List of state and union territory capitals in India

India is a country located in southern Asia. With over 1.3 billion people, India is the most populous democracy in the world. It is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 29 states and 7 union territories.[1] All states, as well as the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the centre through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis.[2] Since then, their structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts..

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to no legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located, the legislative capital is where the state assembly convenes, and the judicial capital is the location of the state or territorial High Courts. Union territories are marked with a dagger ().

List

No. State or
union territory
Administrative capitals Legislative capitals Judiciary capitals Year capital was established The Former capital
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Port Blair Kolkata 1955 Calcutta (1945–1955)
2 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (de jure to 2024)
Amaravati (de facto from 2017)[3] [4] [lower-alpha 1]
Amaravati [3] Hyderabad 1956
2017
Kurnool (1953-1956)
3 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1986
4 Assam Dispur Guwahati Guwahati 1975 Shillong[lower-alpha 2] (1874–1952)
5 Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1912
6 Chandigarh Chandigarh[lower-alpha 3]   Chandigarh 1966  
7 Chhattisgarh Naya Raipur[lower-alpha 4] Raipur Bilaspur 2000  
8 Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa   Mumbai 1945 Mumbai (1954–1961)
Panaji (1961–1987)
9 Daman and Diu Daman   Mumbai 1987 Ahmedabad (1961–1963)
Panaji (1963–1987)
10 National Capital Territory of Delhi New Delhi New Delhi New Delhi 1931  
11 Goa Panaji[lower-alpha 5] Porvorim Mumbai 1961 Panaji (1961–1987)
12 Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1960 Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
13 Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  
14 Himachal Pradesh Shimla

Dharamshala (W/2nd)[8]

Shimla (Summer)

Dharamsala(Winter)

Shimla  1971

2017

Bilaspur (1950–1956)
15 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
1947  
16 Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000
17 Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1940 (Mysore)
18 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1956
19 Lakshadweep Kavaratti Kavaratti Kochi 1956
20 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur[lower-alpha 6] (1861–1956)
21 Maharashtra Mumbai[lower-alpha 7]
Nagpur (W/2nd)[lower-alpha 8]
Mumbai (S+B)
Nagpur (W)[lower-alpha 9]
Mumbai 1818
1960
 
22 Manipur Imphal Imphal Imphal 1947  
23 Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Shillong 1970  
24 Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972  
25 Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963  
26 Odisha Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack (1936–1948)
27 Puducherry Puducherry Puducherry Chennai 1954 Madras (1948–1954)
28 Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh l 1966
29 Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1950  
30 Sikkim Gangtok[lower-alpha 10] Gangtok Gangtok 1890  
31 Tamil Nadu Chennai[lower-alpha 11] Chennai Chennai 1956  
32 Telangana Hyderabad[lower-alpha 12] Hyderabad Hyderabad 2014  
33 Tripura Agartala Agartala Agartala 1956  
34 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1938  
35 Uttarakhand Dehradun[lower-alpha 13] Dehradun Nainital 2000  
36 West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1947  

Explanatory notes

  1. After the formation of Telangana, as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, both states will share Hyderabad as their common capital for up to ten years. The new capital of Andhra Pradesh is going to be Amaravati, decided by the Andhra Pradesh government in April, 2016.
  2. Shilong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1971.[5]
  3. Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.[6]
  4. Raipur is the interim capital of Chhattisgarh. The town of Naya Raipur 17 km from Raipur is envisaged as the state's new capital.
  5. Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.[7]
  6. Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950.[9] Central Province became the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950.[9] Nagpur remained the capital of the new state.[10] In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State. Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.[11]
  7. Mumbai / Bombay was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  8. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.[11] Although an official notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.
  9. Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. The winter session is held in Nagpur.[12]
  10. Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.[13]
  11. Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.
  12. After the formation of Telangana, as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, both states will share Hyderabad as their common capital for ten years. The new Andhra Pradesh Capital City capital is going to be Amaravati, decided by the Andhra Pradesh government in April, 2016.
  13. Dehradun is the interim capital of Uttarakhand. The town of Gairsain is envisaged as the state's new capital.[14]

Citations

References

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