List of locomotives in China

A list of current and retired locomotives in the People's Republic of China.

Steam locomotives

The first steam locomotive in China is thought to be a 2'6" gauge 0-4-0T engine used on the Shanghai-Wusong railway. Towards the end of the 19th century concessions obtained from the Qing dynasty enabled foreign powers (Germany, Russia, France and Great Britain) to build railways in China, and they introduced a variety of foreign-built machines. Later Japan gained control over Manchuria as a result of the Treaty of Portsmouth following the Russo-Japanese War and created the South Manchuria Railway from their acquisitions - resulting in Japanese as well as American locomotives being imported into the north-east of China.[1]

After the end of the Second World War China came back under indigenous rule. Locomotive were imported from both the United States and Russia as well as other Communist bloc countries.[1]

Production of steam locomotives continued into the late 20th century. However, steam motive power was supplanted by diesel and electric locomotives as early as the 1950s. The Chinese rail network has been increasingly electrified in the twentieth century.

Standard gauge

Model Wheel
arr.
Build year Builder Number built Original
operator
Original
class
Photo Notes
AM14-4-01907ALCo4South Manchuria RySMR Amei class
AM24-4-01879Baldwin>6Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 40
AM34-4-01929ALCo26Huning RailwayHuning Ry Class 400
AM44-4-01908North British
DB12-6-4T1907ALCo>65South Manchuria RySMR Dabui class
DB22-6-4T1934HitachiSouth Manchuria RySMR Dabuni class
DB32-6-4T1906Baldwin4Jingsui Ry
DB42-6-4ST1892Dübs and CompanyPeking−Mukden RyPMR Class 20
DB52-6-4T1911Kitson and Company
DK12-10-01919ALCo (26x), Shahekou (36x)62South Manchuria RySMR Dekai class
DK22-10-01915ALCo, Baldwin60Chinese Eastern RyCER class Еф, Ес, Ел44 to CER; 16 supplied from USSR to China after 1949.
DK32-10-01937Shahekou, Kisha Seizō7Longhai RyLonghai Ry Class 600
DK42-10-01936Kisha Seizō, HitachiTongpu RailwayTongpu Ry Class 350Originally metre gauge, some converted to standard gauge in 1947.
DK52-10-01958UCM Reșița40Căile Ferate RomâneCFR Class 150
ET10-8-01919ALCoSouth Manchuria RySMR Etoi class
ET2
(Henschel)
0-8-01912HenschelXiaoyong Ry
ET2
(Russian)
0-8-01901Bryansk, Kharkov33Chinese Eastern RyCER Class Од33 to CER; at least 13 converted to standard gauge between 1935 and 1945 by the MNR, 13 of these became China Railways ET2 after 1949.
ET30-8-0JapanJiaoji RyRetired 1955.
ET40-8-01905HenschelJiaoji RyRetired 1955.
ET50-8-01936North British
ET60-8-01936~1938North BritishYuehan RyYuehan Ry Class 500
ET70-8-0T1959Fablok90China RailwayCR Class ET7Similar to the Polish TKP T2D Silesia locomotives, for industrial use, not used on the main network
FD2-10-21930sVoroshilovgrad1054
(to China)
Soviet RailwaysSZhD Class FDConverted to standard gauge (1958-) from Soviet FD class locomotives
FN10-6-2T1900Borsig>8Jiaoji RyJiaoji Ry Class 10Forney locomotive
FN20-6-2T1897Baldwin>7Peking-Mukden RyPMR Class 40Forney locomotive
GJ0-6-0T1958−1961Chengdu, Taiyuan122China RailwaysCR Class GJShunters and industrial locomotives.
HS4-6-4TNasmyth Wilson
JF12-8-21918−1960ALCo, Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi, Shahekou, Dalian Machine, Sifang, Qiqihar, Taiyuan2083South Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry,
North China Transport,
Central China Ry,
China Railways
SMR Mikai & Mikako class
MNR Mika & Mikana class
NCTC Mikai class
CCR Class KD100
CR Class JF1
JF22-8-21924−1932ALCo, Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Shahekou41South Manchuria RySMR Mikani class
JF32-8-21927−1930Škoda19Qike Ry,
Huhai Ry,
Sitao Ry
JF42-8-21935Kawasaki (11x), Kisha Seizō (4x)15South Manchuria RySMR Mikashi class
JF52-8-21923−1928KawasakiNorth China TransportNCTC Mikako class
JF62-8-21934−1959Kawasaki, Hitachi, Shahekou, Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Shenyang, Dalian Machine~475South Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry,
North China Transport,
China Railways
SMR Mikasa & Mikaro class
MNR Mikaro class
NCTC Mikaro class
CR Class JF6
JF72-8-21913−1924North British/Tangshan24Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 200
JF82-8-21935Škoda>7Huainan RyHuainan Ry Class 300
JF92-8-21943−1944Kisha Seizō, Hitachi, Nippon Sharyō38Central China RyCCR Mikasa class
JF102-8-21935ALCo, Baldwin, Lima30USATCUSATC Class S200
JF112-8-21918–1937ALCo, Baldwin70Jinpu Ry,
Zhegan Ry
Jinpu Ry Class MK
JF122-8-21922ALCo46Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 300
JF132-8-21939ŠkodaNorth China TransportNCTC Mikaha class
JF152-8-21928−1929ALCo6Jihai Ry
JF162-8-21922Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō17Jichang Jidun Ry,
Central China Ry
JJR Class 500
CCR Class D50
JF172-8-21931Hudswell Clarke, Shahekou>4Jiaoji RyJiaoji Ry Class 600
JF182-8-21914ALCo>14Manchukuo Nat'l RyMNR Mikai class
JF212-8-21937ALCoYuehan Ry
JS2-8-21957−1965,
1981−1988
Dalian, Qishuyan, Datong, 7.2 Works1916China RailwaysCR Class JS
KD12-8-01907−1908ALCoSouth Manchuria Ry,
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
SMR Sorii class
MNR Sorina class
KD22-8-01925Tubize8?
KD22-8-01935−1936SACM?Longhai Ry
KD32-8-01910Beyer Peacock40South Manchuria RySMR Sorisa class
KD42-8-0?
North British
18
3
Huning Ry
Shenhai Ry
ROD 2-8-0, 18 bought by Huning Ry in 1919, 3 bought by Shenhai Ry in 1926.
KD52-8-01913−1941Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, JNR Ogura Works251North China Transport (150x)
Central China Ry (101x)
NCTC Soriko class
CCR Soriro class
Standard gauge version of JNR Class 9600.
KD62-8-01942–1946ALCo, Baldwin, Lima40
(to China)
USATCUSATC Class S160Postwar aid to China from UNRRA.
KD72-8-01946–1947ALCo, Baldwin, Lima160
(to China)
Postwar aid from UNRRA, same as Belgian Type 29.
KD82-8-0194322
(to China)
Kowloon−Canton Ry,
Yuehan Ry
KD92-8-01919−1941ALCo (18x), Baldwin (10x), Kawasaki (4x)32
KD102-8-01905−1913ALCo, Baldwin, PRR Altoona Works30
(to China)
Pennsylvania RailroadPRR Class H6sbBought second-hand by South Manchuria Ry and Manchukuo National Ry in 1938.
KD112-8-01907Baldwin20South Manchuria RySMR Sorini class
KD122-8-01920Baldwin16Peking−Mukden Ry
KD132-8-0France10
KD142-8-01917ALCo17Jinghan Ry
KD202-8-0
KD212-8-0United States
KD222-8-01906−1907ALCo
KD232-8-01906ALCo2Boston & Maine RRBought from the factory by Mantetsu.
KD242-8-01916ALCoRetired 1955.
KD252-8-0
KF4-8-41935−1936Vulcan Foundry24Yuehan Ry
LD14-4-4T1936Kawasaki2South Manchuria RySMR Dabusa class
MG12-6-01908–1909North British/Tangshan10Jingsui Ry
MG12-6-01909Jinpu Ry
MG12-6-0191012xJinpu Ry
MG22-6-01897−1899Baldwin12Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 60
MG32-6-01900–1903Dübs/North British/Tangshan33Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 90Retired 1955.
MG32-6-01914−1916North British/Tangshan22Peking−Mukden RyRetired 1955.
MG42-6-01919–1920North British/Tangshan4Peking−Mukden RyRetired 1975.
MG42-6-01923−1928North British/Tangshan7Peking−Mukden RyRetired 1975.
MG52-6-01902−1905Fives-Lille37Jinghan Ry
MG62-6-01901Fives-Lille>3Jinghan RyJinghan Ry Class 100
MG72-6-01910−1911Hanomag (6x), Humboldt (14x)20Jinpu RyJinpu Ry Class 30
MG82-6-01916−1919Vulcan Iron Works15Longhai Ry
MG92-6-01901BaldwinJinghan RyJinghan Ry Class 90Retired 1951.
MG102-6-0United KingdomCanton−Kowloon RyCKR Class A
MG112-6-0
MG122-6-0
MG132-6-01900−1903Rogers6Jinghan Ry
MG212-6-01927BaldwinXinning Ry
MG262-6-01913−1918ALCo2Daoqing Ry
MG332-6-01921North British/Tangshan1Shenhai RyShenhai Ry 51
MG332-6-01927Baldwin4Shenhai RyShenhai Ry 52−55Retired 1955.
MG332-6-01911North British/Tangshan6Jichang RyJichang Ry Class 100
ML10-6-6-01908North British4Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 20
ML22-4-4-21911Baldwin4Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 70
ML32-8-8-21914ALCo7Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 90
ML42-8-8-21921ALCo7Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 200
MT14-8-21936Kawasaki, Hitachi7South Manchuria RySMR Matei class
MT24-8-2BaldwinYuehan Ry
PL12-6-21908ALCo35South Manchuria RySMR Purei class
PL22-6-21935Nippon Sharyō20South Manchuria RySMR Pureni class
PL32-6-2T192818South Manchuria RySMR Puresa classSame as Sentetsu Purena class.
PL42-6-21919Baldwin1Jinghan Ry
PL42-6-21913−1922North British/Tangshan3Peking−Mukden Ry
PL52-6-2 (6x)
2-6-2T (10x)
1887–1914Dübs/North British16Peking−Mukden Ry
PL52-6-2STNorth British2Jingsui Ry
PL62-6-2T1891−1896
1915–1925
North British
?
17
12
PL72-6-21921BaldwinJingsui RyRetired 1955.
PL82-6-21911BaldwinJingsui RyRetired 1955.
PL92-6-21920−1923Société Franco-Belge40Jinghan RyPL9-146 on display at the China Railway Museum is the only Belgian-made locomotive to survive in China.
PL92-6-21936Škoda>2Jinghan RyJinghan Ry Class 20
PL92-6-21920−1922Lima10
PL102-6-21914Tubize5Longhai RyLonghai Ry Class 50
PL112-6-21909BaldwinJingsui RyRetired 1955.
PL122-6-2T1923−1927North British/TangshanPeking−Mukden RyRetired 1955.
PL132-6-21914Baldwin>4Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 150Retired 1955.
PL142-6-2T1891–1896North BritishPeking−Mukden RyRetired 1955.
PL202-6-2T1914Hanomag>3Jinpu RyJinpu Ry Class 200
PL212-6-21940Orenstein & KoppelAt Harbin in 1950s.
QJ2-10-21956−1988Dalian, Tangshan, Shenyang, Mudanjiang, Changchun, Datong4708China RailwaysCR Class HP
RA2+2+21909−1912Lima6Jingsui RyJingsui Ry Class 253-truck (Class C) Shay locomotive.
RM4-6-21958−1966Sifang258China RailwaysCR Class RM
SL14-6-2ALCo20Jingsui Ry
SL24-6-21916, 1921Shahekou6South Manchuria RySMR Pashini class
SL34-6-21934−1940Hitachi, Kisha Seizō96South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
North China Transport
SMR Pashisa class
MNR Pashishi class
NCTC Pashisa class
88 to China Railways, 8 to Korean State Railway
SL44-6-21919
1921
Baldwin
Shahekou
6
23
South Manchuria RySMR Pashisa & Pashiha class
SMR Pashishi class
SL54-6-21927−1928Shahekou11South Manchuria RySMR Pashiko class
SL64-6-21933−1958Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, Hitachi, Shahekou, Nippon Sharyō, Sifang422South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
North China Transport
Central China Ry
SMR Pashiro class
MNR Pashiku class
NCTC Pashiro class
CCR Class KC100
SL74-6-21934, 1936Kawasaki, Shahekou12South Manchuria RySMR Pashina class
SL84-6-21937−1940Hitachi, Shahekou17South Manchuria Ry
Manchukuo Nat'l Ry
SMR/MNR Pashiha class
SL94-6-21939
(regauged)
JNR Hamamatsu, Kisha Seizō16
(to China)
Central China RyCCR Class C51Japanese class C51 converted to standard gauge in 1939.
SL104-6-21921−1925Baldwin10Peking−Mukden Ry
SL114-6-21908ALCo7South Manchuria RySMR Pashii class
SL124-6-21942−1943Kawasaki10Central China RyCCR Pashishi classSame as Sentetsu Pashishi class
SL134-6-21937Cockerill18Longhai RyLonghai Ry Class 500
SL144-6-21933North British8Jinpu Ry
SL154-6-21921ALCo12Jinpu Ry
SL164-6-21930North British4Jinghu RyJinghu Ry Class G50
SL174-6-21929Shahekou4Sitao Ry
SL204-6-21921−1924ALCo10Jiaoji Ry
ST12-10-2T1929
1930
Škoda (6x)
Kawasaki (1x)
7Chinese Eastern RyCER Class Ь 4001−4007Converted to standard gauge around 1940.
ST22-10-21935KruppJinpu RySimilar to DRG Class 45.
ST32-10-21937Tubize1Longhai Ry
SY2-8-21960−1999Tangshan1820China RailwaysCR Class SYLast steam locomotives manufactured in the world.
TH14-6-01908
1912
ALCo17
5
South Manchuria RySMR Tehoi class
SMR Tehoni class
Image is of 1908 variant.
TH24-6-01910−1911
1901−1905
Vulcan Stettin6
17
Jiaoji RyJiaoji Ry Class 70
Jiaoji Ry Class ?
TH34-6-01910–1919North British/Tangshan10Peking−Mukden RyPMR Class 110Rebuilt with superheaters in late 1930s; retired 1955.
TH44-6-01913Schwartzkopff5Jiaoji RyJiaoji Ry Class 300Retired 1955.
TH54-6-01910−1913Henschel, HanomagRetired 1975.
TH64-6-01913Tubize?10Jinghan Ry
TH74-6-01904−1907France32Jinghan RyJinghan Ry Class 200
TH74-6-01909France10Longhai Ry
TH84-6-0United States
TH94-6-01910Hawthorne Leslie12Jinpu Ry
TH104-6-01906ALCo4Chicago Southern RR
TH114-6-01902−1903Bryansk (40x), Kharkov (45x)85
(for CER)
Chinese Eastern RyCER class Г, ГчSome rebuilt with superheaters (Гч); 24 converted to standard gauge in late 1930s - these became CR TH11.
TH124-6-0
TH134-6-01931Kitson and CompanyKowloon−Canton RyRetired 1955.
TH144-6-0
TH154-6-0
TH164-6-0
TH174-6-0
TH184-6-0
TW14-8-0
XH0-8-01960−1961Changchun, Mudanjiang48China RailwaysCR Class XH
XK10-8-01898Baldwin
Kolomna
27
?
Chinese Eastern RyCER Class Ьа
CER Class Ьк
XK20-6-0T1942–1944Davenport, H.K. Porter, Vulcan (USA)20
(to China)
USATCUSATC Class S100Supplied to Zhegan Ry as aid.
XK30-6-0
XK40-6-0
XK50-6-0T1901CockerillJinghan RyJinghan Ry Class 60
XK60-6-0T~1880BelgiumSame as Belgian Type 51.
XK70-6-0
XK80-6-0
XK90-6-0TFranceZhengtai RyZhengtai Ry Class 10
XK100-6-0
XK110-6-0
XK120-6-0
XK130-6-0T1958−1960FablokFablok TKh49
XK140-6-0TGermany
YJ2-6-21958−1961Jinan (120x), Tangshan (80x)200China RailwaysCR Class YJ

Narrow gauge

Model Wheel
arr.
Build year Builder Number built Original
operator
Original
class
Photo Notes
C20-8-01952−1988Shijiazhuang, Mudanjiang, Harbin, DunhuaChina RailwaysCR Class C2Copy of Russian class Pt-4.
DK512-10-01936HitachiTongpu RyTongpu Ry Class 3501000 mm. Some converted to standard gauge (DK4)
DK512-10-01937HenschelTongpu RyTongpu Ry Class 3001000 mm. Retired 1990.
FN510-6-2T1906Fives-Lille30Zhengtai RyZhengtai Ry Class 1001067 mm. Forney locomotive.
JF512-8-2ST1913−1926France28Yunnan Ry
KD512-8-01937−1938
(regauged)
ALCo26
(for China)
North China TransportNCTC SoriA classJapanese class 9050 converted to metre gauge.
KD522-8-01939SLMYunnan RyYunnan Ry
KD552-8-01921Kawasaki54Yunnan Ry1000 mm version of class KD5.
MG512-6-01934−1935Henschel>2Tongpu RyTongpu Ry Class 1101000 mm.
MG522-6-01908ALCo1Tongpu RyTongpu Ry Class 1001000 mm.
PL512-6-2T1938−1939
(regauged)
KawasakiNorth China TransportNCTC PureA classJapanese class C12 converted to metre gauge; some sent to Vietnam in 1956.
PL522-6-21923, 1927Kawasaki
RJ0-4-01959−1965Chengdu70China RailwaysCR Class RJ762 mm.
SN0-10-01924-1929Baldwin16Gebishi Railway600 mm. Retired 1990.
TH554-6-0FranceYunnan Ry
XK51 (1)0-6-0BarclayTongpu Ry
XK51 (2)0-6-0VulcanTongpu Ry
YC2-6-21965−1970Dalian67China RailwaysCR Class YCDeveloped for Vietnam Railways

Diesel locomotives

Diesel-hydraulic transmission

Diesel hydraulic locomotives type descriptions are prefixed either by the roman initials DFH (Diesel fuel, hydraulic) or NY (neiran yeli chuandong 内燃液力传动 also meaning diesel-hydraulic).[2] From the initials of the acronym DFH is derived from their phonetic sound the Chinese name "Dongfang Hong" meaning "Red East", matching the anthem of Communist China: "The East is Red" at the time of their introduction, as well as the well known observation of Chairman Mao Zedong that 'the east is red'. Usually DFH is used for internally produced locomotives and NY for imported or prototype machines.

Chinese made

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
prototype NY1 "Weixing"19591401060Sifang4
DFH11964–1973120(140)1220(1060)Sifang102
prototype NY2 "Flying Dragon",
(Simplified Chinese:"飞龙")
19601001470
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian1
DFH21971 - 197562650Ziyang50
DFH31971–19891201440Sifang268
DFH4 19691603675Sifang1
1971–19741403309Qishuyan2
1975–1981?3309Ziyang3
DFH51976–198880790Ziyang
Sifang
480~
DFH5B (3000系)1973-198880920Ziyang~20
DFH5C (4000系)1973-198880920Ziyang6
DFH61981901470Ziyang1
DFH71988–199180790Ziyang15
DFH21
(narrow gauge)
1977–198450810Sifang104
Beijing 600119701004412
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th1
Beijing1971–19901202206Beijing Feb. 7th361
Beijing
(coupling of double loco)
1986–19901202×2206Beijing Feb. 7th2×6

Imported

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
NY51967passenger: 160
freight: 120
2940Henschel, West Germany4
NY6[3]19721083160Henschel, West Germany10
NY7[3]19721133680Henschel, West Germany20

Diesel-electric transmission

Chinese made

The Dongfeng (DF) series of diesel electric transmission locomotives is the most important in Chinese rail transport. The Dongfeng4 (DF4) is by far the most common locomotive to be seen on Chinese rails.

Model
(Former name)
Build year Transmission Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
JianShe
(Simplified Chinese:"建设")
1958DC - DC85441
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th1
XianXing
(Simplified Chinese:"先行")
1958–1959DC - DC1251471Qishuyan47
JuLong
(Simplified Chinese:"巨龙")
1958 Dalian 1
DF
(Simplified Chinese:"东风")
1964–1974DC - DC1001500Dalian
Qishuyan
Chengdu
Datong
706
DF2
(ND2)
1964–1974DC - DC95650Qishuyan148
DF31972–1974DC - DC1201050Dalian226
DF41969–1985AC - DC100(freight)
120(passenger)
1920Dalian843
DF4B1985-presentAC - DC100(freight)
120(passenger)
1985Dalian
Ziyang
Datong
Sifang
≥4500
DF4C1985-1999AC - DC1002165Dalian
Ziyang
Datong
Sifang
838
DF4CK1999AC - DC1602165Ziyang2
DF4D(K)
(speedup version)
1996-1999AC - DC1452425Dalian580
DF4D(H)
(freight version)
1998-presentAC - DC1002425Dalian206
DF4D(Z)
(sub-highspeed version)
1999-2007AC - DC1702425Dalian333
DF4D(7000 Series)
(Radial bogie freight type)
2000-2003AC - DC1002425Dalian
21
DF4DJ
(DF4DAC)
2000AC - DC - AC1452510Dalian
Siemens, Germany
2
DF4DF1999–2004AC - DC1202425Dalian31
DF4DD
(road switcher version)
1999–2004AC - DC803180Dalian230
DF4E1995–1997AC - DC1004860
(2×2430)
Sifang16
DF51976 - 2006AC - DC801213Tangshan
Sifang
1014
DF5G2001 — 2006AC - DC1001213Sifang132
DF5B1976-2006AC - DC1001500Dalian36
DF5BG1976-2006AC - DC1001500Dalian?
DF5C1994–1998年
1998-2006
AC - DC1001320
2000
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang?
DF5D1999 - 2006AC - DC801200Dalian180
DF61989AC - DC1182425Dalian
GE, United States
4
DF71982–1990AC - DC1001470Beijing Feb. 7th295
DF7B1990 - ?AC - DC1001840Beijing Feb. 7th215
DF7C1991–2001AC - DC1001840/1470Beijing Feb. 7th289
DF7D1995–1998AC - DC1001500
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th214
DF7E1998AC - DC1002000
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th2
DF7F2000AC - DC1002650
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th?
DF7G2003-presentAC - DC1002200
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th
Sifang
Qishuyan
347
DF7J2004AC - DC - AC1002200
(Diesel engine output)
Beijing Feb. 7th1
DF81984–1990AC - DC1003310Qishuyan141
DF8B1997-presentAC - DC1003100Qishuyan
Ziyang
1013
DF8BJ "West Light"
(Simplified Chinese:"西部之光")
2002AC - DC - AC1204000Ziyang1
DF8CJ "Sunlight"
(Simplified Chinese:"霞光")
2002AC - DC - AC1203650Qishuyan3
DF8DJ
(DF8B 5672)
2003AC - DC - AC1203350Ziyang1
DF91991AC - DC1703040Qishuyan2
DF10?AC - DC1002×1600Dalian1
DF10C1995AC - DC1602×2130
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian1
DF10D?AC - DC1202×1600Dalian1
DF10DD2003-presentAC - DC1002200
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian262
DF10F1996–1998AC - DC1602×2200
(Diesel engine output)
Dalian6
DF111992–2005AC - DC1703040Qishuyan460
DF11G2003-presentAC - DC1706080
(2×3040)
Qishuyan79
DF11Z2002AC - DC1606080
(2×3040)
Qishuyan4
DF121997–2001AC - DC1001990Ziyang?
DF21
(narrow gauge)
?AC - DC601500
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang11
NJ11999AC - DC - AC801320
(Diesel engine output)
Sifang3
HXN3
"Harmony"
2008-presentAC - DC - AC1204700EMD, United States
Dalian
332
HXN3B
"Harmony"
2012-presentAC - DC - AC1003500EMD, United States
Dalian
≥160
HXN3K
"Harmony"
2016-presentAC - DC - AC160Dalian
HXN5
"Harmony"
2008-presentAC - DC - AC1204660GE, United States
Qishuyan
700
HXN5B
"Harmony"
2012-presentAC - DC - AC1003530Qishuyan≥160
HXN5K
"Harmony"
2016-presentAC - DC - AC160Qishuyan
HXN6
"Harmony"
2016-presentAC - DC - ACZiyang
Sources[4][5]

Imported

Model Build year Transmission Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
ND11958;1965DC - DC80440Hungary Ganz
(Hungarian State Railways Class M44)
26
ND21972–1987DC - DC1201280Electroputere, Romania Craiova
(CFR 060DA)
284
ND31985DC - DC1001540Electroputere, Romania Craiova88
ND41973–1975AC - DC1002150Alstom, France50
ND51984-1986AC - DC1182550GE, United States
(GE C36-7)
422
NJ22005–2006AC - DC - AC1203800GE, United States78

Electric locomotives

AC-DC transmission

Shaoshan (SS) (Chinese: 韶山) series

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder Total production Photo
SS1
(6Y1)
1958–1988903780Zhuzhou826
SS219691004620Zhuzhou1
SS31978–19931004320Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
677
SS3(4000)1992–20061004320Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
Taiyuan
733
SS3B
(coupling of double loco)
2002–20091002×4320Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Datong
333
SS3C20081002×4800Taiyuan1
SS41985–20031002×3200Zhuzhou158
SS4G1993–20071002×3200Zhuzhou
Ziyang
Dalian
Datong
1347
SS4B1995–20061002×3200Zhuzhou130
SS4C19971002×3200Zhuzhou2
SS519911403200Zhuzhou2
SS61990–19921004800Zhuzhou53
SS6B1992—?1004800Zhuzhou148
SS71992–20071004800Datong113
SS7B19971004800Datong2
SS7C1998–20061204800Datong171
SS7D1999–20021704800Datong59
SS7E2001–20061704800Datong
Dalian
146
SS81994–20011703600Zhuzhou245
SS91998–20021704800Zhuzhou43
SS9G2002–20061704800Zhuzhou171

Imported

Model Build year Top speed (In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
6Y21958–19611014740Alstom, France
SNCF Class CC 7100
25
6G119711205100Romania
CFR Class 40
2
6G19731125400Alstom, France40
6K1986–19871005100Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan
JNR Class EF66JNR Class ED75
85
8G1987–19901002×3200Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant, USSR
ВЛ80
100
8K19871002×320050 Hz-Group: Alsthom, Siemens, BBC and others150

AC-DC-AC transmission

Both post 2000 introductions of asynchronous AC motor driven locomotives and high speed trains based on technology transfer arrangements with other countries have been given the common name "Harmony" series. Ministry of Railways deputy chief engineer Zhang Shuguang explained that the name was to represent energy efficiency and good environmental credentials as well as indicating smooth running of complicated systems.[6] Vehicles of the 'Harmony' series have an "H" in their type descriptions.

Model Build year Top speed
(In maximum)
(km/h)
Power output
(kW)
Builder
(Family)
Total production Photo
AC400019961204000Zhuzhou1
DJ "Jiufang"
(Simplified Chinese:"九方")
20002004800Zhuzhou2
DJ12000–20011206400Siemens
Zhuzhou
20
DJ2 "Olympic Stars"
(Simplified Chinese:"奥星")
20012004800Zhuzhou3[7]
Tiansuo or "Sky Shuttle"
(Simplified Chinese:"天梭")
20032004800Datong1[8]
HXD1
(DJ4)
2006–20101209600 (2×4800)Siemens
Zhuzhou
220
HXD1.1[9]2006–20121209600 (2×4800)Zhuzhou220
HXD1.6[9]2006-20121209600 (2×4800)Ziyang≥80[10]
HXD1.7[11]2006–20121209600 (2×4800) / 14400 (3×4800)Bombardier
Zhuzhou
8/2[12]
HXD1.7[11]2006–20121209600 (2x4800)Bombardier
Zhuzhou
190
HXD1B2009–20111209600Siemens, Germany
Zhuzhou
650
HXD1C2009-present1207200Siemens, Germany
Zhuzhou
Ziyang
1207
HXD1D2012-present1607200Zhuzhou511
HXD1F20141009600 (2×4800)Zhuzhou2[13]
HXD1G2015-present21011200Zhuzhou2
HXD2
(DJ4-6000)
2006–200812010000 (2×5000)Alstom, France
Datong
180
HXD2.1[14]2012-present12010000 (2×5000)Bombardier
Datong
≥280
HXD2.6[14]2014-present12010000 (2×5000)Dalian40[15]
HXD2.7[14]2012-present12010000 (2×5000)Bombardier
Datong
50[16]
HXD2B2009–20111209600Alstom
Datong
500[17]
HXD2C2010–20111207200Datong≥220[18][19][20]
HXD2D2013-present1607200Datong1[21]
HXD2F20141009600 (2×4800)Datong2[22]
HXD2G2015-present20012800 (2×6400)Datong1
HXD3
(SSJ3, DJ3, SL1)
2003–20101207200Toshiba
Dalian
Datong
Beijing Feb. 7th
1080
HXD3A20141209600 (2×4800)Bombardier
Dalian
2[23]
HXD3B2009–20111209600Bombardier
Dalian
500

HXD3C2010-present1207200Bombardier
Dalian
1300
HXD3D2012-present1607200Dalian521[24]
HXD3G2015-present21012800 (2×6400)Dalian1

References

  1. 1 2 Duncan Cotterill. "Railography : A Brief History of Standard Gauge Steam in China". www.railography.co.uk.
  2. Chinese diesel locomotives Archived 2009-10-03 at the Wayback Machine., sections "prefixes" , http://www.railwaysofchina.com
  3. 1 2 "CLASSES NY6 AND NY7 HENSCHEL DIESEL-HYDRAULICS OF 4,600 AND 5,600 HP FOR FREIGHT SERVICES IN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA - TRB Publications Index". pubsindex.trb.org. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  4. Robin J Gibbons. "Chinese diesel locomotives". www.railwaysofchina.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03.
  5. 东风、东风2、东风3型内燃机车 [DF, DF2, and DF3 diesel locomotives]. www.kepu.net.cn (in Chinese). 铁道馆_中国科普博览, 中国科学院计算机网络信息中心.
  6. 第六次大提速货车技术提升 速度可达120多公里 , 2007 , http://www.china.com.cn
  7. "Image: 20080606021606312.jpg, (600 × 331 px)". csrgc.com.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  8. "Image: 9982_tiansuo.gif, (551 × 339 px)". dtloco.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  9. 1 2 zh:和谐1型电力机车
  10. "Image: 20130111_97a35de2e32db1c76de2p1lBovkSAwE7.jpg, (405 × 605 px)". n2.hk. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  11. 1 2 神华新型八轴大功率交流电力机车上线试运行. 国务院国资委. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-15].
  12. "Image: 5148da4ejw1dzrwd6epf2j.jpg, (707 × 287 px)". ww2.sinaimg.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  13. "Image: a3913417jw1eixy3edo6rj20nq0hstbj.jpg, (440 × 329 px)". ww4.sinaimg.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  14. 1 2 3 zh:和谐2型电力机车
  15. "Image: 161816dznbg519j1jjugju.jpg.thumb.jpg, (338 × 600 px)". file-rail-bbs.railcn.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  16. "Image: 635322054385165000.jpg, (1000 × 747 px)". chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  17. "Image:20118181313656542109_9.jpg, (3636 × 2028 px)". dt.chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  18. zh:HXD2C型电力机车
  19. 大同7200千瓦电力机车项目. 江苏常牵庞巴迪牵引系统有限公司. [2012-09-15].
  20. 中国北车大连所公司HXD2C电力机车NECT牵引及网络控制系统通过技术评审. 中国北车大连所公司.2011-03-23 [2012-09-15].
  21. "Image: 1516199twfxkwwoukwy15z.jpg, (1024 × 684 px)". file-fans-bbs.railcn.net. 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  22. "Image: 635533848823218750.jpg, (554 × 369 px)". en.chinacnr.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  23. "Image: 1732025nn5pyc10d5v5vi0.jpg, (861 × 646 px)". file-fans-bbs.railcn.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  24. zh:和谐3D型电力机车
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