List of countries by GDP (PPP)

Largest economies by PPP GDP in 2018.
According to International Monetary Fund estimates.[1]

This article includes a list of countries by their forecasted estimated gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity, abbreviated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP PPP forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions in the limited period January–April 2017, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists. While the EU is shown in the data it is not in fact a country as per the title of this article, but rather a collection of over 20 European countries.

GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP (see List of countries by GDP (nominal)) when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]

The first table includes estimates for the year 2017 for all current 191 International Monetary Fund (IMF) members as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan (the official list says "Taiwan, Province of China"). Data are in millions of international dollars; they were calculated by the IMF. Figures were published in April 2018. The second table includes data, mostly for the year 2015, for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states as well as Hong Kong and Macau (the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions). Data are in billions of international dollars; they were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook GDP (PPP) data update of 2017. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity have also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007.

Lists

Click on one of the small triangles in the headings to re-order the list according to that category.

List by the International Monetary Fund (estimates for 2017)[5][6] List by the World Bank (2017)[7][8][9] List by the CIA World Factbook (1993–2017)[10]
RankCountryGDP
(millions of Current Int$)
 World126,687,917
1 China[n 1]23,159,107
 European Union[n 2]20,982,857
2 United States19,390,600
3 India9,459,002
4 Japan5,428,813
5 Germany4,170,790
6 Russia4,007,831
7 Indonesia3,242,771
8 Brazil3,240,319
9 United Kingdom2,914,042
10 France2,835,746
11 Mexico2,458,357
12 Italy2,310,902
13 Turkey2,173,227
14 South Korea2,029,032
15 Spain1,773,906
16 Saudi Arabia1,773,551
17 Canada1,769,270
18 Iran1,644,705
19 Australia1,246,475
20 Thailand1,233,737
21 Egypt1,201,188
22 Taiwan1,185,480
23 Poland1,121,009
24 Nigeria1,118,756
25 Pakistan1,056,987
26 Malaysia930,750
27 Argentina920,249
28 Netherlands916,078
29 Philippines875,572
30 South Africa765,568
31 Colombia714,004
32 Bangladesh687,144
33 United Arab Emirates686,831
34 Iraq658,791
35 Vietnam647,369
36 Algeria632,904
37 Belgium528,458
38 Singapore527,021
39 Sweden520,937
40  Switzerland517,172
41 Romania481,453
42 Kazakhstan477,593
43 Hong Kong454,912
44 Chile451,070
45 Austria439,575
46 Peru424,385
47 Venezuela380,743
48 Norway380,006
49 Czech Republic375,679
50 Ukraine368,784
51 Qatar347,887
52 Ireland343,682
53 Myanmar334,856
54 Israel316,120
55 Portugal310,651
56 Kuwait309,640
57 Greece302,150
58 Morocco300,556
59 Hungary284,266
60 Denmark284,040
61 Sri Lanka278,415
62 Finland239,662
63 Uzbekistan222,792
64 Ethiopia194,980
65 Angola193,935
66 Oman189,582
67 Sudan186,715
68 New Zealand186,476
69 Ecuador184,629
70 Slovak Republic179,527
71 Dominican Republic174,180
72 Belarus173,405
73 Azerbaijan167,431
74 Kenya164,340
75 Tanzania163,522
76 Bulgaria152,079
77 Guatemala138,987
78 Tunisia136,797
79 Ghana131,498
80 Puerto Rico129,848
81 Serbia107,131
82 Turkmenistan103,987
83 Panama100,512
84 Croatia100,006
85 Côte d'Ivoire95,887
86 Uganda91,212
87 Lithuania90,387
88 Jordan89,555
89 Lebanon88,786
90 Libya87,067
91 Costa Rica85,781
92 Bolivia83,608
93 Cameroon81,535
94 Uruguay77,800
95   Nepal77,147
96 Yemen74,250
97 Bahrain69,922
98 Slovenia69,358
99 Zambia68,648
100 Democratic Republic of the Congo68,331
101 Paraguay68,005
102 Afghanistan67,462
103 Macau65,732
104 Cambodia64,405
105 Luxembourg63,549
106 El Salvador57,285
107 Latvia53,268
108 Honduras45,628
109 Trinidad and Tobago44,654
110 Laos44,639
111 Bosnia and Herzegovina44,462
112 Senegal43,326
113 Mali40,974
114 Estonia41,202
115 Madagascar40,055
116 Georgia39,318
117 Botswana39,054
118 Mongolia37,731
119 Mozambique37,321
120 Gabon36,999
121 Albania36,198
122 Nicaragua35,835
123 Burkina Faso35,598
124 Brunei Darussalam32,838
125 Macedonia31,924
126 Cyprus31,093
127 Equatorial Guinea30,807
128 Republic of Congo30,607
129 Zimbabwe29,795
130 Chad29,730
131 Papua New Guinea29,481
132 Tajikistan27,802
133 Mauritius27,507
134 Namibia27,451
135 Armenia27,116
136 Jamaica26,474
137 Benin25,407
138 Rwanda24,717
139 Kyrgyz Republic22,737
140 Malawi22,577
141 Kosovo22,405
142 Niger21,655
143 South Sudan20,423
144 Moldova20,207
145 Haiti19,979
146 Malta18,404
147 Iceland17,846
148 Mauritania17,421
149 Guinea17,056
150 Togo12,494
151 Sierra Leone11,551
152 Swaziland11,352
153 Montenegro10,934
154 Eritrea9,678
155 The Bahamas9,374
156 Fiji8,798
157 Burundi8,024
158 Suriname7,961
159 Lesotho7,287
160 Bhutan7,045
161 Guyana6,398
162 Maldives5,853
163 Barbados4,983
164 Timor-Leste4,567
165 Liberia3,960
166 Cape Verde3,762
167 Djibouti3,658
168 The Gambia3,607
169 Central African Republic3,411
170 Belize3,252
171 Guinea-Bissau3,089
172 Seychelles2,761
173 Antigua and Barbuda2,372
174 St. Lucia2,110
175 San Marino2,093
176 Grenada1,588
177 St. Kitts and Nevis1,544
178 Comoros1,329
179 St. Vincent and the Grenadines1,299
180 Solomon Islands1,247
181 Samoa1,129
182 Dominica847
183 Vanuatu772
184 São Tomé and Príncipe685
185 Tonga597
186 Micronesia345
187 Palau297
188 Kiribati222
189 Marshall Islands188
190 Tuvalu41
RankCountryGDP
(millions of Current Int$)
 World127,723,794
1 China[n 1]23,300,782
2 United States19,390,604
3 India9,448,659
4 Japan5,562,822
5 Germany4,193,922
6 Russia3,749,283
7 Indonesia3,242,768
8 Brazil3,240,524
9 United Kingdom2,896,833
10 France2,871,264
11 Italy2,410,985
12 Mexico2,344,197
13 Turkey2,254,114
14 South Korea1,969,106
15 Spain1,773,972
16 Saudi Arabia1,773,549
17 Canada1,702,435
18 Iran1,700,356
19 Thailand1,233,736
20 Australia1,157,298
21 Egypt1,129,919
22 Nigeria1,118,755
23 Poland1,112,364
24 Pakistan1,088,982
25 Malaysia930,749
26 Argentina920,248
27 Netherlands907,032
28 Philippines875,311
29 South Africa765,567
30 Colombia714,003
31 United Arab Emirates694,468
32 Iraq658,200
33 Vietnam647,368
34 Bangladesh637,078
35 Algeria631,150
36  Switzerland550,346
37 Belgium540,867
38 Singapore527,021
39 Romania506,132
40 Sweden504,088
41 Kazakhstan476,366
42 Austria462,990
 Hong Kong454,886
43 Chile434,848
44 Peru432,115
45 Venezuela409,389
46 Czech Republic390,989
47 Ukraine368,217
48 Ireland367,301
49 Qatar338,817
50 Israel334,667
51 Portugal331,445
52 Myanmar327,629
53 Norway322,101
54 Greece299,241
55 Morocco298,230
56 Kuwait297,594
57 Denmark291,600
58 Hungary277,543
59 Sri Lanka274,718
60 Finland249,065
61 Uzbekistan222,338
62 Ethiopia199,336
63 Sudan198,758
64 New Zealand196,152
65 Oman193,218
66 Ecuador193,138
67 Angola190,290
68 Belarus179,203
69 Slovakia174,678
70 Dominican Republic172,591
71 Azerbaijan171,588
72 Tanzania (mainland)163,886
73 Kenya163,309
74 Bulgaria143,850
75 Guatemala137,849
76 Tunisia137,358
77 Ghana133,826
78 Libya125,142
79 Serbia105,966
80 Croatia104,233
81 Turkmenistan103,604
82 Panama100,194
83 Côte d'Ivoire96,046
84 Lithuania90,749
85 Lebanon89,263
86 Cameroon88,859
87 Jordan88,809
88 Costa Rica83,615
89 Bolivia83,546
90 Uganda79,889
91   Nepal78,591
92 Uruguay77,992
93 Yemen75,346
94 Congo, Democratic Republic of the72,165
95 Slovenia71,926
 Macau71,672
96 Bahrain70,937
97 Afghanistan70,368
98 Zambia69,235
99 Paraguay66,007
100 Cambodia64,050
101 Luxembourg62,139
102 Latvia53,561
103 El Salvador51,061
104 Laos48,167
105 Honduras46,198
106 Bosnia and Herzegovina45,156
107 Trinidad and Tobago43,234
108 Senegal42,992
109 Estonia41,619
110 Mali41,004
111 Mongolia39,982
112 Botswana39,770
113 Georgia39,768
114 Madagascar39,764
115 Mozambique37,005
116 Gabon36,823
117 Nicaragua36,324
118 Burkina Faso35,887
119 Papua New Guinea34,633
120 Albania34,541
121 Zimbabwe34,476
122 Brunei Darussalam33,797
123 Macedonia31,729
124 Equatorial Guinea31,460
125 Cyprus29,606
126 Guinea29,056
127 Chad28,924
128 Tajikistan28,373
129 Armenia28,271
130 Congo, Republic of the28,193
131 Mauritius28,174
132 Namibia26,542
133 Jamaica25,999
134 Benin25,327
135 Rwanda24,852
136 Kyrgyzstan23,104
137 West Bank and Gaza22,886
138 Malawi22,387
139 Niger21,834
140 Moldova20,226
141 Haiti19,930
142 Kosovo19,688
143 Malta18,395
144 Iceland18,265
145 Mauritania17,458
146 Togo12,240
147 Bahamas, The12,031
148 Montenegro11,681
149 Swaziland11,617
150 Sierra Leone10,264
151 Timor-Leste9,350
152 Fiji8,652
153 Suriname8,515
154 Burundi8,376
155 Bhutan7,721
156 Maldives7,273
157 Lesotho6,991
158 Guyana6,349
159 Barbados5,326
160 Liberia3,911
161 Cape Verde3,733
162 Djibouti3,716
163 Gambia3,602
164 Central African Republic3,382
165 Belize3,219
166 Guinea-Bissau3,165
167 Seychelles2,776
168 Saint Lucia2,543
169 Antigua and Barbuda2,407
170 San Marino2,085
171 Grenada1,609
172 Saint Kitts and Nevis1,498
173 Solomon Islands1,480
174 Samoa1,299
175 St. Vincent and the Grenadines1,296
176 Comoros1,263
177 Vanuatu886
178 Dominica785
179 Sao Tome and Principe685
180 Tonga643
181 Federated States of Micronesia382
182 Palau316
183 Kiribati253
184 Marshall Islands223
185  Nauru 193
186 Tuvalu44
RankCountryGDP
(billions of Current Int$)
Year
 World127,0002017 est.
1 China[n 1]23,1202017 est.
 European Union[n 2]20,8502017 est.
2 United States19,3602017 est.
3 India9,4472017 est.
4 Japan5,4052017 est.
5 Germany4,1502017 est.
6 Russia4,0002017 est.
7 Indonesia3,2432017 est.
8 Brazil3,2192017 est.
9 United Kingdom2,8802017 est.
10 France2,8262017 est.
11 Mexico2,4062017 est.
12 Italy2,3072017 est.
13 Turkey2,1332017 est.
14 South Korea2,0272017 est.
15 Saudi Arabia1,7892017 est.
16 Spain1,7692017 est.
17 Canada1,7642017 est.
18 Iran1,6312017 est.
19 Australia1,2352017 est.
20 Thailand1,2292017 est.
21 Egypt1,1992017 est.
22 Taiwan1,1752017 est.
23 Nigeria1,1182017 est.
24 Poland1,1112017 est.
25 Pakistan1,0562017 est.
26 Malaysia926.12017 est.
27 Netherlands915.22017 est.
28 Argentina911.52017 est.
29 Philippines874.52017 est.
30 South Africa757.32017 est.
31 Colombia712.52017 est.
32 United Arab Emirates691.92017 est.
33 Bangladesh686.52017 est.
34 Iraq660.72017 est.
35 Vietnam643.92017 est.
36 Algeria629.32017 est.
37 Belgium526.42017 est.
38 Sweden521.72017 est.
39  Switzerland516.72017 est.
40 Singapore513.72017 est.
41 Kazakhstan474.32017 est.
42 Romania474.02017 est.
 Hong Kong453.02017 est.
43 Chile452.12017 est.
44 Austria434.12017 est.
45 Peru424.62017 est.
46 Venezuela389.42017 est.
47 Norway375.92017 est.
48 Czech Republic372.62017 est.
49 Ukraine366.42017 est.
50 Ireland344.82017 est.
51 Qatar341.72017 est.
52 Myanmar330.92017 est.
53 Israel315.62017 est.
54 Portugal311.32017 est.
55 Kuwait302.52017 est.
56 Morocco300.12017 est.
57 Greece299.52017 est.
58 Denmark285.52017 est.
59 Hungary283.62017 est.
60 Sri Lanka278.22017 est.
61 Finland242.42017 est.
62 Uzbekistan221.72017 est.
63 Ethiopia195.82017 est.
64 Angola192.02017 est.
65 Ecuador188.52017 est.
67 Oman187.92017 est.
67 Sudan186.82017 est.
68 New Zealand185.72017 est.
69 Slovakia178.72017 est.
70 Belarus175.92017 est.
71 Dominican Republic172.62017 est.
72 Azerbaijan166.82017 est.
73 Kenya163.42017 est.
74 Tanzania162.82017 est.
75 Bulgaria152.42017 est.
76 Guatemala138.32017 est.
77 Tunisia135.92017 est.
78 Cuba132.92016 est.
79 Ghana130.22017 est.
 Puerto Rico127.32017 est.
80 Serbia106.62017 est.
81 Turkmenistan103.52017 est.
82 Croatia100.22017 est.
83 Panama99.432017 est.
84 Cote d'Ivoire96.272017 est.
85 Lithuania90.632017 est.
86 Jordan89.052017 est.
87 Uganda88.612017 est.
88 Lebanon87.892017 est.
89 Costa Rica85.202017 est.
90 Bolivia83.502017 est.
91 Cameroon81.552017 est.
92   Nepal78.552017 est.
93 Uruguay78.412017 est.
 Macau73.582017 est.
94 Slovenia70.362017 est.
95 Bahrain69.772017 est.
96 Afghanistan69.512017 est.
97 Yemen68.952017 est.
98 Zambia68.902017 est.
99 Paraguay68.052017 est.
100 Congo, Democratic Republic of the67.992017 est.
101 Luxembourg64.392017 est.
102 Cambodia64.212017 est.
103 Libya63.142017 est.
104 El Salvador56.902017 est.
105 Latvia53.472017 est.
106 Syria50.282015 est.
107 Laos49.212017 est.
108 Honduras45.682017 est.
109 Bosnia and Herzegovina43.852017 est.
110 Senegal43.072017 est.
111 Trinidad and Tobago42.782017 est.
112 Estonia41.202017 est.
113 Mali40.982017 est.
114 North Korea40.002015 est.
115 Madagascar39.812017 est.
116 Botswana39.552017 est.
117 Georgia39.322017 est.
118 Mongolia38.402017 est.
119 Mozambique37.392017 est.
120 Gabon36.752017 est.
121 Nicaragua36.222017 est.
122 Albania35.872017 est.
123 Burkina Faso35.682017 est.
124 Zimbabwe33.872017 est.
125 Brunei32.912017 est.
126 Macedonia31.552017 est.
127 Cyprus31.192017 est.
128 Papua New Guinea30.842017 est.
129 Chad29.642017 est.
130 Equatorial Guinea29.382017 est.
131 Congo, Republic of the29.162017 est.
132 Tajikistan27.672017 est.
133 Mauritius27.442017 est.
134 Armenia27.212017 est.
135 Namibia27.022017 est.
136 Guinea26.452017 est.
137 Jamaica26.202017 est.
138 Benin25.292017 est.
139 Rwanda24.612017 est.
140 Kyrgyzstan22.642017 est.
141 Malawi22.472017 est.
142 Niger21.622017 est.
 West Bank21.222014 est.
143 Moldova20.072017 est.
144 Haiti19.882017 est.
145 South Sudan19.752017 est.
 Kosovo19.382017 est.
146 Malta18.532017 est.
147 Iceland17.732017 est.
148 Somalia17.472017 est.
149 Mauritania17.372017 est.
150 Togo12.432017 est.
151 Sierra Leone11.752017 est.
152 Swaziland11.342017 est.
153 Montenegro10.862017 est.
 New Caledonia10.772015 est.
154 Eritrea9.6312017 est.
155 Bahamas, The9.3392017 est.
156 Fiji8.6472017 est.
157 Burundi7.9852017 est.
158 Suriname7.9282017 est.
159 Monaco7.6722015 est.
160 Lesotho7.4482017 est.
 Isle of Man7.4282014 est.
161 Bhutan7.0112017 est.
162 Maldives6.8962017 est.
163 Guyana6.3672017 est.
164 Timor-Leste6.2112017 est.
 French Polynesia5.4902015 est.
 Bermuda5.1982013 est.
 Jersey5.0802015 est.
165 Liechtenstein4.9782014 est.
166 Barbados4.9192017 est.
 Guam4.8822013 est.
167 Liberia3.9062017 est.
 U.S. Virgin Islands3.7922013 est.
168 Cape Verde3.7342017 est.
169 Djibouti3.6402017 est.
170 Gambia, The3.5822017 est.
 Guernsey3.4652015 est.
171 Central African Republic3.3952017 est.
172 Andorra3.3272015 est.
173 Belize3.2302017 est.
 Curaçao3.1282012 est.
174 Guinea-Bissau3.0712017 est.
175 Seychelles2.7122017 est.
 Aruba2.5162009 est.
 Cayman Islands2.5072014 est.
176 Antigua and Barbuda2.3902017 est.
177 Saint Lucia2.3842017 est.
 Greenland2.1732015 est.
178 San Marino2.0832017 est.
 Gibraltar2.0442014 est.
 Faroe Islands2.0012014 est.
179 Grenada1.5902017 est.
180 Saint Kitts and Nevis1.5282017 est.
181 Comoros1.3232017 est.
182 Solomon Islands1.3172017 est.
183 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.2812017 est.
184 Samoa1.1302017 est.
 Western Sahara0.90652007 est.
185 Dominica0.85102017 est.
186 Vanuatu0.78702017 est.
 American Samoa0.71102013 est.
 Northern Mariana Islands0.68202013 est.
187 Sao Tome and Principe0.68202017 est.
 Turks and Caicos Islands0.63202007 est.
188 Tonga0.58702017 est.
Saint Martin0.56152005 est.
 British Virgin Islands0.50002010 est.
 Sint Maarten0.36582014 est.
189 Micronesia, Federated States of0.34702017 est.
190 Palau0.30102017 est.
 Falkland Islands0.28182012 est.
 Cook Islands0.24412010 est.
191 Kiribati0.22402017 est.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0.21532006 est.
192 Marshall Islands0.18902017 est.
 Anguilla0.17542009 est.
193 Nauru0.15902017 est.
 Wallis and Futuna0.06002004 est.
 Montserrat0.04382006 est.
194 Tuvalu0.04202017 est.
Saint Helena0.03112009 est.
 Niue0.01012003 est.
 Tokelau0.00151993 est.

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Figure for Mainland China; excludes the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau.
  2. 1 2 The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[11] As the EU is not a country, the U.S. is the second ranked country on these lists.
  • ^2 IMF estimate.
  • ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
  • ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.

References

  1. "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  2. "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  6. "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
  7. Data (1 July 2017). ""Gross domestic product 2016, PPP", World Bank, accessed on 18 July 2017" (PDF). Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 18 July 2017.; European Union calculated by sum of individual countries.
  8. "World Bank GDP PPP PDF 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  9. "World Bank, International Comparison Program database". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  10. Field listing - GDP (PPP exchange rate), CIA World Factbook
  11. CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
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