List of surahs in the Quran

The Quran is divided into surahs (chapters) and further divided into ayat (verses). The real translation of the word, ayat, is actually "a sign". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

Each surah, except for At-Tawba is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm ("In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful"), also known as the Basmala.[1] 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear.[2][3]

Note that the names of the surahs do not always reflect the topics discussed in the surah. Many surah names simply come from a unique word found in the surah or from the first words of the surah. The names serve merely as a means to identify which surah is being talked about, but not as an indicator of what topics the surah discusses. For example, the main topic of Surat Ash-Shu'ara ("The Poets") is the stories of prophets that were sent to mankind before Muhammad (specifically in this Surah: Moses, Noah, Hud, Saleh, Lot, and Jethro) and how their message was ultimately the same: to worship One God and be just to people. However, the name "The Poets" comes from the very last few verses of the surah, which mention deviant poets and show how Muhammad is not a poet like some of the Quraysh tried to claim.

It might be important to mention that some modern scientific techniques such as <ref0908!#>Nassourou, Mohamadou (2013) "The Qurʾanic verses : history, computer-supported reconstruction of the order of revelation, examining the concept of abrogation", AVM - Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft, Munich, Germany, ISBN 978-3869244754</ref> have been used to reconstruct the chronology of the Quranic verses.

Table

Surah
# Arabic title(s) Romanized title(s) English title(s) Number of verses Number of Rukūʿs Classification Note on Revelation Location and Period Egyptian Standard Chronological Order[4][5][6] Muqatta'at (isolated letters)[3] Title refers to Topics and Themes Number of Sajdah Number of pages
1 ،الفاتحة

أم الكتاب، أم القرآن، السبع المثاني، الحمد، الشفاء، سورة الصلاة، الأساس

Al-Fatiha

aka: Umm ul-Kitab, Umm ul-Qur'an, As-Sab' ul-Mathani, Al-Hamd, Ash-Shifa', Surat As-Salah, Al-'Asas

The Opening

aka: Mother of the Book, Mother of the Koran, The Oft-Recited Seven, Praise, The Cure, Chapter of the Prayer, The Foundation

7 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)5Whole Surah [7]
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur'an in a condensed form.[7]
  • A prayer to God which encompasses all needs.
0 .5
2 البقرةAl-BaqaraThe Cow286 40Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj87Alif Lam Mimv. 67-73 [7] 0 48
3 آل عمرانAli ImranThe House of Imran200 20Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 89Alif Lam Mimv. 33, 35 [7] 0 27
4 النساءAn-Nisa'Women176 24Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 92Whole Surah [7]
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another (v. 1) [7]
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance) and emphasis on justice[7]
  • Rights of women[7]
  • Peace and war and the hypocrites[7]
  • People of the Book
0 29
5 المائدةAl-Ma'idaThe Table Spread120 16Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 3, revealed at Arafat on Last Hajj112v. 112-114 [7] 0 22
6 الأنعامAl-An'amCattle165 20Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medina55v. 136ff.[7]
  • Oneness and uniqueness of God[7]
  • Refutation of the polytheists
  • Refutation of Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals, then countered with Islamic values [7]
0 23
7 الأعرافAl-A'rafThe Heights206 24Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 163-170, from Medina39Alif Lam Mim Sadv. 46, 48 [7] 1 26
8 الأنفالAl-AnfalSpoils of War75 10Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 30-36 from Mecca88v. 1 [7] 0 10
9 ،التوبة

البراءة

At-Tawba

aka: Al-Bara'a

Repentance

aka: The Absolution

129 16Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except last two verses from Mecca113
  • How and why to fight the unbelievers
  • Criticism of corrupt religious leaders
  • Trials during wartime and the fitna of the hypocrites
  • Who can receive charity
  • Loyalty and obedience to God and his Prophet
0 21
10 يونسYunusJonah109 11Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medina51Alif Lam Rav. 98 [7]
  • Divine origin of the Qur'an and that Muhammad did not fabricate it (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94) [7]
  • Response to challenges made by the Meccan polytheists
  • All creatures will return to God
  • Futility of conjecture (Polytheism is dismissed as conjecture)
  • How different people respond to guidance:
    • Noah's people reject guidance altogether
    • Pharaoh believes when it is too late
    • Jonah's people believed and were saved
0 13
11 هودHudHud123 10Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 12, 17, 114, from Medina52Alif Lam Rav. 50-60
  • Continuation of refutation of the polytheists
  • Stories of past prophets' struggles to comfort and encourage the Prophet and the believers:
0 15
12 يوسفYusufJoseph111 12Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medina53Alif Lam RaWhole Surah
  • The story of Joseph (an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs; a comfort to the Prophet and believers in the Year of Sadness) [7]
0 14
13 الرعدAr-Ra'dThunder43 6Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 96Alif Lam Mim Rav. 13 [7]
  • God's majesty reflected in the natural wonders of creation
  • Revelation and the concequences of accepting or rejecting it [7]
1 6
14 إبراهيمIbrahimAbraham52 7Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 28, 29, from Medina72Alif Lam Rav. 35-41 [7]
  • Revelation to lead mankind from darkness to light[7]
  • Gratitude and ingratitude to God's blessings
  • Patience and trust in God
  • The severity of God's punishments
  • Abraham's prayers
0 7
15 الحجرAl-HijrThe City of Stone or The Rocky Plain99 6Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 87, from Medina54Alif Lam Rav. 80 [7]
  • Inevitability of God's decree
  • Responses to challenges of the polytheists
  • Creation of Adam and Iblis's refusal to bow
  • Angels bring Abraham good news of Isaac and the story of Lot
  • Mention of Midian and Thamud
  • Reminder to the Prophet to have forbearance and resolution
0 5
16 ،النحل

النعم

An-Nahl

aka: An-Ni'em

The Bee

aka: The Blessings

128 16Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except the last three verses from Medina70v. 68-69 [7]
  • The many wonders of creation and God's blessings on man [7]
  • Rejection of polytheism and warnings to the polytheists
  • Importance of uprightness and keeping oaths
1 15
17 ،الإسراء

بني إسراءيل، سبحان

Al-Isra'

aka: Bani Isra'eel, Subhan

The Night Journey

aka: The Children of Israel, Glory

111 12Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medina50v. 1 [7] 1 11
18 الكهفAl-KahfThe Cave110 12Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 28, 83-101, from Medina69v. 13-20 [7]
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:[7]
    • The men of the cave (v. 13-20) [7]
    • The rich man and the poor man (v. 32-44) [7]
    • Moses and the unnamed sage (v. 60-82) [7]
    • The allegory of Dhul-Qarnayn (v. 83-98) [7]
0 11
19 مريمMaryamMary98 6Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 58 and 71, from Medina44Kaf Ha Ya 'Ain Sadv. 16-37 [7] 1 7
20 طهTa-HaTa-Ha135 8Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 130 and 131, from Medina45Ta Ha [notes 1]v. 1 [7]
  • The guidance offered by God through His prophets[7]
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical[7]
    • The story of Moses (v. 9-98) [7]
0 10
21 الأنبياءAl-Anbiya'The Prophets112 7Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 73v. 48-91 [7]
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God[7]
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation[7]
    • Stories of the prophets of old (v. 48-91) [7]
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community (v. 92) [7]
0 10
22 الحجAl-HajjThe Pilgrimage78 10Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 52-55, revealed between Mecca and Medina103v. 25-38 [7]
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it (v. 25-38) [7]
2 10
23 المؤمنونAl-Mu'minoonThe Believers118 6Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 74v. 1 [7]
  • True faith[7]
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him[7]
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power (v. 52-53) [7]
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death[7]
0 8
24 النورAn-NurLight64 9Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 102v. 35 [7]
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women[7]
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ ("Verse of Light"). (v. 35) [7]
0 10
25 الفرقانAl-FurqanThe Criterion77 6Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 68-70, from Medina42v. 1 [7]
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false[7]
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man (v. 20) [7]
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity[7]
1 7
26 الشعراءAsh-Shu'araThe Poets227 11Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 197 and 224-227, from Medina47Ta Sin Mimv. 224 [7]
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message, and worship power and wealth, etc.[7]
0 10
27 النملAn-NamlThe Ants93 7Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)48Ta Sinv. 18 [7] 1 9
28 القصصAl-QasasThe Story88 9Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 52-55 from Medina and 85 from Juhfa at the time of the Hijra49Ta Sin Mimv. 25 [7]
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses[7]
0 11
29 العنكبوتAl-AnkabutThe Spider69 7Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD).

Except 1-11, from Medina

85Alif Lam Mimv. 41 [7]
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth (v. 41) [7]
0 9
30 الرومAr-RumByzantium60 6Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD).

Except 17, from Medina

84Alif Lam Mimv. 1 [7]
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.) (v. 1-7) [7]
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this[7]
0 7
31 لقمانLuqmanLuqman34 4Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 27-29, from Medina57Alif Lam Mimv. 12-19 [7]
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son (v. 12-19) [7]
0 4
32 ،السجدة

المضاجع، الم تنزيل

As-Sajda

aka: Al-Madaji', Alif Lam Meem Tanzeel

Prostration

aka: The Beds, Alif Lam Meem Revelation

30 3Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 16-20, from Medina75Alif Lam Mimv. 15 [7]
  • God's creation[10]
  • God's revelation and man's acceptance or denial[10]
  • The Day of Judgement[10]
1 3
33 الأحزابAl-AhzabThe Confederates73 9Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 90v. 9-27 [7] 0 10
34 سبأSaba'Sheba54 6Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)58v. 15-20 [7]
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man (v. 9) [7]
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory (v. 15-20) [7]
  • Always be conscious of God (v. 46) [7]
0 7
35 ،فاطر

الملائكة

Fatir

aka: Al-Mala'ika

The Originator

aka: Angels

45 5Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)43v. 1 [7]
  • God’s power to create and resurrect[7]
  • God’s revelation of His will through His prophets[7]
0 6
36 يسYa SeenYa Seen83 5Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 45, from Medina41Ya Sin [notes 2]v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.[7]
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.[7]
0 6
37 الصافاتAs-SaffatThose Ranged in Ranks182 5Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)56v. 1 [7]
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.[7]
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.[7]
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148) [7]
0 7
38 ،ص

داوود

Sad

aka: Dawood

Sad

aka: David

88 5Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)38Sadv. 1 [7]
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.[7]
1 5
39 ،الزمر

الغرف

Az-Zumar

aka: Al-Ghuraf

The Crowds

aka: The Dwellings

75 8Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)59v. 71, 73 [7]
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.[7]
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.[7]
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.[7]
0 9
40 ،غافر

المؤمن، الفضل

Ghafir

aka: Al-Mu'min, Al-Fadhl

The Forgiver

aka: The Believer, Bounty

85 9Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 56, 57, from Medina60Ha Mimv. 3 [7]
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.[7]
    • Stories of earlier prophets.[7]
0 10
41 ،فصلت

حم سجدة، المصابيح، الأقوات

Fussilat

aka: Ha Meem Sajda, Al-Masabeeh, Al-Aquat

Expounded

aka: Ha Meem Prostration, Lamps, Means of Sustenance

54 6Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD)61Ha Mimv. 3[7]
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.[7]
1 6
42 ،الشورى

حم عسق

Ash-Shura

aka: Ha Meem 'Ain Seen Coff

Counsel

aka: Ha Meem Ain Seen Coff

53 5Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medina62Ha Mim 'Ain Sin Qafv. 36 [7]
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16) [7]
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15) [7]
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.[7]
0 6
43 الزخرفAz-ZukhrufGold Ornaments89 7Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 54, from Medina63Ha Mimv. 35 [7]
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is spiritually destructive and logically unacceptable.[7]
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23) [7]
0 7
44 الدخانAd-DukhanSmoke59 3Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 64Ha Mimv. 10 [7]
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.[10]
0 3
45 ،الجاثية

الشريعة

Al-Jathiya

aka: Ash-Shari'a

Kneeling

aka: The Clear Path

37 4Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 14, from Medina65Ha Mimv. 28 [7]
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28) [7]
0 4
46 الأحقافAl-AhqafThe Sand Dunes35 4Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD). Except 10, 15, 35, from Medina66Ha Mimv. 21 [7] 0 5
47 ،محمد

القتال

Muhammad

aka: Al-Qital

Muhammad

aka: Fighting

38 4Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD). Except 13, revealed during Muhammad's Hijrah95v. 2 [7]
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.[7]
0 4
48 الفتحAl-FathVictory29 4Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD).Revealed while returning from Hudaybiyya111v. 1 [7] 0 5
49 الحجراتAl-HujuratThe Private Chambers18 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 106v. 4 [7]
  • Social ethics[7]
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.[7]
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13) [7]
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.) [7]
0 3
50 ،ق

الباسقات

Qaf

aka: Al-Basiqat

Qaf

aka: Towering

45 3Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 38, from Medina34Qafv. 1 [7] 0 3
51 الذارياتAdh-DhariyatThe Scattering Winds60 3Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 67v. 1 [7] 0 3
52 الطورAt-TurThe Mountain49 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 76v. 1 [7] 0 3
53 النجمAn-NajmThe Star62 3Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Except 32, from Medina23v. 1 [7]
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18) [7]
1 3
54 ،القمر

اقتربت الساعة

Al-Qamar

aka: Iqtarabat As-Sa'a

The Moon

aka: The Hour Has Drawn Near

55 3Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 44-46, from Medina37v. 1 [7] 0 3
55 الرحمنAr-RahmanThe Compassionate78 3Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 97v. 1 [7] 0 3
56 الواقعةAl-Waqi'aThe Inevitable96 3Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 81 and 82, from Medina46v. 1 [7] 0 3
57 الحديدAl-HadidIron29 4Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 94v. 25 [7] 0 4
58 ،المجادلة

الظهار

Al-Mujadila

aka: Eth-Thihar

She who Disputes

aka: Zihar

22 3Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 105v. 1 [7]
  • Divorce[7]
  • Faith and denial[7]
  • Hypocrisy[7]
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.[7]
0 3
59 ،الحشر

بنو نضير

Al-Hashr

aka: Banu Nadeer

The Gathering

aka: Banu Nadir

24 3Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 101v. 2 [7]
  • The conflict between the Muslim community and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.[7]
0 3.5
60 ،الممتحنة

الامتحان، المودة

Al-Mumtahina

aka: Al-Imtihan, Al-Mawada

She who is Examined

aka: The Examination, Affection

13 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 91v. 10 [7]
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.[7]
0 2.5
61 ،الصف

الحواريون، عيسى

As-Saff

aka: Al-Hawariyoon, Esa

The Ranks

aka: The Apostles, Jesus

14 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 109v. 4 [7]
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.[7]
0 1.5
62 الجمعةAl-Jumu'aThe Congregation11 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 110v. 9-10 [7] 0 1.5
63 المنافقونAl-MunafiqunThe Hypocrites11 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 104Whole Surah [7] 0 1.5
64 التغابنAt-TaghabunMutual Disposession18 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 108v. 9 [7] 0 2
65 ،الطلاق

سورة النساء القصرى

At-Talaq

aka: Surat An-Nisa' Al-Qusra

Divorce

aka: The Shorter Chapter of Women

12 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 99Whole Surah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).[7]
0 2
66 ،التحريم

لما تحرم، المتحرم، سورة النبي

At-Tahrim

aka: Lima Tuharrim, Al-Mutaharrim, Surat An-Nabi

Forbiddance

aka: Why do you Forbid?, The Forbidden, Chapter of the Prophet

12 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 107v. 1 [7]
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.[7]
0 2
67 ،الملك

تبارك، تبارك الذي بيده الملك، المانع، المنجية

Al-Mulk

aka: Tabarak, Tabarak Aladhee Biyedihi Al-Mulk, Al-Mani', Al-Munjiyya

Dominion

aka: Blessed, Blessed is the One who Holds the Dominion, The Shield, The Savior

30 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 77v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.[7]
0 2.5
68 القلمAl-QalamThe Pen52 2Meccan Early Mecca phase (610 - 618 AD). Except 17-33 and 48-50, from Medina2Nunv. 1 [7] 0 2
69 الحاقةAl-HaqqaThe Undeniable Reality52 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 78v. 1 0 2
70 ،المعارج

المواقع، سأل

Al-Ma'arij

aka: Al-Mawaqi', Sa'ala

The Ascending Ways

aka: The Impending Matters, Someone Asked

44 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 79v. 3 [7]
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.[7]
0 2
71 نوحNuhNoah28 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 71Whole Surah
  • The story of Noah.[7]
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.[7]
0 1.5
72 الجنAl-JinnThe Jinn28 2Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)40v. 1 [7] 0 2
73 المزملAl-MuzzammilThe Enwrapped One20 2Meccan Early Mecca phase (610 - 618 AD). Except 10, 11 and 20, from Medina3v. 1 [7] 0 1.5
74 المدثرAl-MuddathirThe Covered One56 2Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)4v. 1 [7]
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur'anic concepts.[7]
0 2
75 ،القيامة

لا أقسم

Al-Qiyama

aka: La Uqsimu

Resurrection

aka: I Swear

40 2Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)31v. 1 [7]
  • The concept of resurrection.[7]
0 1
76 ،الإنسان

هل أتى، الدهر، الأبرار

Al-Insan

aka: Hal Ataa, Ad-Dahr, Al-Abrar

The Human

aka: Hasn't There Come?, Endless Time, The Pious

31 2Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 98v. 1 [7] 0 2
77 المرسلاتAl-MursalatThose Sent Forth50 2Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD). Except 48, from Medina33v. 1 [7]
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur'an.[7]
0 1.5
78 ،النبأ

المعصرات، التساءل

An-Naba'

aka: Al-Mu'sirat, At-Tasa'ul

The Tiding

aka: Rain Clouds, Questioning one Another

40 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 80v. 2 [7]
  • Life after death.[7]
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.[7]
0 1.5
79 ،النازعات

الساهرة، الطامة

An-Nazi'at

aka: Es-Sahira, Et-Tomma

The Snatchers

aka: The Wide Expanse, The Calamity

46 2Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 81v. 1 [7] 0 1.5
80 ،عبس

الصاخة، السفرة

Abasa

aka: As-Saakha, As-Saffara

He Frowned

aka: The Piercing Cry, The Scribes

42 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)24v. 1 [7] 0 1
81 التكويرAt-TakwirThe Enfolding29 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)7v. 1 [7]
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.[7]
0 1
82 الإنفطارAl-InfitarThe Splitting19 1Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 82v. 1 [7] 0 1
83 المطففينAl-MutaffifeenThe Defrauders36 1Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD)86v. 1 [7] 0 1
84 ،الإنشقاق

انشقت

Al-Inshiqaq

aka: Inshaqat

The Bursting Open

aka: Burst Open

25 1Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 83v. 1 [7] 1 1
85 البروجAl-BuroojThe Constellations22 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)27v. 1 [7] 0 1
86 الطارقAt-TariqThe Night Visitant or The Morning Star17 1Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)36v. 1 [7] 0 .5
87 الأعلىAl-A'laThe Highest19 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)8v. 1 [7] 0 .5
88 الغاشيةAl-GhashiyaThe Overwhelming Event26 1Meccan Late Mecca phase (620 - 622 AD) 68v. 1 [7] 0 1
89 الفجرAl-FajrThe Dawn30 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)10v. 1 [7] 0 1
90 البلدAl-BaladThe City20 1Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)35v. 1 [7] 0 .5
91 الشمسAsh-ShamsThe Sun15 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)26v. 1 [7] 0 .5
92 الليلAl-LailThe Night21 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)9v. 1 [7] 0 .5
93 الضحىAd-DhuhaThe Morning Brightness11 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)11v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.[7]
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah's past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
0 .5
94 ،الشرح

الانشراح

Ash-Sharh

aka: El-Inshirah

Expansion

aka: Solace

8 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)12v. 1 0 .5
95 التينAt-TeenThe Fig8 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)28v. 1 [7]
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.[7]
0 .5
96 ،العلق

اقرأ

Al-Alaq

aka: Ikra'

The Blood Clot

aka: Read!

19 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)1v. 2 [7]
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5) [7]
1 .5
97 القدرAl-QadrThe Night of Power5 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)25v. 1 [7] 0 .5
98 ،البينة

لم يكن

Al-Bayyina

aka: Lam Yakun

The Clear Proof

aka: They will Not

8 1Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 100v. 1 [7] 0 .5
99 الزلزلةAz-ZalzalaThe Earthquake8 1Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD) 93v. 1 [7] 0 .5
100 العادياتAl-'AdiyatThe Chargers11 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)14v. 1 [7] 0 .5
101 القارعةAl-Qari'aThe Catastrophe11 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)30v. 1 [7] 0 .5
102 التكاثرAt-TakathurVying for Increase8 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)16v. 1 [7]
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.[7]
0 .5
103 العصرAl-'AsrTime3 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)13v. 1 [7] 0 .33
104 الهمزةAl-HumazaThe Slanderer9 1Meccan Middle Mecca phase (618 - 620 AD)32v. 1 [7] 0 .33
105 الفيلAl-FeelThe Elephant5 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)19v. 1 [7] 0 .33
106 قريشQurayshQuraysh4 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)29v. 1 [7]
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.[10]
0 .33
107 الماعونAl-Ma'oonAssistance7 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Only 1-3 from Mecca; the rest from Medina17v. 7 [7]
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.[10]
0 .33
108 الكوثرAl-KawtharAbundance3 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)15v. 1 [7]
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.[10]
0 .33
109 الكافرونAl-KafiroonDisbelievers6 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)18v. 1 [7]
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.[10]
0 .33
110 النصرAn-NasrHelp3 1Medinan Medina phase (622 - 632 AD).Revealed at Mina on Last Hajj, but regarded as Medinan sura114v. 1 [7]
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.[7]
0 .33
111 ،المسد

اللهب

Al-Masad

aka: Al-Lahab

Palm Fiber

aka: The Flame

5 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)6v. 5 [7] 0 .33
112 ،الإخلاص

المنفرة، النجاة، المعرفة، المذكرة، نور القرآن

Al-Ikhlas

aka: Al-Munaffira, An-Najah, Al-Ma'rifa, Al-Mudhekira, Nur Al-Quran

Sincerity

aka: Casting Away, Deliverance, Recognition, The Reminder, Light of the Quran

4 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)22
  • The oneness of God.[7]
0 .33
113 الفلقAl-FalaqDaybreak5 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)20v. 1 [7]
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.[10]
0 .33
114 الناسAn-NasMankind6 1Meccan Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)21v. 1 [7]
  • Trust in God's protection from temptations.[10]
0 .33

See also

Notes

  1. 'Ta Ha' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O man'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.
  2. 'Ya Sin' has also been interpreted as the invocation 'O thou human being'. In this case, it is not counted as a Muqatta'at. Asad 1980, Footnote to the verse.

Citations

  1. Asad 1980, Introduction to Sura 1.
  2. https://www.scribd.com/doc/296556298/Who-Rearranged-the-Quran)
  3. 1 2 Asad 1980, Appendix II.
  4. Robinson, Neal (2003). Discovering the Qurʼan: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text (PDF). Georgetown University Press. pp. 25–97. ISBN 1589010248.
  5. Qran.org: Quran Verses in Chronological Order
  6. Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs, by Kevin P. Edgecomb (2002).
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 Asad 1980, Introduction to the Sura.
  8. Peters, F.E. (1993). A Reader on Classical Islam. New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 176–177. ISBN 9781400821181.
  9. Gwynne, Rosalind Ward (2014). Logic, Rhetoric and Legal Reasoning in the Qur'an: God's Arguments. Routledge Studies in the Qur'an. Routledge, UK. ISBN 1134345003. pp. 1-2.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1934). The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary. Introduction to the Sura.
  11. Asad 1980, Footnote(s) to the verse(s).

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.