List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2016 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[1][2]

The HDI, from which the IHDI derives, is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. The HDI was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, and is anchored in the Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen’s work on human capabilities. It is often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme.

Methodology

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[3]

List

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI) and compares it to their HDI. Data is based on 2015 estimates.

2015 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2016 report)[4]

Above average (0.558):
Rank Country IHDI
1 Norway0.898
2 Iceland0.868
3 Australia0.861
3 Netherlands0.861
5  Switzerland0.859
5 Germany0.859
7 Denmark0.858
8 Sweden0.851
9 Ireland0.850
10 Finland0.843
11 Canada0.839
12 Slovenia0.838
13 United Kingdom0.836
14 Czech Republic0.830
15 Luxembourg0.827
16 Belgium0.821
17 Austria0.815
18 France0.813
19 United States0.796
20 Slovakia0.793
21 Japan0.791
22 Spain0.791
23 Estonia0.788
24 Malta0.786
25 Italy0.784
26 Israel0.778
27 Poland0.774
28 Hungary0.771
29 Cyprus0.762
30 Lithuania0.759
31 Greece0.758
32 Portugal0.755
33 South Korea0.753
34 Croatia0.752
35 Belarus0.745
36 Latvia0.742
37 Montenegro0.736
38 Russia0.725
39 Kazakhstan0.714
40 Romania0.714
41 Bulgaria0.709
42 Argentina0.698
43 Chile0.692
44 Ukraine0.690
45 Serbia0.689
46 Sri Lanka0.678
47 Armenia0.674
48 Georgia0.672
49 Uruguay0.670
50 Mauritius0.669
51 Albania0.661
52 Trinidad and Tobago0.661
53 Azerbaijan0.659
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina0.650
55 Turkey0.645
56 Mongolia0.639
57 Costa Rica0.628
58 Moldova0.628
59 Fiji0.624
60 Rep. of Macedonia0.623
61 Jordan0.619
62 Saint Lucia0.618
63 Venezuela0.618
64 Panama0.614
65 Jamaica0.609
66 Lebanon0.603
67 Uzbekistan0.590
68 Ecuador0.587
68 Mexico0.587
70 Thailand0.586
71 Kyrgyzstan0.582
72 Palestine0.581
73 Peru0.580
74 Dominican Republic0.565
75 Indonesia0.563
76 Tunisia0.562
77 Vietnam0.562
78 Brazil0.561
    Below average:
Rank Country IHDI
79 Philippines0.556
80 Suriname0.551
81 Colombia0.548
82 Belize0.546
83 Tajikistan0.532
84 Gabon0.531
85 El Salvador0.529
86 Maldives0.529
87 Paraguay0.524
88 Cape Verde0.518
89 Guyana0.518
90 Iran0.518
91 Iraq0.505
92 Vanuatu0.494
93 Egypt0.491
94 Nicaragua0.479
95 Bolivia0.478
96 Morocco0.456
97 India0.454
98 Guatemala0.450
99 Rep. of the Congo0.446
100 Honduras0.443
101 Cambodia0.436
102 South Africa0.435
103 Botswana0.433
104 São Tomé and Príncipe0.432
105 Bhutan0.428
106 Laos0.427
107 Syria0.419
108 Timor-Leste0.416
109 Namibia0.415
110 Bangladesh0.412
111   Nepal0.407
112 Tanzania0.396
113 Kiribati0.394
114 Solomon Islands0.392
115 Ghana0.391
115 Kenya0.391
117 Pakistan0.380
118 Madagascar0.374
119 Zambia0.373
120 Zimbabwe0.369
121 Swaziland0.361
122 Cameroon0.348
123 Mauritania0.347
124 Uganda0.341
125 Rwanda0.339
126 Angola0.336
127 Togo0.332
128 Senegal0.331
129 Ethiopia0.330
130 Malawi0.328
131 Nigeria0.328
132 Afghanistan0.327
133 Lesotho0.320
134 Yemen0.320
135 Djibouti0.310
136 Benin0.304
137 Haiti0.298
138 Dem. Rep. of the Congo0.297
139 Côte d'Ivoire0.294
140 Mali0.293
141 Liberia0.284
142 Mozambique0.280
143 Burundi0.276
144 Comoros0.270
145 Guinea0.270
146 Burkina Faso0.267
147 Sierra Leone0.262
148 Guinea-Bissau0.257
149 Niger0.253
150 Chad0.238
151 Central African Republic0.199

See also

References

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