List of cities in Taiwan

In the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions in Taiwan, there are three types of administrative divisions with the Chinese word shì (市, "city") in their names.

NameChinesePinyinPe̍h-ōe-jīNo.
   Special municipality直轄市 zhíxiáshìti̍t-hat-chhī6
   City shìchhī3
   County-administered city縣轄市 xiànxiáshìkoān-hat-chhī14

The 23 cities in Taiwan:

NameChineseHokkien
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin
CountyFoundedPopulation
(DEC. 2014)[1]
Kaohsiung高雄市Ko-hiông-chhīGāoxióng Shìnone1979-07-011,402,914
New Taipei新北市Sin-pak-chhīXīnběi Shìnone2010-12-253,974,911
Taichung臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhīTáizhōng Shìnone2010-12-252,759,887
Tainan臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhīTáinán Shìnone2010-12-251,885,499
Taipei臺北市Tâi-pak-chhīTáiběi Shìnone1967-07-012,696,316
Taoyuan桃園市Thô-hn̂g-chhīTáoyuán Shìnone2014-12-252,136,702
Chiayi嘉義市Ka-gī-chhīJiāyì Shìnone1982-07-01269,890
Hsinchu新竹市Sin-tek-chhīXīnzhú Shìnone1982-07-01436,220
Keelung基隆市Ke-lâng-chhīJīlóng Shìnone1945-10-25372,019
Changhua彰化市Chiong-hòa-chhīZhānghuà ShìChanghua1951-12-01234,721
Douliu斗六市Táu-la̍k-chhīDǒuliù ShìYunlin1981-12-25108,098
Hualien花蓮市Hoa-liân-chhīHuālián ShìHualien1946-01-16106,368
Magong馬公市Má-keng-chhīMǎgōng ShìPenghu1981-12-2560,335
Miaoli苗栗市Biâu-le̍k-chhīMiáolì ShìMiaoli1981-12-2590,963
Nantou南投市Lâm-tâu-chhīNántóu ShìNantou1981-12-25102,314
Pingtung屏東市Pîn-tong-chhīPíngdōng ShìPingtung1951-12-01203,866
Puzi朴子市Phò-chú-chhīPúzǐ ShìChiayi1992-09-1043,250
Taibao太保市Thài-pó-chhīTàibǎo ShìChiayi1991-07-0137,038
Taitung臺東市Tâi-tang-chhīTáidōng ShìTaitung1976-01-01106,969
Toufen頭份市Thâu-hūn-chhīTóufèn ShìMiaoli2015-10-05102,654
Yilan宜蘭市Gî-lân-chhīYílán ShìYilan1946-01-1695,879
Yuanlin員林市Oân-lîm-chhīYuánlín ShìChanghua2015-08-08124,730
Zhubei竹北市Tek-pak-chhīZhúběi ShìHsinchu1988-10-31203,195

Former cities

Dissolved prefectural cities

NameJapaneseTaiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
PrefectureFoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Taihoku臺北市Tâi-pak-chhīTaihoku1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Taipei
Taichū臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhīTaichū1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Taichung
Tainan臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhīTainan1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Tainan
Kīrun基隆市Ke-lâng-chhīTaihoku1924-12-251945-10-25Became city of Keelung
Takao高雄市Ko-hiông-chhīTakao1924-12-251945-10-25Became city of Kaohsiung
Shinchiku新竹市Sin-tek-chhīShinchiku1930-01-201945-10-25Became city of Hsinchu
Kagi嘉義市Ka-gī-chhīTainan1930-01-201945-10-25Became city of Chiayi
Shōka彰化市Chiong-hoà-chhīTaichū1933-12-201945-10-25Became city of Changhua
Heitō屏東市Pîn-tong-chhīTakao1933-12-201945-10-25Became city of Pingtung
Giran宜蘭市Gî-lân-chhīTaihoku1940-10-011945-10-25Became county-administered city of Yilan
Karenkō花蓮港市Hoa-liân-káng-chhīKarenkō1940-10-011945-10-25Became county-administered city of Hualien

Dissolved provincial cities

NameChineseTaiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
FoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Changhua彰化市Chiong-hoà-chhī1945-10-251951-12-01Became a county-administered city in Changhua County
Pingtung屏東市Pîn-tong-chhī1945-10-251951-12-01Became a county-administered city in Pingtung County
Taipei臺北市Tâi-pak-chhī1945-10-251967-07-01Became a special municipality
Kaohsiung高雄市Ko-hiông-chhī1945-10-251979-07-01Became a special municipality
Taichung臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhī1945-10-252010-12-25Became part of the special municipality of Taichung
Tainan臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhī1945-10-252010-12-25Became part of the special municipality of Tainan

Dissolved county-administered cities

NameChineseTaiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
CountyFoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Chiayi嘉義市Ka-gī-chhīChiayi1950-08-161982-07-01Became a city
Hsinchu新竹市Sin-tek-chhīHsinchu1951-12-011982-07-01Became a city
Fengshan鳳山市Hōng-soaⁿ-chhīKaohsiung1972-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Kaohsiung
Sanchong三重市Sam-tiông-chhīTaipei1962-04-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Banqiao板橋市Pang-kiô-chhīTaipei1972-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Yonghe永和市Éng-hô-chhīTaipei1979-01-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Zhonghe中和市Tiong-hô-chhīTaipei1979-01-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xindian新店市Sin-tiàm-chhīTaipei1980-01-152010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xinzhuang新莊市Sin-chng-chhīTaipei1980-01-152010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Tucheng土城市Thô͘-siâⁿ-chhīTaipei1993-06-262010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Luzhou蘆洲市Lô͘-chiu-chhīTaipei1997-10-062010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xizhi汐止市Se̍k-chí-chhīTaipei1999-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Shulin樹林市Chhiū-nâ-chhīTaipei1999-10-042010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Fengyuan豐原市Hong-goân-chhīTaichung1976-03-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Dali大里市Tāi-lí-chhīTaichung1993-11-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Taiping太平市Thài-pêng-chhīTaichung1996-08-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Xinying新營市Sin-iâⁿ-chhīTainan1981-12-252010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Yongkang永康市Éng-khong-chhīTainan1993-05-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Bade八德市Pat-tek-chhīTaoyuan1995-01-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Luzhu蘆竹市Lô͘-tek-chhīTaoyuan2014-06-032014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Pingzhen平鎮市Pêng-tìn-chhīTaoyuan1992-03-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Taoyuan桃園市Thô-hn̂g-chhīTaoyuan1971-04-212014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Yangmei楊梅市Iûⁿ-mûi-chhīTaoyuan2010-08-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Zhongli中壢市Tiong-le̍k-chhīTaoyuan1967-07-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan

Alphabetical list of all cities and townships

List of all cities and townships in Taiwan.

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Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Tongyong Pinyin)

Tongyong Pinyin was the standard of Chinese romanization of Taiwan between 2002 and 2008. Although the standard was shifted to Hanyu Pinyin from 1 January 2009, the change to signs and documents using Tongyong Pinyin is not complete. There are still some signs using Tongyong Pinyin on highways and roads.

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See also

References

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