List of premiers of the Republic of China

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This is a list of the Premiers of the Republic of China since 1912. The Republic of China before 1949 controlled mainland China as well as offshore islands. The Republic of China since 1949 has only controlled Taiwan and nearby islands. This current Republic of China is usually known as Taiwan. In the country's history, official title of the head of government has changed by time.

YearChineseMandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Hakka
Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
1912–1914, 1916–1928國務總理Guówù ZŏnglĭKok-bū Chóng-líKoet-vu Chúng-lî
1914–1916政事堂國務卿Zhèngshìtáng GuówùqīngChèng-sū-tông Kok-bū-khingChṳn-sṳ-thòng Koet-vu-khîn
1928–present行政院院長Xíngzhèng Yuàn YuànzhǎngHêng-chèng Īⁿ Īⁿ-tiúⁿHàng-chṳn Yen Yen-tshòng

Premiers also known as Presidents of Executive Yuan are appointed by Presidents in the Republic of China, but some premiers were even more powerful than the presidents, during the early age of the Republic of China. Some presidents were even expelled by the premiers they appointed. The title of premier in China had been changed several times, so this list is divided into several sections.

  • Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (term number) and the second column counts individuals.

List

  Non-partisan   Beiyang clique, etc.   Progressive   Kuomintang (Nationalist)   Democratic Progressive

Premiers of Cabinet of the Republic of China

  • Period: 13 March 1912 – 1 May 1914

According to the Provisional Constitution of Republic of China, which passed in 1912, the leader of the majority party or the majority coalition should be appointed premier by the president.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
1 Tang Shaoyi
唐紹儀
Táng Shàoyí
(1862–1938)
13 March 191227 June 1912106 Beiyang clique Sun Yat-sen, Yuan Shikai
2 Lou Tseng-tsiang
(Pierre-Célestin Lou)

陸徵祥
Lù Zhēngxiáng
(1871–1949)
29 June 191222 September 191256 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
3 Zhao Bingjun
趙秉鈞
Zhào Bǐngjūn
(1859–1914)
25 September 19121 May 1913252 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
1 May 191331 July 191391 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
4 Xiong Xiling
熊希龄
Xióng Xīlíng
(1870–1937)
31 July 191312 February 1914196 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
Sūn Bǎoqí
(1867–1931)
12 February 19141 May 191478 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai

Secretaries of State of the Empire of China

  • Period: 22 December 1915 – 22 March 1916
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party Emperor
(2) Lou Tseng-tsiang
(Pierre-Célestin Lou)

陸徵祥
Lù Zhēngxiáng
(1871–1949)
22 December 191522 March 191691 Non-partisan Hongxian (Yuan Shikai)

Secretaries of State of the Republic of China

  • Period: 1 May 1914 – 22 December 1915; 22 March 1916 – 29 June 1916
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
5 Xu Shichang
徐世昌
Xú Shìchāng
(1855–1939)
1 May 191422 December 1915600 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
22 March 191623 April 191632
6 Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
23 April 191629 June 191667 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai, Li Yuanhong

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 29 June 1916 – 1 July 1917
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
29 June 191623 May 1917328 Progressive Li Yuanhong
Wu Tingfang
伍廷芳
Wu Tíngfāng
(1842–1922)
23 May 191728 May 19175 Progressive Li Yuanhong
7 Li Jingxi
李經羲
Li Jīngxī
(1859–1925)
28 May 19171 July 191734 Progressive Li Yuanhong

Prime Minister of Restored Qing Imperial Government

  • Period: 1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917

A coup d'état in order to restore the Qing monarchy occurred on 1 July 1917. The leader of the coup, Zhang Xun, was immediately rewarded the premiership by Emperor Puyi. But Chang was defeated by Duan Qirui on 12 July and the Republic of China restored.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party Emperor
Zhang Xun
張勳
Zhāng Xūn
(1854–1923)
1 July 191712 July 191716 Non-partisan Xuantong (Puyi)

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 14 July 1917 – 24 November 1924
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
14 July 191722 November 1917128 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Wang Daxie
汪大燮
Wāng Dàxiè
(1860–1929)
22 November 191730 November 19178 Zhili clique Feng Guozhang
Wang Shizhen
王士珍
Wáng Shìzhēn
(1861–1930)
30 November 191720 February 191882 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Qian Nengxun
錢能訓
Qián Néngxun
(1869–1924)
20 February 191823 March 191831 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
23 March 191810 October 1918201 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Qian Nengxun
錢能訓
Qián Néngxun
(1869–1924)
10 October 191813 June 1919246 Anhui clique Xu Shichang
Gong Xinzhan
龔心湛
Gōng Xīnzhàn
(1871–1943)
13 June 191924 September 1919103 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
8 Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
Jìn Yúnpéng
(1877–1951)
24 September 191914 May 1920233 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
9 Sa Zhenbing
薩鎮冰
Sà Zhènbīng
(1859–1952)
14 May 19209 August 192087 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
(8) Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
Jìn Yúnpéng
(1877–1951)
9 August 192018 December 1921496 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
18 December 192124 December 19216 Zhili Clique Xu Shichang
10 Liang Shiyi
梁士詒
Liáng Shìyí
(1869–1933)
24 December 192125 January 192232 Communications Clique Xu Shichang
Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
25 January 19228 April 192273 Zhili Clique Xu Shichang
Zhou Ziqi
周自齊
Zhōu Zìqí
(1871–1923)
8 April 192211 June 192264 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang, Zhou Ziqi (co-serving)
11 Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
11 June 19225 August 192255 Zhili Clique Li Yuanhong
Wang Chonghui
王寵惠
Wáng Chǒnghuì
(1881–1958)
5 August 192229 November 1922116 Non-partisan Li Yuanhong
Wang Daxie
汪大燮
Wāng Dàxiè
(1860–1929)
29 November 192211 December 192212 Zhili clique Li Yuanhong
Wang Zhengting
王正廷
Wáng Zhèngtíng
(1882–1961)
11 December 19224 January 192324 Non-partisan Li Yuanhong
12 Zhang Shaozeng
張紹曾
Zhāng Shàozéng
(1879–1928)
4 January 19239 September 1923248 Beiyang clique Li Yuanhong, Gao Lingwei
13 Gao Lingwei
高凌霨
Gāo Língwèi
(1868–1939)
9 September 192312 January 1924125 Non-partisan Gao Lingwei, Cao Kun
14 Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
Sūn Bǎoqí
(1867–1931)
12 January 19242 July 1924172 Beiyang clique Cao Kun
Koo Vi-kyuin
(V.K. Wellington Koo)

顧維鈞
Gù Wéijūn
(1888–1985)
2 July 192414 September 192474 Non-partisan Cao Kun
(11) Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
14 September 192431 October 192447 Zhili Clique Cao Kun
Huang Fu
黃郛
Huáng Fú
(1883–1936)
31 October 192424 November 192424 Non-partisan Cao Kun, Huang Fu (co-serving)

Note: The Premiership was abolished from 25 November 1924 to 26 December 1925. The head of the cabinet during this Period was Duan Qirui, Provisional Chief Executive of the Republic of China.

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 24 November 1924 – 2 June 1928
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
15 Xu Shiying
許世英
Xǔ Shìyīng
(1873–1964)
26 December 19254 March 192668 Non-partisan Duan Qirui
Jia Deyao
賈德耀
Jiǎ Déyào
(1880–1940)
4 March 192620 April 192647 Non-partisan Duan Qirui
Hu Weide
胡惟德
Hú Wéidé
(1863–1933)
20 April 192613 May 192623 Non-partisan Hu Weide (co-serving)
(11) Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
13 May 192622 June 192640 Non-partisan W.W. Yan (co-serving)
Du Xigui
杜錫珪
Dù Xīguī
(1875–1933)
22 June 19261 October 1926101 Non-partisan Du Xigui (co-serving)
Koo Vi-kyuin
(V.K. Wellington Koo)

顧維鈞
Gù Wéijūn
(1888–1985)
1 October 192618 June 1927260 Non-partisan V.K. Wellington Koo (co-serving)
Pan Fu
潘復
Pān Fù
(1883–1936)
18 June 19272 June 1928350 Non-partisan Zhang Zuolin

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China

Period: 25 October 1928 – 24 May 1948

When Chiang Kai-shek established the Nanking Nationalist government in 1928, he created a presidency for the Executive Yuan instead of a premiership, in order to show the difference between his government and the previous one in Beijing (then renamed Beiping). This government moved to Chongqing during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and during the Chinese Civil War relocated to Taipei where it exists today.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
16 Tan Yankai
譚延闓
Tán Yánkǎi
(1880–1930)
25 October 192822 September 1930842 Kuomintang Tan Yankai (co-serving), Chiang Kai-shek
Died in office.
17 Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
Sòng Ziwén
(1894–1971)
25 September 19304 December 193073 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
18 Chiang Kai-shek
蒋中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
4 December 193015 December 1931376 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek (co-serving)
19 Chen Mingshu
陳銘樞
Chén Míngshū
(1889–1965)
15 December 19311 January 193217 Kuomintang Lin Sen
20 Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891–1973)
1 January 193228 January 193227 Kuomintang Lin Sen
21 Wang Jingwei
汪兆銘
Wāng Jīngwèi
(1883–1944)
28 January 19321 December 19351403 Kuomintang Lin Sen
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
7 December 19351 January 1938756 Kuomintang Lin Sen
22 Kung Hsiang-hsi
(H.H. Kung)

孔祥熙
Kǒng Xiángxī
(1881–1967)
1 January 193811 December 1939106 Kuomintang Lin Sen
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
11 December 193931 May 19452707 Kuomintang Lin Sen, Chiang Kai-shek (co-serving)
(17) Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
Sòng Ziwén
(1891–1971)
31 May 19451 March 1947639 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
1 March 194718 April 194748 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
23 Chang Ch'ün
張群
Zhāng Qún
(1889–1990)
18 April 194724 May 1948402 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China

  • Period: 24 May 1948 – present
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
24 Weng Wenhao
翁文灝
Wēng Wénhào
(1889–1971)
24 May 194826 November 1948186 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
Caretaker cabinet after collapse of the economy. Establishment of the Council for United States Aid.
(20) Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891–1973)
26 November 194812 March 1949106 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek, Li Zongren
Evacuated the Executive Yuan to Guangzhou.
25 He Yingqin
何應欽
Hé Yìngqīn
(1890–1987)
12 March 19493 June 194983 Kuomintang Li Zongren
26 Yan Xishan
閻錫山
Yán Xíshān
(1883–1960)
3 June 19497 March 1950277 Kuomintang Li Zongren, Chiang Kai-shek
Government relocated to Taipei.
27 Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
7 March 19507 June 19541553 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
Introduced land reforms and local-level elections in Taiwan Province. First individual since relocation of government to Taiwan to have held the highest military (Chief of the General Staff) and civilian government (Premier) offices.
28 Yu Hung-Chun
俞鴻鈞
Yú Hóngjūn
(1897–1960)
7 June 195430 June 19581484 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
Impeached by the Control Yuan; resigned.
(27) Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
30 June 19581 July 19631827 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
Wang Yun-wu
王雲五
Wáng Yúnwǔ
(1888–1979)
1 July 196316 September 196377 Non-partisan Chiang Kai-shek
As acting.
(27) Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
16 September 196315 December 196390 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
29 Yen Chia-kan
(C.K. Yen)

嚴家淦
Yán Jiāgàn
(1905–1993)
15 December 196329 May 19723088 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
30 Chiang Ching-kuo
蔣經國
Jiǎng Jīngguó
(1910–1988)
29 May 197219 May 19782181 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek, C.K. Yen
Launched the Ten Major Construction Projects.
Hsu Ching-chung
徐慶鐘
Xú Qìngzhōng
(1907–1996)
19 May 19781 June 197813 Kuomintang C.K. Yen, Chiang Ching-kuo
As acting. First native Taiwanese to act as premier.
31 Sun Yun-suan
孫運璿
Sūn Yùnxuán
(1913–2006)
1 June 197820 May 19842180 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo
Period of rapid economic growth. Planning and establishment of national parks. Development of the Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park. Ties with the US severed; lobbied the United States Congress to pass the Taiwan Relations Act. Kaohsiung Incident.
32 Yu Kuo-hwa
俞國華
Yú Guóhuá
(1914–2000)
20 May 198421 May 19891827 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo, Lee Teng-hui
Period of rapid economic growth. Lifted martial law; allowed Taiwanese to visit mainland China for the first time since 1949.
33 Lee Huan
李煥
Lǐ Huàn
(1917–2010)
21 May 19891 June 1990376 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
34 Hau Pei-tsun
郝柏村
Hǎo Bócūn
(1919–)
1 June 199010 February 1993985 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
Amended Article 100 of the Criminal Code; enacted Act Governing Relations between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area. 1992 cross-strait talks. Second individual since relocation of government to Taiwan to have held the highest military (Chief of the General Staff) and civilian government (Premier) offices.
35 Lien Chan
連戰
Lián Zhàn
(1936–)
10 February 19931 September 19971664 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
Instituted National Health Insurance. Third Taiwan Strait Crisis. Resigned over a series of high-profile murder cases.
36 Siew Wan-chang
(Vincent Siew)

蕭萬長
Xiāo Wàncháng
(1939–)
1 September 199720 May 2000992 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
Streamlining of the Taiwan Provincial Government. 1999 Jiji earthquake.
37 Tang Fei
唐飛
Táng Fēi
(1932–)
20 May 20006 October 2000139 Kuomintang Chen Shui-bian
Period of cohabitation (President Chen Shui-bian- DPP) with grand coalition-style cabinet. Third individual since relocation of government to Taiwan to have held the highest military (Chief of the General Staff) and civilian government (Premier) offices. Bazhang River incident. Forced to resign over disagreement with President over the Fourth Nuclear Power Plant policy.
38 Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1938–)
6 October 20001 February 2002483 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
First non-KMT premier. Start of minority government cabinets during Chen Shui-bian's term. Suspended construction of the Fourth Nuclear Power Plant.
39 Yu Shyi-kun
游錫堃
Yóu Xíkūn
(1948–)
1 February 20021 February 20051096 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
Oversaw financial reforms.
40 Hsieh Chang-ting
(Frank Hsieh)

謝長廷
Xiè Chángtíng
(1946–)
1 February 200525 January 2006358 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
Kaohsiung MRT foreign workers scandal.
41 Su Tseng-chang
蘇貞昌
Sū Zhēnchāng
(1947–)
25 January 200621 May 2007481 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
Period of large-scale protests in response to Chen Shui-bian's family scandals.
(38) Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1938–)
21 May 200720 May 2008365 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
42 Liu Chao-shiuan
劉兆玄
Liú Zhàoxuán
(1943–)
20 May 200810 September 2009478 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
Typhoon Morakot.
43 Wu Den-yih
吳敦義
Wú Dūnyì
(1948–)
10 September 20096 February 2012879 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
Signing of the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement.
44 Chen Chun
(Sean Chen)

陳冲
Chén Chōng
(1949–)
6 February 201218 February 2013378 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
Lin Yi-shih scandal.
45 Jiang Yi-huah
江宜樺
Jiāng Yīhuá
(1960–)
18 February 20138 December 2014658 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
Youngest premier to take office. Signed free trade agreements with Singapore and New Zealand. Attempt to pass the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement led to mass student protests and an occupation of the legislature. Submitted resignation on 29 November 2014 in response to the local elections.
46 Mao Chi-kuo
毛治國
Máo Zhìguó
(1948–)
8 December 20141 February 2016420 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
Submitted resignation on 18 January 2016 in response to the presidential and legislative election; on leave until end of term.
47 Chang San-cheng
(Simon Chang)

張善政
Zhāng Shànzhèng
(1954–)
1 February 201620 May 2016109 Independent Ma Ying-jeou
First non-partisan premier. Minority government (first administration with a DPP legislative majority). 2016 Taiwan earthquake.
48 Lin Chuan
林全
Lín Quán
(1951–)
20 May 20168 September 2017476 Independent Tsai Ing-wen
Second non-partisan premier. Oversaw work-day reforms and pension reforms amid protests. Spearheaded the Forward-looking Infrastructure Development Program. Resigned.
49 Lai Ching-te
(William Lai)
賴清德
Lài Qīngdé
(1959–)
8 September 2017Incumbent363 Democratic Progressive Tsai Ing-wen
First DPP premier since 2008. Mayor of Tainan (2010-2017).

Timeline

See also

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