List of islands by area
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.
Although the continental landmasses listed below are not normally called islands (by definition a landmass cannot be both an island and a continent), they are, in fact, land entirely surrounded by water. In effect, they are enormous islands and are shown here for that reason. The figures are approximations and are for the continental mainland only.
|Country or countries|
|3||Antarctica||14,000,000||5,400,000||None (various countries have territorial claims)|
Islands 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi) and greater
Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,653–38,610 sq mi)
Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)
Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)
Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)
Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)
This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.
- Lake island
- List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands
- List of countries and dependencies by area
- List of islands (by continent and country)
- List of islands by highest point
- List of islands by name
- List of islands by population
- List of islands by population density
- List of countries by largest island
- Antarctica is a special case; if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed, although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.
- Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth’s largest island but smallest continent".
- The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
- A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.
- Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
- Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
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- Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
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- World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
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- "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- Haug, Per Ivar (August 2005). "Islands of Greenland". Gazetteer of Greenland. Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15.
- "Islands by Land Area". Island Directory Tables. United Nations Environment Programme. 18 February 1998.
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- "World Island Information". Joshua Calder. 2010.