List of pharmacies
This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.
Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API) and Sigma Pharmaceuticals. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.
- DRUGStore Pharmacy
- Jean Coutu
- Katz Group of Companies
- London Drugs
- Proxim (merger of Essaim and Santé Services)
- Shoppers Drug Mart/Pharmaprix
- Value Drug Mart
The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:
In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: farmakonomer) and pharmacists (farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.
Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of apotheken, but generally allows self-employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.
Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offering the same types of services as an apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care and this has been upheld by the European Court of Justice in its ruling of May 2009. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG (de:GKV-Modernisierungsgesetz) allowed free pricing of OTC products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an alternative, but only accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.
Online pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first licence based chain pharmacy model in Germany in 2007 (as opposed to the current independent pharmacy model). Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler-based cooperations like LINDA, gesund leben-Apotheken, meine apotheke or vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in marketing.
- Apollo Pharmacy Health Service
- MedPlus Health Services
Pharmacies in the Netherlands are mostly independently owned by pharmacists. In 2011, 31% of all pharmacies were part of one of the following chains:
- Alliance Apotek
- Alliance Boots (opened in 2008 under the name Boots Apotek, using the same logos and products as in the UK)
- Apotek 1
- Central Norway Pharmaceutical Trust
- Ditt Apotek
- Northern Norway Pharmaceutical Trust
- Southern and Eastern Norway Pharmaceutical Trust
- Western Norway Pharmaceutical Trust
- Asda Pharmacy
- Boots Pharmacy
- Gordons Chemist
- Lloyds Pharmacy
- Morrisons Pharmacy
- Superdrug Pharmacy
- Tesco Pharmacy
- Well Pharmacy
- Numark – buying group of over 2,000 independently owned pharmacies in the UK
- Pharmacy2U – online mail-order pharmacy located in the UK
Many pharmacy chains in the United States are owned and operated by regional supermarket brands, or national big-box store brands such as Walmart. These pharmacies are located within their larger chain stores. The three largest free-standing pharmacy chains in the United States are Walgreens, CVS, and Rite Aid.
Although not a pharmacy chain, many of the fairly ubiquitous Costco stores include a pharmacy and - in California at least - the pharmacy is available to non-members.
- Ahold Financial Services (Giant)
- BI-LO Inc.
- Cerberus Capital (Albertsons)
- Costco Pharmacies
- CVS Corporation
- Fred's Inc.
- Giant Eagle Pharmacy
- Giant Food Inc.
- H E B Drug Stores
- Hy-Vee Inc.
- Kaiser Permanente (HMO)
- Kroger Company
- Medicine Shoppe International
- Meijer Groceries
- Publix Pharmacies
- Rite Aid Corporation
- Sears Holdings Corporation (KMart)
- Shopko Stores Inc.
- Shoprite Supermarkets Inc.
- Supervalu Inc.
- Target Corp.
- Walmart Stores Inc.
Stand-alone pharmacy chains
- Bartell Drugs
- Benzer Pharmacy
- Boone Drug
- CVS Pharmacy
- Discount Drug Mart
- Drug Emporium
- Duane Reade (subsidiary of Walgreens since 2010; operates as separate brand name)
- Family Pharmacy
- Fruth Pharmacy
- Good Neighbor Pharmacy
- Hartig Drug
- Health Mart
- Kinney Drugs
- Leader Drug Stores
- Lewis Drug
- Longs Drugs (subsidiary of CVS since 2008)
- Medicine Shoppe Pharmacy
- Navarro Discount Pharmacies (subsidiary of CVS since 2015)
- Rite Aid
- Thrifty White
- Arbor Drugs (acquired by CVS in 1998)
- Big B Drugs (acquired by Revco in 1996; rebranded as CVS in 1997)
- Brooks Pharmacy (acquired by Rite Aid in 2007)
- Cunningham Drug (acquired by Walgreens in 1991)
- Dart Drug (bankrupt in 1990)
- Drug Fair (company liquidated in 2009, assets purchased by Walgreens)
- Dwayne international pharmacy (CVS in 1996)
- Eckerd (acquired by Rite Aid in 2007)
- Fay's Drug (purchased by JC Penney and rebranded as Eckerd in 1997)
- Farmacias El Amal
- G.O. Guy (purchased by Pay'n'Save in 1987)
- Genovese Drug Stores (acquired by Eckerd parent J. C. Penney in 1998; rebranded in 2003)
- Gray Drug (Bought by Rite Aid in 1987)
- Happy Harry's (bought by Walgreens in 2006; rebranded in 2011)
- Hook's Drug Stores (acquired by Revco in 1994)
- IDL Drug Stores
- Jean Coutu (US stores acquired by Rite Aid in 2004)
- K&B (Acquired by Rite Aid in 1997)
- Kerr Drug (acquired by Walgreens in 2013)
- Lane Drug (purchased by Rite Aid in 1989)
- LaVerdiere's (purchased by Rite Aid in 1994)
- Medi Mart (sold to Walgreens in 1980s)
- Osco Drug (freestanding stores acquired by and converted to CVS in 2006)
- Pay 'n Save (acquired by Thirfty Corp. in 1988, rebranded as PayLess Drug)
- PayLess Drug Stores (purchased by Rite Aid in 1996)
- Peoples Drug (acquired by CVS in 1990; rebranded in 1994)
- Perry Drug Stores (acquired by Rite Aid in 1995)
- Phar-Mor (bankrupt in 2002)
- Revco (bought by CVS in 1997, rebranded in 1998)
- Sav-on (freestanding stores acquired by and converted to CVS in 2006)
- Snyder Drug (acquired by Walgreens in 2003)
- Standard Drug (Purchased by CVS in 1993; rebranded in 1994)
- Thrift Drug (purchased by JC Penney and rebranded as Eckerd in 1997)
- Thrifty Drugs (Purchased by Rite Aid in 1996)
- Treasury Drug (rebranded as Eckerd in 1997)
- USA Drug (bought by Walgreens in 2012)
- Wellby Super Drug (bought by Rite Aid in 1992)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pharmacy.|
- "Lichte toename aantal apotheken — SFK Website" (in Dutch). Sfk.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-21.