List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean

This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean region.

The Caribbean region can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west.This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west.

Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]

Sovereign states

Most sovereign states in the Caribbean (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among member states.

Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the Caribbean.

  Member of the Caribbean Community only
Name (official name)FlagCapitalCurrency[2]Official languagesArea (km2)Population[3] (2016)GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)
Antigua and Barbuda[4]St. John'sEast Caribbean dollarEnglish440100,96318,400
The Bahamas (The Commonwealth of The Bahamas)[5] NassauBahamian dollarEnglish13,878391,23232,000
Barbados[6]BridgetownBarbadian dollarEnglish431284,99625,100
Belize[7]BelmopanBelizean dollarEnglish22,966366,9548,800
Costa Rica[8] (Republic of Costa Rica)San JoséCosta Rican colónSpanish51,1004,857,27412,900
Colombia[9] (Republic of Colombia)BogotáColombian pesoSpanish1,138,91048,653,41911,100
Cuba[10] (Republic of Cuba) HavanaCuban pesoSpanish109,88611,475,98210,200
Dominica (Commonwealth of Dominica)[11]RoseauEast Caribbean dollarEnglish75473,54314,300
Dominican Republic[12]Santo DomingoDominican pesoSpanish48,44210,648,7919,700
Grenada[13]St. George'sEast Caribbean dollarEnglish344107,31713,800
Guatemala[14] (Republic of Guatemala)Guatemala CityGuatemalan quetzalSpanish108,89016,582,4695,300
Guyana[15] (Co-operative Republic of Guyana)GeorgetownGuyanese dollarEnglish214,970773,3038,500
Haiti[16] (Republic of Haiti)Port-au-PrinceHaitian gourdeFrench, Creole27,75010,847,3341,300
Honduras[17] (Republic of Honduras)TegucigalpaHonduran lempiraSpanish112,4929,112,8674,800
Jamaica[18]KingstonJamaican dollarEnglish 10,9912,881,3559,000
Nicaragua[19] (Republic of Nicaragua)ManaguaNicaraguan córdobaSpanish130,3736,149,9284,500
Panama[20] (Republic of Panama)Panama CityPanamanian balboa, United States dollarSpanish75,5174,034,11916,500
Saint Kitts and Nevis (Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis)[21]Basseterre
East Caribbean dollarEnglish26154,82116,300
Saint Lucia[22]CastriesEast Caribbean dollarEnglish616178,01513,100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[23]KingstownEast Caribbean dollarEnglish389109,64312,100
Suriname (Republic of Suriname)[24]ParamariboSurinamese dollarDutch163,821558,36812,900
Trinidad and Tobago [25] (Republic of Trinidad and Tobago)Port of SpainTrinidad and Tobago dollarEnglish5,1311,364,96220,300
Venezuela[26] (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)CaracasVenezuelan bolívarSpanish916,44531,568,17913,600

Dependent territories

Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively.

NameCountryFlagCapitalCurrencyOfficial languagesArea (km2)Population[3] (2016)GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)
Anguilla[27]United KingdomThe ValleyEast Caribbean dollarEnglish9114,76412,200
Aruba[28]NetherlandsOranjestadAruban FlorinDutch180104,82225,300 (2011 est)
British Virgin Islands[29]United KingdomRoad TownUnited States dollarEnglish15330,66142,300
Cayman Islands[30]United KingdomGeorge TownCayman Islands dollarEnglish26460,76543,800
Curaçao[31]NetherlandsWillemstadNetherlands Antillean guilderDutch444159,37115,000 (est)
Montserrat[32]United KingdomPlymouth (de jure)
Brades (de facto)
East Caribbean dollarEnglish1025,1528,500
Puerto Rico[33]United StatesSan JuanUnited States dollarSpanish, English9,1043,667,90327,384
Saint Barthélemy[34]FranceGustaviaEuroFrench227,26737,000
Collectivity of Saint Martin[35]FranceMarigotEuroFrench5431,53019,300
Sint Maarten[36]NetherlandsPhilipsburgNetherlands Antillean guilderDutch, English3439,53715,400
Turks and Caicos Islands[37]United KingdomCockburn TownUnited States dollarEnglish61634,90029,100
United States Virgin Islands[38]United StatesCharlotte AmalieUnited States dollarEnglish346104,91314,500

The phrase "Caribbean countries"

Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings:[39] Such as these images show below

See also


  1. [Amerindians to Africans, (page one) published by Macmillan Caribbean] Archived April 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. "List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217". countries-of Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  3. 1 2 "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. Cia account on Antigua and Barbuda
  5. Cia account on the Bahamas
  6. Cia account on Barbados
  7. Cia account on Belize
  8. CIA account of Costa Rica
  9. CIA account on Colombia
  10. Cia account on Cuba
  11. Cia account on Dominica
  12. Cia account of the Dominican Republic
  13. "Central America and Caribbean: Grenada". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  14. CIA account on Guatemala
  15. Cia account on Guyana
  17. CIA account on Honduras
  18. CIA account on Jamaica
  19. Nicaragua
  20. CIA account on Panama
  21. Cia account on Saint Kitts and Nevis
  22. Cia account on Saint Lucia
  23. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  24. CIA account on Suriname
  25. CIA account of Trinidad and Tobago
  26. CIA account on Venezuela
  27. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  28. "Aruba". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  29. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  30. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  31. "Curacao". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  32. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  33. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  34. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  35. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  36. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  37. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  38. (Central Intelligence Agency)
  39. (the meaning of the word "Caribbean")
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