List of names for the biblical nameless
Wives of the antediluvian patriarchs
|Lamech (Seth's line)||Betenos|
- Source: the Book of Jubilees (part of the Oriental Orthodox deuterocanon)
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4–5
The Book of Jubilees provides names for a host of otherwise unnamed biblical characters, including wives for most of the antediluvian patriarchs. The last of these is Noah's wife, to whom it gives the name of Emzara. Other Jewish traditional sources contain many different names for Noah's wife.
For many of the early wives in the series, Jubilees notes that the patriarchs married their sisters.
The Cave of Treasures and the earlier Kitab al-Magall (part of Clementine literature) name entirely different women as the wives of the patriarchs, with considerable variations among the extant copies.
The Muslim historian Ibn Ishaq (c. 750), as cited in al-Tabari (c. 915), provides names for these wives which are generally similar to those in Jubilees, but he makes them Cainites rather than Sethites, despite clearly stating elsewhere that none of Noah's ancestors were descended from Cain.
Cain and Abel's sisters
- Name: Calmana (or Aclima or Luluwa)
- source: Golden Legend, which also tells stories about many of the saints
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4:17
- Name: Delbora
- source: Golden Legend, which also tells stories about many of the saints
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 4
Daughter of Lamech and Zillah and sister of Tubal-cain (Gen. iv. 22). According to Abba ben Kahana, Naamah was Noah's wife and was called "Naamah" (pleasant) because her conduct was pleasing to God. But the majority of the rabbis reject this statement, declaring that Naamah was an idolatrous woman who sang "pleasant" songs to idols.
See also Wives aboard the Ark for a list of traditional names given to the wives of Noah and his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
A large body of legend has attached itself to Nimrod, whose brief mention in Genesis merely makes him "a mighty hunter in the face of the Lord". (The Biblical account makes no mention of a wife at all.) These legends usually make Nimrod to be a sinister figure, and they reach their peak in Hislop's The Two Babylons, which make Nimrod and Semiramis to be the original authors of every false and pagan religion.
Mother of Abraham
Lot's married daughter
- Adinah redirects here. For other uses, see Adinah (disambiguation)
- Name: Zuleikha
- Source: The Sefer Hayyashar, a book of Jewish lore published in Venice in 1625. Also, the Persian mystical poem "Yusuf and Zulaikha" by Jami.
- Appears in the Bible at: Genesis 39:12
Potiphar's wife attempted to seduce Joseph in Egypt.
- Name: Merris
- Source: Eusebius of Caesarea (Preparation for the Gospel 9.15)
- Name: Merrhoe
- Source: Eustathius of Antioch (Commentary on Hexameron MPG 18.785)
- Name: Thermutis
- Source: Flavius Josephus
- Name: Sobekneferu or Neferusobek
- Source: Unwrapping the Pharaohs
- Ashton, John; Down, David (22 September 2006). "Chapter 12: Pharaohs of the Oppression". Unwrapping the Pharaohs. Master Books. pp. 87–90. ISBN 978-0-890-51468-9. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- Names: Jannes and Jambres
- Source: 2 Timothy 3:8, Book of Jasher chapter 79 Antiquities of the Jews Book 2 Aquarian Gospel of Jesus the Christ Chapter 109 Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. VIII Easton's Bible Dictionary The Book of the Bee Chapter 30 Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. XIII Legends of the Jews Volume 2 Chapter 4, Chronicles of Jerahmeel, Papyrus Chester Beatty XVI: The Apocryphon of Jannes and Jambres
- Appears in the Bible at: Exodus 7
The names of Jannes and Jambres, or Jannes and Mambres, were well known through the ancient world as magicians. In this instance, nameless characters from the Hebrew Bible are given names in the New Testament. Their names also appear in numerous Jewish texts.
The Cushitic wife of Moses
- Name: Tharbis
- Source: Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Book II, Chapter 10
- Appears in the Bible at: Numbers 12
- Name: Adoniah
- Source: Book of Jasher, 23.5–25.5
Apocryphal Jewish folklore says that Sitis, or Sitidos, was Job's first wife, who died during his trials. After his temptation was over, the same sources say that Job remarried Dinah, Jacob's daughter who appears in Genesis.
The source does not tell which wife of Job has this name.
- Name: Seila
- Source: Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum
- Name: Adah
- Source: Order of the Eastern Star
- Appears in the Bible at: Judges 11
The Witch of Endor
The Man of God
The wise woman of Abel
The Queen of Sheba
- Name: Nicaule
- Source: Josephus
- Name: Bilqis
- Source: Islamic traditions
According to Ethiopian traditions, the Queen of Sheba returned to Ethiopia pregnant with King Solomon's child. She bore Solomon a son that went on to found a dynasty that ruled Ethiopia until the fall of Emperor Haile Selassie in 1974.
Old Testament apocrypha
The Deuterocanonical books, sometimes called the "Apocrypha", are considered canonical by Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox (though these churches' lists of books differ slightly from each other).
The woman with seven sons
The woman with seven sons is a Jewish martyr who is unnamed in 2 Maccabees 7, but is named Hannah, Miriam, Shamuna and Solomonia in other sources. According to Eastern Orthodox tradition, her sons, the "Holy Maccabean Martyrs" (not to be confused with the martyrs in the Ethiopian book of Meqabyan), are named Abim, Antonius, Gurias, Eleazar, Eusebonus, Alimus and Marcellus.
The seven Archangels
Tobit 12:15 reads "I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One." Of the six unnamed archangels, Michael is named in the Book of Daniel, and Gabriel is named in the Gospel of Luke.
The Book of Enoch, deuterocanonical in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, names the remaining four archangels Uriel, Raguel, Zerachiel, and Ramiel. Other sources name them Uriel, Izidkiel, Haniel, and Kepharel. In the Coptic Orthodox Church the names of these four archangels are given as Suriel, Sedakiel, Sarathiel and Ananiel. Several other sets of names have also been given.
- Names: Balthasar, Melchior, and Caspar (or Gaspar)
- Source: European folklore
- Names: Larvandad, Hormisdas, and Gushnasaph
- Source: Syrian Christian folklore
- Names: Manatho, Alchor, and Gaspar
- Source: White Shrine Of Jerusalem - Masonic
- Appear in the Bible at: Matthew 2
The Gospel does not state that there were, in fact, three magi or when exactly they visited Jesus, only that multiple magi brought three gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Nevertheless, the number of magi is usually extrapolated from the number of gifts, and the three wise men are a staple of Christian nativity scenes. While the European names have enjoyed the most publicity, other faith traditions have different versions. According to the Armenisches Kindheitsevangelium, the three magi were brothers and kings, namely Balthasar, king of India; Melqon, king of Persia; and Gaspar, king of Arabia. The Chinese Christian Church believes that the astronomer Liu Shang was one of the wise men.
The Nativity shepherds
- Names: Asher, Zebulun, Justus, Nicodemus, Joseph, Barshabba, and Jose
- Source: The Syrian Book of the Bee
- Appear in the Bible at Luke 2
The Book of the Bee was written by Bishop Shelemon in the Aramaic language in the thirteenth century.
Sisters/step-sisters/female cousins of Jesus
- Names: Maria
- Source: Gospel of Philip
- Names: Lysia and Lydia
- Source: History of Joseph the Carpenter
The fact that Jesus had at least two sisters/stepsisters/female cousins is mentioned in Matthew 12:50 and Mark 3:32–34 though their exact number is not specified in either gospel. In addition, the various versions of Epiphanus differ on whether one of the sisters was named Maria or Anna.
- Names: Sicarius of Brantôme, St. Memorius
- Source: St. Helena
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 2:6–18
The Massacre of the Innocents was the infanticide of all young male children in the vicinity of Bethlehem ordered by Herod the Great so as to avoid the loss of his throne to a newborn King of the Jews whose birth had been announced to him by the Magi. None of the victims are named by Matthew, but a number of supposed victims were identified some centuries later, when their purported relics were found.
- Name: Justa
- Source: 3rd century pseudo-Clementine homily
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 15, Mark 7
According to the same source, her daughter was Berenice.
- Name: Berenice
- Source: The apocryphal Acts of Pilate
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 9:20–22
Veronica is a Latin variant of Berenice (Greek: Βερενίκη). Veronica or Berenice obtained some of Jesus' blood on a cloth at the Crucifixion. Tradition identifies her with the woman who was healed of a bleeding discharge in the Gospel (see also: Veil of Veronica).
Samaritan woman at the well
- Appears in the Bible at: John 4:5–42
In the tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the name of the woman at the well when she met Jesus is unknown, but she became a follower of Christ, received the name Photini in baptism, proclaimed the Gospel over a wide area, and was later martyred. She is recognized as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
Damned rich man
- Name: Phineas
- Source: Pseudo-Cyprian, De pascha computus
- Name: Dives
- Source: European Christian folklore
- Appears in the Bible at: Luke 16:19–31
Dives is simply Latin for "rich", and as such may not count as a proper name. The story of the blessed Lazarus and the damned rich man is widely recognised under the title of Dives and Lazarus, which may have resulted in this word being taken for a proper name.
Woman taken in adultery
A long-standing Western Christian tradition first attested by Pope Gregory I identifies the woman taken in adultery with Mary Magdalene, and also with Mary of Bethany. Jesus had exorcised seven demons out of Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9), and Mary Magdalene appears prominently in the several accounts of Jesus' entombment and resurrection, but there is no indication in the Bible that clearly states that Mary Magdalene was the same person as the adulteress forgiven by Jesus.
The Eastern Orthodox Church has never identified Mary Magdalene as either the woman taken in adultery, or the sinful woman who anointed Jesus' feet.
The man born blind
Pontius Pilate's wife
- Name: Claudia, Procla, Procula, Perpetua or Claudia Procles
- Source: European folklore; Dolorous Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ (as "Claudia Procles")
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 27:19
The proposed names of Procla and Procula may not be names at all, but simply a form of Pilate's official title of Procurator, indicating that she was the Procurator's wife.
Thieves crucified with Jesus
- Names: Titus and Dumachus
- Source: Arabic Gospel of the Infancy of the Saviour
- Names: Demas (the good thief)
- Source: Narrative of Joseph of Arimathea
- Appear in the Bible at: Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, John 19
The good thief is revered under the name Saint Dismas in the Catholic Church and the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Soldier who pierced Jesus with a spear
In tradition, he is called Cassius before his conversion to Christianity. The Lance of Longinus, also known as the Spear of Destiny, is supposedly preserved as a relic, and various miracles are said to be worked through it.
Man who offered Jesus vinegar
Guard(s) at Jesus' tomb
- Names: Issachar, Gad, Matthias, Barnabas, Simon
- Source: The Book of the Bee
- Appears in the Bible at: Matthew 27:62–66
Ethiopian Eunuch baptized by the Apostle Philip
- Name: Simeon Bachos
- Source: Adversus haereses (Against the Heresies, an early anti-Gnostic theological work) 3:12:8 (180 AD)
- Name: Bachos
- Source: Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo tradition
- Appears in the Bible at: Acts 13:1
Daughters of Philip
Appears in the Bible:Acts of the Apostles 21.8-9
- Nod's Land Archived 26 February 2013 at Archive.is. Avbtab.org.
- Medieval Sourcebook: The Golden Legend: Volume 1 (full text), Fordham.edu.
- The Babylonian Talmud, Rodkinson tr., Book 7.: Tract Baba Bathra, Part I: Chapter V. Sacred-texts.com.
- Book of Jasher, Chapter 19. Sacred-texts.com.
- Book of Jasher, Chapter 28. Sacred-texts.com.
- Book of Jasher, Chapter 34. Sacred-texts.com.
- Chapter VI: Jacob. Sacred-texts.com.
- Passage Lookup: 2 Timothy 3:8. BibleGateway.com.
- Book of Jasher, Chapter 79. Sacred-texts.com.
- "Antiquities of the Jews - Book II". Internet Sacred Text Archive. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- Chapter 106. Sacred-texts.com.
- Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol VIII: Apocrypha of the New Testament.: Chapter 5. Sacred-texts.com.
- Easton's Bible Dictionary. Sacred-texts.com.
- Chapter XXX – The History of Moses' Rod. Sacred-texts.com.
- Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. XIII: The Homilies of St. John Chrysostom on Timothy, Titus, and Philemon.: 2 Timothy 3:1–7. Sacred-texts.com.
- Chapter IV: Moses in Egypt. Sacred-texts.com.
- Job, Testament Of:. JewishEncyclopedia.com.
- Eric Geoffroy et Néfissa Geoffroy : Le grand livre des prénoms arabes – Plus de 5500 prénoms classés par thèmes avec leurs correspondances en français, Albin Michel, 2009.
- Adah Archived 29 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine., South Carolina Order of the Eastern Star website.
- Jewish Encyclopedia
- Rashi on 2 Samuel 20:19.
- Tobit 12:15. Etext.virginia.edu.
- Daniel 12:1; Luke 1:19.
- Enoch XX. Sacred-texts.com.
- James Hastings, A Dictionary of the Bible: Volume IV, Part I: Pleroma–Shimon, 1898, reprinted 2004 by the Minerva Group, ISBN 1-4102-1728-0, p. 202 (RAPHAEL).
- Wilhelm Schneemelcher, Neutestamentarische Apokryphen. In deutscher Übersetzung: 2 Bde., Mohr Siebeck; 1999
- Wilhelm Schneemelcher, Neutestamentarische Apokryphen. In deutscher Übersetzung: 2 Bde., Mohr Siebeck; 1999, Vol. 1, p. 159
- Wilhelm Schneemelcher, Neutestamentarische Apokryphen. In deutscher Übersetzung: 2 Bde., Mohr Siebeck; 1999, Vol. 1, p. 363
- Wasyliw, Patricia Healy (2008). Martyrdom, Murder, and Magic: Child Saints and Their Cults in Medieval Europe. 2. Peter Lang. p. 46. ISBN 0-8204-2764-0.
- Craughwell, Thomas J. (2011). Saints Preserved: An Encyclopedia of Relics. Doubleday Religious Publishing Group. p. 267.
- Jean Du Puy, L'Etat de l'Eglise du Périgord depuis le christianisme (Daloy, 1629), Original from Lyon Public Library (Bibliothèque jésuite des Fontaines). Digitized 20 Dec 2010, p. 268.
- "Abbatiale Saint-Pierre de Brantôme". PÉRIGORD Dronne Belle. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Antiquities of the Jews – Book XVIII". Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2010-08-12.
- Orthodox Church Fathers, Pseudo-Clementine Literature, Chapter XIX.- Justa, a Proselyte, accessed 31 December 2017
- Italians find 'Jesus' foot salve', 10 Dec 2008
- Dolorous Passion Of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus-passion.com.
- Ehrman, Bart; Plese, Zlatko (2011). The Apocryphal Gospels: Texts and Translations. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 582. ISBN 9780199732104.
- "Longinus", in: Johann Evangelist Stadler et al., Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon, 1858–1882 (reprint: Hildesheim, 1996)
- Paulos, Abune (1988). The Mariological tradition of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
- History of the Church