List of designated terrorist groups
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism. Some organisations have multiple wings or components, one or more of which may be designated as terrorist while others are not.
This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups which might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.
This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation.
Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments
The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaeda by the United Nations.
Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past
Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.
|African National Congress||16 December 1961- 11 February 1990||August 1988 – 2008|
|Aum Shinrikyo||? – 18 July 2011|
|United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia||? – 18 July 2011||2001-2014|
|Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine||10 August 1997 – 10 August 1999|
|Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council||16 November 2000 – 2011|
|Kach and Kahane Chai||? – 12 July 2010|
|Japanese Red Army||8 October 1997 – 8 October 2001|
|Khmer Rouge||8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999|
|Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front||8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999|
|People's Mujahedin of Iran||May 2002 – 26 January 2009||28 March 2001 – 24 June 2008||8 July 1997 – 28 September 2012|
|National Council of Resistance of Iran||15 August 2003 – 28 September 2012|
|Palestine Liberation Front||? – 12 July 2010|
|Palestine Liberation Organization||1988 – 1991|
|Revolutionary Nuclei||10 August 1997 – 18 May 2009|
|Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement||10 August 1997 – 8 October 2001|
|Red Brigades||August 1970 – ?|
|Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia||2001 – 13 November 2017|
|Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)||? – 6 September 2012|
Process of designation
Among the countries that publish a list of designated terrorist organizations, some have a clear established procedure for listing and delisting, and some are opaque. The Berghof Foundation argues that opaque delisting conditions reduce the incentive for the organization to abandon terrorism, while fuelling radicalism.
Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a list of terrorist organizations under the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002. Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol that mainly involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department.
Since December 18, 2001, section 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.
The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups. The first list is copied from the United Nations, and the second is an autonomous list.
All other designated organizations.
- the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
- a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.
It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.
- "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization. This state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority.
- Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, and might require more information from the tipping state.
- Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too.
- Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision.
- Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list. The decision must be unanimous, which means that every state has a veto right.
- Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal
- Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.
Under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, the Ministry of Home Affairs maintains a list of banned organizations: List of organisations banned by the Government of India.
In Myanmar (formerly Burma), the Anti-Terrorism Central Committee is responsible for designating terrorist organisations in accordance with the country's counter-terrorism law. Designations must be approved by the union government before being official. The only group on Myanmar's terror list is the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, declared on 25 August 2017 in accordance with the counter-terrorism law.
The New Zealand Police are responsible for coordinating any requests to the Prime Minister for designation as a terrorist entity. The designation of terrorist organizations is also guided by the Terrorism Suppression Act 2002. New Zealand also abides by several United Nations resolutions dealing with counter-terrorism including UN Resolutions 1267, 1989, 2253, 1988, and 1373.
People's Republic of China
The Ministry of Public Security maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website mps.gov.cn. This list has been translated to English by the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the USA.
In December 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte reportedly issued a proclamation declaring the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and its armed wing, the New People's Army (NPA), as terrorist organizations. The proclamation was made in accordance with the Human Security Act and the Terrorism Financing Prevention and Suppression Act.
Historically the CPP-NPA has been considered as an "organized conspiracy" by the Philippines Government. The label was placed on the CPP's predecessor, the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 and its armed group the Hukbalahap in 20 June 1957 through the Anti Subversion Act or Republic Act No. 1700. The law covered any succeeding organizations of the PKP-1930 and the Hukbalahap which includes the CPP-NPA. Being a member of groups covered by the law is considered illegal. On October 1992, Fidel Ramos signed a law repealing the Anti-Subversion law.
A single federal list of organizations recognized as terrorist is used by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. The National Anti-Terrorism Committee maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website nac.gov.ru, named "Federal United list of Terrorist Organizations".
In Ukraine, the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics are designated as terrorist organizations. Ukrainian authorities claim that the two organizations are made up of a rigid hierarchy, financing channels and supply of weapons with the purpose of deliberately propagating violence, seizing hostages, carrying out subversive activity, assassinations, and the intimidation of citizens.
UN 1267 regime list
The UN 1267 regime list is focused on Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their associates.
- prohibition of sale or transfer of arms and related materiel.
- the freezing of funds and other financial assets or resources.
- the prevention of entry onto or transit through the territories of member states.
- a prohibition on provision of technical assistance or training in military matters or in the manufacture or maintenance of arms and related materiel.
The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.
- necessary to cover basic expenses, intended for the payment of professional fees for legal services or for the payment of fees or services in relation to the maintenance of frozen funds or assets
- necessary for extraordinary expenses
- United States State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
- Terror Exclusion List (TEL)
- Executive Order 13224 blocking Terrorist Property and a summary of the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 595 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 596 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 597 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations)
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- U.K. List of Proscribed Groups
- U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
- List of charities accused of ties to terrorism
- Government of India designated terrorist organisations
- List of non-state groups accused of terrorism
- List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates
- List of Islamic terrorist organizations
- Violent non-state actor
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|url=value (help). Missing or empty
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