List of countries in Asia and Oceania by Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[1] and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[2]

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI)[3] for countries in Asia and the Pacific as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released in 2016).[4] Data for China does not include Taiwan and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Previous HDI values and rankings are retroactively recalculated using the same updated data sets and current methodologies, as presented in Table 2 of the Statistical Annex of the Human Development Report.[5] The HDI rankings and values in the 2016 Human Development Report cannot therefore be compared directly to HDI rankings and values published in previous Human Development Reports.

Countries with contiguous boundaries that are partially (but not entirely) located in Asia are shown here in italics, but HDI figures are given for the whole state. Taiwan is not ranked as it is not included in the latest report by the United Nations Development Programme.

List of Countries in Asia and the Pacific by Human Development Index
Rank Country Human Development Index (HDI)
In Region World HDI Value Change in HDI value 2014–15*
2015 2014
Very High Human Development
1 2  Australia 0.939 0.937 0.001
2 5  Singapore 0.925 0.924 0.001
3 12  Hong Kong 0.917 0.916 0.001
4 13  New Zealand 0.915 0.913 0.002
5 17  Japan 0.903 0.902 0.001
6 18  South Korea 0.901 0.899 0.002
7 19  Israel 0.899 0.898 0.001
 Taiwan[n 1][6] 0.885
8 30  Brunei 0.865 0.864 0.001
9 33  Cyprus 0.856 0.854 0.002
9 33  Qatar 0.856 0.855 0.001
10 38  Saudi Arabia 0.847 0.845 0.001
11 42  United Arab Emirates 0.840 0.836 0.004
12 47  Bahrain 0.824 0.823 0.001
13 49  Russia[n 2] 0.804
14 51  Kuwait 0.800 0.799 0.001
High Human Development
15 52  Oman 0.796 0.795 0.001
16 56  Kazakhstan[n 3] 0.794 0.793 0.001
17 59  Malaysia 0.789 0.787 0.003
18 60  Palau 0.788 0.783 0.005
19 69  Iran 0.774 0.774
20 70  Georgia[n 4] 0.769
21 71  Turkey[n 5] 0.767
22 73  Sri Lanka 0.766 0.764 0.003
23 76  Lebanon 0.763 0.763
24 78  Azerbaijan[n 6] 0.759
25 84  Armenia 0.743
26 86  Jordan 0.741 0.741 0.001
27 87  Thailand 0.740 0.738 0.002
28 90  China 0.738 0.734 0.004
29 91  Fiji 0.736 0.734 0.002
30 92  Mongolia 0.735 0.733 0.002
31 101  Tonga 0.721 0.718 0.003
32 104  Samoa 0.704 0.702 0.002
33 105  Maldives 0.701 0.701
34 105  Uzbekistan 0.701 0.697 0.004
Medium Human Development
35 111  Egypt[n 7] 0.691
35 111  Turkmenistan 0.691 0.688 0.003
36 113  Indonesia 0.689 0.686 0.002
37 114  Palestine 0.684
38 115  Vietnam 0.683 0.678 0.005
39 116  Philippines 0.682 0.679 0.003
40 120  Kyrgyzstan 0.664 0.662 0.002
41 121  Iraq 0.649 0.649
42 127  Micronesia 0.638 0.637 0.001
43 129  Tajikistan 0.627 0.625 0.002
44 131  India 0.624 0.615 0.008
45 132  Bhutan 0.607 0.604 0.002
46 133  East Timor 0.605 0.603 0.002
47 134  Vanuatu 0.597 0.598 0.001
48 137  Kiribati 0.588 0.586 0.002
49 138  Laos 0.586 0.582 0.004
50 139  Bangladesh 0.579 0.575 0.004
51 143  Cambodia 0.563 0.558 0.005
52 144    Nepal 0.558 0.555 0.003
53 145  Myanmar 0.556 0.552 0.004
54 147  Pakistan 0.550 0.548 0.002
Low Human Development
55 149  Syria 0.536 0.553 0.017
56 154  Papua New Guinea 0.516 0.515 0.001
57 156  Solomon Islands 0.515 0.513 0.002
58 168  Yemen 0.482 0.499 0.017
59 169  Afghanistan 0.479 0.479
*Change in HDI value rounded to three decimals

References

  1. Calculated by the Taiwanese government based on the new 2010 methodology.
  2. Located in Asia and Europe. Asian Russia makes over 75% of the country's territory, but only 22% of its population.
  3. Mostly located in Central Asia, but its regions of West Kazakhstan and Atyrau are partly located in Europe.
  4. The municipality of Kazbegi is located in Europe, which makes up about 0.1% of the country's population.
  5. The European portion of Turkey is known as East Thrace, making up about 3% of the country's land area and 14% of its population.
  6. The districts of Qusar, Shabran, Siazan, Khachmaz and Quba are geographically in Europe, placing about 5% of the population in Europe.
  7. The portion of Egypt located in Asia is the Sinai Peninsula, comprising about 6% of the country's land mass.
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