List of countries by public debt

This is a list of countries by public debt to GDP ratio as listed by CIA's World Factbook and IMF. Net debt figure is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.

Concept

Gross government debt is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings. It is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities.

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product. The public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set.

List

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
CountryGross public debt
as % of GDP

(CIA)[1]
DateTotal (gross) government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)
Net government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)[2]
DateRegion
 Afghanistan 8.3 2016 7.346 2017 Asia
 Albania71.3201771.24465.4722017Europe
 Algeria19.9201725.80220.4872017Africa
 Andorra41.12012Europe
 Angola87.8201765.2662017Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda92.7201686.8232017Central America/Caribbean
 Argentina53.7201752.6152017South America
 Armenia56.7201753.4672017Europe
 Aruba67.02013Central America/Caribbean
 Australia47.1201741.59219.0942017Oceania
 Austria81.7201778.83354.3202017Europe
 Azerbaijan48.8201754.7022017Europe
 Bahamas66.9 2016 57.2052017North America
 Bahrain82.7201790.3352017Middle East
 Bangladesh28.1201732.414Asia
 Barbados108.32017132.87676.284 2017Central America/Caribbean
 Belarus46.2201750.9622017Europe
 Belgium104.32017103.18490.3242017Europe
 Belize86.3201699.0232017Central America/Caribbean
 Benin56.4201754.5972017Africa
 Bhutan93.72017102.3982017Asia
 Bolivia51.5201750.86035.3692017South America
 Bosnia and Herzegovina43.2201740.97233.7352017Europe
 Botswana18.5201715.646-2.683 2017Africa
 Brazil78.4201783.98051.5832017South America
 Brunei3.1 2016 2.6892017Southeast Asia
 Bulgaria28.6201723.92710.8782017Europe
 Burkina Faso32.5 2016 38.3272017Africa
 Burma34.7252017Southeast Asia
 Burundi40.9201756.6902017Africa
 Cambodia28.2 2017 35.1342017Southeast Asia
 Cameroon32.3201733.83230.418 2017Africa
 Canada98.2201789.68827.7932017North America
 Cape Verde127.02017126.029116.5382017Africa
 Central African Republic42.5 2016 53.4412017Africa
 Chad60.8201752.5332017Africa
 Chile25.2201723.5935.2572017South America
 China18.6201765.6802016Asia
 Colombia53.0201749.41441.2702017South America
 Comoros26.3 2016 28.3812017Africa
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the14.6 2017 15.6642017Africa
 Congo, Republic of the92.22017119.0732017Africa
 Costa Rica66.2201749.0982017Central America/Caribbean
 Cote d'Ivoire51.4201746.3912017Africa
 Croatia81.5201778.41466.534 2017Europe
 Cuba35.82017Central America/Caribbean
 Cyprus104.5201799.25881.236 2017Europe
 Czech Republic35.1201734.66322.869 2017Europe
 Denmark35.1201736.41316.2732017Europe
 Djibouti32.3 2017 30.64928.101 2017Africa
 Dominica81.0201687.5702017Central America/Caribbean
 Dominican Republic47.1201737.74328.5562017Central America/Caribbean
 Ecuador41.0201744.9792017South America
 Egypt104.42017103.26194.0052017Africa
 El Salvador68.1201759.3192017Central America/Caribbean
 Equatorial Guinea23.4201742.67622.3472017Africa
 Eritrea113.72017131.2442017Africa
 Estonia9.320178.772-0.5722017Europe
 Ethiopia60.2201756.22352.2282017Africa
 European Union 86.8 2014 83.211 68.516 2017 Europe
 Fiji50.4201746.62342.3322017Oceania
 Faroe Islands 35.0 2014 Europe
 Finland63.8201761.36922.5742017Europe
 France96.1201796.95687.6512017Europe
 Gabon42.8201761.0652017Africa
 Gambia, The116.1 2016 123.2392017Africa
 Georgia44.2201745.09944.918 2017Europe
 Germany65.7201764.13745.0992017Europe
 Ghana76.8201771.83965.2732017Africa
 Gibraltar7.52008Europe
 Greece180.02017181.9062017Europe
 Grenada84.4201671.4482017Central America/Caribbean
 Guatemala30.1201724.3752017Central America/Caribbean
 Guinea56.0 2016 39.6692017Africa
 Guinea-Bissau46.3 2016 41.9712017Africa
 Guyana52.3201750.67650.6762017South America
 Haiti33.5 2016 31.0872017Central America/Caribbean
 Honduras51.9201743.9492017Central America/Caribbean
 Hong Kong43.420160.0552017East Asia
 Hungary73.9201769.90666.4132017Europe
 Iceland47.4201740.90633.3442017Europe
 India50.1201770.2002017Asia
 Indonesia33.1201728.91324.802 2017Southeast Asia
 Iran14.2201740.86629.7412017Middle East
 Iraq63.7 2016 57.9802017Middle East
 Ireland69.5201768.52059.8292017Europe
 Israel59.5201760.97157.9282017Middle East
 Italy131.22017131.454119.8852017Europe
 Jamaica117.82017104.0742017Central America/Caribbean
 Japan223.82017236.388153.0402017Asia
 Jordan86.0201795.55788.4892017Middle East
 Kazakhstan27.5201721.184-11.7842017Asia
 Kenya52.6201755.64650.3642017Africa
 Kiribati 26.8 2016 26.315 2017 Oceania
 Korea, NorthAsia
 Korea, South43.3201739.7826.6092017Asia
 Kosovo 20.6 2016 20.940 2017 Europe
 Kuwait26.2201720.6412017Middle East
 Kyrgyzstan58.4 2017 59.0922017Asia
 Laos67.3201762.7692017Southeast Asia
 Latvia38.9201734.83526.9182017Europe
 Lebanon142.22017152.846147.1642017Middle East
 Lesotho47.8 2016 34.703-0.9442017Africa
 Liberia46.5201734.43431.9972017Africa
 Libya5.12017Africa
 Lithuania38.9201736.52029.7172017Europe
 Luxembourg19.3201723.032-8.284 2017Europe
 Macedonia47.3201739.25438.4462017Europe
 Madagascar42.3 2016 37.2762017Africa
 Malawi54.6201759.3182017Africa
 Malaysia52.5201754.1572017Southeast Asia
 Maldives81.5 2017 68.0512017Asia
 Mali28.0201735.55729.8662017Africa
 Malta52.9201752.62240.452 2017Europe
 Marshall Islands32.2 2016 27.9692017Oceania
 Mauritania99.6 2017 91.08690.799 2017Africa
 Mauritius66.0201760.1502017Africa
 Federated States of Micronesia 24.8 2016 24.489 2017 Oceania
 Mexico51.5201754.18146.1202017North America
 Moldova43.4201724.4892017Europe
 Mongolia 91.4 2017 Asia
 Montenegro71.3201667.4932017Europe
 Morocco77.2201764.40764.0422017Africa
 Mozambique119.42017102.2432017Africa
 Namibia43.0201746.10343.6432017Africa
 Nauru 65.0 2016 60.147 2017 Oceania
   Nepal27.3 2017 27.1502017Asia
 Netherlands59.0201756.65846.1732017Europe
 New Zealand32.0201726.4284.6492017Oceania
 Nicaragua46.0201733.5622017Central America/Caribbean
 Niger45.9 2016 46.52840.8942017Africa
 Nigeria15.3201723.40119.6082017Africa
 Norway37.0201736.655-90.4692017Europe
 Oman41.3201744.220-10.776 2017Middle East
 Pakistan67.2201767.17361.6082017Asia
 Palau 24.1 2016 Oceania
 Panama38.8201738.15835.8812017Central America/Caribbean
 Papua New Guinea39.8201732.609 2017 Oceania
 Paraguay22.5201725.56620.437 2017South America
 Peru25.7201725.50710.1182017South America
 Philippines41.9201737.8252017Southeast Asia
 Poland46.2201751.38246.6682017Europe
 Portugal127.72017125.619108.0982017Europe
 Puerto Rico 91.6 2016 54.573 2017 Central America/Caribbean
 Qatar56.8201753.9622017Middle East
 Romania38.5201736.87828.341 2017Europe
 Russia11.8201717.4372017Europe
 Rwanda47.2201740.5992017Africa
 Saint Kitts and Nevis65.8201662.3782017Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Lucia82.9201671.2622017Central America/Caribbean
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines79.2201680.81377.860 2017Central America/Caribbean
 Samoa 52.6 2016 49.121 2017 Oceania
 San Marino25.8201356.569 2017 Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe60.2201783.3002017Africa
 Saudi Arabia30.0201717.289-7.7232017Middle East
 Senegal61.3201761.1522017Africa
 Serbia71.0201761.47658.6842017Europe
 Seychelles56.8201763.31548.4272017Africa
 Sierra Leone57.6201758.4282017Africa
 Singapore114.62017110.8642017Southeast Asia
 Slovakia51.6201750.4272017Europe
 Slovenia78.6201775.36749.159 2017Europe
 Solomon Islands9.0 2016 10.011-1.1012017Oceania
 Somalia 76.7 2017 Africa
 South Africa50.1201752.67347.8962017Africa
 South Sudan 33.0 2017 66.341 2017 Africa
 Spain96.7201798.36486.3442017Europe
 Sri Lanka79.6201779.424 2017 Asia
 Sudan54.82017126.0222017Africa
 Suriname64.6 2016 72.0532017South America
 Swaziland27.5 2016 29.17323.6732017Africa
 Sweden39.0201740.9439.0142017Europe
  Switzerland32.9201742.77923.0532017Europe
 Syria58.42017Middle East
 Taiwan29.9201735.17233.291 2017East Asia
 Tajikistan41.5 2017 47.7842017Asia
 Tanzania36.6201638.2432017Africa
 Thailand44.1201741.8822017Southeast Asia
 Togo68.6 2017 78.6332017Africa
 Tonga 45.1 2013 Oceania
 Trinidad and Tobago61201641.340-10.9682017Central America/Caribbean[3]
 Tunisia66.5201771.27521.269 2017Africa
 Turkey29.6201728.48222.7362017Asia
 Turkmenistan23.9 2016 28.8202017Asia
 Tuvalu53.7 2016 49.1862017Oceania
 Uganda38.2201738.9552017Africa
 Ukraine89.0201775.6022017Europe
 United Arab Emirates60.3201717.619-79.4862017Middle East
 United Kingdom90.4201787.02978.1662017Europe
 United States77.42017107.78582.2682017North America
 Uruguay62.5201766.19032.3002017South America
 Uzbekistan15.1201724.5392017Asia
 Vanuatu31.3 2016 48.4122017Oceania
 Venezuela25.8201734.8662017South America
 Vietnam62.3201758.2312017Southeast Asia
 Wallis and Futuna5.62004Oceania
 Yemen135.52017141.014139.3722017Middle East
 Zambia62.8201762.20956.3492017Africa
 Zimbabwe75.5201778.3602017Africa
World59.92017

See also

Nation specific

References

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