List of islands of Indonesia

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. According to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, of 17,504 officially listed islands within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, 16,056 island names have been verified by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) as of July 2017.[1]


The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakorsurtanal), the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[2] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands, and according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[3] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide.[4] According to estimates made by the government of Indonesia 8,844 islands have been named, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[5]

Major islands

List of islands

The following islands are listed by province:



Central Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

East Java

West Java

  • Pulau Biawak (Monitor Lizard Island), Indramayu



199 islands

North Sumatra

479 islands

West Sumatra




Riau Islands

about 3,200 islands

Bangka-Belitung Islands


Central Kalimantan

  • Damar
  • Palau Baning
  • Palau Buaya
  • Palau Burung

East Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

South Kalimantan

West Kalimantan


Central Sulawesi

North Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

Lesser Sunda Islands


East Nusa Tenggara

  • Alor Islands, 14 islands + 1 (East Timor)
  • Flores
  • Komodo
    • Gili Lawadarat
    • Gili Lawalaut
    • Pulau Mangiatan
    • Pulau Makasar
      • Taka Makasar
    • Pulau Mauwang
    • Pulau Pararambah
    • Pulau Siaba Besar
      • Pulau Siaba Kecil
      • Pulau Mangiatan
      • Pulau Tatawa
        • Tukoh Pemaroh
      • Pulau Pararambah
  • Padar
    • Pulau Batubilah
    • Pulau Padar Kecil
  • Palu'e (Palu)
  • Rinca
    • Gili Motang
    • Golo Mori
    • Pulau Muang
    • Pulau Rohbong
      • Tukoh Gagak
      • Tukoh Rohbongkoe
    • Pulau Papagaran Besar
      • Pulau Papagaran Kecil
      • Pulau Batu
      • Pulau Mole
    • Pulau Pengah Besar
      • Pulau Pengah Kecil
      • Pulau Batupengah
  • Rote Island
  • Savu (Sawu)
  • Solor Islands
  • Sumba
  • Timor, divided between Indonesia (West Timor) and the independent nation of East Timor


West Nusa Tenggara

Maluku Islands


North Maluku

New Guinea

islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island

West Papua

610 islands, 35 inhabited


See also


  1. (in Indonesian) Dari 17.504 Pulau di Indonesia, 16.056 telah diverifikasi PBB - Eko Prasetya - Merdeka - 19 Agustus 2017.
  2. "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012.
  3. CIA World Factbook
  4. Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name for Little Islands from History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  5. Galapagos islands

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