List of districts in Turkey

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The 81 provinces of Turkey are divided into 957 districts (ilçeler; sing. ilçe). In the early Turkish Republic and in the Ottoman Empire, the corresponding unit was the kaza.

The district bears the same name as the district capital (with the exception of the district of Antakya (in Hatay)). A district may cover both rural and urban areas. One district of a province is designated the central district (merkez ilçe) from which the district is administered. The central district is administered by an appointed provincial deputy governor and other the non-central districts by an appointed sub-governor (kaymakam) from their district center (ilçe merkezi) municipality. In central districts the district center municipality also serves as the provincial center municipality. Both the deputy governor and sub-governors are responsible to the province governor (vali).

Local government

Municipalities (belediye) can be created in, and are subordinate to, the districts in which they are located. Each district has at least one municipality (belde) in the district center from which both the municipal government for that municipality and the district government is administered. A municipality is headed by an elected mayor (belediye başkanı) who administers the local government for defined municipal matters. More and more settlements which are outside district centers have municipalities as well, usually because their population requires one. A municipality's borders usually correspond to that of the urban settlement it covers, but may also include some undeveloped land.

Villages (köy) outside municipalities and quarters or neighborhoods (mahalle) within municipalities are the lowest level of local government, and are also the most numerous unit of local government in Turkey. They elect muhtars to care for specific administrative matters such as residence registration. The designation slightly differs (köy muhtarı for village muhtar, mahalle muhtarı for quarter muhtar) and the tasks, which are largely similar but are adapted to their locality.

There are büyükşehir belediyesi (or greater municipalities) for large cities like İstanbul or İzmir and consist of an extra administrative layer run by an elected head mayor, who oversees a number of municipalities and mayors.

List of districts with population

The districts and their populations (as of December 31, 2015) are listed below, by region and by province (with capital district in bold text).

In 16 provinces with greater municipality the total population of the province is not equal to the summation of all district populations. In greater municipalities some (in case of İstanbul and Kocaeli all) districts are within the capital city. Those intracity districts are shown as " (central district) " . The population in central districts is also shown in the boldface capital city. In greater municipalities, the actual population of the province is the sum of all district populations except the boldface capital city. (This is true only for 30 greater municipalities; Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bursa, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Gaziantep, Hatay, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Konya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Muğla, Ordu, Sakarya, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Van. For the remaining 51 provinces the population figures for districts add up to the total province population. See Metropolitan centers in Turkey)

Istanbul Region

Istanbul Subregion

Istanbul Province

Western Marmara Region

Tekirdağ Subregion

Tekirdağ Province
Edirne Province
Kırklareli Province

Balıkesir Subregion

Balıkesir Province
Çanakkale Province

Aegean Region

İzmir Subregion

İzmir Province

Aydın Subregion

Aydın Province
Denizli Province
Muğla Province

Manisa Subregion

Manisa Province
Afyonkarahisar Province
Kütahya Province
Uşak Province

Eastern Marmara Region

Bursa Subregion

Bursa Province
Bilecik Province
Eskişehir Province

Kocaeli Subregion

Kocaeli Province
Bolu Province
Düzce Province
Sakarya Province
Yalova Province

Western Anatolia

Ankara Subregion

Ankara Province

Konya Subregion

Konya Province
Karaman Province

Mediterranean Region

Antalya Subregion

Antalya Province
Burdur Province
Isparta Province

Adana Subregion

Adana Province
Mersin Province

Hatay Subregion

Hatay Province
Kahramanmaraş Province
Osmaniye Province

Central Anatolia

Kırıkkale Subregion

Kırıkkale Province
Aksaray Province
Kırşehir Province
Nevşehir Province
Niğde Province

Kayseri Subregion

Kayseri Province
Sivas Province
Yozgat Province

Western Black Sea Region

Zonguldak Subregion

Zonguldak Province
Bartın Province
Karabük Province

Kastamonu Subregion

Kastamonu Province
Çankırı Province
Sinop Province

Samsun Subregion

Samsun Province
Amasya Province
Çorum Province
Tokat Province

Eastern Black Sea Region

Trabzon Subregion

Trabzon Province
Artvin Province
Rize Province

Ordu Subregion

Ordu Province
Giresun Province
Gümüşhane Province

Northeast Anatolia

Erzurum Subregion

Erzurum Province
Bayburt Province
Erzincan Province

Ağrı Subregion

Ağrı Province
Ardahan Province
Iğdır Province
Kars Province

Central-Eastern Anatolia

Malatya Subregion

Malatya Province
Bingöl Province
Elazığ Province
Tunceli Province

Van Subregion

Van Province
Bitlis Province
Hakkâri Province
Muş Province

Southeastern Anatolia

Gaziantep Subregion

Gaziantep Province
Adıyaman Province
Kilis Province

Şanlıurfa Subregion

Şanlıurfa Province
Diyarbakır Province

Mardin Subregion

Mardin Province
Batman Province
Siirt Province
Şırnak Province

See also

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