List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2016)[6]
Rank Country US$
1 Luxembourg105,803
2  Switzerland80,591
 Macau77,451
3 Norway74,941
4 Ireland70,638
5 Iceland70,332
6 Qatar60,804
7 United States59,501
8 Singapore57,713
9 Denmark56,444
10 Australia55,707
11 Sweden53,218
12 Netherlands48,346
13 San Marino47,406
14 Austria47,290
 Hong Kong46,109
15 Finland46,017
16 Canada45,077
17 Germany44,550
18 Belgium43,582
19 New Zealand41,593
20 Israel40,258
21 France39,869
22 United Kingdom39,735
23 Japan38,440
24 United Arab Emirates37,226
25 Italy31,984
26 Bahamas31,255
 Puerto Rico30,488
27 South Korea29,891
28 Brunei29,712
29 Spain28,359
30 Kuwait27,319
31 Malta27,250
32 Cyprus24,976
33 Taiwan24,577
34 Bahrain24,029
35 Slovenia23,654
36 Portugal21,161
37 Saudi Arabia21,120
38 Czech Republic20,152
39 Estonia19,840
40 Greece18,637
41 Oman17,973
42 Barbados17,859
43 Slovakia17,664
44 Palau17,096
45 Lithuania16,730
46 Uruguay16,722
47 Antigua and Barbuda16,702
48 Saint Kitts and Nevis16,296
49 Trinidad and Tobago15,769
50 Seychelles15,686
51 Latvia15,547
52 Hungary15,531
53 Panama15,089
54 Chile15,070
55 Argentina14,467
56 Poland13,823
57 Croatia13,138
58 Equatorial Guinea12,727
59 Maldives12,527
60 Costa Rica11,685
61 Lebanon11,409
62 Romania10,757
World10,728
63 Russia10,608
64 Turkey10,512
65 Grenada10,360
66 Brazil9,895
67 Malaysia9,813
68 Mauritius9,794
69 Saint Lucia9,607
70 Mexico9,304
71 Kazakhstan8,841
72 China8,643
73 Nauru8,575
74 Bulgaria8,064
75 Gabon7,972
76 Dominica7,921
77 Botswana7,877
78 Montenegro7,647
79 Dominican Republic7,375
80 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines7,271
81 Peru6,762
82 Venezuela6,684
83 Turkmenistan6,643
84 Thailand6,591
85 Colombia6,273
86 South Africa6,180
87 Ecuador6,098
88 Serbia5,899
89 Belarus5,760
90 Suriname5,746
91 Fiji5,740
92 Jordan5,678
93 Macedonia5,474
94 Namibia5,413
95 Iran5,305
96 Bosnia and Herzegovina5,149
97 Iraq5,088
98 Jamaica5,048
99 Libya4,859
100 Belize4,806
101 Guyana4,710
102 Albania4,583
103 Guatemala4,472
104 Angola4,408
105 El Salvador4,400
106 Algeria4,292
107 Paraguay4,260
108 Samoa4,253
109 Tonga4,177
110 Azerbaijan4,141
111 Georgia4,099
112 Sri Lanka4,084
113 Swaziland3,915
114 Kosovo3,880
115 Indonesia3,876
116 Armenia3,861
117 Mongolia3,640
118 Tuvalu3,638
119 Marshall Islands3,625
120 Tunisia3,496
121 Bolivia3,353
122 Cape Verde3,238
123 Micronesia3,200
124 Morocco3,151
125 Vanuatu3,094
126 Philippines2,976
127 Bhutan2,903
128 Papua New Guinea2,861
129 Honduras2,766
130 Ukraine2,583
131 Laos2,542
132 Egypt2,501
133 Vietnam2,354
134 Moldova2,280
135 Nicaragua2,207
136 East Timor2,104
137 Solomon Islands2,081
138 Nigeria1,994
139 Djibouti1,989
140 India1,983
141 Republic of the Congo1,958
142 São Tomé and Príncipe1,785
143 Kiribati1,721
144 Kenya1,702
145 Ghana1,663
146 Côte d'Ivoire1,617
147 Bangladesh1,602
148 Pakistan1,541
149 Uzbekistan1,491
150 Zambia1,480
151 Sudan1,428
152 Lesotho1,425
153 Cameroon1,401
154 Cambodia1,390
155 Mauritania1,318
156 Myanmar1,264
157 Zimbabwe1,176
158 Kyrgyzstan1,144
159 Senegal1,038
160 Tanzania1,034
161 Eritrea980
162 Ethiopia873
163   Nepal834
164 Benin830
165 Tajikistan824
166 Mali811
167 Chad810
168 Guinea-Bissau794
169 Comoros788
170 Haiti784
171 Rwanda772
172 Guinea749
173 Liberia729
174 Uganda699
175 Burkina Faso664
176 Togo611
177 Afghanistan588
178 Yemen551
179 Sierra Leone491
180 Gambia480
181 Democratic Republic of the Congo478
182 Madagascar448
183 Niger440
184 Mozambique429
185 Central African Republic387
186 Malawi324
187 Burundi312
188 South Sudan228
Rank Country US$
1 Luxembourg104,103
 Macau80,893
2  Switzerland80,190
3 Norway75,505
4 Iceland70,057
5 Ireland69,331
6 Qatar63,506
7 United States59,532
8 Singapore57,714
9 Denmark56,308
10 Australia53,800
11 Sweden53,442
12 San Marino49,664
13 Netherlands48,223
14 Austria47,291
 Hong Kong46,194
15 Finland45,703
16 Canada45,032
17 Germany44,470
18 Belgium43,324
19 New Zealand42,941
20 United Arab Emirates40,699
21 Israel40,270
22 United Kingdom39,720
23 Andorra39,147
24 France38,477
25 Japan38,428
 European Union33,715
26 Italy31,953
27 Bahamas, The30,762
28 South Korea29,743
29 Kuwait29,040
30 Brunei28,291
31 Spain28,157
32 Malta26,946
33 Cyprus25,234
34 Bahrain23,655
35 Slovenia23,597
36 Portugal21,136
37 Saudi Arabia20,761
38 Czech Republic20,368
39 Estonia19,705
40 Greece18,613
41 Slovakia17,605
42 Saint Kitts and Nevis17,090
43 Barbados16,789
44 Lithuania16,681
45 Uruguay16,246
46 Trinidad and Tobago16,145
47 Oman15,668
48 Latvia15,594
49 Seychelles15,505
50 Chile15,346
51 Panama15,088
52 Antigua and Barbuda15,022
53 Argentina14,402
54 Hungary14,225
55 Poland13,812
56 Palau13,417
57 Croatia13,295
58 Costa Rica11,631
59 Romania10,814
60 Russia10,743
World10,714
61 Mauritius10,547
62 Turkey10,541
63 Maldives10,536
64 Grenada10,376
65 Malaysia9,945
66 Equatorial Guinea9,850
67 Brazil9,821
68 Saint Lucia9,574
69 Mexico8,903
70 Kazakhstan8,838
71 China8,827
72 Lebanon8,524
73 Nauru8,344
74 Bulgaria8,032
75 Libya7,998
76 Montenegro7,670
77 Dominica7,610
78 Botswana7,596
79 Turkmenistan7,356
80 Gabon7,221
81 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines7,185
82 Dominican Republic7,052
83 Thailand6,594
84 Peru6,572
85 Colombia6,302
86 Ecuador6,199
87 South Africa6,161
88 Suriname5,901
89 Serbia5,900
90 Belarus5,726
91 Fiji5,589
92 Macedonia5,443
93 Iran5,415
94 Namibia5,227
95 Bosnia and Herzegovina5,181
96 Iraq5,166
97 Jamaica5,110
98 Belize4,906
99 Guyana4,725
100 Albania4,538
101 Guatemala4,471
102 Paraguay4,366
103 Samoa4,361
104 Angola4,170
105 Azerbaijan4,132
106 Jordan4,130
107 Algeria4,123
108 Georgia4,078
109 Sri Lanka4,065
110 Tonga3,944
111 Armenia3,937
 Kosovo3,894
112 El Salvador3,889
113 Indonesia3,847
114 Marshall Islands3,753
115 Mongolia3,735
116 Tuvalu3,550
117 Tunisia3,491
118 Bolivia3,394
119 Swaziland3,224
120 Cape Verde3,210
121 Micronesia3,188
122 Vanuatu3,124
123 Bhutan3,110
 Palestine3,095
124 Morocco3,007
125 Philippines2,989
126 Sudan2,899
127 Ukraine2,640
128 Papua New Guinea2,556
129 Honduras2,480
130 Laos2,457
131 Egypt2,413
132 Vietnam2,343
133 Moldova2,290
134 East Timor2,279
135 Nicaragua2,222
136 Solomon Islands2,132
137 Nigeria1,969
138 India1,940
139 Djibouti1,928
140 São Tomé and Príncipe1,913
141 Kiribati1,685
142 Côte d'Ivoire1,662
143 Congo, Republic of the1,658
144 Ghana1,642
145 Pakistan1,548
146 Bangladesh1,517
147 Zambia1,510
148 Kenya1,508
149 Uzbekistan1,504
150 Cameroon1,447
151 Cambodia1,384
152 Myanmar1,299
153 Kyrgyzstan1,220
154 Lesotho1,182
155 Mauritania1,137
156 Zimbabwe1,080
157 Senegal1,033
158 Tanzania936
159   Nepal835
160 Benin830
161 Guinea825
162 Mali824
163 Tajikistan801
164 Comoros797
165 Ethiopia768
166 Haiti766
167 Rwanda748
168 Guinea-Bissau724
169 Burkina Faso671
170 Chad670
171 Togo617
172 Uganda604
173 Afghanistan586
174 Somalia500
175 Sierra Leone499
176 Gambia, The483
177 Congo, Democratic Republic of the458
178 Liberia456
179 Madagascar450
180 Central African Republic418
181 Mozambique416
182 Niger378
183 Malawi339
184 Burundi320
Rank Country US$
1 Monaco168,004
2 Liechtenstein164,437
3 Luxembourg101,835
 Bermuda99,363
4  Switzerland79,609
 Macau73,187
5 Norway70,617
6 Ireland64,497
 Cayman Islands63,261
7 Iceland60,966
8 Qatar59,324
9 United States57,808
10 Australia54,069
11 Denmark53,730
12 Singapore52,814
13 Sweden50,687
14 San Marino47,910
15 Netherlands45,753
16 Austria44,857
 Hong Kong43,943
17 Finland43,339
18 Germany42,456
19 Canada42,154
20 Belgium41,199
 Greenland40,469
21 United Kingdom40,249
22 New Zealand40,233
23 Israel38,788
24 Japan38,640
25 United Arab Emirates37,622
26 Andorra36,987
27 France36,826
 New Caledonia34,641
 Virgin Islands, British31,677
28 Italy31,279
29 Bahamas, The28,785
 Puerto Rico28,636
30 South Korea27,785
31 Kuwait27,229
32 Brunei26,939
33 Spain26,695
 Turks and Caicos Islands26,291
34 Malta25,616
 Europe25,596
Americas25,496
 Aruba25,444
35 Cyprus23,631
 Anguilla22,861
36 Bahrain22,579
37 Slovenia21,517
38 Saudi Arabia19,817
39 Portugal19,750
 Curaçao19,586
 French Polynesia19,335
40 Czech Republic18,406
41 Estonia17,782
42 Trinidad and Tobago17,646
43 Greece17,230
 Cook Islands16,698
44 Saint Kitts and Nevis16,597
45 Slovakia16,489
46 Barbados15,975
47 Uruguay15,221
48 Seychelles15,217
49 Lithuania14,707
50 Antigua and Barbuda14,462
51 Palau14,428
52 Oman14,277
53 Latvia13,993
54 Chile13,794
55 Panama13,680
56 Hungary12,900
57 Argentina12,449
58 Poland12,332
59 Croatia12,159
 Montserrat12,044
60 Costa Rica11,825
61 Turkey10,863
World10,133
62 Mauritius9,679
63 Malaysia9,508
64 Grenada9,469
65 Romania9,439
66 Venezuela9,230
67 Nauru9,119
68 Maldives8,833
69 Equatorial Guinea8,742
70 Russia8,655
71 Brazil8,649
 South America8,504
72 Mexico8,444
73 Lebanon8,400
74 China8,126
75 Dominica7,907
76 Saint Lucia7,848
77 Cuba7,815
78 Kazakhstan7,705
Central America7,552
79 Bulgaria7,465
80 Gabon7,002
81 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines6,980
82 Montenegro6,958
83 Botswana6,917
84 Libya6,826
85 Dominican Republic6,722
86 Turkmenistan6,389
87 Peru6,049
88 Thailand5,911
89 Ecuador5,982
90 Suriname5,871
91 Colombia5,806
92 Serbia5,426
93 Iran5,299
94 Fiji5,197
95 Macedonia, Republic of5,163
96 South Africa5,105
97 Belarus5,001
98 Jamaica4,879
99 Bosnia and Herzegovina4,808
100 Belize4,745
101 Guyana4,444
102 Namibia4,415
103 Iraq4,301
104 El Salvador4,224
105 Samoa4,214
106 Guatemala4,147
107 Jordan4,088
108 Albania4,054
109 Paraguay4,039
Southeast Asia3,987
110 Algeria3,917
111 Sri Lanka3,910
112 Azerbaijan3,892
 Kosovo3,811
113 Tonga3,748
114 Angola3,711
115 Mongolia3,686
116 Tunisia3,657
117 Georgia3,651
118 Armenia3,615
119 Indonesia3,570
120 Marshall Islands3,449
121 Federated States of Micronesia3,144
122 Bolivia3,105
123 Vanuatu3,097
124 Tuvalu3,085
125 Cape Verde3,038
126 Swaziland2,983
127 Philippines2,951
128 Morocco2,937
129 Egypt2,823
 Palestine2,796
130 Bhutan2,774
131 Papua New Guinea2,436
132 Honduras2,361
133 Laos2,339
134 Nigeria2,176
135 Vietnam2,171
136 Nicaragua2,151
137 East Timor2,126
138 Uzbekistan2,116
139 Ukraine2,099
140 Sudan2,094
141 Djibouti2,007
Africa1,752
142 Solomon Islands1,892
143 São Tomé and Príncipe1,715
144 India1,706
145 Moldova1,668
146 Côte d'Ivoire1,552
147 Kiribati1,518
148 Congo, Republic of the1,517
149 Ghana1,517
150 Comoros1,492
151 Pakistan1,462
152 Kenya1,455
153 Cameroon1,374
154 Bangladesh1,355
155 Cambodia1,270
156 Zambia1,270
157 Myanmar1,242
158 Syria1,203
159 Kyrgyzstan1,100
160 Eritrea1,093
161 Mauritania1,085
162 Lesotho1,017
163 Zimbabwe998
164 Senegal948
165 Yemen920
166 Tanzania881
167 Benin818
168 Tajikistan796
169 Chad780
170 Mali778
171   Nepal722
172 Rwanda711
173 Haiti705
174 Ethiopia687
175 Guinea683
176 North Korea665
177 Burkina Faso627
178 Guinea-Bissau620
179 Uganda610
180 Liberia598
181 Togo585
182 Afghanistan584
183 South Sudan534
184 Congo, Democratic Republic of the512
185 Sierra Leone497
186 Gambia, The484
187 Madagascar451
188 Central African Republic394
189 Mozambique379
190 Niger364
191 Malawi294
192 Burundi273
193 Somalia92

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

"Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. O'Sullivan, Arthur
  3. French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  4. World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 17 April 2018.
  5. Data refer mostly to the year 2017. Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2016, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 2 Jan 2018.
  7. "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.