                5 Domžale 7 10
                6 Mura 7 9
                7 Krško 7 7
                8 Triglav Kranj 7 6
                9 Celje 7 5
                10 Rudar Velenje 7 4
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: PrvaLiga (in Slovene), Soccerway, UEFA.com

                Spain

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Location of Madrid teams in 2018–19 La Liga
                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Barcelona 3 9
                2 Real Madrid 3 9
                3 Celta Vigo 3 7
                4 Levante 3 4
                5 Sevilla 3 4
                6 Athletic Bilbao 2 4
                7 Espanyol 3 4
                8 Real Sociedad 3 4
                9 Getafe 3 4
                10 Atlético Madrid 3 4
                11 Alavés 3 4
                12 Girona 3 4
                13 Real Betis 3 4
                14 Huesca 3 4
                15 Eibar 3 3
                16 Valladolid 3 2
                17 Valencia 3 2
                18 Villarreal 3 1
                19 Leganés 3 1
                20 Rayo Vallecano 2 0
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: La Liga, Soccerway

                Sweden

                A Swedish championship was first organised in 1896, and the champions were decided by a knockout cup format until 1925, when Allsvenskan was formed.[43] Sweden was one of the founding members of UEFA in 1954.[44] As of the most recently completed 2017 season, Malmö FF have won the most national titles with 20, followed by IFK Göteborg with 18 and IFK Norrköping with 13. Malmö also have the most league titles, with 23 to 13 for both IFK Götebörg and IFK Norrköping. Since 2008,[45] Allsvenskan has featured 16 teams. They each play one another home and away, for a total of 30 games. The bottom two teams are relegated to the Superettan (The Super One), and the 14th-placed Allsvenskan team enters into a relegation playoff with the 3rd-placed Superettan team to decide which will play in Allsvenskan for the following season.[46]

                Clubs and locations as of 2018 season:

                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 AIK 20 48
                2 Hammarby IF 20 43
                3 IFK Norrköping 20 39
                4 Malmö FF 20 37
                5 Östersunds FK 20 33
                6 GIF Sundsvall 20 32
                7 Djurgårdens IF 20 32
                8 BK Häcken 20 31
                9 Kalmar FF 20 27
                10 Örebro SK 20 26
                11 IFK Göteborg 20 23
                12 IF Elfsborg 20 18
                13 IK Sirius 20 17
                14 IF Brommapojkarna 20 16
                15 Dalkurd FF 20 13
                16 Trelleborgs FF 20 13
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish)

                Switzerland

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Young Boys 6 18
                2 St. Gallen 6 10
                3 Basel 6 9
                4 Luzern 6 9
                5 Thun 6 8
                6 Lugano 6 8
                7 Zürich 6 8
                8 Sion 6 6
                9 Grasshopper 6 4
                10 Xamax 6 4
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Swiss Super League

                Turkey

                Turkish football operated on a regional basis until the 1950s. A national knockout tournament took place in 1957 and 1958, to decide European qualification. The Turkish Football Federation retrospectively recognised these tournaments as deciding the Turkish champions; both competitions were won by Beşiktaş J.K.[47] A national league was formed in 1959, and has been held annually from then onwards.[47] Since the formation of a national league, the most successful teams are Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe, with 20 and 19 league titles respectively as of the most recently completed 2016–17 season. Currently, 18 teams compete in the Süper Lig. Each team plays the other teams home and away, with the bottom three teams relegated to the TFF First League for the following season.[48]

                Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                Pos Team Pld Pts
                1 Kasımpaşa 4 12
                2 Galatasaray 4 9
                3 İstanbul Başakşehir 4 9
                4 Kayserispor 4 8
                5 Konyaspor 4 8
                6 Trabzonspor 4 7
                7 Beşiktaş 4 7
                8 Yeni Malatyaspor 4 7
                9 Antalyaspor 4 7
                10 Ankaragücü 4 4
                11 Sivasspor 4 4
                12 Bursaspor 4 3
                13 Fenerbahçe 4 3
                14 Göztepe 4 3
                15 Alanyaspor 4 3
                16 Çaykur Rizespor 4 2
                17 Akhisar Belediyespor 4 2
                18 BB Erzurumspor 4 1
                Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Süper Lig, Soccerway

                  Ukraine

                  As a member of the Soviet Union, Ukraine's league operated as a feeder to the national Soviet leagues, meaning that until 1992 the strongest Ukrainian teams did not take part.[50] The Football Federation of Ukraine was formed shortly after the country achieved independence in 1991, and gained UEFA membership the following year.[51] Since the formation of a national league, FC Dynamo Kyiv have won 15 titles, FC Shakhtar Donetsk nine, and SC Tavriya Simferopol one, as of the most recently completed 2015–16 season.[50]

                  Through the 2013–14 season, 16 teams participated in the Premier League. However, during that season's winter break, the Euromaidan protests began, soon followed by Russia's annexation of the Crimean peninsula and the still-ongoing war in the country's east. These developments led to the league dropping to 14 teams in 2014–15 and 12 in 2016–17.

                  Beginning with the 2016–17 season, the league season is divided into two stages. In the first stage, the teams play one another home and away, after which the league splits into two groups, each playing a home-and-away schedule within the group and with table points carrying over intact. The top six teams play to determine the league champion and European qualifying spots, while the bottom six teams play to avoid relegation, with the bottom two at the end of the second stage dropping to the Ukrainian First League.[52][53]

                  Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                  Home venues of teams in the 2018–19 Ukrainian Premier League.
                  Teams in italics are from a conflict zone of the War in Donbass and are playing their home games in different cities.
                  Pos Team Pld Pts
                  1 Shakhtar Donetsk 7 18
                  2 FC Oleksandriya 7 16
                  3 Dynamo Kyiv 6 13
                  4 Zorya Luhansk 7 11
                  5 Chornomorets Odesa 7 9
                  6 Olimpik Donetsk 7 9
                  7 Vorskla Poltava 7 9
                  8 Karpaty Lviv 7 8
                  9 Desna Chernihiv 7 7
                  10 FC Lviv 7 6
                  11 FC Mariupol 6 4
                  12 Arsenal Kyiv 7 4
                  Updated to match(es) played on 2 September 2018. Source: Ukrainian Premier League Soccerway
                  Notes:

                    Wales

                    Although Wales joined UEFA in 1954, Welsh football operated on a regional basis until 1992, with no national championship.[54][55] Several Welsh clubs play not in the Welsh football league system, but in the English football league system. Currently, one Welsh club, Cardiff City, competes in the Premier League. Another Welsh club, Swansea City, was relegated to the second level, the Football League Championship, at the end of the 2013–14 season. Four other Welsh clubs participate lower down the English football league system: Newport County A.F.C., Wrexham F.C., Colwyn Bay F.C. and Merthyr Town F.C.. Despite competing in Football Association competitions, the latter four are under the jurisdiction of the Football Association of Wales.[56] Until 2011 Swansea City and Cardiff City had similar arrangements with the FAW but are now under the jurisdiction of The Football Association.[57] The most successful Welsh club since the formation of the Welsh Premier League is The New Saints, with 12 league titles after having clinched their seventh straight league crown in 2017–18.[55] Since the 2010–11 season, the Welsh Premier League has featured 12 teams.[58] Relegation to and promotion from lower regional leagues is in part dictated by whether or not clubs can obtain a Premier League licence; only clubs able to obtain a licence are eligible for promotion, and clubs which fail to obtain one are relegated regardless of their final league position.[59]

                    Clubs and locations as of 2018–19 season:

                    Pos Team Pld Pts
                    1 The New Saints 4 9
                    2 Connah's Quay Nomads 4 9
                    3 Newtown 4 7
                    4 Barry Town United 4 7
                    5 Cardiff Metropolitan University 4 6
                    6 Aberystwyth Town 4 6
                    7 Bala Town 4 6
                    8 Caernarfon 4 6
                    9 Carmarthen Town 4 4
                    10 Llandudno 4 2
                    11 Cefn Druids 4 3
                    12 Llanelli Town 4 4
                    Source: ,
                    Notes:

                        See also

                        References

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                        2. 1 2 "Gibraltar named 54th member of UEFA". UEFA. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
                        3. "Liechtenstein making strides". UEFA. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
                        4. "Solid foundations bolster San Marino". UEFA. 21 February 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
                        5. 1 2 3 "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2010/11" (PDF). UEFA. pp. 41–48. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
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                        10. CE Principat have three titles, and were runners-up in the 1993–94 season, meaning that they cannot match Santa Coloma's six confirmed league titles. Kramarsic, Igor (31 May 2012). "Andorra: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
                        11. 1 2 Manaschev, Erlan; Stokkermans, Karel (26 November 2010). "Armenia: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
                        12. "Member associations: Armenia". UEFA. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
                        13. Manaschev, Erlan; Stokkermans, Karel (25 August 2016). "Azerbaijan: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
                        14. "Member associations: Azerbaijan". UEFA. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
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                        17. "Member associations: Belgium". UEFA. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
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