List of countries by English-speaking population

The following is a list of English-speaking population by country, including information on both native speakers and second-language speakers.

List

CountryEligible populationTotal English speakersTotal English speakers (%)As first language As first language (%)As an additional language[1] As an additional language (%) Comments
 United States296,603,003283,160,41195.46 234,171,556 79.048,988,855 16.5Figures are from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-year estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau for persons age 5 and older. Total English speakers are those who either spoke English at home (i.e. as first language), or reported speaking another language at home but could speak English "very well" or "well" (i.e. as an additional language).[2]
 India1,028,737,436125,344,73712.18226,449 0.02125,118,287 12.16Official Language. 2001 Census figures for population and first, second, and third languages. English as a first language is only spoken by 226,449 people, as a second language by 86,125,221, and as a third language by 38,993,066.[3][4]
 Pakistan 188,400,100108,036,049578,642,883 8 92,316,049 49 Official Language, lingua franca and spoken amongst a wide proportion of the Pakistani Population – 49% as a second language (other estimates).[5][6][7][8][9]
 Nigeria156,493,00079,000,00053.34 79,000,000 53.34Euromonitor International report (2009)
 Philippines100,437,85264,025,89063.7336,935 0.003763,988,955 63.72Total population: Census 2010. Proportion of total speakers: Census 2000, text above Figure 7. 63.71% of the then 66.7 million people aged 5 years or more could speak English.[10] Proportion of native speakers: Census 1995, as quoted by Andrew Gonzalez in "The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines", Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 19 (5&6), 487–525, p. 492: .04% of the then 68.4 million people were native speakers of English. (1998).[11] "Six out of 10 people aged 5 and over can speak english (63.71%)."[12]
 United Kingdom64,000,00059,600,00097.7454,400,000 92.145,128,000 5.60Source: Data from the 2011 census for England and Wales.[13] Additional English speaker figures are for usual residents aged 3 years and over with a main language other than English who can speak English "very well" or "well".
 Germany80,600,00045,400,00056272,000 0.33845,100,000 56Native speakers: Statistisches Bundesamt (cited here).
Non-native speakers: Eurobarometer report 2012
Does not include foreign military personnel based in Germany.
 Canada34,767,25529,973,59086.2119,460,850 52.4010,287,415 28.69Source: . The 2016 count reported that 23,757,525 people were able to conduct a conversation in English but not French, while 6,216,065 were able to converse in both English and French. The census also asked for the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual: 52% or 19,460,850 reported English as their sole mother tongue, 165,320 reported both English and French as mother tongues, 533,265 reported English and a non-official language as mother tongues, and 33,900 reported English, French and a non-official language as mother tongues.
 Australia21,394,30917,357,8339715,013,965 70.172,343,868 17Source: 2001 Census.[14] The 2001 census data is subject to multiple interpretations. The data noted that 18,972,350 persons out of 21,394,309 total were speakers of a language, and excluded young children. However, more than a million of those 18,972,350 persons provided no information; 879,778 did not give information on proficiency, and 203,101 were "overseas visitors" who were not asked. Of the 17,889,671 persons for whom an inquiry was made 17,357,833 spoke English only, or "well" or "very well" as a second language; while 531,838 spoke "not well" or "not at all".
 Italy59,619,29017,000,00034 17,000,000 34Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Bangladesh163,323,10030,108,03118709,873 29,398,158 Source: Euromonitor International report 2009, Euromonitor Dec 2010 [15]
 Egypt83,289,50028,101,32535 28,101,325 35Source: Euromonitor International Report 2011 [16]
 Thailand63,038,24717,121,18727.16 17,121,187 27.16Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Netherlands16,770,00015,030,00090 15,030,000 90Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
   Nepal29,890,68610,700,86635.820,000 0.067876,720 Source: Census. (date not verified)
 South Africa52,981,99116,424,417314,930,510 9.311,493,907 22Native speakers from 2011 Census.[17]
Non-native speakers: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Poland38,501,00014,300,00037100,000 14,200,000 Source: Central Statistical Office,[18] Additional language speakers are people age 18–69, who reported English Language as their first of second best foreign language, Central Statistical Office [19] Native language counted as those who speak English at home.
 Turkey70,586,25612,000,00017 12,000,000 17Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
 Iraq31,700,00011,095,00035 11,000,000 Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Sri Lanka 22,480,00010,565,6004737,061 0.29,680,000 47English Proficiency Index [20]
 Spain47,190,00010,400,00022 10,400,000 22Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 China1,210,000,00010,000,000<1 10,000,000 <1Figures are for English users in mainland China only (i.e. excluding Hong Kong where English is an official language and Macau). The often-cited figure of 300 million is for "learners."[21]

[22]

 Brazil205,000,00010,542,0005292,000 0.1410,250,000 5Source: British council (2012) and EF. Only 5% of Brazilians have a proficient grasp of English as a second or foreign additional language and an additional 6% have a very rudimentary knowledge. Brazil has 240 thousand British descendants and 180 thousand American ancestry citizens including the Confederados cultural sub-group, descendants of the Confederate colonies.
 Sweden9,921,5418,200,00086 8,200,000 86Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Kenya43,013,4318,100,00018.83 7,900,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Cameroon19,740,0007,500,00038 7,500,000 38Euromonitor International Report (2009)
 Malaysia27,170,00015,580,00062.57380,000 1.415,200,000 61.1EF English Proficiency Index[23]
 Russia138,312,5357,574,3035.482,522 7,571,787 Source: Composition by Nationality and Language Ability, Citizenship, Tables 4.5 and 4.1, Russian Census (2010). The "total" figure is the number of residents who reported English as one of the languages they knew. The "first language" figure is the number of residents who reported "American" or "English" as their nationality. The "additional languages" figure is the difference. More than 9 million schoolgoers studied English as a foreign language in 2008–2009.
 Belgium10,584,5346,250,00060 6,250,000 60Source: Eurobarometer report 2006 (the 2012 report seems to have a critical typo) Note that the Belgian population is divided in two distinct linguistic regions: The Dutch-speaking Flanders, and the French-speaking Wallonia (note that the region of Brussels also has a majority of native French speakers). Like in the Netherlands, a high percentage of Flemish people speak English fluently, and in Wallonia, a lower percentage of people speak English (as it is the case in France), which brings down the total percentage.
 Israel7,303,0006,205,00084.97100,000 1.376,105,000 Source: Ethnologue (2005)[24]
English is widely spoken, both by the Jewish majority and by minority ethnic groups.[25][26]
 Austria8,415,0006,150,00073 6,150,000 73Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Romania19,043,7675,900,00031 5,900,000 31Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Zimbabwe13,349,0005,550,00041.58250,000 1.875,300,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Greece10,787,6905,500,00051 5,500,000 51Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Sierra Leone5,866,0004,900,00083.53500,000 8.524,400,000 Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Mexico120,664,00015,686,26212.9 15,686,262 12.9Consulta Mitofsky-Tracking Poll Roy Campos: Las Lenguas Extranjeras en México, January 2013;[27] and II Conteo de Población y Vivienda, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (INEGI).[28]
 Denmark5,543,0004,770,00086 4,770,000 86Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
  Switzerland7,637,3004,680,00061.2873,400 0.964,606,600 Figure for speakers of English as "main language", according to Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008[29] Source for number of non-native English speakers is 1999 publication by Prof. François Grin cited here: http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/countries/uk/language.html
 Morocco32,770,9004,587,92614 4,587,926 14Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
 Ukraine40,044,2387,207,96218.0 Source: EF English Proficiency Index
 Republic of Ireland4,422,1004,350,00098.374,122,100 93.21237,900 Source: Eurobarometer report 2006; Central Statistics Office ; Travbla [30]
 Singapore5,607,3004,218,73783.11,873,302 36.92,345,435 Source: 2015 Census. Second language speaker figure only includes those literate in English aged 15 or more and does not include third language proficiency. General Household Survey 2015 "Language Spoken at Home Among Residents Aged 5 Years and Over"
 Ghana27,000,00018,000,00066.67 18,000,000 66.67Source: 2010 Ghanaian Census[31]
 Tanzania40,454,0004,000,0009.89 4,000,000 9.89Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 New Zealand4,275,1003,673,62397.823,673,623 85.93 There were 4,027,947 responses to 2006 Census: Language spoken. 3,673,679 gave English as a response, 81,936 had no English but another language. The balance of 272,382 were; no language (too young) 75,195, no response 196,221, response unidentifiable 588, response outside scope 378. Hence it is most meaningful to express the English-speaking per cent without including the figures for these 272,382. This gives 97.8% English-speaking, 2.2% non-English-speaking (3,673,679 and 81,936 divided by 3,755,565)
Crystal (2003), p. 109, gives figures of 3,700,000 native speakers and 150,000 second language speakers.
 Finland5,410,0003,800,00070 3,800,000 70Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Portugal10,623,0002,900,00027 2,900,000 27Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Papua New Guinea 6,331,0003,150,00049.76150,000 2.373,000,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Liberia3,750,0003,100,00082.67600,000 162,500,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Jordan6,598,0002,969,37045 2,969,370 45Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Jamaica2,714,0002,650,00097.642,600,000 95.850,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Algeria35,954,0002,516,7807 2,516,780 7Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Uganda30,884,0002,500,0008.09 2,500,000 8.09Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Hong Kong7,336,5853,903,06353.2300,417 4.33,587,590 According to 2016 population census, Hong Kong has approximately 3.9 million speakers, of whom 300,417 regard English as their "usual" language.[32]
 Czechia10,562,2142,850,00027 2,850,000 27Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Argentina42,192,5002,752,6816.52 Source:.[33] Percentage of people who state to have a high level of English. Another 19.49% and 16.23% of people said they had an intermediate and low level, respectively, of English.
 Yemen24,800,0002,232,0009 2,232,000 9Source: Euromonitor International report 2011
 Croatia4,555,0002,200,00049 2,200,000 49Source: Eurobarometer report 2006
 Colombia47,661,3682,012,9504.2275,600 1,937,350 Total was estimated by multiplying projected population for 2014 (DANE) by percentage of Colombian population that speaks English 4.09%[34] then 63,600 was added to that figure which is the total of American and British residents. Figures for native speakers are as follows: 60,000 U.S. citizens that reside in Colombia[35] 12,000 are Colombian Raizal from San Andrés and Isla de Providencia where they speak San Andrés–Providencia Creole[36] 3,600 British expatriates[37]
 Hungary9,982,0002,000,00020 2,000,000 20Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Puerto Rico3,991,0001,940,00048.61100,000 1,840,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Zambia11,922,0001,910,00016.02110,000 1,800,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Bulgaria7,640,2381,900,000252,605 1,902,605 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012 and 2011 Census[38]
 Kazakhstan12,156,7051,874,58315.4602 1,873,981 Number of those who understand spoken English, from these 1.9 million: 311,435 (2.6%/16.6%) can only read, 931,444 (7.7%/49.6%) can read and write in English. The number of native speakers is the sum of Americans and Englishmen "by nationality". (Census 2009)
 Lebanon4,265,6001,706,00040 1,706,000 40Source: Euromonitor International report (2011)
 Chile16,634,6031,585,0279.53 Source: 2012 Census.[39]
 Rwanda10,137,4001,520,61015 1,520,610 15Source: Euromonitor International report 2009
 Slovakia5,397,0361,400,00026 1,400,000 26Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Trinidad and Tobago1,305,0001,145,00087.741,145,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Slovenia2,050,0001,210,00059 1,210,000 59Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Lithuania3,053,8001,160,00038 1,160,000 38Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Latvia2,070,371950,00046 950,000 46Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Guyana751,000680,00090.55650,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Botswana1,639,833630,00038.42 630,000 38.42Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Estonia1,294,236650,00050 650,000 50Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Cyprus839,000610,00073 610,000 73Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Malawi13,931,831540,2093.88209 540,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109 and Kayambizinthu.[40]
 Lesotho1,795,000500,00027.86 500,000 27.86Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Suriname470,784410,00087.09260,000 150,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Malta453,000400,0008948,000 352,000 Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Namibia1,820,916314,00017.2414,000 300,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Luxembourg509,000290,00056 290,000 56Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Bahamas330,549288,00087.13260,000 28,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Barbados279,000275,00098.57262,000 13,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Belize301,270246,00081.65190,000 56,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Madagascar23,042,3004,147,61418 4,147,614 18The main languages are French and Malagasy.
 Costa Rica4,910,526400,4158.2 400,415 8.2Source: Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2017 http://www.inec.go.cr/sistema-de-consultas
 France65,350,00023,000,00039 23,000,000 39Source: Eurobarometer report 2012
 Mauritius1,264,866202,00015.972,000 200,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Vanuatu215,446180,00083.5560,000 120,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Fiji853,445176,00020.626,000 170,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Solomon Islands552,438175,00031.6810,000 165,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Guam173,456158,00091.0958,000 100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Brunei381,371144,00039.0710,000 134,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000114,00095114,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 U.S. Virgin Islands108,448113,00095.9798,000 15,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Grenada110,000100,00090.91100,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Samoa188,54094,00049.861,000 93,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Isle of Man80,05880,00099.9380,000
 Myanmar53,900,0002,400,0004.45 2,400,000 4.45Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Saint Lucia165,00071,00043.0331,000 40,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Northern Mariana Islands84,00070,00083.335,000 65,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Antigua and Barbuda85,00068,0008066,000 2,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 American Samoa57,34545,93380.11,791 44,142 Source: The World Factbook – American Samoa
 Federated States of Micronesia111,00064,00057.664,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Bermuda65,00063,00096.9263,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Dominica67,00063,00094.033,000 60,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Marshall Islands59,00060,00098.33 60,000 98.33Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Swaziland1,141,00050,0004.38 50,000 4.38Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Aruba104,00044,00042.319,000 35,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 The Gambia1,709,00040,0002.34 40,000 2.34Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis50,00039,0007839,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Cayman Islands47,00036,00076.636,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Seychelles87,00033,00037.933,000 30,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Gibraltar28,87528,87510028,000 875 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Tonga100,00030,00030 30,000 30Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Kiribati95,00023,00024.21 23,000 24.21Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 British Virgin Islands23,00020,00086.9620,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
 Palau20,00018,50092.5500 18,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Andorra81,22217,86922 17,869 22Source Census: Linguistic knowledge 2004.
 Anguilla13,00012,00092.3112,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Nauru12,00011,60096.67900 10,700 English is spoken as the language of government and commerce.
 Cook Islands20,2004,00019.81,000 3,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109.
 Montserrat5,9004,00067.84,000 Source: Crystal (2003), p. 109. Note this includes speakers of an English creole.
TOTAL 5,102,585,737 1,179,874,130 336,358,172 838,676,510
  • The European Union is a supranational union composed of 28 member states. The combined total English-speaking population (2012) is 256,876,220[41] (out of a total population of 500,000,000,[42] i.e. 51%) including 65,478,252 native speakers and 191,397,968 non-native speakers, and would be ranked 2nd if it were included. English native speakers amount to 13% of the whole Union population, while the percentage of people that speak English "well enough in order to be able to have a conversation", either as first (32%), second (11%) or third (3%) foreign language, was 38%.
  • When taken from this list and added together, the total number of English speakers in the world adds up to around 1,200,000,000. Likewise, the total number of native English speakers adds up to around 350,000,000. This implies that there are approximately 850,000,000 people who speak English as an additional language.

See also

Non-English speaking populations:

Notes

  1. Statistics on second language speakers are inevitably not precise; partly because there is no widely agreed definition of second language speakers – there is no differentiation between countries where English is the lingua franca and those where it is not.
  2. "AGE BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  3. S, Rukmini. "Sanskrit and English: there's no competition".
  4. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_glance/popu1.aspx
  5. "Here's how Pakistan ranks among world's English speaking countries". The Express Tribune.
  6. "English — more than a subject". Dawn.
  7. "Mapped: The world by English-speaking population". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  8. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  9. "Which Countries Have the Most English Speakers? - K International". www.k-international.com. Retrieved 2017-08-30.
  10. Before mistakenly correcting the percentage again, please note that there are fewer people aged 5 years or more in any country than there are people in that country, because some people are toddlers or infants. In other words, no, the numbers will not automatically add up. 63.71% is what the cited source, text above Figure 7 Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., a report from the 2000 census, really says. This multiplied by the 2010 census's total population over 5 produces the number in the chart. The 2010 number comes from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., table 5.1 or 5.6
  11. From mid-2009 to late 2013 this entry overstated the number of native speakers by roughly 100fold, and inflated the number of total speakers, on the alleged basis of material in "Philippines". Ethnologue. 1999-02-19. Retrieved 2013-10-16.. In fact, Ethnologue as of 24th December 2013 simply repeats the number of native speakers, 20,000, reported in Crystal 2003, on the basis of an old (pre-1995) census, and does not address total speakers at all. This attempt to correct these errors in turn perpetrates both error and original research, by applying the old percentages listed above, 63.71% of people over 5 as total speakers in 2000, and .04% of people as native speakers in 1995, to the 2010 totals from Philippines in Figures, 2013, Chapter 5, Demography Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine., tables 5.1 and 5.6. Andrew Gonzalez died in 2006; someone else's attention to the 2010 census figures, which appear not to be online and may not have been printed yet in adequate detail, is needed to produce reliable, more or less current, numbers.
  12. 2000 Census of population and Housing, Educational Characteristics of the Filipinos "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  13. "2011 Census: Quick Statistics for England and Wales, March 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  14. The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Cameroon, Nigeria, Rwanda, Bangladesh and Pakistan, https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/sites/teacheng/files/Euromonitor%20Report%20A4.pdf
  15. "The Benefits of the English Language for Individuals and Societies: Quantitative Indicators from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia and Yemen" (PDF). Britishcouncil.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  16. Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. p. 30. ISBN 9780621413885. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2015.
  17. Human Capital in Poland in 2014, figure 15,52
  18. Demographics Yearbook of Poland: 2014, Table 1, 32,44,190,
  19. http://www.ef.com/epi/
  20. Jian Yang (April 2006). "Learners and users of English in China". English Today. 22 (2): 3–10. doi:10.1017/S0266078406002021.. Quote: "What this suggests, it seems, is that Yan’s (2004) ten million may after all be a more informed estimate of the actual regular users of English in China." (page 9)"
  21. 100million is Back of Envelope Calculation. Learning English in compulsory in China, and 8% of population goes to University, so approximately 100 million are competent in English, and beyond learners
  22. "EF English Proficiency Index – A comprehensive ranking of countries by English skills". Ef.com. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  23. Languages of Israel, Ethnologue.com
  24. Multilingualism in Israel, Bar-Ilan University – Faculty of Humanities : Language Policy Research Center.
  25. "ERIC – English Language Teaching Profile: Israel., 1976-Dec". Eric.ed.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  26. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  27. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 24 October 2007.
  28. Resident population according to main language, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel 2008
  29. "The most complete list of English schools and courses in Ireland". Travbla.com. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  30. "2010 Population & Housing Census" (PDF). Statsghana.gov.gh. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  31. Census2011.gov.hk (PDF). pp. 5, 22 & 45–46 https://www.bycensus2016.gov.hk/data/16bc-summary-results.pdf. Retrieved 2016-08-30. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. "Sociedad :: Los idiomas de los argentinos" (in Spanish). Página/12. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
  33. "¿Qué porcentaje de la población colombiana habla inglés?". Colombiestad.gov.co. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  34. "Islander Creole English". Ethnologue.
  35. "Special Reports | Brits Abroad". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
  36. "2011 census of Bulgaria" (PDF). Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  37. "Síntesis de resultados Censo 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
  38. Edrinnie Kayambizinthu (1998). "The Language Planning Situation in Malawi" (PDF). Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 19 (5&6): 369. doi:10.1080/01434639808666363. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2008.
  39. "European and their languages 2012" (PDF). Eurobarometer. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  40. "Population at 1 January". Eurostat. Retrieved 2 January 2013.

References

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