List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America

This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America. This list uses the most inclusive definition of North America, which covers the landmass north of the Panama-Colombia border, and the islands of the Caribbean. North America is the northern continent of the Americas,[1] situated in Earth's Northern Hemisphere and almost totally in the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast.

Sovereign states

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency
Antigua and Barbuda[n 1] Antigua and Barbuda English: Antigua and Barbuda St. John's East Caribbean dollar
The Bahamas[n 1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas English: Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar
Barbados[n 1] Barbados English: Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar
Belize[n 1][n 2] Belize English: Belize Belmopan Belize dollar
Canada[n 3] Canada English: Canada

French: Canada
Ottawa Canadian dollar
Costa Rica[n 2] Republic of Costa Rica Spanish: Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón
Cuba Republic of Cuba Spanish: Cuba Havana Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso
Dominica[n 1] Commonwealth of Dominica English: Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar
Dominican Republic[n 2] Dominican Republic English: Dominican Republic

Spanish: República Dominicana
Santo Domingo Dominican Peso
El Salvador[n 2] Republic of El Salvador English: El Salvador

Spanish: El Salvador
San Salvador United States dollar
Grenada[n 1] Grenada English: Grenada St. George's East Caribbean dollar
Guatemala[n 2] Republic of Guatemala Spanish: Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal
Haiti[n 1] Republic of Haiti French: Haïti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde
Honduras[n 2] Republic of Honduras Spanish: Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira
Jamaica[n 1] Jamaica English: Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar
Mexico[n 3] United Mexican States Spanish: México Mexico City Mexican Peso
Nicaragua[n 2] Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan córdoba
Panama[n 2] Republic of Panama English: Panama

Spanish: Panamá
Panama City Panamanian balboa, United States dollar
Saint Kitts and Nevis[n 1] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
or
Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
English: Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar
Saint Lucia[n 1] Saint Lucia English: Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[n 1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar
Trinidad and Tobago[n 1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago English: Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar
United States[n 3] United States of America English: United States Washington, D.C. United States dollar

Non-sovereign territories

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states, but are not part of the sovereign states listed above. This includes dependent territories and integral areas of a primarily non-North American state.

Dependent territories

Dependencies that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency Legal status
Anguilla Anguilla English: Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory
Bajo Nuevo Bank[n 4] Bajo Nuevo Bank Spanish: Bajo Nuevo N/A N/A Unincorporated unorganized territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations.
Bermuda Bermuda Islands English: Bermuda

Portuguese: Bermudas
Hamilton Bermudian dollar British Overseas Territory
British Virgin Islands Virgin Islands English: Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands English: Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar British Overseas Territory
Montserrat[n 1] Montserrat English: Montserrat Plymouth (official)
Brades (seat of government)
East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory
Navassa Island[n 5] Navassa Island English: Navassa Island Lulu Town United States dollar Unincorporated unorganized territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by Haiti
Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Spanish: Puerto Rico

English: Puerto Rico
San Juan United States dollar Unincorporated territory and Commonwealth of the United States
Serranilla Bank[n 4] Serranilla Bank Spanish: Bajo Serranilla N/A N/A Unincorporated unorganized territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands English: Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands English: United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar Unincorporated organized territory of the United States

Other areas

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency Legal status
Aruba Aruba Dutch: Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Bonaire[n 6] Bonaire Dutch: Bonaire

Papiamento: Boneiru
Kralendijk United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Clipperton Island Clipperton Island French: Île de la Passion N/A Euro Overseas minor territory of France
Curaçao Curaçao Dutch: Land Curaçao

Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou
Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Gran Roque Bolivar fuerte
Petro
Nueva Esparta Nueva Esparta Spanish: Estado Nueva Esparta La Asunción Bolivar fuerte
Petro
State of Venezuela
Greenland Greenland Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat

Danish: Grønland
Nuuk Danish krone Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Guadeloupe[n 7] Guadeloupe French: Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro Department and region of France
Martinique[n 7] Martinique French: Martinique Fort-de-France Euro Department and region of France
Saba[n 6] Saba Dutch: Saba

English: Saba
The Bottom United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy French: Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia Euro French overseas collectivity
Saint-Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin French: Saint-Martin Marigot Euro French overseas collectivity
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint-Pierre Euro French overseas collectivity
San Andrés and Providencia[n 8] Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés Colombian peso Department of Colombia
Sint Eustatius[n 6] Sint Eustatius Dutch: Sint Eustatius

English: Statia
Oranjestad United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. 1 2 3 Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. 1 2 Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombia administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés department. They are also claimed by Nicaragua, and in part by Jamaica and Honduras.
  5. Claimed by Haiti.
  6. 1 2 3 Part of the Netherlands.
  7. 1 2 Part of France.
  8. Part of Colombia.

References

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