List of slave owners
This list includes notable individuals for which there is a consensus of evidence of slave ownership.
- William Aiken (1779–1831), founder and president of the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company
- William Aiken Jr. (1806–1887), the 61st governor of South Carolina who also served in the state legislature and the U. S. Congress
- Gnaeus Julius Agricola (40 AD–93 AD), Roman general
- Aleijadinho (1730/1738–1814)
- Atahualpa, Inca (1502–1533)
- David Rice Atchison (1807-1883), American politician, known for potentially being Acting President of the United States on March 4, 1849
- Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (1971–), Self-proclaimed Caliph of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1475–1519), Latin American explorer
- Hayreddin Barbarossa (1478–1546)
- Robert Ruffin Barrow (1798-1875) American Plantation Owner who owned more than 450 slaves and a dozen plantations
- Judah P. Benjamin (1811–1884), Secretary of State for the Confederate States of America and U.S. senator from Louisiana
- Thomas H. Benton (1782–1858), American senator from Missouri
- John M. Berrien (1781–1856), U.S. senator from Georgia
- William Wyatt Bibb (1781–1821), U.S. senator, U.S. congressman, and 1st Governor of Alabama
- James Blair (c.1788–1841), British MP who owned sugar plantations in Demerara
- Simon Bolivar (1783–1830), Latin American independence leader
- Shadrach Bond (1773-1832), 1st Governor of Illinois
- John C. Breckinridge (1821–1875), Vice President of the U.S. and Secretary of War (Confederate States of America)
- Brennus (4th century BC)
- Preston Brooks (1819–1857), veteran of the Mexican–American War and U.S. congressman from South Carolina
- James Brown (1766–1835), U.S. Minister to France, U.S. senator, and sugar cane planter; some of his slaves were involved in the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Chang and Eng Bunker (1811–1874)
- Pierce Butler (1744–1822)
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- Augustus Caesar (63 BC–14 AD), Roman emperor
- Julius Caesar (100 BC–44 BC), Roman dictator
- John C. Calhoun (1782–1850), 7th Vice President of the U.S.
- Meredith Calhoun (1805–1869), enslaver and a newspaper editor in Grant Parish, Louisiana
- Caligula (12 AD–41 AD), Roman emperor
- Carlos Manuel de Cespedes (1819–1874), hero of Cuban independence
- Landon Carter (1710–1778), Virginia planter
- Girolamo Cassar (c. 1520 – c. 1592), Maltese architect who owned at least two slaves
- Cato the elder (234 BC–149 BC), Roman statesman
- Auguste Chouteau (1749/1750–1829), 18th-century co-founder of the city of St. Louis
- Pierre Chouteau (1758–1849), half-brother of Auguste Chouteau & defendant in a freedom suit by Marguerite Scypion
- Cicero (106 BC–43 BC), Roman statesman and philosopher
- Daniel Clark (1766–1813) (Louisiana politician, 1766–1813)
- William Clark (1770–1838), explorer, American territorial governor
- Claudius (10 BC–54 AD), Roman emperor
- Henry Clay (1777–1852), United States Secretary of State and Speaker of the House
- Howell Cobb (1815–1868), U.S. congressman, U.S. Secretary of Treasury, President of the Confederates States Congress, 19th Speaker of the House, 40th Governor of Georgia
- Edward Coles (1786-1868), 2nd Governor of Illinois
- Alfred H. Colquitt (1824–1894), U.S. congressman, U.S. senator, 49th Governor of Georgia, and Confederate Major General
- Christopher Columbus (1451–1506)
- Philip Cook (1817-1894), U.S. congressman and Confederate States of America general
- Samuel Cooper (1798-1876), United States Army staff officer and Confederate general
- Hernán Cortés (1485–1547)
- George W. Crawford (1798–1872), 21st U.S. Secretary of War, 38th Governor of Georgia, and U.S. congressman
- David - (c. 1000 BC), ancient king of Israel
- Jefferson Davis (1808–1889), President of the Confederate States of America
- Joseph Davis (1784–1870), eldest brother of Jefferson Davis and one of the wealthiest antebellum planters in Mississippi
- Demosthenes (384 BC–322 BC)
- Jean Noel Destréhan (1754–1823), at whose plantation one of the tribunals was held following the 1811 German Coast Uprising; briefly served as U.S. senator
- Henry Dodge (1782–1867), 1st and 4th Governor of Wisconsin Territory
- Stephen A. Douglas (1813–1861), U.S. Senator from Illinois and 1860 U.S. Democratic presidential candidate
- Stephen Duncan (1787–1867), doctor from Pennsylvania who became the wealthiest Southern cotton planter before the American Civil War, with 14 plantations; a founder of the Mississippi Colonization Society, modeled on the American Colonization Society
- Peter Early (1773–1818), U.S. congressman and 28th Governor of Georgia
- Ninian Edwards (1775-1833), Governor of Illinois Territory and 3rd Governor of Illinois
- William Ellison (1790–1861), an American slave, then a slave owner.
- Edwin Epps, owner of Solomon Northup, author ofTwelve Years a Slave, for 10 years
- Rebecca L. Felton (1835–1930), first female U.S. senator and oldest senator to be sworn in (age 87, served one day in 1922)
- Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), American statesman and philosopher
- Nathan B. Forrest (1821–1877), Confederate general
- John Forsyth (1780–1841), U.S. congressman, U.S. senator, 13th U.S. Secretary of State, involved with the United States v. The Amistad, and 33rd Governor of Georgia
- Horatio Gates (1727-1806), American general during the American Revolutionary War
- Edward James Gay (1816–1889), U.S. Congressional representative from Louisiana
- Ghezo, King of the Dahomey, in present-day Benin, from 1818 until 1858
- Sir John Gladstone (1764–1851), British politician
- Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885), 18th President of the U.S.
- Hadrian (76 AD–138 AD), Roman emperor
- Alexander Hamilton (1755 or 1757–1804), 1st U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Senior Officer of the Continental Army, N.Y. delegate to the United States in General Congress Assembled
- James H. Hammond (1807–1864), U.S. senator, state governor
- Wade Hampton I (c. 1752 – 1835), American general, congressman, and planter
- Wade Hampton II (1791–1858), American soldier and planter, with land holdings in three states
- Wade Hampton III (1818–1902), U.S. senator, state governor, Confederate major general, and planter
- John Hancock (1737–1793), American statesman
- Hannibal (247 BC–183/181 BC)
- Christopher Helme (1603–1650)
- Patrick Henry (1736–1799), American statesman and orator
- Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746–1809), S.C. circuit court judge, planter, and signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence
- Arthur William Hodge (1763–1811), British Virgin Islands planter executed for the murder of a slave
- Thomas C. Hindman (1828–1868), American politician, Confederate general, and planter
- Horace (65 BC–8 BC), Roman poet
- Sam Houston (1793–1863), 7th Governor of Texas, U.S. senator, President of the Republic of Texas, 6th Governor of Tennessee
- Hjörleifr Hróðmarsson (an early settler in Iceland)
- Eppa Hunton, U.S. senator from Virginia, Confederate officer
- Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th President of the U.S.
- William James (1791–1861), English Radical politician
- John Jay (1745–1829), 1st Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd President of the U.S.
- Andrew Johnson (1808–1875), 17th President of the U.S.
- Anthony Johnson, black slaveholder in colonial Virginia
- Richard Mentor Johnson (1780–1850), 9th Vice President of the U.S.
- Robert W. Johnson (1814–1879), American politician
- Henry Laurens (1724–1792), 5th President of the Continental Congress
- Fenda Lawrence, 18th-century African slave trader
- Delphine LaLaurie (c. 1780–1849), alleged serial killer
- John Lamont (1782–1850), Scottish emigrant, sugar planter in Trinidad
- Richard Bland Lee (1761–1827), American politician
- Domitia Lepida, female of the Roman imperial dynasty
- Edward Long (1734–1813) English colonial administator and slave owner and planter in Jamaica
- William Lowndes (1782–1822), American politician
- Majid bin Said of Zanzibar (1837–1870)
- Thuwaini bin Said, Sultan of Muscat and Oman (1821–1866)
- James Madison (1751–1836), 4th President of the U.S.
- Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521), Portuguese navigator
- William Mahone (1826–1895), Confederate general and U.S. senator from Virginia
- John Lawrence Manning (1816–1889), 65th Governor of South Carolina
- John Marshall (1755-1835), 4th Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Yaqub al-Mansur (1160–1199)
- George Mason (1725–1792), Virginia planter, politician, and a Delegate to the US Constitutional Convention of 1787
- Henry Middleton (1717-1784), 2nd President of the Continental Congress
- John Milledge (1757–1818), U.S. congressman, U.S. senator, and 26th Governor of Georgia
- Robert Milligan, (1746–1809) Scottish merchant and ship-owner
- James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th President of the U.S.
- Montezuma II (c. 1480–1520), last Aztec emperor of Mexico
- Frank A. Montgomery (1830–1903), American politician and Confederate cavalry officer
- Jackson Morton (1794–1874), American politician
- Muhammad (570 AD–632 AD), last prophet in Islam
- Hercules Mulligan (1740–1825), tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War
- Richard Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn (1737–1808)
- John J. Pettus (1813–1867), 20th and 23rd Governor of Mississippi
- Philemon - (? - 68), bishop of Gaza, one of the Seventy Disciples
- Philip III of Macedon (359 BC–317 BC), king of Macedonia
- Vedius Pollio
- James K. Polk (1795–1849), 11th President of the U.S.
- Leonidas Polk (1806–1864), planter, Episcopal bishop, and Confederate general
- Pompey (106 BC–48 BC)
- Ptolemy I of Egypt
- Ptolemy II of Egypt (309 BC–246 BC)
- Ptolemy III of Egypt
- Ptolemy IV of Egypt
- Ptolemy V of Egypt
- Ptolemy VI of Egypt (185 BC–145 BC)
- Ptolemy VII of Egypt
- Ptolemy VIII of Egypt (182 BC–116 BC)
- Ptolemy IX of Egypt (143/142 BC–81 BC)
- Ptolemy X of Egypt (117 BC–51 BC)
- Ptolemy XI of Egypt
- Ptolemy XII of Egypt
- Ptolemy XIII of Egypt (62/61 BC–47 BC)
- Ptolemy XIV of Egypt (60/59 BC–44 BC)
- Ptolemy of Mauretania (13-9 BC–40 AD)
- J. G. M. Ramsey (1797–1884) American historian, physician, planter, and businessman
- Edmund Randolph (1753–1813), American statesman
- John Randolph (1773–1833), American statesman
- Stedman Rawlins (c. 1784 – 1830), English Governor of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts) and plantation owner
- John Reynolds (1788-1865), 4th Governor of Illinois
- William K. Sebastian (1812–1865), American politician
- Ismail Ibn Sharif (1632–1727)
- Solomon (990 BC-931 BC), king of ancient Israel
- D. H. Starbuck (1818–1887), North Carolina lawyer and political figure who served as United States Attorney for the entire state, and then for the Western District of North Carolina after the state was divided into two districts, delegate from Forsyth County to the state constitutional conventions of 1861 and 1865, and elected state superior court judge.
- Peter Burwell Starke (1813–1888), politician and Confederate general
- Alexander H. Stephens (1812–1883), Vice President of the Confederate States of America
- Sulla (138 BC–78 BC), Roman Consul and Dictator
- Mary Surratt (1823-1865), alleged conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the first woman executed by the U.S. federal government
- Clemente Tabone (c. 1575–1665), Maltese landowner who owned at least two slaves
- Lawrence Taliaferro (1794–1871), played a role in the Dred Scott decision in the United States
- Roger Taney (1777–1864), 5th Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Zachary Taylor (1784–1850), 12th President of the U.S.
- Edward Telfair (1735–1807), 19th Governor of Georgia
- Tewodros I, Emperor of Abyssinia
- George Henry Thomas, Union General in the American Civil War, roommate of General Sherman at West Point.
- Madam Tinubu (1810–1887)
- Tippu Tip (1832–1905)
- Tiradentes (1746–1792)
- Alex Tizon (1959–2017)
- Robert Toombs (1810–1885), U.S. congressman, U.S. senator, 1st Confederate States of America Secretary of State, and Brigadier general in the Confederate States of America Army
- George Trenholm (1807–1876), American financier
- George Troup (1780–1856), U.S. congressman, U.S. senator, and 32nd Governor of Georgia
- Homaidan Al-Turki
- John Tyler (1790–1862), 10th President of the U.S.
- George Walton (1749–1804), Governor of Georgia, U.S. senator, and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence from Georgia (Citation Needed)
- Joshua John Ward (1800–1853), Lt. Governor of South Carolina and "the king of the rice planters"; in 1860 his estate was the largest slave holder in the United States (1,130 slaves).
- George Washington (1732–1799), 1st President of the U.S.
- Martha Washington (1731–1802), 1st U.S. First Lady
- James Moore Wayne (1790–1867), U.S. congressman and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Thomas H. Watts (1819–1892), 18th Governor of Alabama
- John Wedderburn of Ballendean (1729–1803), known for being the defendant in a Freedom suit brought by Joseph Knight
- John H. Wheeler (1806–1882), U.S. Cabinet official and North Carolina planter, known for two female slaves who escaped his domain: Jane Johnson and Hannah Bond
- George Whitefield (1714–1770), English Methodist preacher
- John Winthrop (1587/88–1649), one of the leading figures in founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and 3rd governor of Massachusetts.
- JSTOR: The American Historical Review, JSTOR 1842457
- Rafferty, Milton D (1980), The Ozarks: Land and Life, ISBN 9781610753029, retrieved 13 January 2013
- "James Blair: Profile & Legacies Summary". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History 2014. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "Butler Family". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- Mangion, Giovanni (1973). "Girolamo Cassar Architetto maltese del cinquecento" (PDF). Melita Historica (in Italian). Malta Historical Society. 6 (2): 192–200. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2016.
- "Lewis and Clark . Inside the Corps . The Corps . York". PBS.
- "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places". Smithsonian.
- Hamilton, Allan McLane (1910). "Friends and Enemies". The Intimate Life of Alexander Hamilton: Based Chiefly Upon Original Family Letters and Other Documents, Many of Which Have Never Been Published. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 268.
It has been stated that Hamilton never owned a negro slave, but this is untrue. We find that in his books there are entries showing that he purchased them for himself and for others.External link in
- Dorsey, J. (10 April 1783). "Several". The Maryland Gazette. Annapolis, MD: F. and S. Green. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
On the day of ſale, at the ſame time and place, and on the ſame terms, will be ſold, a number of valuable ſlaves; conſiſting of men, women, and children; late the property of Alexander Hamilton. By order, J. DORSEY, clk.
- Hamilton, Alexander (1784). Syrett, Harold C., ed. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. 3. New York: Columbia University Press (published 1962). pp. 6–67.. Made available online as "Cash Book, [1 March 1782–1791]". archives.gov. Founders Online. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
To a negro wench Peggy sold him
- Nau, Henry R. (2002). "National Identity: Consequences for Foreign Policy". At Home Abroad: Identity and Power in American Foreign Policy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. p. 62. ISBN 0801439310. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Jefferson and other founders—George Washington, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton—owned slaves
- Matthewson, Tim (2003). "Introduction". A Proslavery Foreign Policy: Haitian–American Relations during the Early Republic. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 0-275-98002-2. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Though Hamilton was a slaveholder, he was a member of the New York Manumission Society
- "William James MP: Profile & Legacies Summary". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History 2014. 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
- Montgomery, Frank A. (1901). Reminiscences of a Mississippian in Peace and War. Cincinnati: The Robert Clark Company Press. p. 6. LCCN 01023742. OCLC 1470413. OL 6909271M.
- Bugeja, Anton (2014). "Clemente Tabone: The man, his family and the early years of St Clement's Chapel" (PDF): 42–57. Archived from the original on 20 June 2018.