List of heads of government of Mexico City

Head of Government of Mexico City
Jefe de Gobierno de la Ciudad de México
Seal of the Head of Government Office
Flag of Mexico City
Incumbent
José Ramón Amieva
(interim)

since March 29, 2018
Appointer Popular vote
Inaugural holder Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas
Formation December 5, 1997
Website www.cdmx.gob.mx (in Spanish)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mexico
Foreign relations

The Head of Government (Spanish: Jefe de Gobierno) wields executive power in Mexico City. The Head of Government serves a six-year term, running concurrently with that of the President of the Republic. Mexico City, or CDMX, is the seat of national executive, legislative, and judicial power, and is largely contiguous with the core of the sprawling Mexico City conurbation.

According to Article 122 of the Constitution, "the Head of Government of the Federal District shall be responsible for executive power and public administration in the district and shall be represented by a single individual, elected by universal, free, direct, and secret suffrage."

The title is commonly rendered in English as "Mayor of Mexico City" or (less frequently) as "Governor of the Federal District" (as the position was known in the early post-Revolution years), but in reality the position does not correspond exactly to either the mayor of a municipality (presidente municipal) or the governor of a state (gobernador) as they are understood in Mexican law.

For the greater part of the 20th century, the D.F. was administered directly by the President of the Republic, who delegated his authority to an appointed Head of the Federal District Department, known more commonly (and tersely) as the Regente ("Regent" in English). This non-democratic imposition was a source of constant and often bitter resentment among the inhabitants of Mexico City. Under the reforms of the state introduced by presidents Carlos Salinas and Ernesto Zedillo, the Regent was replaced by the first directly elected Head of Government in 1997.

On July 6, 1997, with a 47.7% share of the vote in an eight-horse race, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas won the first direct Head of Government election (this first term was to last only three years, to bring the office into line with the presidential succession). Cárdenas, a former presidential candidate who was, according to many, cheated out of victory in the closely fought 1988 presidential election, later resigned to compete in the 2000 presidential campaign and left in his place Rosario Robles, who served out the remainder of his term as the first woman to govern Mexico City.

The Head of Government elected for the 2000–2006 term was Andrés Manuel López Obrador, elected with 39% of the popular vote in the same election that saw Vicente Fox of the PAN win the presidency. López Obrador was temporarily removed from office by the federal Congress on April 7, 2005 and was replaced, on an interim basis for a period of slightly over two weeks, by his secretary of government, Alejandro Encinas. See desafuero of AMLO.

All the Heads of Government to date have come from the ranks of the left-of-centre Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) (or from PRD-led coalitions of parties); all the Heads of the Federal District Department were members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

List of Governors of the Federal District's territory from 1824 to 2009

Governors of the Federal District (before the formal declaration)

Governors of the Federal District

  • Gen. Jose Maria Mendivil November 25, 1825
  • Juan Manuel de Elizalde August 26, 1826
  • Francisco Molinos del Campo: September 2, 1826
  • Juan Manuel de Elizalde: October 2, 1826 (2nd time)
  • José Ignacio Esteva January 1, 1828
  • José María Tornel February 23, 1828
  • José Ignacio Esteva December 3, 1828 (2nd time)
  • Augustine of F. Lebrija January 30, 1830
  • Miguel Cervantes February 20, 1830
  • Francisco Fagoaga February 18, 1831
  • Ignacio Martinez (Mexico): October 14, 1832
  • José Joaquín de Herrera January 9, 1833
  • Ignacio Martinez: October 14, 1832
  • José Ignacio Esteva April 17, 1833 (3rd time)
  • José María Tornel November 24, 1833 (2nd time)
  • Ramon Rayon January 12, 1835
  • José Gómez de la Cortina: October 13, 1835
  • Manuel Fernández Madrid: October 15, 1836
  • Francisco García Conde: October 26, 1836
  • Luis G. Vieyra: March 9, 1837

Governors Mexico Department (Centralist Epoch)

  • Agustín Vicente Eguia December 30, 1837
  • José María Icaza: September 20, 1838
  • José Fernando de Peredo December 30, 1838
  • Luis G. Vieyra January 8, 1839 (2nd Attempt)
  • Miguel González Calderón January 11, 1840
  • Luis G. Vieyra April 30, 1840 (3rd Attempt)
  • José María Barrera March 16, 1841
  • Luis G. Vieyra July 31, 1841 (4th Occasion)
  • Francis O. Zarate: September 19, 1841
  • Luis G. Vieyra: October 9, 1841 (5th Occasion)
  • Valentín Canalizo March 10, 1843
  • Manuel Rincon: October 3, 1843
  • Ignacio Inclan December 3, 1843

Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement)

  • Jose Guadalupe Covarrubias December 7, 1846
  • Vicente Romero (Mexico): January 4, 1847
  • Juan José Baz January 13, 1847
  • Jose Ramon Malo February 17, 1847

City Council of Mexico (U.S. Invasion)

  • Manuel Reyes Veramendi: September 8, 1847
  • Francisco Juarez Iriarte January 18, 1847
  • John M. Flores y Teran March 6, 1848
  • Jose Ramon Malo: November 5, 1848 (2nd time)

Head of the Federal District (U.S. Occupation)

Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement)

  • Pedro Torrin: May 14, 1849
  • Pedro Maria Anaya July 10, 1849
  • Miguel Azcarate: January 2, 1850
  • Antonio Diaz Bonilla: October 21, 1854
  • Juan José Baz: January 5, 1856 (2nd time)

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857)

  • Augustine Alcerreca: October 4, 1857 (2nd time)

Governors of the Department of Mexico (War of the Reform)

Conservatives

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857)

  • Justin Fernandez January 6, 1861
  • Juan José Baz June 25, 1861 (2nd time)
  • Anastasio Parrodi January 8, 1862
  • Ángel Frías April 27, 1862
  • José María González de Mendoza: May 24, 1862
  • Joseph S. Aramberri: September 20, 1862
  • Manuel Terreros November 11, 1862
  • Ponciano Arriaga January 23, 1863
  • José María González de Mendoza March 1, 1863 (2nd time)
  • Gen. John J. of the heron, John H. Mateos, Joaquin Mayor and Manuel Ramos, May 1863, City of Mexico City.
  • Miguel Maria Azcarate June 12, 1863
  • Manuel Garcia Aguirre: June 30, 1863

Governors of the Department of Mexico (2nd Empire)

  • José del Villar Bocanegra: November 4, 1863
  • Manuel Campero: April 9, 1866
  • Mariano Icaza: September 20, 1866
  • Thomas O'Hora: September 30, 1867

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Restored Republic)

  • Porfirio Díaz June 15, 1867 (Military Governor)
  • Juan José Baz August 14, 1867 (2nd time)
  • Francis H. Velez: September 7, 1869
  • Francisco Paz January 27, 1871
  • Gabino Bustamante March 17, 1871
  • Alfredo Chavero June 15, 1871
  • José María Castro: September 19, 1871
  • Tiburcio Montiel: October 21, 1871
  • Joaquin A. Pérez: September 29, 1873
  • Protasio G. Tagle November 22, 1876
  • Agustin del Rio: November 30, 1876
  • Juan Crisostomo Bonilla: February 7, 1877
  • Gen. Luis C. Curiel February 16, 1877
  • Carlos Pacheco Villalobos December 2, 1880
  • Ramon Fernandez: June 25, 1881
  • Carlos Rivas: May 5, 1884
  • General Jose Ceballos: December 3, 1884
  • Manuel Dominguez: April 19, 1893
  • Manuel Terreros
  • Pedro Rincón Gallardo July 17, 1893
  • Nicolas Island and Bustamante: August 3, 1896
  • Rafael Rebollar: August 8, 1896
  • Guillermo de Landa y Escandon: October 8, 1900
  • Ramón Corral: December 8, 1900
  • Guillermo de Landa y Escandon: January 3, 1903 (2nd time)
  • Gen. Samuel Garcia Cuellar: May 3, 1911

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Madero Revolution)

  • Alberto Garcia Granados: May 30, 1911
  • Ignacio Rivero: August 3, 1913
  • Federico Gonzalez Garza August 21, 1912

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Government of Victoriano Huerta)

  • Gen. Cepeda and Gen. Alberto Yarza: February 3, 1913 (Grales. responsible for the city after the Ten Tragic Days
  • Gen. Samuel Garcia Cuellar February 24, 1913 (2nd time)
  • Ramón Corona February 28, 1914
  • Mr. Gen. Eduardo Iturbide: March 28, 1914

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857 Constitutionalist Revolution)

  • Alfredo Robles Dominguez August 18, 1914
  • Gen. Heriberto Jara: September 19, 1914
  • Juan Gutierrez R. November 22, 1914

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, the Government Conventional)

Governor of Valle de Mexico (Const. 1857, Constitutional Government)

  • Gen. Cesar Lopez de Lara: August 3, 1915 (By the decrees of 3/12/1914 based on the Plan of Guadalupe, federal capital city of Veracruz and January 5, 1917 decree establishing the capital in the city of Querétaro. The changes of residence were never ratified by Congress)

Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1917)

  • Col. Gonzalo G. de la Mata: April 3, 1917 (Interim)
  • Gen. Cesar Lopez de Lara: June 3, 1917 (2nd time)

Governors of the Federal District (Carrancistas)

  • Alfredo Breceda January 22, 1918
  • Arnulfo González August 28, 1918
  • Alfredo Breceda January 21, 1919 (2nd time)
  • Benito Flores February 26, 1919
  • Manuel Rueda Magro: May 31, 1919
  • Mayor of Mexico City: May 7, 1920 (Move Carranza in Veracruz on the Federal Government, I fail to install)

Governors of the Federal District (Obregon)

  • Manuel Gómez Noriega: May 8, 1920
  • Gen. Celestino Gasca July 7, 1920
  • Ramon Ross: October 25, 1923
  • Abel S. Rodriguez: December 15, 1923 (Interim)
  • Ramon Ross: February 11, 1924 (2nd time)
  • Gen. Francisco R. Serrano June 21, 1926
  • Primo Villa Michel June 1927 until December 31, 1928.

Heads of the Federal District Department (Regents)

  • (1929–1930): José Manuel Puig Casauranc
  • (1930): Crisóforo Ibáñez
  • (1930–1931): Lamberto Hernandez
  • (1931): Enrique Romero Courtade
  • (1931–1932): Lorenzo Hernandez
  • (1932): Vicente Estrada Cajigal
  • (1932): Manuel Padilla
  • (1932) John G. Cabral
  • (1932–1935): Aaron Saenz
  • (1935–1938): Cosme Hinojosa
  • (1938–1940): José Siurob Ramírez

Governor of Federal District (Regents)

  • (1940–1946): Javier Rojo Gomez

Heads of the Federal District Department (Regents)

Heads of Government of the Federal District/Mexico City

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
1 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas
(born 1934)
5 December 1997 28 September 1999 Party of the Democratic Revolution
2 Rosario Robles
(born 1956)
29 September 1999 4 December 2000 Party of the Democratic Revolution
3 Andrés Manuel López Obrador
(born 1953)
5 December 2000 29 July 2005 Party of the Democratic Revolution
4 Alejandro Encinas Rodríguez
(born 1954)
2 August 2005 4 December 2006 Party of the Democratic Revolution
5 Marcelo Ebrard
(born 1959)
5 December 2006 4 December 2012 Party of the Democratic Revolution
6 Miguel Ángel Mancera
(born 1966)
5 December 2012 29 March 2018 Party of the Democratic Revolution
7 José Ramón Amieva
(born 1972)
29 March 2018 4 December 2018 (Incumbent) Party of the Democratic Revolution
8 Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo
(born 1962)
Elect Elect National Regeneration Movement

See also

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