List of countries in Asia and Oceania by Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an under-developed country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.
The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI) for countries in Asia and the Pacific as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report (released in 2016). Data for China does not include Taiwan and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Previous HDI values and rankings are retroactively recalculated using the same updated data sets and current methodologies, as presented in Table 2 of the Statistical Annex of the Human Development Report. The HDI rankings and values in the 2016 Human Development Report cannot therefore be compared directly to HDI rankings and values published in previous Human Development Reports.
Countries with contiguous boundaries that are partially (but not entirely) located in Asia are shown here in italics, but HDI figures are given for the whole state. Taiwan is not ranked as it is not included in the latest report by the United Nations Development Programme.
|List of Countries in Asia and the Pacific by Human Development Index|
|Rank||Country||Human Development Index (HDI)|
|In Region||World||HDI Value||Change in HDI value 2014–15*|
|Very High Human Development|
|High Human Development|
|Medium Human Development|
|Low Human Development|
|*Change in HDI value rounded to three decimals|
- "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
- "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
- "Table 1: Human Development Index and its components".
- ""Human Development Report 2016 'Human Development for Everyone'"".
- "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990-2015".
- "2017中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)" (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- Calculated by the Taiwanese government based on the new 2010 methodology.
- Located in Asia and Europe. Asian Russia makes over 75% of the country's territory, but only 22% of its population.
- Mostly located in Central Asia, but its regions of West Kazakhstan and Atyrau are partly located in Europe.
- The municipality of Kazbegi is located in Europe, which makes up about 0.1% of the country's population.
- The European portion of Turkey is known as East Thrace, making up about 3% of the country's land area and 14% of its population.
- The districts of Qusar, Shabran, Siazan, Khachmaz and Quba are geographically in Europe, placing about 5% of the population in Europe.
- The portion of Egypt located in Asia is the Sinai Peninsula, comprising about 6% of the country's land mass.