List of colonial governors of Cameroon

This article lists the colonial governors of Cameroon. It encompasses the period when the country was under colonial rule of the German Empire (as Kamerun), occupation of the territory by the Allies during World War I (Kamerun Campaign), as well as the period when it was under the administration of France (as French Cameroons) and the United Kingdom (as British Cameroons) respectively.

List

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Kamerun

Tenure Incumbent Notes
14 July 1884 to 19 July 1884Gustav Nachtigal, KommissarCommissioner
19 July 1884 to 1 April 1885Maximilian Buchner, acting Kommissaracting Commissioner
1 April 1885 to 4 July 1885Eduard von Knorr, acting Kommissaracting Commissioner
4 July 1885 to 14 February 1891Julius Freiherr von Soden, Governor
13 May 1887 to 4 October 1887Jesko von Puttkamer, acting GovernorActing for Soden, 1st time
4 October 1887 to 17 January 1888Eugen von Zimmerer, acting GovernorActing for Soden, 1st time
26 December 1889 to 17 April 1890Eugen von Zimmerer, acting GovernorActing for Soden, 2nd time
17 April 1890 to 3 August 1890Markus Graf von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth, acting GovernorActing for Soden
3 August 1890 to 14 August 1890Kurz, acting GovernorActing for Soden
14 August 1890 to 2 December 1890Jesko von Puttkamer, acting GovernorActing for Soden, 2nd time
2 December 1890 to 15 April 1891Karl Theodor Heinrich Leist, acting GovernorActing for Soden to 14 February 1891, 1st time
15 April 1891 to 13 August 1895Eugen von Zimmerer, Governor
7 August 1891 to 5 January 1892Bruno von Schuckmann, acting GovernorActing for Zimmerer
27 June 1893 to 24 February 1894Karl Theodor Heinrich Leist, acting GovernorActing for Zimmerer, 2nd time
31 December 1894 to 27 March 1895Jesko von Puttkamer, acting GovernorActing for Zimmerer, 3rd time
27 March 1895 to 4 May 1895von Lucke, acting GovernorActing for Zimmerer
13 August 1895 to 9 May 1907Jesko von Puttkamer, Governor
27 October 1895 to 10 September 1897Theodor Seitz, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer, 1st time
12 January 1898 to 13 October 1898Theodor Seitz, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer, 2nd time
17 January 1900 to 31 July 1900August Köhler, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
1 August 1900 to 6 September 1900Emil Diehl, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
6 September 1900 to 15 November 1900Oltwig Wilhelm Adolf von Kamptz, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
3 February 1902 to 3 October 1902Albert Plehn, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
9 May 1904 to 8 November 1904Karl Ebermaier, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
9 November 1904 to 31 January 1905Otto Gleim, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer, 1st time
January 1906 to November 1906Franz Ludwig Wilhelm Müller, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer
November 1906 to 9 May 1907Otto Gleim, acting GovernorActing for Puttkamer, 2nd time
9 May 1907 to 27 August 1910Theodor Seitz, Governor
10 February 1909 to October 1909Wilhelm Peter Hansen, acting GovernorActing for Seitz, 1st time
28 August 1910 to 29 January 1912Otto Gleim, Governor
August 1910 to September 1910Theodor Steinhausen, acting GovernorActing for Gleim
September 1910 to 25 October 1910Wilhelm Peter Hansen, acting GovernorActing for Gleim, 2nd time
October 1911 to 29 January 1912Wilhelm Peter Hansen, acting GovernorActing for Gleim, 3rd time
29 January 1912 to 4 March 1916Karl Ebermaier, Governor
9 October 1913 to 1914August Full, acting GovernorActing for Ebermaier
(26 September 1914)Occupation by Great Britain and France begins
4 March 1916Germany surrenders territory to occupying powers

Allied occupation of Kamerun

Tenure Incumbent Notes
26 August 1914 to 7 April 1916Joseph Gaudérique Aymerich, Military CommanderMilitary Commander of French Cameroon
7 April 1916 to 8 October 1916Joseph Gaudérique Aymerich, AdministratorAdministrator of French Cameroon
8 October 1916 to 6 March 1919Lucien Louis Fourneau, AdministratorAdministrator of French Cameroon
6 March 1919 to 28 June 1919Jules Gaston Henri Carde, CommissionerCommissioner of French Cameroon
28 June 1919Formal division into French and British Cameroons

French Cameroons

Tenure Incumbent Notes
French-occupied territory
7 April 1916 to 8 October 1916Joseph Gauderique Aymerich, Administrator
8 October 1916 to 6 March 1919Lucien Louis Fourneau, Administrator
6 March 1919 to 20 July 1922Jules Gaston Henri Carde, CommissionerActing to 7 December 1919
French Cameroons (League of Nations Mandate)
20 July 1922 to March 1923Jules Gaston Henri Carde, Commissioner
September 1920 to June 1921Paul Auguste François Bonnecarrère, acting CommissionerActing for Carde
March 1923 to 29 April 1923Albéric Auguste Fournier, acting Commissioner
29 April 1923 to 31 August 1932Théodore Paul Marchand, Commissioner1st time
27 December 1924 to 11 May 1925Ernest Augustin Bleu, acting CommissionerActing for Marchand, 1st time
2 March 1926 to 31 October 1926Ernest Augustin Bleu, acting CommissionerActing for Marchand, 2nd time
26 April 1929 to 26 October 1929Ernest Augustin Bleu, acting CommissionerActing for Marchand, 3rd time
19 June 1931 to 6 February 1932Ernest Augustin Bleu, acting CommissionerActing for Marchand, 4th time
31 August 1932 to 7 July 1934Paul Auguste François Bonnecarrère, CommissionerActing to 22 September 1932
7 July 1934 to 1936Jules Vincent Repiquet, Commissioner
1936 to January 1937Gaston Camille Guibet, acting Commissioner
January 1937 to 16 November 1938Pierre François Boisson, Commissioner
7 October 1937 to 9 March 1938Pierre Émile Aubert, acting CommissionerActing for Boisson
16 November 1938 to 27 August 1940Richard Edmond Maurice Édouard Brunot, Commissioner
27 August 1940 to 20 November 1940Jacques Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, Governor
20 November 1940 to 20 July 1943Pierre Charles Albert Cournarie, Governor
20 July 1943 to 15 November 1944Hubert Eugène Paul Carras, Governor
15 November 1944 to 16 January 1946Henri Pierre Nicolas, Governor
16 January 1946 to 16 March 1946Adrien Émile Amédée Léger, acting Governor
16 March 1946 to 13 December 1946Robert Delavignette, High Commissioner
French Cameroons (United Nations Trust Territory)
13 December 1946 to 25 March 1947Robert Delavignette, High Commissioner
25 March 1947 to April 1947Robert Casimir, acting High Commissioner1st time
April 1947 to 7 July 1949René Hoffherr, High Commissioner
7 July 1949 to 10 January 1950Robert Casimir, acting High Commissioner2nd time
10 January 1950 to 2 December 1954Jean Louis Marie André Soucadoux, High Commissioner
2 December 1954 to 17 April 1956Roland Joanes Louis Pré, High Commissioner
17 April 1956 to 29 January 1958Pierre Messmer, High Commissioner
29 January 1958 to 19 February 1958Jean Paul Ramadier, High Commissioner
19 February 1958 to 1 January 1960Xavier Antoine Torre, High Commissioner
1 January 1960Independence as Republic of Cameroon

British Cameroons

Tenure Incumbent Notes
British-occupied territory
1916Kenneth V. Elphinstone, Resident
1916 to 1917E. C. Duff, Resident
1917 to 1919P. V. Young, Resident
1919W. G. Ambrose, Resident
1919John C. Maxwell, Resident
1919 to 20 July 1920John Humphrey Davidson, Resident
British Cameroons (League of Nations Mandate)
20 July 1920 to 1921?John Humphrey Davidson, Resident
1921 to 1925Fitz Herbert Ruxton, Senior Resident
1925William Edgar Hunt, acting District Officer
1925 to 1928Edward John Arnett, Senior Resident1st time
1928 to 1929H. J. Aveling, acting Resident
1929 to 1932Edward John Arnett, Resident2nd time
1932 to 1933Frederick Bernard Carr, District Officer
1933George Hugo Findlay, Senior Resident
1933 to 1935John Wynne Corrie Rutherfoord, Resident
1935 to 1938D. W. Firth, Senior Resident
1938 to 1939L. Sealy-King, acting Resident1st time
1939 to 1942Arthur Evelyn Francis Murray, Senior Resident
1942 to 1943L. Sealy-King, Resident2nd time
1943 to 194?James Macrae Simpson, Resident
194? to 25 February 1945Percy Graham Harris, Resident
20 March 1945 to 10 October 1945Alfred Leeming, Senior District Officer
1945R. J. Hook, acting Resident
1945 to 1946Frank B. Bridges, Resident
14 February 1946 to 13 December 1946Neil Mackenzie, Senior District Officer
British Cameroons (United Nations Trust Territory)
13 December 1946 to 4 August 1949Neil Mackenzie, Senior District Officer
25 August 1949 to 31 December 1949D. A. F. Shute, Senior Resident
1949 to 1 October 1954Edward John Gibbons, Special Resident
1 October 1954Autonomous territory within Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
1 October 1954 to 1956Edward John Gibbons, Commissioner
1956 to 1 October 1961John Osbaldiston Field, Commissioner
1 June 1961Northern British Cameroons incorporated into Federation of Nigeria
1 October 1961Southern British Cameroons incorporated into Republic of Cameroon

For continuation after independence, see: List of Presidents of Cameroon

See also

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