List of countries by sex ratio

The human sex ratio is the number of males for each female in a population. This is a list of sex ratios by country or region.

Methodology

The table's data is derived from The World Factbook,[1] except when otherwise indicated. It shows the male to female sex ratio as estimated by the United States' Central Intelligence Agency. However, there are differences between the estimates by The World Factbook and numbers reported by the census offices of respective countries. The world average for the ratio of males/females is 1.01, which means there are 1.01 males for every female (more males than females).

For example, The World Factbook in 2001 reported Switzerland's sex ratio at birth as 1.05,[2] while Switzerland's Federal Office of Statistics in 2011 reported Switzerland's sex ratio at birth as 1.07 per its birth records census data.[3] Similar differences between estimates by "The World Factbook" and census numbers from birth records are known for Sweden, Norway, Ireland, India and Japan.

A ratio above 1, e.g. 1.1, means there are 1.1 males for every 1 female (more males than females). A ratio below 1, e.g. 0.8, means there are 0.8 males for every 1 female (more females than males). A ratio of 1 means there are equal numbers of females and males.[4]

Countries

Number of males in relation to each female:

Country/regionat birth
(CIA estimate, 2016)[1]
0-14 years15-24 years25-54 years 55-64 yearsover 65totalat birth
(WDB estimate, 2012)[5]
  - World1.09 1.071.071.02 0.950.8051.0151.07
 Afghanistan1.05 1.031.041.04 0.970.861.031.07
 Albania1.10 1.121.070.91 0.980.890.981.07
 Algeria1.05 1.051.051.02 1.030.861.031.05
 American Samoa1.06 0.960.961.06 0.960.851.00
 Andorra1.07 1.051.081.05 1.151.021.06
 Angola1.05 1.041.041.02 0.941.51.021.03
 Anguilla1.04 1.041.000.82 0.900.980.91
 Antigua and Barbuda1.05 1.030.990.84 0.820.760.90
 Argentina1.05 1.061.051 0.940.710.981.04
 Armenia1.13 1.141.060.93 0.840.670.941.15
 Aruba1.02 1.011.010.93 0.870.640.901.05
 Australia1.06 1.051.051.04 0.980.861.011.06
 Austria1.05 1.051.041.00 0.980.760.961.06
 Azerbaijan1.11 1.151.090.96 0.860.620.981.16
 Bahamas, The1.03 1.031.031.00 0.810.620.961.06
 Bahrain1.03 1.031.301.88 1.810.95-1.05
 Bangladesh1.04 1.041.000.93 0.980.970.971.05
 Barbados1.01 1.000.990.99 0.880.660.941.04
 Belarus1.06 1.061.060.97 0.790.460.871.06
 Belgium1.05 1.051.041.02 0.980.760.971.05
 Belize1.05 1.041.041.03 0.970.891.031.03
 Benin1.05 1.041.041.02 0.760.661.011.04
 Bermuda1.02 1.021.011.00 0.890.730.94
 Bhutan1.05 1.041.041.14 1.161.101.091.04
 Bolivia1.05 1.041.030.95 0.860.790.981.05
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1.07 1.071.071.01 0.920.640.951.07
 Botswana1.03 1.040.991.15 0.820.661.041.03
 Brazil1.05 1.041.030.98 0.890.740.971.05
 British Virgin Islands1.05 0.970.920.89 0.950.950.92
 Brunei1.05 1.060.990.92 1.040.950.981.06
 Bulgaria1.06 1.061.091.06 0.880.690.951.06
 Burkina Faso1.03 1.001.011.03 0.770.600.991.05
 Burma1.06 1.041.030.99 0.89 0.770.99
 Burundi1.03 1.011.001.00 0.890.740.991.03
 Cambodia1.05 1.020.980.96 0.650.600.941.05
 Cameroon1.03 1.021.011.01 0.950.871.011.03
 Canada1.06 1.051.061.03 0.980.800.981.05
 Cape Verde1.03 1.011.000.94 0.750.610.941.03
 Cayman Islands1.02 1.010.980.95 0.910.890.95
 Central African Republic1.03 1.011.011.00 0.840.640.981.03
 Chad1.04 1.030.950.83 0.790.710.931.03
 Chile1.04 1.041.041.00 0.890.720.971.04
 China1.15 1.171.141.04 1.020.921.061.19
 Colombia1.06 1.051.040.98 0.880.720.981.05
 Comoros1.03 0.990.940.90 0.800.880.941.05
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the1.03 1.021.011.00 0.890.731.001.03
 Congo, Republic of the1.03 1.021.001.01 0.990.781.011.03
 Cook Islands1.04 1.121.141.00 1.170.971.07
 Costa Rica1.05 1.051.041.01 0.950.861.011.05
 Cote d'Ivoire1.03 1.021.021.05 1.010.931.021.02
 Croatia1.06 1.061.051.00 0.960.690.931.06
 Cuba1.06 1.061.081.01 0.940.810.991.06
 Curacao 1.05 1.04 1.09 0.96 0.76 0.70 0.92
 Cyprus1.05 1.061.191.11 0.920.771.041.07
 Czech Republic1.06 1.061.061.05 0.940.700.971.06
 Denmark1.06 1.051.040.99 0.990.810.971.06
 Djibouti1.03 1.010.890.71 0.850.820.841.04
 Dominica1.05 1.051.061.03 1.150.791.02
 Dominican Republic1.04 1.041.041.05 1.010.861.031.05
 Ecuador1.05 1.041.030.95 0.960.910.991.05
 Egypt1.05 1.071.061.03 0.980.821.051.05
 El Salvador1.05 1.051.010.86 0.800.800.931.05
 Equatorial Guinea1.03 1.031.041.00 0.760.720.991.03
 Eritrea1.03 1.010.990.97 0.740.750.971.03
 Estonia1.05 1.051.081.01 0.810.510.881.06
 Ethiopia1.03 1.010.990.99 0.950.820.991.03
 European Union1.06 1.051.051.02 0.950.750.961.06
 Faroe Islands1.07 1.071.051.18 1.060.941.08
 Fiji1.05 1.051.041.05 1.030.851.031.06
 Finland1.05 1.051.041.04 0.970.760.971.05
 France1.05 1.051.051.01 0.930.750.961.05
 French Polynesia1.05 1.061.081.05 1.060.941.051.05
 Gabon1.03 1.011.001.00 0.930.750.991.03
 Gambia, The1.03 1.010.980.96 0.930.880.981.03
 Gaza Strip/Palestine1.06 1.051.010.96 1.100.711.021.05
 Georgia1.08 1.111.110.95 0.810.640.921.11
 Germany1.06 1.051.041.02 0.980.780.971.06
 Ghana1.03 1.010.990.94 0.950.860.971.06
 Gibraltar1.07 1.051.101.03 0.810.971.01
 Greece1.06 1.061.050.99 0.960.780.951.07
 Greenland1.05 1.031.021.10 1.261.151.10
 Grenada1.10 1.080.991.05 1.050.851.031.05
 Guam1.06 1.061.081.03 1.020.851.031.06
 Guatemala1.05 1.041.010.91 0.910.870.971.05
 Guernsey1.05 1.071.041.02 0.990.830.99
 Guinea1.03 1.021.021.01 0.920.791.001.06
 Guinea-Bissau1.03 1.000.980.99 0.620.600.961.03
 Guyana1.05 1.041.051.09 0.820.711.021.05
 Haiti1.01 0.991.000.99 0.910.810.981.05
 Honduras1.05 1.041.041.02 0.880.771.011.05
 Hong Kong1.12 1.121.080.74 0.940.890.871.07
 Hungary1.06 1.061.071.01 0.850.600.911.06
 Iceland1.05 1.051.031.02 1.010.881.011.05
 India1.12 1.131.131.06 1.010.901.081.08
 Indonesia1.05 1.041.041.04 0.840.771.001.05
 Iran1.05 1.051.051.04 0.970.861.031.05
 Iraq1.05 1.041.041.02 0.910.801.021.07
 Ireland1.06 1.051.031.01 1.000.861.001.07
 Isle of Man1.08 1.101.101.00 1.020.871.00
 Israel1.05 1.051.051.05 0.960.811.011.05
 Italy1.06 1.041.000.98 0.940.750.931.06
 Jamaica1.05 1.041.010.98 0.930.810.981.05
 Japan1.06 1.061.110.98 1.000.770.941.06
 Jersey1.06 1.071.061.00 0.960.740.97
 Jordan1.06 1.051.051.00 0.950.891.021.05
 Kazakhstan0.94 0.981.040.95 0.780.530.921.07
 Kenya1.02 1.011.001.02 0.840.771.001.03
 Kiribati1.05 1.040.990.93 0.820.650.951.05
 Korea, North1.05 1.031.021.01 0.900.530.941.05
 Korea, South1.07 1.071.121.06 0.980.711.001.10
 Kosovo1.08 1.08 1.10 1.12 1.01 0.72 1.06
 Kuwait1.05 1.081.221.72 1.310.891.411.03
 Kyrgyzstan1.07 1.051.030.96 0.770.620.961.06
 Laos1.04 1.020.990.97 0.960.830.991.05
 Latvia1.05 1.051.070.98 0.790.480.861.05
 Lebanon1.05 1.051.051.02 0.880.791.001.05
 Lesotho1.03 1.010.910.96 1.141.030.981.03
 Liberia1.03 1.020.970.99 0.930.970.991.06
 Libya1.05 1.051.061.10 1.041.011.071.06
 Liechtenstein1.26 1.170.991.00 0.950.840.99
 Lithuania1.06 1.051.070.97 0.790.510.861.05
 Luxembourg1.06 1.061.051.05 1.030.791.011.06
 Macau1.05 1.091.110.80 1.010.880.911.05
 Republic of Macedonia1.08 1.071.071.03 0.960.750.991.08
 Madagascar1.03 1.021.011.00 0.950.831.001.03
 Malawi1.02 0.990.990.99 0.910.790.981.03
 Malaysia1.07 1.061.031.02 1.030.901.031.06
 Maldives1.05 1.041.371.34 1.000.891.231.06
 Mali1.03 1.010.910.87 1.001.000.951.05
 Malta1.06 1.051.061.05 0.980.810.991.06
 Marshall Islands1.05 1.041.031.04 1.040.971.04
 Mauritania1.03 1.010.960.86 0.820.740.931.05
 Mauritius1.05 1.041.021.00 0.900.680.971.04
 Mexico1.05 1.051.030.93 0.850.820.961.05
 Micronesia, Federated States of1.05 1.031.010.94 0.970.810.981.07
 Moldova1.06 1.061.071.01 0.850.620.951.06
 Monaco1.04 1.061.061.00 0.990.810.95
 Mongolia1.05 1.041.020.94 0.850.690.961.03
 Montenegro1.06 0.970.831.17 1.000.660.991.08
 Montserrat1.03 1.071.080.92 0.831.601.00
 Morocco1.05 1.030.990.94 0.990.820.971.06
 Mozambique1.02 1.010.970.88 0.920.850.961.03
 Namibia1.03 1.020.990.91 0.820.750.961.03
 Nauru0.83 0.771.021.01 0.640.630.89
   Nepal1.04 1.071.000.82 0.950.860.951.05
 Netherlands1.05 1.051.041.01 0.990.820.981.06
 New Caledonia1.05 1.041.041.01 0.940.801.001.05
 New Zealand1.05 1.051.061.00 0.950.860.991.06
 Nicaragua1.05 1.041.010.90 0.860.810.951.05
 Niger1.03 1.020.981.00 1.081.041.011.05
 Nigeria1.06 1.051.041.05 0.950.911.041.06
 Northern Mariana Islands1.06 1.061.280.73 1.140.920.93
 Norway1.06 1.051.051.06 1.020.841.021.06
 Oman1.05 1.051.101.38 1.140.991.191.05
 Pakistan1.05 1.061.061.08 1.010.881.061.05
 Palau1.06 1.071.001.57 0.540.371.09
 Panama1.05 1.041.041.03 0.980.851.011.05
 Papua New Guinea1.05 1.041.031.06 1.031.061.041.08
 Paraguay1.05 1.041.011.00 1.040.881.011.05
 Peru1.05 1.041.000.92 0.940.900.971.05
 Philippines1.05 1.041.041.03 0.840.721.011.06
 Poland1.06 1.061.051.02 0.900.640.941.06
 Portugal1.07 1.091.131.03 0.880.690.961.06
 Puerto Rico1.02 1.041.050.92 0.830.760.911.05
 Qatar1.02 1.032.644.91 3.381.713.411.04
 Romania1.06 1.061.051.02 0.880.680.951.06
 Russia1.06 1.061.050.96 0.750.450.861.06
 Rwanda1.03 1.021.001.00 0.880.701.001.01
 Saint Barthelemy1.06 1.061.101.19 1.191.001.13
 Saint Helena1.05 1.041.050.98 1.091.041.02
 Saint Kitts and Nevis1.02 1.010.941.05 1.000.831.00
 Saint Lucia1.06 1.061.030.93 0.860.830.951.03
 Saint Martin1.04 0.990.990.91 0.870.810.93
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon1.05 1.061.080.97 1.100.720.95
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.03 1.021.021.08 1.060.871.031.03
 Samoa1.05 1.071.051.07 1.040.771.041.08
 San Marino1.10 1.141.060.89 0.990.810.94
 Sao Tome and Principe1.03 1.031.030.96 0.840.811.001.03
 Saudi Arabia1.05 1.051.151.31 1.211.051.191.03
 Senegal1.03 1.010.990.85 0.760.820.941.03
 Serbia1.07 1.061.061.02 0.930.700.951.08
 Seychelles1.03 1.051.101.12 1.060.641.06
 Sierra Leone1.03 1.000.940.92 0.860.730.951.02
 Singapore1.07 1.050.970.95 1.000.830.961.07
Sint Maarten 1.05 1.09 0.98 0.95 0.92 0.92 0.98
 Slovakia1.07 1.051.061.02 0.900.620.941.05
 Slovenia1.07 1.061.051.02 0.970.680.951.05
 Solomon Islands1.05 1.061.061.04 1.020.921.041.09
 Somalia1.03 1.001.021.07 0.960.641.011.03
 South Africa1.02 1.010.981.02 0.870.730.981.03
South Sudan 1.05 1.03 1.06 0.94 1.10 1.19 1.02
 Spain1.07 1.061.071.04 0.950.740.981.06
 Sri Lanka1.04 1.041.030.96 0.860.740.961.04
 Sudan1.05 1.031.060.94 1.101.191.021.05
 Suriname1.05 1.041.041.04 0.960.761.011.08
 Swaziland1.03 1.021.021.08 0.660.641.001.03
 Sweden1.06 1.061.061.03 1.010.851.001.06
  Switzerland1.06 1.061.041.01 1.000.780.971.06
 Syria1.06 1.051.030.99 0.980.821.011.05
 Taiwan1.07 1.061.051.00 0.960.860.99
 Tajikistan1.05 1.041.030.98 0.850.720.991.05
 Tanzania1.03 1.021.001.01 0.780.750.991.03
 Thailand1.05 1.051.040.98 0.890.780.971.06
 Timor-Leste1.07 1.061.030.93 1.040.911.011.05
 Togo1.03 1.011.000.99 0.890.760.981.02
 Tonga1.03 1.031.051.00 0.980.841.011.05
 Trinidad and Tobago1.03 1.041.091.09 0.990.771.031.04
 Tunisia1.07 1.061.010.94 1.030.970.991.05
 Turkey1.05 1.051.041.03 0.990.801.011.05
 Turkmenistan1.05 1.031.010.98 0.890.770.981.05
 Turks and Caicos Islands1.05 1.040.971.02 1.180.801.02
 Tuvalu1.05 1.051.100.99 0.690.690.98
 Uganda1.03 1.000.981.00 0.930.790.991.03
 Ukraine1.06 1.061.050.96 0.750.500.861.06
 United Arab Emirates1.05 1.051.473.20 2.931.692.181.05
 United Kingdom1.05 1.051.041.04 0.980.810.991.05
 United States1.05 1.041.051.00 0.930.790.971.05
 United States Virgin Islands1.06 1.020.820.82 0.930.830.871.06
 Uruguay1.04 1.041.030.98 0.890.660.941.05
 Uzbekistan1.06 1.051.030.99 0.900.740.991.05
 Vanuatu1.05 1.040.990.96 1.001.041.001.07
 Venezuela1.05 1.051.030.98 0.920.790.991.05
 Vietnam1.11 1.111.081.01 0.850.631.001.05
 Wallis and Futuna1.05 1.091.111.01 0.970.921.03
 West Bank/Palestine1.06 1.051.041.03 1.060.731.041.05
 Western Sahara1.04 1.021.010.97 0.870.780.99
 Yemen1.05 1.041.031.05 0.850.871.021.05
 Zambia1.03 1.011.001.02 0.880.761.001.03
 Zimbabwe1.03 1.021.021.10 0.580.641.011.02

See also

References

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